International Protocols and Treaties related to Environment

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International Protocols and Treaties related to Environment
Protocols / Treaties Year Purpose
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands 1971 Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands
Biodiversity Conservation 1972 Protection, Preservation, and management of ecosystems and natural habitats.
Convention on International Trade of Wild animals 1973 International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Bonn Convention on Migratory Species of Wild animals 1979 Aims to conserve migratory species of wild animals and Birds
Vienna Convention 1985 for the protection of Ozone Layer
Montreal Protoco 1987 for the protection of Ozone Layer
Basel Convention 1989 Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 1992 Change in Earth Climate System due to anthropogenic interference.
Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC) 1997 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity 2000 to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification 1994 to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs
Rotterdam Convention 1998 to promote shared responsibilities in relation to importation of hazardous chemicals
Stockholm Convention 2001 Aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

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