Largest Tiger Reserve in India: Key Points for Exam

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Current Titleholder: The largest tiger reserve in India is currently the Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR), spanning across Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states.

Largest Tiger Reserve in India: Key Points for Exam

Key Points:

  • Area: 3,296.31 sq km
  • Location: Situated within the Nallamala forest, this reserve extends across five districts: Kurnool, Prakasam, Guntur, Nalgonda, and Mahabub Nagar.
  • Tigers: Estimated population of 120-150 tigers (as of 2020)
  • Other wildlife: Leopards, sloth bears, dholes, wild boars, spotted deer, sambar, etc.
  • Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, scrub jungles, rocky hills, riverine ecosystems (Krishna and Musi rivers).
  • Threats: Habitat loss, poaching, human-wildlife conflict.
  • Conservation efforts: Project Tiger, anti-poaching patrols, community engagement programs

Read More: List of Tiger Reserves in India (Updated List)

Comparison with other Contenders

  • Jim Corbett National Park (Uttarakhand): Largest by tiger population (around 250+), but smaller area (520 sq km)
  • Bandipur National Park (Karnataka): Third largest by area (874 sq km), known for diverse landscape and wildlife

Exam Tips

  • Remember the current titleholder for the largest tiger reserve and its key features.
  • Be familiar with the location, area, and estimated tiger population.
  • Understand the importance of NSTR for conservation and the threats it faces.
  • Briefly mention other large tiger reserves like Jim Corbett National Park for comparison.

Additional Notes

  • The size and tiger population of reserves can fluctuate over time due to various factors.
  • It’s always helpful to stay updated on the latest information and statistics for exams.

By focusing on these key points, you can effectively answer questions about India’s largest tiger reserve in your exam.

Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) in a Nutshell

DesignationLargest Tiger Reserve in India
StateAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
DistrictNandyal, Palnadu, Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh and Mahbubnagar, Nalgonda in Telangana
Established in1983
Total Area3,728 km2 (1,439 sq mi)
Elevation917 m (3,009 ft)
Nearest CityNalgonda, Srisailam, Kurnool, Hyderabad, Guntur (316 km (196 mi))
IUCN categoryIV
Governing BodyGovernment of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Project Tiger

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