Important Animal Conservation Projects in India

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Dear aspirants,
The year of the various Animal Conservation Projects in India is often asked in various competitive exams like SSC, RRB NTPC, UPSC, and all other state-level exams. So, here we have listed all major animal conservation projects in India with additional information.

Year of Important Animal Conservation Projects in India

Sl.. No Animal Conservation Project Year
1 Project Tiger April 1, 1973
2 Project Elephant 1992
3 Project Rhinoceros 2005
4 Project Crocodile Conservation 1975
5 Project Vulture 2006
6 Project Manipur Thamin 1977
7 Project red panda 1966
8 Project Hangul 1970
9 Conservation of Gangetic dolphin 24 November , 1986
10 Project Snow Leopard 2009
11 Project great Indian bustard 2013

Animal Conservation Projects in India [Infographic]

Animal Conservation Projects
Animal Conservation Projects in India

About Project Tiger

• Project Tiger was launched in India on April 1, 1973.
• It was launched by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.

• Currently India has 54 tiger reserves.
First Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger was Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve.

• Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in Uttarakhand.
• 53rd Tiger Reserve – Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary (Chhattisgarh)

54th Tiger ReserveRanipur Tiger Reserve (Uttar Pradesh)

Top 3 states in terms of the number of Tigers

  1. Madhya Pradesh (526)
  2. Karnataka(524)
  3. Uttarakhand (442)
Read more detailed notes on Tiger Reserve in India 

About Project Elephant

• Project Elephant was launched in 1992.
• Launched by the Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
• There are 33 Elephant Reserves in India.

First Elephant Reserve in India – Singhbhum Elephant Reserve of Jharkhand.
Karnataka has the largest Elephant Population.

• Latest elephant reserve (33rd) – Terai Elephant Reserve (Uttar Pradesh)

Read more detailed notes on Elephant Reserve in India 

About Crocodile Conservation Project

• Initially the Crocodile Conservation Project was launched in Odisha’s Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary.

• It was implemented with the financial aid of the United Nations Development Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization.

• The country’s first gharial breeding center was built in Nandankanan Zoological Park.

About Project vulture

Vulture Conservation Breeding Programme established by the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).

• To study the cause of death of vultures in India a Vulture Care Centre (VCC) was set up at Pinjore, Haryana in 2001.

About Project Manipur Thamin

Thamin deer also known as Eld’s deer (Panolia eldii) or brow-antlered deer.

• It is an endangered species of deer endemic to South Asia.

• The Thamin deer are found in the southeastern parts of Loktak Lake of Manipur.

• To increase the population of deer, the Thamin Project was launched in 1977.

About Project Red Panda (cat- Bear)

• The project was started in 1966 at Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Wildlife Park.

• Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park is located in Darjeeling, West Bengal.

• Red Panda is found in Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and the Himalayas around Darjeeling.

About Project Hangul (Kashmiri-stag)

Hangul or Kashmiri stag is a critically endangered species found mainly in the Dachigam National Park (Srinagar) and adjoining areas in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

Conservation of Gangetic river dolphin

• The Ministry of Environment and Forests notified the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal.

• Dolphin in India is found in the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers.

• The Ganges Dolphin is among the four ‘obligate’ freshwater dolphins found in the world.

• The other three freshwater dolphins are…

  1. ‘Baiji’ (Yangtze Kiang)
  2. ‘Bhulan’ of the Indus (Pakistan)
  3. ‘Boto’ of the Amazon River.

• The Government of India has initiated programmes for the conservation of dolphins in Uttar Pradesh.

• According to the Ministry of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change there are about 1,272 dolphins in Uttar Pradesh and 962 in Assam.

Vikramshila Ganges Dolphin Sanctuary is located in Bihar.
• The National Mission for Clean Ganga celebrates 5th October as National Ganga River Dolphin Day.

Important Days Related to Animals

• International Tiger day – 29 July
• World Elephant day – 12 August
• World Rhino day – 22 September
• World Crocodile day – 17 June
• National Dolphin Day – April 14
• International Snow Leopard Day – 23 October

• International Vulture Awareness day – First Saturday of September [3rd September in 2022]

• International Red Panda Day (IRPD) – Third Saturday of September [17 September 2022]

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Animal Conservation Projects

Q1. Which is the first project for wildlife conservation in India?

Answer: Project Tiger
• Project Tiger was initiated on April 1, 1973, in Jim Corbett National Park

Q2. Who started Project Tiger?

Answer: Indira Gandhi’s government

Q3. In which year was project tiger launched?

Answer: April 1, 1973

Q4. Which Indian state launched Project Elephant?

Answer: Karnataka in 1992

Q5. When was project vulture started in India?

Answer: 2001

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