Important Articles of Indian Constitution

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Important articles of Indian constitution

Here is the list of Important Articles of Indian Constitution. Most important articles are in bold letters which is repeatedly asked in various competitive or Government exams specially SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, State PSC’s etc.

Articles Deals with
Article 1 Name and territory of the Union
Article 2 Admission or establishment of new states
Article 3 Formation of new states and alteration of areas boundaries or names of existing states
Article 5 Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution
Article 6 Rights of Citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
Article 10 Continuance of Rights of Citizenship
Article 12 Definition of States
Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
Article 14 Equality before law
Article Article 15 Prohibition of Discrimination on the grounds of Religion, Race, Caste, Sex or Place of Birth.
Article 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Article 17 Abolition of Untouchability
Article 18 Abolition of Titles
Article 19 Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
Article 21 Protection of life and personal liberty
Article 21A Right to elementary education
Article 24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines Under age 14.
Article 25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
Article 27 Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
Article 29 Protection of Interest of minorities.
Article 30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Article 31C Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
Article 32 Remedies for enforcement of fundamental rights, including writs
Article 36 Definition of Directive Principal of States Policy
Article 38 State to secure a social order for the promotion ofwelfare of the people
Article 39A Equal justice and free legal aid
Article 40 Organisation of village Panchayats
Article 43 Living Wages, etc. for Workers
Article 44 Uniform civil code for the citizens
Article 45 Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.
Article 46 Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections
Article 48 Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry
Article 49 Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
Article 50 Separation of judiciary from executive
Article 51 Promotion of international peace and security
Article 51A Fundamental duties
Article 52 The President of India
Article 53 The executive power of the Union
Article 54 Election of President
Article 61 Impeachment of the President
Article 63 The Vice-President of India
Article 64 The Vice President to be ex officio Chairman of the council of States
Article 66 Election of Vice President
Article 72 Power of president to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
Article 74 Council of ministers to aid and advise the president
Article 76 Attorney-General of India
Article 78 Duties of prime minister as respects the furnishing of information to the president, etc.
Article 79 Constitution of Parliament
Article 80 Composition of Rajya Sabha
Article 81 Composition of Lok Sabha
Article 83 Duration of House of Parliament
Article 93 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
Article 110 Definition of Money Bills
Article 112 Annual financial statement (Budget)
Article 114 Appropriation Bills
Article 123 Power of president to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament
Article 124 Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.
Article 126 Appointment of acting Chief Justice
Article 127 Appointment of ad-hoc judges
Article 143 Power of president to consult Supreme Court
Article 148 Comptroller and Auditor general of India
Article 149 Duties and Power of CAG
Article 153 Governor of States
Article 154 Executive Powers of the Governor
Article 155 Appointment of governor
Article 161 Power of governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
Article 163 Council of ministers to aid and advise the governor
Article 165 Advocate-General of the State
Article 167 Duties of chief minister with regard to the furnishing of information to governor, etc.
Article 169 Abolition or creation of legislative councils in states
Article 200 Assent to bills by governor (including reservation for President)
Article 213 Power of governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the state legislature
Article 214 High Courts for states
Article 226 Power of high courts to issue certain writs
Article 239A A Special provisions with respect to Delhi
Article 249 Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest
Article 262 Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers or river valleys
Article 263 Provisions with respect to an inter-state council
Article 265 Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law275 Grants from the Union to certain states
Article 266 Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
Article 267 Contingency Fund of India
Article 280 Finance Commission
Article 300 Suits and proceedings
Article 300A Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)
Article 301 Freedom of trade and commerce
Article 302 Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade and commerce
Article 311 Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.
Article 312 All-India Services
Article 315 Public service commissions for the Union and for the states
Article 320 Functions of Public service commissions
Article 323-A Administrative tribunals
Article 324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission
Article 330 Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the People
Article 335 Claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes to services and posts
Article 338 National Commission for SC and ST
Article 352 Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)
Article 356 Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)
Article 360 Provisions as to financial emergency
Article 365 Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)
Article 368 Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution
Article 370 Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir 31
Article 371A Special provision with respect to the state of Nagaland
Article 371J Special Status for Hyderabad -Karnataka region

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