Beginning of railway in India. [Fact Sheet]

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Beginning of railway in India. [Fact Sheet]
Beginning of railway in India. [Fact Sheet]

Beginning of railway in India. [Fact Sheet]
• India’s first railway proposals were made in Madras in 1832.
• The Red Hill Railway, the country’s first train, ran from Red Hills to Chintadripet bridge in Madras in 1837.
• It was hauled by a rotary steam-engine locomotive manufactured by William Avery.
• The railway was primarily used to transport laterite stone for road-building work in Madras.
• The Great Indian Peninsular Railway was incorporated by an act of parliament On 1 August 1849.
• In 1851, the Solani Aqueduct Railway was built in Roorkee.
• It was hauled by the Thomason steam locomotive, named after a British officer-in-charge of that name.
• The railway transported construction materials for an aqueduct over the Solani River.
• In 1852, the Madras Guaranteed Railway Company was incorporated.

• Indian First Passenger Railway started on 16 April, 1853.
• First train covered a distance of 34 km.
• Runs between Mumbai (Bori Bunder) and Thane.
• This train was run by Great Indian Peninsula Company of Central Railway.

• Initially Two companies were established to develop railways in India—
~ East India Railway Company
~ Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company.
• Afterwards, another company was also set up—Madras Railway Company.
• The name of first rail engine was Beauty.
• The numbers of total passengers were 400.

• This 14-carriage train was hauled by three steam locomotives.
~ Sahib
~ Sindh
~ Sultan.

• In Eastern India, the first passenger railway train started in 15 August, 1854.
• First Train in Eastern India ran from Howrah to Hoogly.
• Covered a distance of 39-kilometre (24 mi)


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