Check out all the Initiatives to promote organic farming in India by various state governments as well as central government. Recently the Tribal district of Dang in eastern Gujarat will be declared as 100 percent organic farming district.
◘ Organic corridor in Bihar
• The state government of Bihar has created ‘Organic Farming Corridor’ along river Ganga.
• This ‘Organic Farming Corridor comprises 13 districts including Patna. Created at the estimated budget of Rs 1.55 lakh crore.
• The initiative is part of Nitish Kumar government’s ambitious ‘Third Agriculture Roadmap’ for 2017-2022 and is aimed at fulfilling the agricultural target of farmers.
• Bihar produces a variety of vegetables along with traditional paddy and potatoes along the banks of river Ganga.
• As part of the corridor, the state government is encouraging farmers to get trained in organic farming without the use of fertilisers.
◘ India’s first fully organic state
• Sikkim has become India’s first fully organic state by implementing organic practices on around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land.
◘ India’s first fully organic Union Territories
• Lakshadweep after Sikkim has become the first Union Territory to become 100% organic as all the farming in the region is carried out without the use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers.
◘ Organic farming district
• Tribal district of Dang in eastern Gujarat will be declared as 100 percent organic farming district.
◘ Ladakh Signed MoU with Sikkim to Turn the UT Organic by 2025.
•The Ladakh administration has signed an MoU with Sikkim State Organic Certification Agency (SOCCA) to turn the Union Territory into an organic entity.
◘ Godhan Nyay Yojna
• Godhan Nyay Yojana was launched by the chief minister of Chhattisgarh, Bhupesh Baghel on the eve of Holi, the first festival in the state.
• Purpose – The scheme aims at boosting the rural economy by procuring cow dung at Rs 2 per kilogram from farmers.
◘ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
• Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana promotes cluster based organic farming with PGS (Participatory Guarantee System) certification.
• Under this scheme an assistance of Rs. 50,000 per ha /3 years is provided out of which 62 percent (Rs. 31,000) is given as an incentive to a farmer towards organic inputs.
◘ Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP)
• The Government of India is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices.
• The scheme mainly emphasizes on
1. Exclusion of all synthetic Chemicals
2. Promotes on-farm biomass recycling
3. Biomass mulching
4. Use of cow dung-urine for making compost
5. Working of soil for aeration
• Under BPKP, the financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.
• Telangana has not taken up natural farming so far under BPKP programme.
Ranking of India in Organic Farming
• India Ranks First in Organic Farming as per Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
• India ranks 9th in terms of area under organic farming.
Organic farming in India Fact
• At present, India has more than 30 Lakh Hectare area registered under organic certification.
• The organic exports during 2020-21 were USD 1040 million.
Organic Waste Converter (OWC) Plant
• National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) a PSU under the Department of Fertilizers , Vijaipur (Madhya Pradesh ) is going to set up an Organic Waste Converter (OWC) Plant.
• It aims to recycle around 2000 Kg per day of biodegradable waste generated in township including horticulture waste.
Organic Food Processing Unit
• An organic food processing unit has been set up in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh which will be beneficial to around 5000 farmers.
• The unit is likely to provide employment for 100 and indirect employment for 250 people.
• A processing capacity of 3 MT per day has been created and the unit will process agro produce worth Rs 350 crores.
Loan Scheme “SAFAL”
• The State Bank of India is launch a loan product named “SAFAL” for organic cotton growers.
• The product Safe and Fast Agriculture Loan (SAFAL) is primarily focussed on organic cotton growers who don’t have any credit history.
• SBI will use Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) for this purpose.
Organic Spices Seed Park
• A first-of-its-kind organic spice seed park will come up at two places in Gujarat.
• Organic Spices Seed Park for saunf (fennel seed) set up in the Banaskantha district and jeera seed park (cumin seed) set up in Patan for promotion of organic seed value chain of the spices.
Some Important Questions on “Initiatives to promote organic farming in India”
Question 1: Which city of India hosted the National Organic Food Festival for women entrepreneurs ?
Question 2: Which state of India has developed a mobile app named ‘Raj Kisan Organic’ for Sale, and Purchase of Organic Products.
Question 3: Which state govt has initiated a project to weed out the illegal ganja cultivation by promoting organic turmeric as a profitable cash crop?
Answer: Government of Odisha, [Malkangiri district]
Question 4: Which UT has signed an MoU with Sikkim State Organic Certification Agency (SOCCA) to turn the UT into an organic entity?
Question 5: Which region of India has recently received the organic certification under the Large Area Certification (LAC) Scheme?
Answer: Andaman & Nicobar
• About 14,491 hectare (ha) land area in Andaman and Nicobar has been certified as organic, the first large contiguous territory to be done under a government scheme, said by the Agriculture Ministry.
• He also said , After Andaman and Nicobar (A&N) Islands, Lakshadweep and Ladakh are proactively taking steps for the transformation of their traditional organic areas to certified organic.