Microorganisms used in Food Industry

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• Microorganisms are widely used in the food industry to produce various types of foods like Kimchi, bread, beer, wine, vinegar, yoghurt and cheese, as well as fermented fish, meat and vegetables.

• These Microorganisms produced all the food products by the process of Fermentation.Fermentation is one of the oldest transformation and preservation techniques for food.

• Here we provide some important commonly used food products that is made by various Fermentation is one of the oldest transformation and preservation techniques for food.microorganisms.

Food Product Primary Ingredient Microorganisms Used
Cheese Milk Protein Streptococcus
Penicillium camemberti
Butter Cream of Milk Leuconostoc citrovorum
Streptococcus lactis
Streptococcus cremoris
Yogurt Milk, Cream of Milk Lactobacillus bulgaricus,
Streptococcus thermophilus
Butter milk Cream of Milk Lactobacillus lactis,
Leuconostoc mesenteriodes
Kefir Fermented Milk Streptococcus lactis,
Lactobacillus bulgaricus
Kumisa Horse milk Lactobacillus bulgaricus,
Taette Milk Streptococcus lactis var taette
Idli Rice, Pulses Leuconostoc mesenteriodes
Rolls, Cakes Wheat Flour Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Fish Sauce Small Fish Bacillus species
Shoyu/ Soybean sauce Soybean Aspergillus Oryzae,
Aspergillus soyae
Kimchi Cabbage and Vegetables Lactic acid Bacteria
Vegetable Pickle Cucumber, Carrot , Chilli, Radish, Cabbage Leuconostoc mesenteroides,
Lactobacillus plantarum
Vinegar Ethanol , Sugars Acetobacter aceti
Chocolate Roasted and ground cacao seeds Acetobacter fabarum
Meat-based sauces Finely choppeed – Beef, Pork, Lamb, Chicken Enterococcus faecalis

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