Total Elephant Reserves in India 2022

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Elephant Reserves in India is another protected area of the Government of India. In addition to Project Elephant, India has taken various steps to conserve Asian elephants. In this article, we have discussed in detail about elephant reserves in India, which are important for all competitive exams.

Introduction

• India has the highest concentration (more than 50%) of wild Asian elephants in the entire world.

• Currently, there are 32 elephant reserves in India. And they spread over ten elephant landscapes.

• Elephant is the state animal of Jharkhand, Kerala, and Karnataka.

• Scientific name of Asian elephants is “Elephas maximus”.

Number of elephant reserves in India

• There are currently 32 elephant reserves in India.

• Latest 5 elephant reserves are

  1. 29th elephant reserve – Dandeli Elephant Reserve (Karnataka)
  2. 30th elephant reserve – Singphan Elephant Reserve (Nagaland)
  3. 31st elephant reserve – Lemru Elephant Reserve (Chhattisgarh)
  4. 32nd elephant reserve – Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve (Tamil Nadu)

Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve is the most recent addition to India’s Elephant Reserves.

Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve has been notified in 2022 by the Government of Tamil Nadu.

• This has brought the total area under Elephant Reserves in India to about 76,508 sq. km across 14 states of the country.

Source: PIB

Also, see all Protected Areas of India

Elephant Range Countries

• Although elephants are found all over the world, the largest numbers are found in Asia and Africa.

• Elephants are found in a total of 13 countries in Asia, these countries are called Elephant Range Countries.

• Out of 13 countries, 5 countries are in South Asia, namely India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

• Of the remaining 8 countries, 7 countries are located in Southeast Asia and the other in North Asia. Countries located in South East Asia are Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, and Thailand and the North Asian country is China.

Major Initiatives to protect elephants in India

National Heritage Animal

• The Government of India declared the Indian elephant as National Heritage Animal in 2010.

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

• The Indian elephant is also given the highest degree of legal protection by being listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

• Indian elephant also included in Appendix I of CITIES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washing Convention)

Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS COP 13)

• In February 2020, the Thirteenth Meeting of the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS COP 13) was held at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

• At this COP 13 meeting of the CMS, three animals, namely Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant, and Bengal Florican were added to Appendix I.

Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants

• The CITIES Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE) program is a site-based system designed to monitor the illegal killing of elephants and provide information to help states make appropriate management and enforcement decisions.

MIKE was started in South Asia in 2003

. When an elephant carcass is found, local site staff try to establish and record the cause of death and other details.

• These data are recorded in a standardized form, the details of which are then collated and submitted to the MIKE program for analysis.

Elephant care initiative by the Government of India

India’s first elephant rehabilitation center is to be set up in Kottur, Kerala.

Gaj Yatra is a nationwide awareness campaign to celebrate elephants and highlight the need to protect elephant corridors.

India’s first specialized hospital for elephants opens in Mathura. The hospital has modern medical facilities to treat elephants in distress like wireless digital x-ray, laser treatment, dental x-ray, thermal imaging, ultrasonography, hydrotherapy, tranquilization equipment, and quarantine facilities.

Plan Bee

Plan B, a unique strategy adopted by the North East Frontier Railway (NFR) to keep wild elephants off the tracks.

• Plan B is a unique strategy that involves placing devices near the track, which emit the ‘buzzing’ sound of swarming bees, which is considered a natural deterrent to elephants (elephants have a natural fear of dangerous stings of the insects).

• The first Plan B device was installed near Guwahati railway station.

• Recently, Plan B launched by Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) won the Indian Railways Best Innovation Award.

List of Elephant Reserves in India 2022

Sl. No Elephant Reserves State Zone
1 Shivalik Elephant Reserve Uttarakhand North-Western Landscape
2 Uttar Pradesh Elephant Reserve Uttarpradesh North-Western Landscape
3 Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve West Bengal East-Central Landscape
4 Singhbhum Elephant Reserve Jharkhand East-Central Landscape
5 Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve Orissa East-Central Landscape
6 Mahanadi Elephant Reserve Orissa East-Central Landscape
7 Sambalpur Elephant Reserve Orissa East-Central Landscape
8 Lemru Elephant Reserve Chhattisgarh East-Central Landscape
9 Badalkhol – Tamor Pingla Elephant Reserve Chhattisgarh East-Central Landscape
10 Kameng Elephant Reserve Arunachal Pradesh Kameng- Sonitpur Landscape
11 Sonitpur Elephant Reserve Assam Kameng- Sonitpur Landscape
12 Dihing-Patkai Elephant Reserve Assam Eastern-South Bank Landscape
13 South Arunachal Elephant Reserve Arunachal Pradesh Eastern-South Bank Landscape
14 Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong-Intanki Landscape Assam Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong Elephant Reserve
15 Dhansiri-Lungding Elephant Reserve Assam Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong-Intanki Landscape
16 Intanki Elephant Reserve Nagaland Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong-Intanki Landscape
17 Chirang-Ripu Elephant Reserve Assam North Bengal- Greater Manas Landscape
18 Eastern Dooars Elephant Reserve West Bengal North Bengal- Greater Manas Landscape
19 Garo Hills Elephant Reserve Meghalaya Meghalaya Landscape
20 Mysore Elephant Reserve Karnataka Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
21 Wayanad Elephant Reserve Kerala Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
22 Nilambur Elephant Reserve Kerala Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
23 Coimbatore Elephant Reserve Tamil Nadu Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
24 Nilgiri Elephant Reserve Tamil Nadu Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
25 Rayala Elephant Reserve Andhra Pradesh Brahmagiri- Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Landscape
26 Annamalai Elephant Reserve Tamil Nadu Annamalai- Nelliyampathy- High Range Landscape
27 Anamudi Elephant Reserve Kerala Annamalai- Nelliyampathy- High Range Landscape
28 Periyar Elephant Reserve Kerala Periyar- Agasthyamalai Landscape
29 Srivilliputhur Elephant Reserve Tamil Nadu Periyar- Agasthyamalai Landscape
30 Dandeli Elephant Reserve Karnataka Periyar- Agasthyamalai Landscape
31 Singphan Elephant Reserve Nagaland Periyar- Agasthyamalai LandscapeKaziranga-Karbi Anglong-Intanki Landscape
32 Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve Tamil Nadu Periyar- Agasthyamalai Landscape

Total Elephant Reserves in India, Map

Indian map, pointing all the  Elephant Reserves in India
Elephant Reserves in India

Proposed Elephant Reserve

Sl. No Elephant Reserves State Zone
1 Baitami Elephant Reserve Orissa East-Central Landscape
2 South Orissa Elephant Reserve Orissa East-Central Landscape
3 Khasi-hills Elephant Reserve Meghalaya Meghalaya Landscape

Project Elephant

Project elephant was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the following objectives:

  1. To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors.
  2. To address issues of man-animal conflict.
  3. The welfare of captive elephants

World Elephant Day

World Elephant Day is observed on August 12 to spread global awareness for the conservation and protection of elephants from various threats.

• It was launched on August 12, 2012, to draw attention to the urgent plight of Asian and African elephants.

Elephant Census 2017

• An elephant census is conducted every 5 years. The last elephant census was conducted in 2017, the next elephant census will be conducted in 2022.

• According to the 2017 Elephant Census Report, Karnataka has the highest number of elephants (6049), followed by Assam (5719) and Kerala (3054).

• According to the 2017 census, the elephant population in the country is estimated at 29964.

• There are 14,612 elephants in the southern region and 10,139 in the northeast.

Census of captive elephants

• The Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change released the results of the first survey of elephants in captivity in 2019.

• 58 percent of all captive elephants are concentrated in two states, Assam (905) and Kerala (518).

Current affairs related to elephants in news

• Sri Lanka recently mourned the death of a 69-year-old elephant named ‘Raja’, who was declared its ‘national treasure’.

• Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change ministry has set up a permanent coordination committee to prevent the deaths of elephants on railway tracks.

• Save the Elephant Day is celebrated on 16th April every year to raise awareness about the dangers elephants face.

• At the 16th Steering Committee meeting the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change launched a field manual relating to the Human-Elephant conflict.

• Recently, a state forest department has set up an elephant rescue center at the Balmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar.

• Odisha plans to install automatic sirens near national highways to protect elephants from accidents.

Important facts about elephant reserves in India

• India is home to the largest population of Asian elephants (50-60%).

• Project Elephant in India started in 1992.

• Mysore Elephant Reserve in Karnataka is the largest elephant reserve in India.

• Singhbhum Elephant Reserve is India’s first elephant reserve, created in 2001 under Project Elephant, covering an area of 13,440 sq km.

• Currently, there are 32 elephant reserves in India.

• Agasthiyamalai Elephant Reserve in Tamil Nadu is the newly declared (32nd) Elephant Reserves in India.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. How many elephant reserves in India 2022?

Answer: 32 (As of August 2022)

Q2. Which Indian state has the most elephant reserves?

Answer: Both Tamil Nadu and Assam have 5 elephant reserves.
Earlier there were 4 elephant reserves in Tamil Nadu, but recently one more new elephant reserve named Agasthyamalai was announced.

Q3. Which state has the highest number of elephants in India?

Answer: Karnataka ((6049)

Q4. What is the name of the recently announced new elephant reserve?

Answer: Agasthyamalai (Tamil Nadu)

Q5. The Lemru elephant reserve is located in which state?

Answer: Chhattisgarh

Q6. Which is the 30th elephant reserve in India?

Answer: Singphan Elephant Reserve (Nagaland)

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