Here is the list of Cyclones in India over Bay of Bengal, North Indian Ocean and Arabian sea. Know all about the Tropical Cyclones in India such as How they named, criteria for naming, upcoming tropical cyclone 2021, upcoming tropical cyclone 2020 and many more.
Who names the tropical cyclones?
• The tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) & Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs).
• At present Worldwide, there are six RSMCs including the India Meteorological Department as an RSMC and six TCWCs mandated for issuing advisories and naming of tropical cyclones.
• The India Meteorological Department located in New Delhi is responsible to mandate the name of tropical cyclone and storm developing over the North Indian Ocean region including Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
• In the twenty-seventh Session of The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) held in 2000 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman agreed to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
• The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) jointly established the Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC)in 1972 as an intergovernmental body.
• Naming of The Tropical Cyclones over the North Indian Ocean Region started in the year 2004.
• The name of the each tropical cyclone proposed by the 13 member countries of WMO/ESCAP Panel alphabetically.
|Here is the alphabetical list of all the 13 member countries of WMO/ESCAP panel.|
|Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.|
Six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs)
|Ocean Region||RSMCs Name|
|South-West Pacific Ocean||RSMC Nadi-Tropical Cyclone Centre, Fiji Meteorological Service|
|South-West Indian Ocean||RSMC La Reunion-Tropical Cyclone Centre/Meteo-France|
|Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea||Tropical Cyclones New Delhi/India Meteorological Department|
|Western North Pacific Ocean and South China Sea||Tokyo-Typhoon Center/Japan Meteorological Agency|
|Central North Pacific Ocean||Honolulu Hurricane Center|
|Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic and eastern North Pacific Oceans||Miami-Hurricane Center/National Hurricane Center|
Source – RSMC.IMO
List of 6 Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs)
|Indonesia||Jakarta/Meteorological and Geophysical Agency/BMG, Indonesia|
|Tasman Sea||Wellington/Meteorological Service of New Zealand, New Zealan|
|Solomon Sea and Gulf of Papua||Port Moresby/National Weather Service, Papua New Guinea|
|Coral Sea||Brisbane/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
|Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpenteria||Darwin/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
|South-East Indian Ocean||Perth/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
Source – TCW.WMO
How are cyclones named?
• While sending the naming suggestions of each cyclone, those countries have to follow some rules such as:
♦ The proposed name should be neutral to_
Politics and political figures
♦ The Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of the population over the globe.
♦ It should not be very rude and cruel in nature.
♦ It should be short, easy to pronounce and should not be offensive to any member.
♦ The maximum length of the name will be eight letters.
♦ The proposed name should be provided along with its pronunciation and voice over.
♦ The Panel reserves the right to reject any name, if any, of the criteria above is not satisfied.
♦ The finalised names may also be reviewed during the course of time of implementation with the approval of PTC in its annual session, in case any reasonable objection is raised by any member.
♦ The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated. Once used, it will cease to be used again. Thus, the name should be new. It should not be there in the already existing list of any of the RSMCs worldwide including RSMC, New Delhi.
Why is naming cyclones important?
• Tropical cyclones are named to identify each individual cyclone.
• Names are easier to remember than numbers and technical terms.
• Also, the names make it easier for the media to report on tropical cyclones.
• It also helps create awareness of its development and remove confusion in case of simultaneous occurrence of cyclones over a region.
• Naming cyclones also help remember a cyclone easily, rapidly and effectively disseminate warnings to a much wider audience.
Tropical Cyclone in India, 2020
|Cyclone Name||Name Given By||Areas affected|
|Amphan||Thailand||West Bengal, Odisha, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan|
|Gati||India||Somalia, Yemen, Djibouti|
|Nivar||Iran||Sri Lanka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry|
|Burevi||Maldives||Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala|
Tropical Cyclone in India, 2021
|Cyclone Name||Name Given By||Ocean Region||Affected Areas|
|Tauktae||Myanmar||Arabian Sea||Delhi, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Lakshadweep, Maldives, Rajasthan, Sindh, Sri Lanka, West India|
Bay of Bengal
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, East India, Nepal, Uttar Pradesh|
|Gulab||Pakistan||Bay of Bengal||Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana|
|Balochistan, Iran, Gujarat, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sindh, United Arab Emirates, Yemen|
|Jawad||Saudi Arabia||Bay of Bengal||The areas which will be impacted the most include north coastal Andhra Pradesh and south coastal Odisha.
[as per recent reports, any changes will be updated soon]
|Mandous||United Arab Emirates|
- Most recent Cyclone – Jawad
- Epicentre of the cyclone – Bay of Bengal
- Affected area – The areas which will be most impacted include Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam districts of north coastal Andhra Pradesh, and Gajapati, Ganjam, Puri, Nayagarh, Khurda, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara districts of Odisha .
- ‘Jawad’ Name Given by – Saudi Arabia
- The meaning ‘Jawad’ is – liberal or merciful.
For more updates Follow this link RSMCnewDelhi
Upcoming cyclone in India 2022
|Sl.No||Cyclone Name||Name given by the Country|
|12||Senyar||United Arab Emirates|
New list of tropical cyclone names adopted by the WMO/ESCAP Panel
• Here are the 169 new names of tropical cyclones suggested by the 13 member countries of WMO/ESCAP Panel.
• These names applied on the cyclones over North Indian Ocean, including Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
|Name Given By||Column 1||Column 2||Column 3||Column 4|
|United Arab Emirates||Mandous||Senyar||Afoor||Nahhaam|
|Name Given By||Column 5||Column 6||Column 7||Column 8|
|United Arab Emirates||Quffal||Daaman||Deem||Gargoor|
|Name Given By||Column 9||Column 10||Column 11||Column 12||Column 13|
|United Arab Emirates||Khubb||Degl||Athmad||Boom||Saffar|
Criteria for the implementation of the list of 169 names given in the above table
• The name of a Tropical Cyclone from South China Sea, which crosses Thailand and emerge into the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone will not be changed.
• Panel Members’ names will be listed alphabetically country-wise.
• The names will be used sequentially, column-wise. (Column 1, Column 2 . . . . . Column 13)
• The first name will start from the first row of column 1 and will continue sequentially to the last row in column 13 of Table 1.
• Panel Members name are listed alphabetically country wise.
• Table will be used only once
The main activities or functions of the RSMC, New Delhi
• Round the clock watch over the entire North Indian Ocean.
• Analysis and processing of global meteorological data for diagnostic and prediction purposes.
• Detection, tracking and prediction of cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
• Running of numerical models for tropical cyclone track and intensity prediction.
• Issue of Tropical Weather Outlook once daily (at 0600 UTC) and an additional outlook at 1700 UTC in the event of a depression which is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm.
• Issue of cyclone advisories to the Panel countries 8 times a day.
• Issue of storm surge advisories.
• Implementation of the Regional Cyclone Operational Plan of WMO/ESCAP Panel.
• Collection, processing and archival of all data pertaining to cyclonic storms viz. wind, storm surge, pressure, rainfall, satellite information etc.
• Exchange of composite data and bulletins pertaining to cyclonic storms with Panel countries.
• Preparation of comprehensive reports on each cyclonic storm
• Continued research on storm surge, track and intensity prediction techniques.
Source – rsmcnewdelhi official website