Important Days in February 2024, Current Affairs with Key Points

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February 2024, the second month of the year, welcomes a rich tapestry of national and international celebrations. Explore the list of special days in February, each holding its own significance.

As we journey through February, we encounter a variety of important days that honor historical events, celebrate cultural heritage, and shed light on global issues. From commemorating national milestones to participating in international campaigns for social justice, February stands out as a month filled with diversity and significance. Let’s explore the noteworthy days shaping the narrative of February 2024.

Table of Contents

Important Days in February 2024

In February 2024, the second month of the year, a myriad of national and international celebrations takes center stage.

From World Cancer Day casting a spotlight on healthcare to National Science Day paying tribute to scientific advancements, this month is filled with meaningful observances.

Significant dates encompass World Wetlands Day, emphasizing environmental conservation, and Rare Disease Day, spotlighting healthcare challenges. These occasions emphasize the crucial role of awareness and united efforts in tackling global issues.

Significance of Important Days of February 2024

In February 2024, the month kicks off with the unveiling of the Budget, a significant event for our nation. This presentation outlines financial plans, resource allocations, and economic goals for the year ahead.

It essentially acts as a financial guide, influencing different sectors. Alongside, on the 14th, we celebrate Valentine’s Day, a global occasion that represents love and companionship. Another vibrant festival during this time is the Chinese New Year, marking the beginning of the lunar new year.

This festive celebration not only brings cultural joy but also signifies unity and prosperity. Together, these events showcase the diverse facets of our society, ranging from economic matters to cultural traditions.

Significance in Competitive Exam

In February 2024, numerous crucial days demand attention, including World Wetland Day, World Cancer Day, World Pulses Day, International Epilepsy Day, and more.

Competitive exams often inquire about the dates and themes of these days, making it imperative to excel in the current affairs section. This post focuses specifically on the significant days of February.

For a comprehensive list of days and themes throughout the year, refer to the Month-wise list of days and themes for 2024. Mastering this information is vital for success in competitive exams.

List of Important Days in February 2024, National and International

The second month of the year, also marking the conclusion of the winter season, is host to a multitude of important days linked to both national and international events. It commences with the presentation of the Indian Budget and unfolds with numerous other significant days.

The table below presents a list of important days in February 2024, encompassing both national and international observances:

Important Days in February 2024
DateImportant Days
February 1, 2024Interim Budget
February 1, 2024Indian Coast Guard Day
February 2, 2024World Wetlands Day
February 2, 2024RA Awareness Day
February 2, 2024Surajkund Crafts Mela
February 3, 2024National Golden Retriever Day
February 4, 2024World Cancer Day
February 4, 2024International Day of Human Fraternity 2024
February 6, 2024International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation
February 6, 2024Safer Internet Day
February 7, 2024National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day 2024 
February 10, 2024International Day of the Arabian Leopard
February 10, 2024World Pulses Day
February 11, 2024World Day of the Sick
February 11, 2024International Day of Women and Girls in Science
February 12, 2024Darwin Day
February 12, 2024Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday
February 12, 2024National Productivity Day
February 13, 2024World Radio Day
February 13, 2024Sarojini Naidu Birth Anniversary
February 13, 2024International Epilepsy Day
February 14, 2024Saint Valentine’s Day
February 14, 2024World Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Day
February 15, 2024
(Third Thursday in February)
World Anthropology Day
February 20, 2024Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day
February 20, 2024Mizoram Foundation Day
February 20, 2024World Day of Social Justice
February 21, 2024International Mother Language Day
February 22, 2024World Thinking Day
February 23, 2024World Peace and Understanding Day
February 24, 2024Central Excise Day
February 27, 2024World NGO Day
February 28, 2024National Science Day
February 29, 2024
(Last day of February)
Rare Disease Day

Details of Important February Days 2024

In February 2024, people around the world celebrate love, history, and cultural diversity through various significant days. This month dedicates a day to love on Valentine’s Day, pays tribute to presidents, and acknowledges Black History Month, shedding light on the accomplishments of Black individuals. Let’s explore the notable days in February:

February 1 – Indian Coast Guard Day

Establishment and Purpose

  • Indian Coast Guard (ICG) was formally established on 1 February 1977 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978.
  • Maritime law enforcement and search and rescue agency with jurisdiction over territorial waters, contiguous zones, and exclusive economic zones.

Cooperation and Coordination

  • Works closely with the Indian Navy, Department of Fisheries, Department of Revenue (Customs), Central Armed Police Forces, and State Police Services.
  • Collaboration with multiple agencies for effective maritime security.

Background and Need

  • Proposal by the Indian Navy in the 1960s to address sea-borne smuggling threatening India’s economy.
  • Nagchaudhuri Committee in 1971 identified the need for a dedicated force to patrol the coastline and counter illegal activities.

Formation and Early Years

  • Rustamji Committee was set up in September 1974 to examine security gaps.
  • Interim Indian Coast Guard was established on 1 February 1977.
  • Coast Guard Act passed on 18 August 1978, defining duties and functions.
  • Vice Admiral V. A. Kamath was appointed founding Director-General.

February 2 – World Wetlands Day

Origin and Adoption of World Wetlands Day:

  • Initiated in 1971 by environmentalists to reaffirm protection for wetlands.
  • The Ramsar Convention was adopted on February 2, 1971, in Ramsar, Iran.

Celebration and Purpose:

  • Celebrated annually on February 2, starting from 1997.
  • Aims to highlight the positive impact of wetlands on the world.
  • Fosters global awareness of wetlands’ significance for both people and the planet.
  • Community gatherings promote love for nature and raise awareness.

Themes of World Wetlands Day:

  • The theme for 2024 is “Wetlands and Human Wellbeing”.

Read More: World Wetlands Day 2024: Theme, History, Significance, and Quotes

February 2 – RA Awareness Day

Origin and Naming of Rheumatoid Arthritis (R.A.)

  • Named by Alfred B. Garrod in 1858, distinguishing it from Osteoarthritis.
  • Earlier confused with traditional treatment methods like bloodletting and leaching.

Treatment Advancements

  • Cortisone was successfully used for autoimmune diseases, including R.A., in 1948.
  • Methotrexate was approved by the U.S. FDA as R.A. therapy in 1988.

Formation of Rheumatoid Patient Foundation (R.P.F.)

  • Established in 2011 by individuals with R.A. to spread awareness.
  • Dedicated to raising awareness and correcting misconceptions about the disease.

February 2 – Surajkund Crafts Mela

Location and Naming

  • Located on the Southern Delhi Ridge of the Aravalli range, Faridabad, Haryana.
  • Artificial Kund was built in the 10th century by King Surajpal of the Tomara Rajputs.
  • Surajkund translates to ‘Lake of the Sun.’

Annual Fair

  • Famous for “Surajkund International Craft Mela.”
  • The 2015 edition attracted 1.2 million visitors, including 160,000 foreigners.

Archaeological Significance

  • 43 paleolithic sites (100,000 BC) with rock art and stone tools in the vicinity.
  • Part of the Northern Aravalli leopard wildlife corridor.

February 3 – National Golden Retriever Day

Foundation of National Golden Retriever Day

  • Founded in 2012 by Kristen Shroyer, who chose March 3 as the birthday of her late Golden, Quincy.
  • The day is to celebrate and pay tribute to Golden Retrievers.

History

  • The Golden Retriever is a medium-sized Scottish breed of retriever dog.
  • Golden Retrievers originated in Scotland in the mid-19th century.
  • Bred for retrieving felled game over land and water.
  • Cross-bred water spaniels with retrievers, including infusions of Red Setter, Labrador Retriever, and Bloodhound.
  • Recognized by the Kennel Club in 1913.

Timeline

  • 1800s: Golden Retrievers bred in Scotland for the first time.
  • 1938: The Golden Retriever Club of America was founded.
  • February 3, 2012: National Golden Retriever Day began.
  • February 3, 2019: Hundreds of Goldens celebrated in Golden, Colorado.

February 4 – World Cancer Day

Overview

  • International Day is observed on February 4.
  • Led by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
  • Aims to raise awareness, and encourage the prevention, detection, and treatment of cancer.
  • Supports the goals of the World Cancer Declaration (2008).
  • Goal: Significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer.

History

  • Established on February 4, 2000, at the World Cancer Summit Against Cancer for the New Millennium in Paris.
  • The Charter of Paris Against Cancer was signed on the same day.

Themes

  • 2022-2024: ‘Close the care gap’ – Eliminate differences in access to cancer care services.

February 4 – National Day of Sri Lanka

Overview

  • Date: Annually on 4 February
  • Occasion: Commemorates Sri Lanka’s political independence from British rule in 1948
  • Holiday Type: National holiday, also known as Independence Day

Historical Significance

  • Context: Commemorates various national struggles in Sri Lanka’s history
  • Focus: Particularly recalls the independence movement against British rule

February 6 to 12 – International Development Week (IDW)

Event Overview

  • Name: International Development Week (IDW)
  • Dates: February 4-10, 2024
  • Theme: #GoForTheGoals

Purpose and Focus

  • Objective: Supports international development priorities.
  • Highlight: Recognizes contributions made by Canadians at home and abroad.
  • Special Emphasis: Key role of youth in shaping the global future.

Hosts

  • Canadian civil society organizations
  • Post-secondary institutions
  • Global Affairs Canada

Key Messages

  • #GoForTheGoals: Encouraging Canadians to support the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

February 6 – International Day of Zero Tolerance

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation

Overview

  • United Nations-sponsored annual Awareness Day
  • Date: February 6
  • Initiated in 2003

History

  • Acknowledges culture as “constant flux”
  • Focus on women’s rights, protection of physical health
  • Efforts against violence against women and girls
  • Global prevalence in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America
  • Approximately 120 to 140 million women affected historically
  • Current risk for at least 3 million girls annually

February 6 – Safer Internet Day

Date and Theme

  • Safer Internet Day 2024 was observed on February 6.
  • Theme: “Together for a better internet,” campaign slogan since 2019.

Significance of SID

  • Aims to raise awareness of online issues and promote safe digital technology use for children and young people.
  • Inspires a national conversation on responsible, respectful, critical, and creative technology use.

Background:

  • Initiated in 2004 by the EU SafeBorders Project, and adopted by the Insafe network in 2005.
  • Celebrated in approximately 180 countries and territories worldwide.

Importance of Safer Internet:

  • Crucial to protect everyone, especially children, as technology and internet use increase.
  • Common cyber threats include hacking, phishing, identity theft, data theft, cyber-attacks, cyber predators, and DDOS attacks.

Event and Celebration:

  • Organized by the UK Safer Internet Centre in the UK.
  • Regional and national organizations collaborate to spread awareness of online safety.

February 7 to 14 – Valentine’s Week

Valentine’s Week Duration

  • Commences on February 7 and ends on February 14.
  • Seven days are marked by different activities and named accordingly.

Seven Days of Valentine’s Week:

  • Rose Day (February 7)
  • Propose Day (February 8)
  • Chocolate Day (February 9)
  • Teddy Day (February 10)
  • Promise Day (February 11)
  • Hug Day (February 12)
  • Kiss Day (February 13)
  • Valentine’s Day (February 14)

February 10 – National Deworming Day

National Deworming Day 2024 Overview

  • Date: February 10, observed annually in India.
  • History: Launched in 2015, it is the world’s largest deworming program targeting nearly 240 million children at risk of soil-transmitted helminths.
  • Significance: Aims to address worm infections in children aged 1 to 19 to prevent health issues caused by intestinal parasites.

What is Deworming?

  • Medication to eradicate parasites or intestinal worms in a child’s body.
  • Failure to deworm may lead to soil-transmitted helminths, impacting health and mortality rates.

Types of Worms Impacting Health

  • Roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides)
  • Whipworms (Trichuris trichiura)
  • Hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale)

Importance of Deworming a Child

  • Prevents detrimental impacts on growth, nutrition, mental abilities, and learning.
  • Persistent infection can pose a serious threat to life.

February 11 – World Day of the Sick

World Day of the Sick Overview

  • Instituted by Pope John Paul II
  • Date: 13 May 1992.
  • Celebration: 11 February.
  • Not a liturgical celebration.

History

  • Pope John Paul II was Diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in 1991.
  • Created the World Day of the Sick one year after his diagnosis in 1992.
  • Pope emphasized suffering as a salvific and redeeming process through Christ.
  • Referenced his apostolic letter Salvifici Doloris.

February 11 – International Day of Women and Girls in Science

Adoption by the United Nations

  • Proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on 22 December 2015.
  • Resolution 70/212 designates February 11 as the annual observance.

Purpose

  • Promote full and equal access and participation of women in STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics).

Implementing Organizations

  • Implemented annually by UNESCO in collaboration with UN Women.
  • Collaboration with national governments, intergovernmental organizations, civil society partners, universities, and corporations.

February 12 – Darwin Day

Date of Celebration

  • Commemorates the birthday of Charles Darwin on 12 February 1809.
  • Celebrated worldwide to highlight Darwin’s contributions to science and promote science in general.

Posthumous Celebrations

  • Events sporadically organized since Darwin’s death on 19 April 1882.
  • Notable events at Down House, London, where Darwin lived with his family.

February 12 – National Productivity Day

Date and Theme

  • National Productivity Day is observed on February 12.
  • An integral part of Indian Productivity Week (February 12 to February 18).
  • The theme for 2024: “Artificial Intelligence (AI)- Productivity Engine for Economic Growth.”
  • Highlights the role of AI in driving economic growth and productivity.

History

  • The National Productivity Council (NPC) was founded in 1958.
  • Self-governing organization under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • NPC was founded on National Productivity Day to emphasize efficiency, creativity, and productivity.

February 13 – World Radio Day

Date of Celebration

  • 13th of February each year.
  • Proclaimed by UNESCO on November 3, 2011, during its 36th conference.

Origins

  • Proposed by Spain following a request from the Spanish Radio Academy in 2010.
  • Added to UNESCO Executive Board’s provisional agenda on September 29, 2011.
  • Approved after receiving support from various broadcasting unions, organizations, and countries.

Proclamation

  • UNESCO General Conference proclaimed World Radio Day at its 36th session.
  • Celebrated on 13 February, the anniversary of the establishment of the United Nations Radio in 1946.

Themes 2024

  • 2024: Radio: A Century of Informing, Entertaining, and Educating

February 13 – Sarojini Naidu Birth Anniversary

Birth and Death

  • Born on 13 February 1879.
  • Passed away on 2 March 1949.

Roles and Achievements

  • Indian political activist and poet.
  • First Governor of the United Provinces after India’s independence.
  • Played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement against the British Raj.
  • First Indian woman to be the President of the Indian National Congress.
  • Appointed as the Governor of a state.

Legacy

  • Recognized as a prominent poet, earning the title “Nightingale of India.”

February 12 – International Epilepsy Day

Overview

  • Celebrated annually on February 12.
  • Led by the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE) and the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE).
  • Aims to spread awareness, debunk misconceptions, and advocate for the rights of people with epilepsy.

What is Epilepsy?

  • Chronic noncommunicable disease affects approximately 50 million people worldwide.
  • Characterized by recurrent seizures involving brief episodes of involuntary movement.
  • Seizures range from lapses of attention to severe convulsions.
  • Excessive electrical discharge in a group of brain cells leads to seizure episodes.

Global Impact

  • Close to 80% of epilepsy patients reside in low and middle-income countries.
  • 70% of individuals with epilepsy could lead a seizure-free life with proper treatment.
  • Three times higher risk of premature death for people with epilepsy compared to the general population.
  • Stigma and discrimination affect many individuals worldwide.

The theme for Epilepsy Day 2024

  • ‘Milestones on My Epilepsy Journey.’
  • Aims to highlight personal achievements amid the challenges posed by epilepsy.

Key Statistics

  • Close to 50 million people globally are affected by epilepsy.
  • The risk of premature death is three times higher among individuals with epilepsy.
  • About 70% of epilepsy patients in low-income countries lack proper treatment.

February 14 – Saint Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day Overview

  • Celebrated annually on February 14.
  • Originated as a Christian feast day honoring Saint Valentine.
  • Evolved into a cultural, religious, and commercial celebration of romance and love worldwide.

Historical Development

  • The 8th-century Gelasian Sacramentary records the Feast of Saint Valentine on February 14.
  • Association with romantic love flourished in the 14th and 15th centuries.
  • In 18th-century England, Valentine’s Day became an occasion for expressing love through flowers, confectionery, and greeting cards.

Saint Valentine’s History

  • Numerous early Christian martyrs named Valentine.
  • Valentine of Rome (martyred in 269) and Valentine of Terni (martyred in 273) were honored on February 14.
  • Relics of Saint Valentine in Rome and Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni.

February 14 – World Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Day

Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Day Overview

  • An annual international holiday is celebrated on February 14th.
  • Aims to educate and raise awareness about congenital heart defects.

Understanding Congenital Heart Defects

  • Defects are abnormalities present at birth, not diseases.
  • Caused by abnormal development of the heart or blood vessels near the heart before birth.
  • The exact cause is unknown; presumed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Vary widely in severity, making it challenging to pinpoint the seriousness.

Genetic Component and Diagnosis

  • High probability of passing the genetic condition to children (50% chance).
  • Most cases are diagnosed early, even before birth, but some may go undetected until later in childhood.

Historical Timeline

  • 1400s: Da Vinci investigates corona arteries.
  • 1600s: William Harvey discovers blood circulatory motion.
  • 1600s: Friedrich Hoffmann associates heart disease with reduced blood passage in coronary arteries.
  • 1970s: Advanced treatments like bypass surgeries and balloon angioplasty were introduced.

Global Statistics on Birth Defects

  • Globally, an estimated 90,000 deaths are associated with birth defects annually (30% of the global total).

February 15 – World Anthropology Day

World Anthropology Day Overview

  • Celebrated every year on the third Thursday in February.
  • It takes place on February 15 this year.

Definition of Anthropology

  • Anthropology is the study of humans, human behavior, and societies in the past and present.

Disciplinary Goals

  • The broad approach to understanding different aspects of human experience.
  • Aims to comprehend human origins, species distinctiveness, and cultural diversity.

History of World Anthropology Day

  • Introduced as National Anthropology Day in 2015 by the American Anthropological Association (AAA).
  • Always held on the third Thursday in February, ensuring participation from schools and universities.

February 17 to 27 – Taj Utsav

Annual 10-day festival held from 18 to 27 February at Shilpgram in Agra, India.

Organized by the Taj Mahotsav Committee under the auspices of the Commissioner of Agra Division.

Inspiration and Purpose

  • Inspired by the old Mughal era and nawabi style of Uttar Pradesh in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • Aims to promote local artisans and traditions of Agra.

Arts and Crafts Showcase

  • About 400 artisans from various parts of India exhibit their works.
  • Display includes wood/stone carvings, bamboo/cane work, paper mash work, marble and zardozi work, brass wares, hand-made carpets, pottery, Chikankari work, silk and Zari work, shawls, carpets, hand printing, and Kantha stitch.

History

  • Started in 1992 to promote local artisans and traditions of Agra.

Cultural Events

  • The Festival begins with a road procession mimicking the victory processions of Mughal emperors.
  • Involves decorated elephants, camels, drum beaters, trumpet players, folk dancers, craftsmen, and artisans.

Initiatives

  • Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society utilizes folk dances during the event for AIDS awareness campaigns.

February 20 – Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day

Celebrated on 20 February, marking its establishment as the 24th state of India in 1987.

Etymology of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Means “Land of Rising Sun” in Sanskrit.
  • Also known as the “Land of the Dawn-lit Mountains.”

Historical Background

  • Mentioned in the Mahabharata and Kalilka Purana.
  • Associated with Lord Krishna’s marriage to Rukmini and sage Parshuram’s atonement.
  • Under British colonial rule, it was part of North East Frontier Tracts and later under the Assam government post-independence.
  • Renamed Arunachal Pradesh under the Northeast Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, gaining Union Territory status on 20 January 1972.
  • 55th Amendment to the Indian Constitution in 1986 led to its establishment as a separate state.

February 20 – Mizoram Foundation Day

Celebrated on 20 February, commemorating the state’s establishment in 1987.

Etymology of Mizoram

  • Derived from “Mi” (people), “Zo” (lofty place, like a hill), and “Ram” (land), translating to “Land of the hill people.”

Historical Background

  • Mizoram was part of Assam after India’s independence in 1947.
  • Mizo National Front (MNF) launched Operation Jericho in 1966, aiming for the independence of Greater Mizoram.
  • The unrest led to the Indian government using fighter jets to quell the insurrection in Aizawl in March 1966.
  • Mizoram was declared a Union Territory in 1972 under the Northeast Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
  • Attained statehood as the 23rd state of India on 20 February 1987, following the 53rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution, 1986.

February 20 – World Day of Social Justice

World Day of Social Justice

  • An international day recognizing the importance of promoting social justice.
  • Addresses issues like poverty, exclusion, gender inequality, unemployment, human rights, and social protection.

Observance and Recognition

  • United Nations General Assembly decided to observe 20 February annually as the World Day of Social Justice.
  • Approved on 26 November 2007, the observance started in 2009.

Declaration Focus

  • Emphasizes fair outcomes for all through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights.

Organizational Involvement

  • Many organizations, including the UN, the American Library Association (ALA), and the International Labour Organization, actively participate.
  • Organizations make statements on the importance of social justice and present plans to address various social issues.

Teaching Social Justice Day

  • Ideal topics for teaching include childhood poverty, global citizenship, human rights, and sustainable development.
  • Lesson plans and resources are available for students of all ages, provided by the United Nations and other programs.
  • Oxfam’s Food for Thought PowerPoint is a valuable resource that shows students the global food system and encourages them to share their thoughts and experiences.

February 21 – International Mother Language Day

International Mother Language Day (IMLD)

  • Worldwide observance on 21 February to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
  • Announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999 and formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in 2002.

Bengali Language Movement

  • Commemorates the 1952 Bengali Language Movement in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
  • Protested the declaration of Urdu as the sole national language in 1948, leading to a tragic incident on 21 February 1952.

Annual Themes

  • IMLD features different themes each year; in 2023, the theme is “Multilingual education: A necessity to transform education.”

Awards

  • Linguapax Prize and Ekushey Heritage Award are presented annually on IMLD for outstanding achievements in linguistic diversity preservation and community service, respectively.

February 22 – World Thinking Day

World Thinking Day

  • Celebrated annually on 22 February by Girl Guides and Girl Scouts worldwide.
  • Originally known as “Thinking Day.”

Founders

  • Chosen on the birthday of Lord Robert Baden-Powell and Lady Olave Baden-Powell, founders of Scouting and Guiding.

History

  • Instituted in 1926 at the Fourth Girl Scout International Conference.
  • The name changed to “World Thinking Day” in 1999 to emphasize the global aspect.

Themes

  • 2024: “Our World, Our Thriving Future: The environment and global poverty.”

February 23 – World Understanding and Peace Day

Date

  • World Understanding and Peace Day is marked on 23 February by Rotary Clubs worldwide.

Rotary Club Formation

  • Founded on 23 February 1905, by Chicago attorney Paul Harris.
  • Aimed at fostering friendships, exchanging ideas, and promoting harmony and brotherhood among professionals from diverse fields.

History and Humanitarian Focus

  • Initially focused on fostering friendships, the Rotary Club shifted its focus to humanitarian services.
  • Post-World War I, amended its constitution to include the advancement of international peace and goodwill as a goal.
  • Became a consultant to the US delegation to the United Nations Charter Conference.

February 24 – Central Excise Day

Date and Significance

  • Celebrated on February 24th, 2024 (Saturday).
  • Marks the enactment of the Central Excise and Salt Act, 1944.

About Central Excise

  • Levied under the Central Excise Act, 1944.
  • Rates of duty, either ad valorem (on value) or specific, are prescribed under the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985.
  • A taxable event is ‘manufacture,’ and duty liability arises when goods are manufactured.
  • Central Excise Officers also collect other duties under additional acts.
  • Administered by the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) through its field offices and commissionerates.

Administrative Structure

  • India is divided into 10 Zones, each headed by a Chief Commissioner of Central Excise.
  • 61 Commissionerates in these Zones led by the Commissioner of Central Excise.
  • Divisions and Ranges are subsequent formations, headed by Deputy/Assistant Commissioners and Superintendents of Central Excise, respectively.

February 27 – World NGO Day

History

  • Founded in 2009 by Marcis Liors Skadmanis, observed for the first time on February 27, 2014.
  • Officially declared in 2010 by the Baltic Sea NGO Forum.
  • Received international recognition in 2014 by the European Union, the United Nations, and other organizations.

World NGO Day Timeline

  • 1700s: International NGOs come into existence.
  • 2009: World NGO Day established.
  • 2010: Official declaration by the Baltic Sea NGO Forum.
  • 2014: First observance by the European Union, the United Nations, and other international organizations.

February 28 – National Science Day

Overview

  • Celebrated on February 28 each year in India.
  • Marks the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman on February 28, 1928.
  • Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for the discovery.

History

  • In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) proposed designating February 28 as National Science Day.
  • Celebrated in schools, colleges, universities, and various academic and research institutions across India.
  • National Science Popularization awards were announced on the first National Science Day (26 February 2020) by NCSTC.

India Space Week:

  • Celebrated annually from 12 to 18 August.
  • Includes public speeches, radio and TV programs, space science movies, exhibitions, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, and science model exhibitions.
  • Coordinated by the India Nation with support from the India Space Week Association (ISWA).
  • In 2022, declared to be held annually on 12-18 August in celebration of the birth of Vikram Sarabhai.

February 29 – Rare Disease Day

Observance and Purpose

  • Held on the last day of February to raise awareness for rare diseases.
  • Aims to improve access to treatment and medical representation for individuals with rare diseases and their families.
  • Established by the European Organisation for Rare Diseases in 2008.

Background

  • Treatment for many rare diseases is insufficient, and social networks for support are lacking.
  • First observed on February 29, 2008, in numerous European nations and Canada.
  • Chosen date because February 29 is a “rare day,” and 2008 marked the 25th anniversary of the Orphan Drug Act in the United States.

Sources:

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