|• Microorganisms are widely used in the food industry to produce various types of foods like Kimchi, bread, beer, wine, vinegar, yoghurt and cheese, as well as fermented fish, meat and vegetables.
• These Microorganisms produced all the food products by the process of Fermentation.Fermentation is one of the oldest transformation and preservation techniques for food.
• Here we provide some important commonly used food products that is made by various Fermentation is one of the oldest transformation and preservation techniques for food.microorganisms.
|Food Product||Primary Ingredient||Microorganisms Used|
|Butter||Cream of Milk||Leuconostoc citrovorum
|Yogurt||Milk, Cream of Milk||Lactobacillus bulgaricus,
|Butter milk||Cream of Milk||Lactobacillus lactis,
|Kefir||Fermented Milk||Streptococcus lactis,
|Kumisa||Horse milk||Lactobacillus bulgaricus,
|Taette||Milk||Streptococcus lactis var taette|
|Idli||Rice, Pulses||Leuconostoc mesenteriodes|
|Rolls, Cakes||Wheat Flour||Saccharomyces cerevisiae|
|Fish Sauce||Small Fish||Bacillus species|
|Shoyu/ Soybean sauce||Soybean||Aspergillus Oryzae,
|Kimchi||Cabbage and Vegetables||Lactic acid Bacteria|
|Vegetable Pickle||Cucumber, Carrot , Chilli, Radish, Cabbage|| Leuconostoc mesenteroides,
|Vinegar||Ethanol , Sugars||Acetobacter aceti|
|Chocolate||Roasted and ground cacao seeds||Acetobacter fabarum|
|Meat-based sauces||Finely choppeed – Beef, Pork, Lamb, Chicken||Enterococcus faecalis|