International organizations and Headquarters

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International organizations and Headquarters
International organizations and Headquarters

Here is the list of important  “International organizations and Headquarters”, important  for various competitive exams  like SSC CGL,RRB NTPC, Banking, CDS,UPSC and all other state exams. At the end of this article we include some previous year questions on “International organizations and Headquarters” which was asked in SSC.

List of International organizations and their Headquarters

Organizations Headquarters Formation Head
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) New York City, USA 22 November 1965 Achim Steiner
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Nairobi, Kenya 5 June, 1972 Inger Andersen

(Executive Director)

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) New York City, USA 1969 Natalia Kanem
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) Nairobi, Kenya 1978 Maimunah Mohd Sharif
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) New York City, USA 11 December 1946 Henrietta H. Fore
World Food Programme (WFP) Rome, Italy 19 December 1961 David Beasley
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Rome, Italy 16 October 1945  Qu Dongyu


International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Montreal, Canada 4 April 1947 Salvatore Sciacchitano (President)
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Montreal, Quebec Canada 1945 Willie Walsh


International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Rome, Italy 1977 Gilbert Houngbo


International Labor Organization (ILO) Geneva, Switzerland 11 April 1919 Guy Ryder


International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington, DC, USA July 1944 Kristalina Georgieva

(Managing Director)

Gita Gopinath

(Chief Economist)

International Maritime Organization (IMO) London, United Kingdom 17 March 1948 Kitack Lim (Secretary-General)
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Geneva, Switzerland 17 May 1865 Houlin Zhao (Secretary-General)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Paris, France 16 November 1945 Audrey Azoulay


United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Vienna, Austria 17 November 1966 Li Yong


United Nations  World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Madrid, Spain 1 November 1974 Zurab Pololikashvili


Universal Postal Union (UPU) Bern, Switzerland 9 October 1874 Masahiko Metoki


World Health Organization (WHO) Geneva, Switzerland 7 April 1948 Tedros  Adhanom


World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva, Switzerland 14 July 1967 Daren Tang

(Director General)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Geneva, Switzerland 23 March 1950 Gerhard Adrian


Petteri Taalas


United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Geneva, Switzerland 26 July 1994 Winnie Byanyima

(Executive Director


United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Geneva, Switzerland 14 December 1950 Filippo Grandi

(High Commissioner for Refugees)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna, Austria 29 July 1957 Rafael Mariano Grossi

(Director General)

International Energy Agency (IEA) Paris, France November 1974 Fatih Birol

(Executive Director)

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Masdar City, Abu Dhabi 26 January 2009 Francesco La Camera


International Organization for Migration works (IOM) Geneva, Switzerland 6 December 1951 António Vitorino

(Director General)

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) The Hague, Netherlands 29 April 1997 Fernando Arias

(Director General)

United Nations

Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Bonn, Germany 9 May 1992 Patricia Espinosa

(Executive Secretary)

World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva, Switzerland 1 January 1995 Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala


International Trade Centre (ITC) Geneva, Switzerland 1964 Pamela Coke-Hamilton

(Executive Director)

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Geneva, Switzerland 30 December 1964 Rebeca Grynspan


United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Vienna, Austria 1997 Ghada Waly
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Paris, France 16 April 1948 Mathias Cormann


Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Vienna, Austria 1965 Mohammed Barkindo

(Secretary General)

Amnesty International London, United Kingdom July 1961 Agnès Callamard


North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Brussels, Belgium 4 April 1949 Jens Stoltenberg

(Secretary General)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Jakarta, Indonesia 8 August 1967 Lim Jock Hoi

(Secretary General)

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Queenstown, Singapore 1989 Jacinda Ardern



Rebecca Fatima Santa Maria

( Executive Director)

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Kathmandu, Nepal 8 December 1985 Esala Ruwan Weerakoon


Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Ebene, Mauritius 6 March 1997 Dr Gatot Hari Gunawan

( Secretary General)

International Court of Justice (ICJ) The Hague, Netherlands 1945 Joan Donoghue


Kirill Gevorgian

(Vice President)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Rome, Italy. 15 December 1977 Gilbert Houngbo


International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Paris, France 1965 Teresa Patricio


Mario Santana

(Secretary General)

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Gland, Switzerland 5 October 1948 Dr Bruno Oberle

(Director General)

Razan Al Mubarak


World Economic Forum (WEF) Cologny, Switzerland 24 January 1971 Klaus Schwab

(Executive Chairman)

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Vaud, Switzerland 29 April 1961 Pavan Sukhdev


Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 1969 Yousef Al-Othaimeen


Transparency International (TI) Berlin, Germany 1993 Daniel Eriksson

(Managing Director)

International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) or INTERPOL Lyon, France September 1923 Kim Jong Yang



Alexander Prokopchuk

(Vice President)


Jürgen Stock

(Secretary General)

New Development Bank (NDB) Shanghai, China July 2015 Marcos Prado Troyjo


Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Beijing, China 16 January 2016 Jin Liqun


European Central Bank (ECB) Frankfurt, Germany 1 June 1998 Christine Lagarde


Luis de Guindos

(vice president)

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Basel, Switzerland 17 May 1930 Agustín Carstens

(General manager)

Asian Development Bank (ADB) Manila, Philippines 19 December


Masatsugu Asakawa


African Development Bank Group (AfDB or ADB) Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire September 10, 1964 Akinwumi Adesina


World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) Montreal, Quebec, Canada 10 November 1999 Witold Bańka


International Chamber of Commerce Paris, France 1919 John W.H. Denton AO

(Secretary General)

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Abuja, Nigeria 28 May 1975 Nana Akufo-Addo



Jean-Claude Brou


United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Bangkok, Thailand 28 March 1947 Armida Salsiah

(Executive Secretary)

European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Geneva 3 May 1960 Henri Gétaz

(Secretary General)

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Lusaka, Zambia 8 December 1994 Sindiso Ngwenya

(Secretary General)

Arctic Council Tromsø, Norway September 19, 1996 —-
International Solar Alliance (ISA) Gurugram, Haryana 30 November 2015 Ajay Mathur

(Director General)

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Beijing, China 15 June 2001 Vladimir Norov


Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation.


Dhaka, Bangladesh 6 June 1997 Tenzin Lekphell

(Secretary General)

MCQ’s on International organizations and Headquarters 

1. The headquarters of UNESCO is in
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2003)
[A] New York
[B] The Hague
[C] Paris
[D] Moscow

2. The International Criminal Police Organsiation (INTERPOL) has its headquarters at _
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2004)
[A] London
[B] Paris
[C] Lyon, France
[D] Montreal

3. Where is headquarters of European Union located ?
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial mAudit) 2005)
[A] London
[B] Paris
[C] Brussels
[D] Bonn

4. Where is the headquarters of Botanical Survey of India located ?
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit) 2005)
[A] Lucknow
[B] Darjeeling
[C] Kolkata
[D] Ootacmund

5. The headquarters of World Health Organisation (WHO) is at
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit 2006)
[A] London
[B] Geneva
[C] Paris
[D] Washington

6. The headquarters of Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries is located in_
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2007)
[A] Vienna
[B] Riyadh
[C] Kuwait City
[D] Abu Dhabi

7. The Headquarters of the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) is at _
(SSC Section Officer (Audit) 2008)
[A] New York
[B] Paris
[C] Geneva
[D] Rome

8. The Headquarters of Inter national Atomic Energy Agency is in
(SSC CGL Tier-I 2011)
[A] Geneva
[B] Paris
[C] Vienna
[D] Washington

9. The Headquarters of the International Monetary Fund is located at _
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 1999)
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 2001)
[A] Paris
[B] Vienna
[C] Washingtan D.C.
[D] Geneva

10. The Headquarters of the International Monetary Fund is located at _
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 2002)
[A] New York
[B] London
[C] Washington
[D] Geneva

11. The Headquarters of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) is located at
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 2008)
[A] Paris (France)
[B] Geneva (Switzerland)
[C] New York (USA)
[D] Bangkok (Thailand)

12. The Headquarters of International Court of Justice is located in
(SSC Data Entry Operator 2008)
[A] Paris (France)
[B] Geneva (Switzerland)
[C] New York (USA)
[D] The Hague (Netherlands)

13.Headquarters of World Health Organisation are situated at
(SSC (10+2) Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2012)
[A] Hague
[B] Oslo
[C] Geneva (Switzerland)
[D] New York

14. Where is the headquarters of INTERPOL ?
(SSC (10+2) Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2012)
[A] Paris
[B] London
[C] Lyons (France)
[D] Geneva

15. Match the following:
(SSC MTS 2013, Kolkata Region)
List-I (Organisations)
a. United Nations Industrial Organisation
b. Food and Agricultural Organisation
c. World Health Organisation
d. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

List-II (Headquarters)
1. Geneva
2. Paris
3. Berne
4. Rome
5. Vienna
[A] a-3, b-4, c-2, d-1
[B] a-5, b-2, c-4, d-3
[C] a-4, b-3, c-2, d-5
[D] a-5, b-4, c-1, d-2

16. The Headquarters of International Labour Organisation is located at
(SSC MTS 2013, Kolkata Region)
[A] Paris
[B] New York
[C] Rome
[D] Geneva

17. Which one of the following organisations is not having its headquarters in Geneva?
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 2013)
[A] World Trade Organisation
[B] World Health Organisation
[C] International Labour Organisation
[D] International Civil Aviation Organisation

Note:- The headquarters of International Civil  Aviation Organization located in Montreal, Canada.

18. Which one of the following organizations and its headquarters are wrongly matched ?
(SSC (10+2) Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2013)
[A] Interpol — Lyon
[B] Universal Postal Union — Berne
[C] Food and Agriculture  Organization — Rome
[D] International Civil  Aviation Organization — London 

Note:- The headquarters of International Civil  Aviation Organization located in Montreal, Canada.

19. Headquarter of European Union (EU) is situated in :
(SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)
[A] Paris (France)
[B] Munich (Germany)
[C] Brussels (Belgium)
[D] Milan (Italy)

20. The Headquarters of World Trade Organisation(WTO) is situated
in:(SSC Constable (GD) 2015)
[A] New Delhi
[B] Geneva, Switzerland
[C] London, UK
[D] Washington, USA

21. The headquaters of United Nations Organization is located at :
(SSC Constable (GD) 2015)
[A] Rome
[B] Geneva
[C] Washington
[D] New York

22. How many organs are there in U.N.O. ?
(SSC CHSL (10+2) LDC, DEO & PA/SA 2015)
[A] 06
[B] 03
[C] 04
[D] 05

Note:-  The United Nations (UN) has six main organs.

1. The General Assembly
2. The Security Council
3. The Economic and Social Council
4. The Trusteeship Council
5. The Secretariat
6. The International Court of Justice (ICJ)

Except ICJ alll are based at UN Headquarters in New York. The sixth one that is the International Court of Justice (ICJ) , is located at The Hague in the Netherlands.

23. The World Trade Organisation, which replaced GATT, has its Headquarters in
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 2016)
[A] Vienna
[B] Brussels
[C] New York
[D] Geneva

24. Who of the following has been appointed as the eleventh President of the World Bank for a five year term with effect from July 1, 2007?
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2007)
[A] John Wolfensohn
[B] Paul Wolfowitz
[C] Robert Zoellick
[D] David Morgan

Note:- Current President of  World  Bank is David Malpass (13th President)

25. Who is the President of the World Bank ?
(SSC CGL Prelim 2005)
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC 2014)

[A] Paul Wolfowitz
[B] James Wolfensohn
[C] Rodrigo De Rato
[D] David Malpass

26. The Sccretary – General of the UNO is appointed by the :
(SSC CGL Prelim 1999)
[A] General Assembly
[B] Security Council
[C] Trusteeship Council
[D] World Bank

27. Who among the following is the Director-General of the World Trade Organisation ?
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit) 2005)
[A] Chris Patten
[B] Supachai Panichtchpakdi
[C] Robert Joelick
[D] Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

28. The Secretary General of UNO is appointed by _
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2006)
[A] the General Assembly
[B] the Security Council
[C] the International Court of Justice
[D] the General Assembly on the recommendations of the Security Council

29. Who is the present Secretary General of the United Nations ?
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax & Central Excise 2006)
[A] Javier Perez de Cuellar
[B] Kofi Annan
[C] U. Thant
[D] Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Note:- António Guterres of Portugal is the current  Secretary General of the United Nations.

30. The first African National to become Secretary General of UNO was
(SSC Higher Secondary Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2010)
[A] Kofi Annan
[B] Butros Gali
[C] Nelson Mandela
[D] Winni Mandela

Note:- Kofi A. Amman of Ghana, the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, served from 1997 to 2006 .

31. Ban Ki Moon, the present Secretary General of U.N.O.,belongs to
(SSC Graduate Level Tier-I 2012)
[A] Austria
[B] China
[C] Republic of Korea
[D] Japan

Note:- Ban Ki Moon served as the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016. António Guterres is the current Secretary-General of the United Nations. He is the ninth Secretary-General, his term began 1 January 2017. He belongs to Portugal.

32. The first Secretary-General of the United Nations was
(SSC MTS 2013)
[A] U. Thant
[B] Dr. Kurt Waldheim
[C] Trygve Halvdan Lie
[D] Dag Hammarskjoeld

Note:- On 1 February 1946, Mr. Trygve Halvdan Lie was elected the first Secretary-General of the United Nations.

33. U.N.O was founded in the year?
(SSC CHSL (10+2) DEO & LDC 2014)
[A] 1945 (24October)
[B] 1946
[C] 1950
[D] 1953

34. October 2nd of every year has been declared by UNO as:
(SSC Higher Secondary Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2010)
[A] International Non-violence day  
[B] International heritage day
[C] International Moral Values day
[D] International anti-terrorism day

Note:- The United Nations General Assembly  decided to observe the International Day of Non-Violence each year on 2 October – the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who helped lead India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

35. World Trade Organization (WTO) was started in the year
[A] 1984
[B] 1994
[C] 1995 (1 January)
[D] 1996

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