Important Animal Conservation Project of India

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Year of Important Animal Conservation Project in India
▲ Project Tiger – April 1, 1973
▲ Project Elephant – 1992
▲ Project Rhinoceros – 2005
▲ Crocodile Conservation Project – 1975
▲ Project vulture – 2006
▲ Project Manipur thamin – 1977
▲ Project red panda (cat- Bear) – 1966
▲ Project Hangul – 1970
▲ Conservation of Gangetic dolphin – 24 November , 1986
▲ Project Snow Leopard – 2009
▲ Project great indian bustard – 2013
Project Tiger
✓ Project Tiger was launched in India on April 1, 1973.
✓ It was launched by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
✓ Currently India has 51 tiger reserves.
✓ First Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger is Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve.
✓ Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve located in Uttarakhand.
✓ Latest Tiger Reserve (51st) – Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve. (Tamil Nadu)

Top 3 states in terms of number of Tigers
1. Madhya Pradesh (526)
2. Karnataka(524)
3. Uttarakhand (442)

❒ Project Elephant
✓ Project Elephant was launched in 1992.
✓ Launched by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests.
✓ There are 32 Elephant Reserves in India.
✓ First Elephant Reserve in India – Singhbhum Elephant Reserve of Jharkhand.
✓ Karnataka has the largest Elephant Population.
❒ Crocodile Conservation Project
✓ Initially the Crocodile Conservation Project launched in Odisha’s Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary.
✓ It was implemented with financial aid of the United Nations Development Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
✓ The country’s first gharial breeding center was built in Nandankanan Zoological Park.
❒ Project vulture
✓ Vulture Conservation Breeding Programme established by the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
✓ To study the cause of deaths of vultures in India a Vulture Care Centre (VCC) was set up at Pinjore, Haryana in 2001.
❒ Project Manipur thamin
✓ The Thamin deer is found in the south-eastern parts of Loktak Lake of Manipur.
✓ To increase the population of the deer, the Thamin Project was launched in 1977.
❒ Project Red Panda (cat- Bear)
✓ The project was started in 1966 at Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Wildlife Park.
✓ Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park located in Darjeeling, West Bengal.
✓ Red Panda is found in Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and the Himalayas around Darjeeling.
❒ Project Hangul (Kashmiri-stag)
✓ Hangul or Kashmiri stag is a critically endangered species found mainly in the Dachigam National Park (Srinagar) and adjoining areas in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

✓ The Ministry of Environment and Forests notified the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal.
✓ Dolphin in India is found in the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers.
✓ The Ganges Dolphin is among the four ‘obligate’ freshwater dolphins found in the world.

✓ The other three fresh water dolphin are…
1. ‘Baiji’ (Yangtze Kiang)
2. ‘Bhulan’ of the Indus (Pakistan)
3. ‘Boto’ of the Amazon River.

✓ The Government of India has initiated programmes for the conservation of dolphin in Uttar Pradesh.
✓ According to the Ministry of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change there are about 1,272 dolphins in Uttar Pradesh and 962 in Assam.

✓ Vikramshila Ganges Dolphin Sanctuary located in Bihar.
✓ The National Mission for Clean Ganga celebrates 5th October as National Ganga River Dolphin Day.

Important Days Related to Animals
◘ International Tiger day – 29 July
◘ World Elephant day – 12 August
◘ World Rhino day – 22 September
◘ World Crocodile day – 17 June
◘ National Dolphin Day – April 14
◘ International Snow Leopard Day – 23 October
◘ International Vulture Awareness day – First Saturday of September [5 September 2021]
◘ International Red Panda Day (IRPD) – Third Saturday of September [18 September 2021]

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