Country in News 2021

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Country in News 2021
Country in News 2021

“Country in News” is a sub-topic under International Current Affairs. Here we cover important news related to different countries of the world.

Also see Country in News 2022

Country in News – November 2021

♦ India will be the third country in the world after Bolivia and Mexico to use a ropeway for public transport.

♦ United States of America (USA) has become the 101st member of the inter-governmental treaty-based
International Solar Alliance (ISA).

♦ India is set to start the ‘Knock Every Door’ campaign to boost Vaccination.

♦ Barbados becomes the first country to establish a digital embassy after an agreement with metaverse platform Decentraland.

♦ Australia has entered into a new defence alliance with Britain and the United States.

♦ El Salvador has planned to establish the world’s first Bitcoin City.

♦ Venezuela has set the Guinness Record for the world’s largest Orchestra.

Country in News – October 2021

♦ USA has successfully tested an air-breathing hypersonic weapon built by Raytheon Technologies.

♦ USA has officially declared “Ivory-billed woodpecker” as an extinct species.

♦ Germany has unveiled the LOGO for soccer’s 2024 European Championship.

♦ Denmark has made farmers legally binding to reduce GHGs emissions by half in 9 years Denmark

♦ Recently, India has signed an MoU with Croatia for academic collaboration in traditional medicine systems
with a focus on Ayurveda

♦ India has signed an agreement worth USD 3.15 billion, with Nepal to boost Cross-border train services.

♦ USA has overtaken China to account for the largest share of the world’s bitcoin mining.

♦ Recently, Philippines was hit by the tropical storm Kompasu.

♦ Israel is going to join India based International Solar Alliance.

♦ Spain inaugurated new houses named La Lloreria or the Crying Room to remove the mental health stigma in the society.

♦ According to a new report released by climate tech start-up Blue Sky Analytics India is ranked at the top in  emissions related to crop burning.

♦ USA released the ‘National Intelligence Estimate on Climate.

♦ The African Union has suspended Sudan from all of its activities after the military coup.

♦ France has launched the military communications satellite ‘Syracuse 4A’ carried off by an Ariane 5 rocket.

Country in News – September 2021

➲ A prototype of miniature helicopter for surveillance work on future Mars missions developed by _
✒ China

➲ A new Green Visa has been launched by which country in order to allow foreigners to work in the country without being sponsored by the employer _
✒ UAE

➲ Which country has created a new Ministry to address the impact of climate change _ ?
✒ Greece

➲ First country in the world to vaccinate children from the age of two against COVID-19 _ ?
✒ Cuba

➲ Indian along with which country has launched the Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind _
✒ Denmark

➲ Which country declared a state of emergency over food shortages as private banks ran out of foreign exchange to finance imports?
✒ Sri Lanka

➲ First country to pass a law banning Apple and Google from forcing app developers to use the tech giants’ payment systems_
✒ South Korea

➲ First country in Asia to launch the Plastic Pact in collaboration with World-Wide Fund for Nature _
✒ India

➲ The Government of India has contributed USD one million to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in which country to help affected populations tackle climate change.
✒ Zimbabwe

➲ The 8th Meeting of Agriculture Experts of Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) hosted by ?
✒ India

➲ Which country will work with Bitt Inc as a technical partner in order to launch its own cryptocurrency, “eNaira”?
✒ Nigeria

➲ World’s largest plant capturing carbon dioxide from air, named Orca, has been
started in _
✒ Iceland

➲ First country in the world to make Bitcoin an official currency
✒ El Salvador

➲ Which country has decided to legalise the home cultivation of cannabis
✒ Italy

➲ Recently, which country has become a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation _ ?
✒ Iran

➲ India and which country has launched the “Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD)”
✒ United States

➲ PayNow, with which India has announced the linking of the Unified Payments Interface (UPI), is a payment interface of _
✒ Singapore

➲ In Which country, the Cumbre Vieja volcano has erupted after 50 years _ ?
✒ Spain

➲ Which country has launched Tianzhou 3 cargo ship to the new space station?
✒ China

➲ India with which country has held its first joint working group meeting on coal and mines _ ?
✒ Australia

➲ Recently, Which country has decided to legalize same-sex marriage?
✒ Switzerland

➲ Recently which country is about to have its 1st Hindu Woman civil servant?
✒ Pakistan (Dr Sana Ramchand Gulwani)

➲ The European Union with which country has announced Global Methane Pledge to reduce global methane emissions?
✒ USA

Country in News – August 2021

◘  Sitio Burle Marx, located in Brazil , has received the UNESCO world heritage status.

◘  India and Israel joined hands to develop rapid testing for COVID-19 in under 30 seconds.

◘  Jacob Zuma, who was sentenced to 15 months in jail, is the former President of South Africa.

◘  India has taken over the Presidency of the UN Security Council for the month of August.

◘  Pham Minh Chinh has been re-elected as the Prime Minister of Vietnam.

◘  The National Gallery of Australia has announced to return 14 works of art from its Asian art collection to India.

◘  Min Aung Hlaing has become the Prime Minister of Myanmar.

◘  Guido Bellido has become the Prime Minister of Peru.

◘  United States has won the seventh CONCACAF Gold Cup.

◘  United States has approved the sale of Harpoon Joint Common Test Set (JCTS) and related equipment to India for an estimated cost of $82 million.

◘  Thailand has banned sunscreens containing chemicals that damage coral from all of its marine national parks.

◘  Guinea has confirmed West Africa’s first case of Marburg virus disease.

◘  South Africa becomes the first country in the world to give a patent to an artificial intelligence system developed by DABUS.

◘  India has introduced “e-Emergency X-Misc Visa” for Afghan nationals.

◘  A consortium of doctors and researchers from India, Brazil, Russia, and South Africa have partnered to study Intersection of COVID-19 and Tuberculosis Pandemics.

◘  The 2021 edition of the World Athletics U20 Championships is being organised by Kenya.

◘  Sweden manufactured World’s First Fossil-free Steel.

◘  China has submitted the ‘Kunming Declaration’ to the United Nations to recognise the importance of biodiversity in human health.

◘  The court of China has stated that 996 work culture is unconstitutional.

Country in News July-2021

❖ India joins G20-OECD Tax Framework Deal.
• According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 130 countries, including G20 members, India & China have joined the G20-OECD Tax Framework Deal for Global Minimum Corporate Tax.• The Global Minimum Corporate Tax is set to come into force from 2023.
• OECD mandates 15% Tax on globally operating companies such as Google, Facebook.♦ About OECD
• Secretary-General – Mathias Cormann
• Headquarters – Paris, France
❖ WHO awarded China a Malaria-Free Certificate.
• According to World Health Organization any countries that have achieved at least three consecutive years of zero indigenous cases can apply for WHO certification of their malaria-free status.♦ About WHO
• Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
• Director-General – Tedros Adhanom
❖ Union External Affairs Minister (EAM) Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Russia and Georgia.
• Purpose of this visit is to strengthen the ties and cooperation on various filed like nuclear, space and defence cooperation.
• Subrahmanyam Jaishankar unveils statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Georgia.♦ About Russia
• President – Vladimir Putin
• Capital – Moscow
• Currency – Russian ruble♦ About Georgia
• President – Salome Zurabishvili
• Capital – Tbilisi
• Currency – Georgian lari
❖ Denmark builds world’s Tallest Sandcastle (69 feet tall) in Blokhus
• The sandcastle created by the Dutch Designers team led by Wilfred Stijger.♦ About Denamrk
• Capital – Copenhagen
• Prime Minister – Mette Frederiksen
• Currency – Danish krone
❖ China Launches World’s Largest Emissions Trading System
• China is the world’s biggest emitter of Greenhouse gases.
• China sets a target to decarbonize its economy by 2060.♦ About China
• President – Xi Jinping
• Capital – Beijing
Currency – Renminbi
❖12-meter long world’s 1st 3D-printed Steel Bridge Opened in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

 

♦ About Netherlands
• Capital – Amsterdam
• Currency – Euro
• Prime Minister – Mark Rutte

❖ India’s External Affairs Minister (EAM) S. Jaishankar visits Tajikistan & Uzbekistan
• Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Tajikistan to participate in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation – Council of Foreign Ministers Meeting (SCO-FMM)
• and the Contact Group on Afghanistan held at Dushanbe, Capital of Tajikistan.
• He visited Uzbekistan to participate in the Central-South Asia Conference 2021♦ About Uzbekistan
• President – Shavkat Mirziyoyev
• Capital – Tashkent
• Currency – Uzbekistan Som♦ About Tajikistan
• President – Emomali Rahmon
• Capital – Dushanbe
• Currency – Tajikistan Somoni (TJS)
❖ Qatar Airways Became 1st Airline from Middle East to Join IATA’s (International Air Transport Association) Turbulence Aware Platform.

 

♦ About Qatar
• Capital – Doha
• Currency – Qatari riyal
• Prime Minister – Khalid bin Khalifa

❖ Sweden joins the International Solar Alliance.

 

♦ About Sweden
• Prime Minister – Stefan Löfven
• Capital – Stockholm
• Currency – Swedish Krona

♦ About International Solar Alliance (ISA)
• Headquarter – Gurugram, Haryana
• Director General – Ajay Mathur

❖ Philippines become the World’s first Country to approve production of Genetically Modified (GM) ‘Golden Rice’.

 

♦ About Philippines
• President – Rodrigo Duterte
• Capital – Manila
• Currency – Philippine peso

❖ World’s Largest Floating Solar Farm to be Built in Indonesia.

 

♦ About Indonesia
• Capital – Jakarta
• President – Joko Widodo
• Currency – Indonesian rupiah

Country in News June-2021

❖ China launched 2 units of its World’s Largest Baihetan Hydropower Station (16 million kilowatts)
❖ Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB) Launched in Bhutan in partnership with India.
• TIWB is a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
❖ El Salvador Becomes First Country To Adopt Bitcoin As Legal Tender
◘ About El Salvador
• Capital – San Salvador
• Currency – United States Dollar
• President – Nayib Bukele
❖ Heidelberg Cement Plans World’s First CO2-Neutral Cement Plant by 2030 in Sweden
◘ About Sweden
• Capital and largest city :- Stockholm
• Currency :- Swedish krona (SEK)
• Prime Minister :- Stefan Löfven
❖ Pakistan Retained On ‘Enhanced Follow-Up’ Status By FATF Regional Body.
◘ Headquarters of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – 

Country in News-May 2021

❖ US approves proposed sale of 6 long-range anti-submarine warfare named P-8I Patrol Aircraft to India
❖ A small hydro power plant at Chandannath Municipality in Nepal’s Jumla district built with India’s financial assistance
❖ Saudi Arabia Joins ‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ on Climate Change.
◘ Net Zero Producers Forum
• A cooperative forum on climate change.
Target – net zero carbon emission
• Number of Member countries – Total 5
• Name of the Country –
~ Saudi Arabia
~ Qatar
~ United States
~ Canada
~ Norway• Saudi Arabia is the world’s biggest crude oil exporter.
❖ Portugal opened the Pedestrian suspension bridge named ‘516 Arouca’ in Northern Portugal.
◘ World’s longest pedestrian suspension bridge — Baglung Parbat Footbridge in Nepal (567m)
❖ The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) launches Multinational Military Exercise ‘DEFENDER-Europe 21’ in Albania
❖India to launch ‘UNITE AWARE’ Mobile tech platform for UN Peacekeepers
❖ India provides NPR 30.66 Crore for Reconstruction of Earthquake Affected Schools in Nepal
❖ 1st WHO BioHub Facility set up in Spiez, Switzerland.
❖ Japan Commits Rs 2,113 cr Loan Pact to India to Support COVID-19 Relief Efforts
❖ Bengaluru Emerges as World’s Fastest Growing Mature Tech Ecosystem: Report
❖ Denmark is set to Build the World’s First Energy Island in North Sea
❖ South Korea signs $43 billion deal to create World’s Biggest Offshore Wind Farm
❖Omega Seiki Pvt Ltd to Set up EV Manufacturing Facility in Bangladesh with Investment of Rs 100 Crore
❖ US officially rejoined Paris Climate Agreement
❖ Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a legislation which will enable him to remain in office till 2036.
❖ Singapore becomes 1st Country to ratify Free Trade Agreement RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partners) Singapore ratified the
❖ India builds Infrastructure for 3 Educational Institutions in Nepal’s Palpa

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