“Country in News” is a sub-topic under International Current Affairs. Here we cover important news related to different countries of the world.
Also see Country in News 2022
Country in News – November 2021
♦ India will be the third country in the world after Bolivia and Mexico to use a ropeway for public transport.
♦ United States of America (USA) has become the 101st member of the inter-governmental treaty-based
International Solar Alliance (ISA).
♦ India is set to start the ‘Knock Every Door’ campaign to boost Vaccination.
♦ Barbados becomes the first country to establish a digital embassy after an agreement with metaverse platform Decentraland.
♦ Australia has entered into a new defence alliance with Britain and the United States.
♦ El Salvador has planned to establish the world’s first Bitcoin City.
♦ Venezuela has set the Guinness Record for the world’s largest Orchestra.
Country in News – October 2021
♦ USA has successfully tested an air-breathing hypersonic weapon built by Raytheon Technologies.
♦ USA has officially declared “Ivory-billed woodpecker” as an extinct species.
♦ Germany has unveiled the LOGO for soccer’s 2024 European Championship.
♦ Denmark has made farmers legally binding to reduce GHGs emissions by half in 9 years Denmark
♦ Recently, India has signed an MoU with Croatia for academic collaboration in traditional medicine systems
with a focus on Ayurveda
♦ India has signed an agreement worth USD 3.15 billion, with Nepal to boost Cross-border train services.
♦ USA has overtaken China to account for the largest share of the world’s bitcoin mining.
♦ Recently, Philippines was hit by the tropical storm Kompasu.
♦ Israel is going to join India based International Solar Alliance.
♦ Spain inaugurated new houses named La Lloreria or the Crying Room to remove the mental health stigma in the society.
♦ According to a new report released by climate tech start-up Blue Sky Analytics India is ranked at the top in emissions related to crop burning.
♦ USA released the ‘National Intelligence Estimate on Climate.
♦ The African Union has suspended Sudan from all of its activities after the military coup.
♦ France has launched the military communications satellite ‘Syracuse 4A’ carried off by an Ariane 5 rocket.
Country in News – September 2021
➲ A prototype of miniature helicopter for surveillance work on future Mars missions developed by _
➲ A new Green Visa has been launched by which country in order to allow foreigners to work in the country without being sponsored by the employer _
➲ Which country has created a new Ministry to address the impact of climate change _ ?
➲ First country in the world to vaccinate children from the age of two against COVID-19 _ ?
➲ Indian along with which country has launched the Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind _
➲ Which country declared a state of emergency over food shortages as private banks ran out of foreign exchange to finance imports?
✒ Sri Lanka
➲ First country to pass a law banning Apple and Google from forcing app developers to use the tech giants’ payment systems_
✒ South Korea
➲ First country in Asia to launch the Plastic Pact in collaboration with World-Wide Fund for Nature _
➲ The Government of India has contributed USD one million to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in which country to help affected populations tackle climate change.
➲ The 8th Meeting of Agriculture Experts of Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) hosted by ?
➲ Which country will work with Bitt Inc as a technical partner in order to launch its own cryptocurrency, “eNaira”?
➲ World’s largest plant capturing carbon dioxide from air, named Orca, has been
started in _
➲ First country in the world to make Bitcoin an official currency
✒ El Salvador
➲ Which country has decided to legalise the home cultivation of cannabis
➲ Recently, which country has become a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation _ ?
➲ India and which country has launched the “Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD)”
✒ United States
➲ PayNow, with which India has announced the linking of the Unified Payments Interface (UPI), is a payment interface of _
➲ In Which country, the Cumbre Vieja volcano has erupted after 50 years _ ?
➲ Which country has launched Tianzhou 3 cargo ship to the new space station?
➲ India with which country has held its first joint working group meeting on coal and mines _ ?
➲ Recently, Which country has decided to legalize same-sex marriage?
➲ Recently which country is about to have its 1st Hindu Woman civil servant?
✒ Pakistan (Dr Sana Ramchand Gulwani)
➲ The European Union with which country has announced Global Methane Pledge to reduce global methane emissions?
Country in News – August 2021
◘ Sitio Burle Marx, located in Brazil , has received the UNESCO world heritage status.
◘ India and Israel joined hands to develop rapid testing for COVID-19 in under 30 seconds.
◘ Jacob Zuma, who was sentenced to 15 months in jail, is the former President of South Africa.
◘ India has taken over the Presidency of the UN Security Council for the month of August.
◘ Pham Minh Chinh has been re-elected as the Prime Minister of Vietnam.
◘ The National Gallery of Australia has announced to return 14 works of art from its Asian art collection to India.
◘ Min Aung Hlaing has become the Prime Minister of Myanmar.
◘ Guido Bellido has become the Prime Minister of Peru.
◘ United States has won the seventh CONCACAF Gold Cup.
◘ United States has approved the sale of Harpoon Joint Common Test Set (JCTS) and related equipment to India for an estimated cost of $82 million.
◘ Thailand has banned sunscreens containing chemicals that damage coral from all of its marine national parks.
◘ Guinea has confirmed West Africa’s first case of Marburg virus disease.
◘ South Africa becomes the first country in the world to give a patent to an artificial intelligence system developed by DABUS.
◘ India has introduced “e-Emergency X-Misc Visa” for Afghan nationals.
◘ A consortium of doctors and researchers from India, Brazil, Russia, and South Africa have partnered to study Intersection of COVID-19 and Tuberculosis Pandemics.
◘ The 2021 edition of the World Athletics U20 Championships is being organised by Kenya.
◘ Sweden manufactured World’s First Fossil-free Steel.
◘ China has submitted the ‘Kunming Declaration’ to the United Nations to recognise the importance of biodiversity in human health.
◘ The court of China has stated that 996 work culture is unconstitutional.
Country in News July-2021
|❖ India joins G20-OECD Tax Framework Deal.|
• According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 130 countries, including G20 members, India & China have joined the G20-OECD Tax Framework Deal for Global Minimum Corporate Tax.• The Global Minimum Corporate Tax is set to come into force from 2023.
• OECD mandates 15% Tax on globally operating companies such as Google, Facebook.♦ About OECD
• Secretary-General – Mathias Cormann
• Headquarters – Paris, France
|❖ WHO awarded China a Malaria-Free Certificate.|
• According to World Health Organization any countries that have achieved at least three consecutive years of zero indigenous cases can apply for WHO certification of their malaria-free status.♦ About WHO
• Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
• Director-General – Tedros Adhanom
|❖ Union External Affairs Minister (EAM) Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Russia and Georgia.|
• Purpose of this visit is to strengthen the ties and cooperation on various filed like nuclear, space and defence cooperation.
• Subrahmanyam Jaishankar unveils statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Georgia.♦ About Russia
• President – Vladimir Putin
• Capital – Moscow
• Currency – Russian ruble♦ About Georgia
• President – Salome Zurabishvili
• Capital – Tbilisi
• Currency – Georgian lari
|❖ Denmark builds world’s Tallest Sandcastle (69 feet tall) in Blokhus|
• The sandcastle created by the Dutch Designers team led by Wilfred Stijger.♦ About Denamrk
• Capital – Copenhagen
• Prime Minister – Mette Frederiksen
• Currency – Danish krone
|❖ China Launches World’s Largest Emissions Trading System|
• China is the world’s biggest emitter of Greenhouse gases.
• China sets a target to decarbonize its economy by 2060.♦ About China
• President – Xi Jinping
• Capital – Beijing
Currency – Renminbi
|❖12-meter long world’s 1st 3D-printed Steel Bridge Opened in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
♦ About Netherlands
|❖ India’s External Affairs Minister (EAM) S. Jaishankar visits Tajikistan & Uzbekistan|
• Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Tajikistan to participate in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation – Council of Foreign Ministers Meeting (SCO-FMM)
• and the Contact Group on Afghanistan held at Dushanbe, Capital of Tajikistan.
• He visited Uzbekistan to participate in the Central-South Asia Conference 2021♦ About Uzbekistan
• President – Shavkat Mirziyoyev
• Capital – Tashkent
• Currency – Uzbekistan Som♦ About Tajikistan
• President – Emomali Rahmon
• Capital – Dushanbe
• Currency – Tajikistan Somoni (TJS)
|❖ Qatar Airways Became 1st Airline from Middle East to Join IATA’s (International Air Transport Association) Turbulence Aware Platform.
♦ About Qatar
|❖ Sweden joins the International Solar Alliance.
♦ About Sweden
♦ About International Solar Alliance (ISA)
|❖ Philippines become the World’s first Country to approve production of Genetically Modified (GM) ‘Golden Rice’.
♦ About Philippines
|❖ World’s Largest Floating Solar Farm to be Built in Indonesia.
♦ About Indonesia
Country in News June-2021
|❖ China launched 2 units of its World’s Largest Baihetan Hydropower Station (16 million kilowatts)|
|❖ Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB) Launched in Bhutan in partnership with India.|
• TIWB is a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
|❖ El Salvador Becomes First Country To Adopt Bitcoin As Legal Tender|
◘ About El Salvador
• Capital – San Salvador
• Currency – United States Dollar
• President – Nayib Bukele
|❖ Heidelberg Cement Plans World’s First CO2-Neutral Cement Plant by 2030 in Sweden|
◘ About Sweden
• Capital and largest city :- Stockholm
• Currency :- Swedish krona (SEK)
• Prime Minister :- Stefan Löfven
|❖ Pakistan Retained On ‘Enhanced Follow-Up’ Status By FATF Regional Body.|
◘ Headquarters of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – •
Country in News-May 2021
|❖ US approves proposed sale of 6 long-range anti-submarine warfare named P-8I Patrol Aircraft to India|
|❖ A small hydro power plant at Chandannath Municipality in Nepal’s Jumla district built with India’s financial assistance|
|❖ Saudi Arabia Joins ‘Net Zero Producers Forum’ on Climate Change.|
◘ Net Zero Producers Forum
• A cooperative forum on climate change.
Target – net zero carbon emission
• Number of Member countries – Total 5
• Name of the Country –
~ Saudi Arabia
~ United States
~ Norway• Saudi Arabia is the world’s biggest crude oil exporter.
|❖ Portugal opened the Pedestrian suspension bridge named ‘516 Arouca’ in Northern Portugal.|
◘ World’s longest pedestrian suspension bridge — Baglung Parbat Footbridge in Nepal (567m)
|❖ The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) launches Multinational Military Exercise ‘DEFENDER-Europe 21’ in Albania|
|❖India to launch ‘UNITE AWARE’ Mobile tech platform for UN Peacekeepers|
|❖ India provides NPR 30.66 Crore for Reconstruction of Earthquake Affected Schools in Nepal|
|❖ 1st WHO BioHub Facility set up in Spiez, Switzerland.|
|❖ Japan Commits Rs 2,113 cr Loan Pact to India to Support COVID-19 Relief Efforts|
|❖ Bengaluru Emerges as World’s Fastest Growing Mature Tech Ecosystem: Report|
|❖ Denmark is set to Build the World’s First Energy Island in North Sea|
|❖ South Korea signs $43 billion deal to create World’s Biggest Offshore Wind Farm|
|❖Omega Seiki Pvt Ltd to Set up EV Manufacturing Facility in Bangladesh with Investment of Rs 100 Crore|
|❖ US officially rejoined Paris Climate Agreement|
|❖ Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a legislation which will enable him to remain in office till 2036.|
|❖ Singapore becomes 1st Country to ratify Free Trade Agreement RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partners) Singapore ratified the|
|❖ India builds Infrastructure for 3 Educational Institutions in Nepal’s Palpa|