Bihar GK a brief overview

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Bihar GK a brief overview
Bihar GK a brief overview

Hello Friends, Check out theBihar GK a brief overview, Here we include a quick overview about Bihar like its  Rivers, Dams, Festivals, GI tagged Products,  Current Chief Ministers & Governors, protected areas of Bihar and State Symbols. Later we will be covered each of this  topic in details.

Bihar GK a brief overview

❖ History
• In 1756, Bihar was part of Bengal.
• On 1 August 1912, both Bihar and Orissa were separated from Bengal as Bihar and Orissa Province.
• On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces.
• Finally on 15 August 1947, Bihar Province became part of independent India.

• State Hood Day ➞26 January
• Capital ➞ Patna
• Area ➞ 94,163Km^2
• Chief Minister ➞ Nitish Kumar
• Governor ➞ Phagu Chauhan

• Official Language ➞ Hindi
• Additional official ➞ Urdu

❖ Symbols of Bihar
• State Animal ➞ Gaur (Mithun)
• State Bird ➞ House Sparrow
• State Tree  ➞ Peepal Tree
• State Flower ➞ Kachnar

• State Fruit ➞ Mango
• State Song ➞ Mere Bharat Ke Kanth Haar (The Garland of My India)

❖ Border States
• Uttar Pradesh
• West Bengal
• Jharkhand

❖ Border Country
• Nepal

❖ Important Nick Names
• Bhagalpur ➞ Silk City
• Gaya ➞ The City Of Enlightenment
• Hajipur ➞ Bananas City
• Madhubani ➞ The City Of Mithila & Madhubani Art
• Muzaffarpur ➞ The Land Of Leechi
• Nalanda ➞ Land Of Knowledge
• Patna ➞ The City Of Leaders

✪ Lok Sabha: 40 seats | Rajya Sabha: 16 seats
✪ Density: 1106 / km2 | Sex Ratio: 918 /1000 | Literacy Rate: 61.80%

★ Geographical Indications tagged Products
• Madhubani Paintings
• Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar
• Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar
• Sikki Grass Products of Bihar
• Bhagalpur Silk
• Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar (Logo)
• Sikki Grass Products of Bihar (Logo)
• Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar(Logo)
• Bhagalpuri Zardalu
• Katarni Rice
• Maghai Paan
• Shahi Litchi of Bihar
• Silao Khaja

❖ Major Tribal Communities
• Santhal, Oraon, Munda, Ho, Kharwar, Kharia and Bhumij

➲ High Court ➞ Patna High Court
➲ Chief Justice ➞ Sanjay Karol

❖ Famous Festivals
• Chhath Puja
• Makar-Sankranti
• Buddha Jayanti
• Sonepur Cattle Fair
• Rajgir Mahotsav
• Sama-Chakeva
• Bihula
• Madhushravani
• Pitrapaksha Mela
• Malmas Mela

❖ Folk Dance
• Jata-Jatin
• Bakho-Bakhain
• Panwariya
• Sama Chakwa
• Bidesia
• Sohar
• Kajri
• Jhijhiya
• Domkash
• Jhumri
• Phagua

Bihar GK a brief overview
Bihar GK a brief overview

❖ Ramsar Wetland
• Kanwar Lake or Kabal Taal

❖ National Park (NP)
• ValmikiNational Park

❖ Tiger Reserve
• Valmiki Tiger Reserve (1989–90)

❖ Wildlife Sanctuaries
• Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
• Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary, 1976
• Pant Wildlife Sanctuary, 1978
• Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary, 1978
• Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, 1982
• Nagi Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, 1987
• Nakti Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, 1987
• Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, 1989
• Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, 1990
• Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary, 1994
• Barela Jheel Salim Ali-Jubba sahni Bird Sanctuary, 1997
• Rajauli Wildlife Sanctuary

❖ World Heritage Site in Bihar
• Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
• Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar

❖  Major  Industries of Bihar
• Food and beverages
• Rubber and plastics
• Transport equipment
• Chemicals
• Tobacco
• Textile
• Leather and dairy

❖ Important Rivers of Bihar
• Ganga
• Punpun
• Son
• Koshi
• Mahananda
• Mechi
• Phalgu
• Gandaki

❖ Important Dams of Bihar
• Kohira Dam
• Nakti Dam
• Kosi embankment
• Badua Dam
• Ajan Dam
• Barnar Dam
• Jalkund Dam

❖ Waterfall in Bihar
• Dhua Kund Falls
• Kakolat Waterfall
• Karkat Waterfall
• Manjhar Kund Waterfall
• Telhar Waterfall

❖ Important Lake in Bihar
• Kanwar Lake
• Ghora Katora Lake
• Matsyagandha Lake

❖ Famous Hills of Bihar
• Barabar hills
• Bateshwar hills
• Kaimur Range
• Mandar Hills
• Rajgir hills

❖ Important Caves
• Barabar Caves
• Gopika Cave
• Lomas Rishi Cave
• Saptaparni Cave
• Son Bhandar Caves
• Sitamarhi Cave
• Vadathika Cave

Also Read 

A  brief overview of Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu & Kashmir GK)

A  brief overview of Karnataka (Karnataka GK)

A  brief overview of Meghalaya (Meghalaya GK) \

A  brief overview of Jharkhand (Jharkhand GK)

A  brief overview of Mizoram (Mizoram GK)


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