40 UNESCO World Heritage sites in India 2022

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Here is the updated list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.  Under General Knowledge section it is a very important topic for various competitive exams like SSC CGL, IBPS PO, RBI Grade B, CDS, UPSC, IBPS Clerk. At present India has 40 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Recently 2 more  sites of India declared as a world heritage site. This  was declared by UNESCO World Heritage Committees in there 44th session, recently held in China.

UNESCO Word Heritage Site of India
List of World Heritage sites of India

About World Heritage Site in India

• The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are the important places of cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.

• India accepted the convention on World Heritage Sites on 14 November 1977.
• The first 4 sites of India inscripted in World Heritage Sites were.
1.  Ajanta Caves
2. Ellora Caves
3. Agra Fort
4. Taj Mahal

• All the 4 sites were inscribed in the 1983 session of the World Heritage Committee.

• As of July 2021, two new sites of India inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list.
• They are Dholavira which is located in Gujarat and Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple , which is located in Telangana.

• At present Maharashtra has the highest number of UNESCO World Heritage sites. (Total 5)
• The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai is the latest UNESCO World Heritage site of Maharashtra.

• Presently, there are 40 World Heritage Sites located in India.
• Out of these, 32 are cultural, 7 are natural, and 1 is mixed (meeting both cultural and natural criteria) sites.

• India has the sixth largest number of sites in the world.
• Total 1154 sites are inscribed under the  UNESCO World Heritage list all over the world.

• Top 3 Country with the  highest number of UNESCO World Heritage site.
1. Italy – 58 UNESCO World Heritage sites
2. China – 56 UNESCO World Heritage sites
3. Germany – 51 UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Full list of World Heritage Site in India

Natural World Heritage Sites in India

Sl. No Sites Name State Year
1 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985
2 Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1985
3 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985
4 Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1987
5 Nanda Devi and
Valley of Flowers
National Parks
Uttarakhand 1988
6 Western Ghats Maharashtra
Karnataka
Kerala
Tamil Nadu
2012
7 Great Himalayan
National Park
Conservation Area
Himachal Pradesh 2014

Mixed World Heritage Site in India

Sl. No Sites Name State Year
1 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016

Cultural World Heritage Sites in India

Sl. No Sites Name State Year
1 Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
2 Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
3 Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
4 Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
5 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
6 Sun Temple, Konârak Odisha 1984
7 Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
8 Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
9 Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
10 Khajuraho Group
of Monuments
Madhya Pradesh 1986
11 Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
12 Great Living
Chola Temples
Tamil Nadu 1987
13 Group of Monuments
at Pattadakal
Karnataka 1987
14 Buddhist Monuments
at Sanchi
Madhya Pradesh 1989
15 Humayun’s Tomb Delhi 1993
16 Qutb Minar and
its Monuments
Delhi 1993
17 Mountain Railways
of India
West Bengal (Darjeeling)
Himachal Pradesh (Kalka Shimla)
Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri)
1999
18 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
19 Rock Shelters
of Bhimbetka
Madhya Pradesh 2003
20 Champaner-Pavagadh
Archaeological Park
Gujarat 2004
21 Chhatrapati Shivaji
Terminus (formerly
Victoria Terminus)
Maharashtra 2004
22 Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
23 The Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Rajasthan 2010
24 Hill Forts
of Rajasthan
Rajasthan 2013
25 Rani ki vav
(The Queen’s Stepwell)
Patan, Gujarat 2014
26 Archaeological Site
of Nalanda Mahavihara
at Nalanda, Bihar
Bihar 2016
27 The Architectural Work
of Le Corbusier
Chandigarh 2016
28 Historic City of Ahmadabad Ahmedabad, Gujarat 2017
29 The Victorian and
Art Deco
of Mumbai
Maharashtra 2018
30 Jaipur City Rajasthan 2019
31 Kakatiya Rudreshwara
(Ramappa) Temple
Telangana 2021
32 Dholavira: A
Harappan City
Gujarat 2021

Details about all the World Heritage sites

♦ Kaziranga National Park
☛ Kaziranga National Park, famous for one-horned rhinoceroses
☛ It was declared as a National Park in 1974.
☛ It has been declared a tiger reserve since 2007.
☛ It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985

♦ Keoladeo National Park
☛ Keoladeo National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
☛ Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India.

♦ Manas National Park
☛ Manas National Park, located in the states of Assam, India.

• Major year of declaration
☛ 1905 : Proposed Reserve Forest.
☛ 1907 : Manas Reserve Forest
☛ 1928 : Game Sanctuary.
☛ 1950 : Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
☛ 1973 : Declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger
☛ 1985 : Declared as World Heritage Site (Natural) by UNESCO
☛ 1989 : Declared as Biosphere Reserve under Man & Biosphere Programme of UNESCO
☛ 1990 : Declared as National Park.
☛ 2003: Declared as Chirang – Ripu Elephant Reserve under Project Elephant.

• Flora
☛ The Manas National Park has more than 650 species of Angiosperms alone.
☛ Other commonly seen trees are the Simul, Oxi, Sissoo, Khaie, Gamari, etc.

• Fauna
☛ Manas is very rich in the population of Royal Bengal Tigers.
☛ It has largest population of the endangered Bengal Florican bird in the world.
☛ Other bird species are Great Hornbill , Black-tailed Crake, Red-headed Trogo, Swamp Francolin and Bristled Grassbirds.

♦ Sundarbans National Park
☛ The area of Sundarbans National Park spread over the two districts of West Bengal namely North 24 parganas and South 24 parganas.
☛ Maximum parts of Sundarbans National Park lies in South 24 parganas.

• Flora and Fauna
☛ The Sundarbans delta is densely covered by mangrove forests.
☛ The name Sundarbans is derived from the Sundari ( Heritiera fomes ) tree found here.
☛ Sundarbans National Park famous for Royal Bengal tiger.
☛ It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile.

• Important Date
☛ The Sundarban National Park was declared as the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve in 1973.
☛ Declaredand as a wildlife sanctuary in 1977.
☛ On 4 May 1984 it was declared a national park.
☛ It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1987
☛ It has been designated as a Ramsar site since 2019.
☛ It is considered as a World Network of Biosphere Reserve (Man and Biosphere Reserve) from 1989.

♦ Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
• Location
☛ The Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers National Parks is an UNESCO World Heritage Site in Uttarakhand, India.

• History
☛ The Nanda Devi was declared as Nanda Devi Sanctuary in 1939.
☛ It became a world heritage site in the year 1988.
☛ In 1988 the site was inscribed as Nanda Devi National Park.

♦ Western Ghats
• Location
☛ The Western Ghats is a mountain range parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula.

• About Western Ghats
☛ It covers an area of 160,000 km^2 in a stretch of 1,600 km.
☛ The Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri.
☛ It spread over the states of Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra,Gujarat , Kerala,and Tamil Nadu.
☛ It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India.
☛ It contains a very large proportion of the country’s flora and fauna.
☛ According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas.

☛ They influence Indian monsoon weather patterns by intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer.

☛ The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau.
☛ The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).
☛ The area is one of the world’s ten “hottest biodiversity hotspots.”

Related topics

Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks of West Bengal 

List of Ramsar sites in India 

List of National Park in India


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