The year of the various Animal Conservation Projects in India is often asked in various competitive exams like SSC, RRB NTPC, UPSC, and all other state-level exams. So, here we have listed all major animal conservation projects in India with additional information.
Year of Important Animal Conservation Projects in India
|Sl.. No||Animal Conservation Project||Year|
|1||Project Tiger||April 1, 1973|
|4||Project Crocodile Conservation||1975|
|6||Project Manipur Thamin||1977|
|7||Project red panda||1966|
|9||Conservation of Gangetic dolphin||24 November , 1986|
|10||Project Snow Leopard||2009|
|11||Project great Indian bustard||2013|
Animal Conservation Projects in India [Infographic]
About Project Tiger
• Project Tiger was launched in India on April 1, 1973.
• It was launched by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
• Currently India has 54 tiger reserves.
• First Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger was Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve.
• Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in Uttarakhand.
• 53rd Tiger Reserve – Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary (Chhattisgarh)
• 54th Tiger Reserve – Ranipur Tiger Reserve (Uttar Pradesh)
Top 3 states in terms of the number of Tigers
- Madhya Pradesh (526)
- Uttarakhand (442)
Read more detailed notes on Tiger Reserve in India
About Project Elephant
• Project Elephant was launched in 1992.
• Launched by the Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
• There are 33 Elephant Reserves in India.
• First Elephant Reserve in India – Singhbhum Elephant Reserve of Jharkhand.
• Karnataka has the largest Elephant Population.
• Latest elephant reserve (33rd) – Terai Elephant Reserve (Uttar Pradesh)
Read more detailed notes on Elephant Reserve in India
About Crocodile Conservation Project
• Initially the Crocodile Conservation Project was launched in Odisha’s Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary.
• It was implemented with the financial aid of the United Nations Development Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
• The country’s first gharial breeding center was built in Nandankanan Zoological Park.
About Project vulture
• Vulture Conservation Breeding Programme established by the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
• To study the cause of death of vultures in India a Vulture Care Centre (VCC) was set up at Pinjore, Haryana in 2001.
About Project Manipur Thamin
• Thamin deer also known as Eld’s deer (Panolia eldii) or brow-antlered deer.
• It is an endangered species of deer endemic to South Asia.
• The Thamin deer are found in the southeastern parts of Loktak Lake of Manipur.
• To increase the population of deer, the Thamin Project was launched in 1977.
About Project Red Panda (cat- Bear)
• The project was started in 1966 at Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Wildlife Park.
• Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park is located in Darjeeling, West Bengal.
• Red Panda is found in Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and the Himalayas around Darjeeling.
About Project Hangul (Kashmiri-stag)
• Hangul or Kashmiri stag is a critically endangered species found mainly in the Dachigam National Park (Srinagar) and adjoining areas in the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Conservation of Gangetic river dolphin
• The Ministry of Environment and Forests notified the Ganges River Dolphin as the National Aquatic Animal.
• Dolphin in India is found in the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers.
• The Ganges Dolphin is among the four ‘obligate’ freshwater dolphins found in the world.
• The other three freshwater dolphins are…
- ‘Baiji’ (Yangtze Kiang)
- ‘Bhulan’ of the Indus (Pakistan)
- ‘Boto’ of the Amazon River.
• The Government of India has initiated programmes for the conservation of dolphins in Uttar Pradesh.
• According to the Ministry of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change there are about 1,272 dolphins in Uttar Pradesh and 962 in Assam.
• Vikramshila Ganges Dolphin Sanctuary is located in Bihar.
• The National Mission for Clean Ganga celebrates 5th October as National Ganga River Dolphin Day.
Important Days Related to Animals
• International Tiger day – 29 July
• World Elephant day – 12 August
• World Rhino day – 22 September
• World Crocodile day – 17 June
• National Dolphin Day – April 14
• International Snow Leopard Day – 23 October
• International Vulture Awareness day – First Saturday of September [3rd September in 2022]
• International Red Panda Day (IRPD) – Third Saturday of September [17 September 2022]
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Animal Conservation Projects
Q1. Which is the first project for wildlife conservation in India?
Answer: Project Tiger
• Project Tiger was initiated on April 1, 1973, in Jim Corbett National Park
Q2. Who started Project Tiger?
Answer: Indira Gandhi’s government
Q3. In which year was project tiger launched?
Answer: April 1, 1973
Q4. Which Indian state launched Project Elephant?
Answer: Karnataka in 1992
Q5. When was project vulture started in India?
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