List of Missiles in News 2022

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Recently tested missiles 2021- 22
Recently tested missiles 2021- 22

The topic ‘Recently tested missiles or Missiles in News’ comes under the subtopic ‘Science  and Technology’Science  and Technology’ is an important subject for various competitive exams specially UPSC, CDS and other defence related competitive exams. Here we provide notes about all the missiles which were recently in the news.

Missiles in News 2022

Missiles in News March 2022

Brahmos supersonic cruise missile
☞ The Indian Navy successfully tested the accuracy of an extended range of Brahmas supersonic cruise missiles from the stealth destroyer INS Chennai.

◘ Key Points
• INS Chennai is a stealth guided missile destroyer constructed by the Mazagon Dock Limited at Mumbai.

• In 2020, India successfully tests fired the antiradiation Rudram-1 missile.

• It was the first indigenously developed anti-radiation missile of India.

BrahMos
☞ India successfully tests fired a surface-to-surface ‘BrahMos’ supersonic cruise missile from Andaman and Nicobar Island.

◘ Key points
• It is an extended range missile that has a range of 290 km.

•It has a top speed of Mach 2.8, nearly three times the speed of sound.

• It is jointly developed by Russia’s Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

Hwasong- 17
☞ North Korea has test fired its biggest Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), Hwasong- 17.

◘ Key points
• Maximum range of the missile: 1,090 km (681 miles)
• Maximum altitude: 6,248.5 km (3,905 miles)

• The missile hit a target in the Sea of Japan after travelling 67.5 minutes in air.

• Its predecessor, the Hwasong-15, tested in November 2017 reached an altitude of about 4,475 km and covered 950 km over 53 minutes.

Missiles in News February 2022

C-Dome or Protective Dome
☞ Israel successfully tests fired its “C-Dome or Protective Dome” missile defence system.

◘ Key Point
• The project is based on Iron Dome missile defence system which was tested against rockets, cruise missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV).

• The C-Dome was successfully tested for the first time from Saar-6 Corvette INS Magen, Israel’s Naval Warship.

• It is loaded with multilayer missile defence systems along with Arrow and David’s Sling systems.

• Both the system enables the missile defence systems to intercepting everything from long-range missiles to short-range rockets.

Hwasong-12
☞ North Korea successfully test fired Intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM), “Hwasong-12″.

◘ Key Points
• “Hwasong-12″ missile tested from North Korea’s Jagang Province toward the East Sea.

• Range of the missile 800 km (497 miles)
• Maximum operational altitude 2,000 km (1,243 miles).
• This is North Korea’s seventh test fire in 2022.
• Purpose – To verify the overall accuracy of the missile

Rafale-Maritime (Rafale-M) fighter jets
☞ Indian Navy successfully flight tested the marine version of French-made Rafale-Maritime (Rafale-M) fighter jets.

◘ Key points
• Rafale-M successfully flight tested at Shore Based Test Facility at the Indian Navy Ship (INS) Hansa in Goa.

• The Rafale-M is pitted against the US-made F/A 18 Super Hornet.

Khaibar Shekan’ (Khaibar buster)
☞ Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) of Iran revealed a new domestically-made missile named as ‘Khaibar Shekan’(Khaibar buster) .

◘ Key Points
• Type of the missile: long range ballistic Surface to Surface missile.
• Range of the missile: 1,450 km (900 Miles)

• The missile runs on solid fuel.
• It can defeat missile shield systems
• It has high accuracy and was manufactured completely domestically.

BrahMos supersonic cruise missile (sea to sea variant)
☞ Indian Navy’s stealth guided missile destroyer INS Visakhapatnam, carried out the test-firing of the advanced sea to sea variant of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile off the western seaboard.

◘ Key Points
• The BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach. ( almost three times the speed of sound.)

• BrahMos missiles which has a combination of the names of Brahmaputra (India) and Moskva (Russia) rivers, are
designed, developed and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, which is an India-Russian joint venture.

• BrahMos missile can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or from land platforms.

Missiles in News January 2022

Man Portable AntiTank Guided Missile (MPATGM)
☞ India successfully tested the Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) at a range in Southern India.

◘ Key Points
• It has a maximum range of 5 Km.
• It is indigenously developed fire and forget antitank missile.
• It is launched from a man portable launcher.

Tsirkon (Zircon) hypersonic cruise missiles
☞ Russia successfully test-fired around 10 new Tsirkon (Zircon) hypersonic cruise missiles from a frigate and other two missiles from a submarine.

◘ Key Points
• The Zircon missile would be capable of flying at nine times the speed of sound.

☞ The Zircon missile have a range of 1,000 kilometres (620 miles).

Arrow-3 ballistic missile
☞ Israel & the United States (US) successfully conducted the flight test of the Arrow-3 ballistic missile interceptor
outside the Earth’s atmosphere.

◘ Key Points
☞ The Arrow 3 or Hetz 3 is an exoatmospheric hypersonic anti-ballistic missile, jointly funded, developed and produced by Israel and the United States.

☞ The missile may have a reported flight range of up to 2,400 km (1,500 mi).

BrahMos Supersonic Cruise missile
☞ The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) India successfully test-fired an advanced sea to sea variant of BrahMos Supersonic Cruise missile from INS (Indian Navy Ship) Visakhapatnam warship off the west coast.

◘ Key Points
☞ The BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach. ( almost three times the speed of sound.)

☞ BrahMos missiles which has a combination of the names of Brahmaputra (India) and Moskva (Russia) rivers, are
designed, developed and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, which is an India-Russian joint venture.

☞ BrahMos missile can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or from land platforms.

Recently tested Missiles 2021

Missiles in news September 2022

 Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM)
☞ First underwater test of a Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) successfully conducted by The South Korean military.

◘ Key Points
• The test would make South Korea the first country without nuclear weapons to field such a missile.
• Other countries that have tested or developed SLBMs, including the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France, North Korea, and India.
• It was South Korea’s first Dosan Ahn Changho-class submarine.

Akash Prime
☞  A new version of the surface-to-air Akash missile was successfully flight-tested by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the integrated test range at Chandipur in Odisha.

Key Points
• It is an upgraded version of Akash missile systems.

• In comparison to the current Akash system, it is equipped with indigenous active RF (Radio Frequency) seeker for improved accuracy.

• Another advancement was also added in Akash Prime like ensuring reliable performance under a low-temperature environment at higher altitudes.

• It is developed by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories under the Missiles and Strategic Systems (MSS).

Missiles in News August 2021

Ghaznavi
☞ Recently Pakistan successfully test-fired the Nuclear capable Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile Ghaznavi (Hatf-III).

◘ Key Points
☞ It has a range of up to 290 Km.
☞ It is designed and developed by National Development Complex (NDC)

☞The missile is equipped with a proper terminal guidance system and will enhance the operational readiness of Army Strategic Forces Command (ASFC) and revalidating technical parameters of the Weapon system

☞ The missile inducted into Pakistan Army in 2012.

☞ It is named after 11th Century Muslim Turkic Conqueror ‘Mahmud of Ghazni’.

☞ Other Medium Range Ballistic Missiles of Pakistan are Ghauri & Shaheen.

ASRAAM missiles
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) and MBDA of UK have signed up to establish a facility for the Final Assembly, Integration and Test (FAIT) of Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile(ASRAAM) missiles  in Bhanur, Telangana, India.

◘ Key Points
• It is an infrared guided Air to Air missile.

• ASRAAM travels at a speed of Mach 3 with a range of more than 25 Kms.

• ASRAAM has full ‘Lock On Before Launch’ and ‘Lock On After Launch’ operating modes.

Missiles in News July 2021

 BrahMos
☞ The extended range version of the BrahMos  supersonic cruise missile failed during a test firing being carried out off the coast of Odisha and fell shortly after takeoff.

◘ Key Points
BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile.

☞The range of BrahMos missile is 290km.

☞Recently it was being tested to hit any target object up to 450 km but failed.

☞It is developed by BrahMos Aerospace which is a joint venture (JV) between DRDO and NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) of Russia.

☞ It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world.

☞ Its name comes from two rivers, the Brahmaputra in India and the Moskva in Russia.

☞ It can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land

Zircon
Russia successfully test-fired the Zircon (also known as Tsirkon) Hypersonic Cruise Missile from Russian Navy’s Admiral Gorshkov warship in White Sea.

◘ Key Points
☞ Zircon is an anti-ship Hypersonic Cruise Missile of Russia.

☞ It has a range of 350 kms.
Zircon means ‘Invincible’.

Tsirkon hypersonic Cruise Missile is developed & manufactured by NPO Mashinostroyeniya, Russia.

S-500 Air Defence System
Russia successfully test-fired its new S-500 Air Defence Missile Systems in a Kapustin Yar Training ground, Russia.

◘ Key Points
S-500 is an extended version of S-400 Triumf Long-range Surface-to-Air Missile Defence System.

☞ It is an interceptor-based missile system which can destroy incoming hostile aircraft, missiles, and drones at ranges of up to 600 kms.

☞ It is manufactured by Almaz-Antey (Russian State-owned company).

Missile in News June 2021

 Nirbhay
☞ The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired the nuclear capable subsonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odisha.

◘ Key Points
•  It is India’s 1st indigenously developed long range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile.

•  It is developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) which works under DRDO.

•  It has an operational range up to 1500 km.

• The Maximum speed of the missile is 0.7-0.9 Mach.

  Agni-P (Prime)
☞ Recently, a new generation nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-P (Prime) was successfully test-fired by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam island off the coast of Odisha, Balasore.

◘ Key Points
Agni-P or Agni-Prime is a medium-range ballistic missile being developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

• With some significant upgrades It is developed as a successor for Agni-I and Agni-II missiles in the operational service of Strategic Forces Command with significant upgrades in the form of a composite motor casing, maneuverable reentry vehicle (MaRV) along with improved propellants, navigation and guidance systems. 

• It is the sixth missile in the Agni (missile) series of ballistic missile. Agni Prime can be either transported by train or stored in canister.

• It has an operational range of 1000km to 2000km. (medium range) 

 Pinaka rocket & 122mm Caliber rocket
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the Extended range version of indigenously developed Pinaka rocket & Enhanced range versions of indigenously developed 122mm Caliber rocket from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur, Odisha.

☞ Both rockets have been developed by Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment(ARDE) and the High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL).

◘ Key Points
• The effective range of the first version of the Pinaka rocket launcher system was 40 kilometres.

• The operating range of the extended version of the Pinka rocket launcher system is 90Km.

• It can fire 72 rockets in just 44 seconds.

• These rockets have been developed for Army applications .

Missiles in News May 2021

There are no major updates about the missile

Missiles in news April 2021

 Python-5
Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) successfully conducted the Maiden trial of 5th Generation Python-5 Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (AAM) in Goa.

Key Points
• The missile would add to the air-to-air combat capability of India’s Indigenous LCA Tejas (Light Combat Aircraft)

• Python-5 Missile is an infra-red guided missile manufactured by Rafael Advanced Defence Systems, Israel and has a range of 20 km

• Python-5 is the 2nd Air-to-Air Missile of Israel origin to be integrated on Tejas fighter, the first one being the Derby Medium-Range Air-to-Air missile.

Akash Missile
Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL) started the delivery of the  ‘Akash’ surface-to-air Missile systems to the Indian Army.

Key Points
•  The delivery was flagged off by Lt Gen A P Singh, Director General & Senior Colonel Commandant, Army Air Defence Akash Missile

• It can engage aerial threats up to the maximum range of 25 Km& up to an altitude of 20 km.
• Its speed range is between 1.8 to 2.5 Mac.
• It was inducted in 2014 in the Indian Air Force (IAF) and in 2015 in the Indian Army

Missiles in News March 2021

  ‘Shaheen-1A’ (Hatf IV)
☞ Pakistan conducted a successful flight test of ‘Shaheen 1-A’ (Hatf IV) a Nuclear capable Surface-to-Surface short-to-medium range ballistic missile.

◘ Key Points
☞ Shaheen-1A is the upgraded version of Shaheen-1.

☞  Shaheen-1A  has a operational range of 1000 Kilometres .

☞ The missile is jointly designed and developed by the Joint venture of NESCOM (National Engineering & Scientific Commission) & the National Defence Complex (NDC).

Missiles in News February 2021

  Combat Kh35E anti-ship missile
☞ During the ongoing Theatre level Readiness and Operational Exercise 2021 (TROPEX-21) the Indian Navy’s Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance aircraft Ilyushin 38SD successfully fired Combat Kh35E anti-ship missiles.

Key Points
Indian Navy’s largest war game, ‘TROPEX-21’  carried out in the Indian Ocean Region.

☞ The Combat Kh35E anti-ship missiles developed by vezda, amanufacturing company in Russia.

☞ The Kh35 Anti-ship missile can also be used as an air-to-surface, Surface-to-surface and as a Cruise missile.

☞ It has an operational range 130 km which can be extended up to 300Km.

Babur or  Hatf-VII
☞Pakistan successfully test-fired a short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile namely “Babur” from a state-of-the-art Multi Tube Missile Launch Vehicle.

Key Points
• The missile is capable of hitting land and sea targets with a range of 450 Kilometres.

• Also,  it has a high precision up to 490 kilometres (about 280 miles) away.

•  It is manufactured by National Defence Complex (NDC), a Pakistani state-owned defence and aerospace contractor.

HELINA & Dhruvastra
☞ India has successfully test-fired indigenously-developed anti-tank guided missile systems ‘Helina’ and ‘Dhruvastra’ in the Pokhran range, Thar desert (Rajasthan).

Key Points
☞ The missile systems have been designed and developed indigenously by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

☞ These two missile systems are the upgraded version of Nag missile system.

☞  Helina is the Army version of Nag Missile similarly Dhruvastra is the Indian Air force version or helicopter-launched versions of Nag missile.

☞ The Nag missile system is the third-generation anti-tank guided missiles developed by India.

 VL-SRSAM
☞ The  vertical launch short range surface-to-air missile (VL-SRSAM) successfully launched by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur,Balasore ,Odisha.

◘ Key Points
☞ It has an operational range of 40km.

VL-SRSAM will be used as short range air defence system for Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.

☞ It is manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited of DRDO.

☞ The missile features mid-course update via datalink for lock on before launch (LOBL) and lock on after launch capability (LOAL)

Missiles in News January 2021

Shaheen-III
☞ Pakistan successfully Test Fired a Nuclear-Capable Surface-to-Surface Shaheen-III’ Medium Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM).

Key Points
☞ The Missile has a range of 2, 750 Kms.

☞ It is the Longest  range missile developed in Pakistan.

☞ Development of Shaheen-III started in the early 2000s in response to India’s Agni-3.

☞The Shaheen missile system is based on solid fuel technology.

☞ It was designed and manufactured by Nescom, a  Pakistani based missile manufacturer and civilian research organization  and Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission.

☞ Shaheen-III missile has other two variants, Shaheen-I and Shaheen-II.

Fatah-1
☞ Pakistan successfully test fired the Indigenous developed Guided Multi Launch Rocket System (MLRS) – ‘Fatah-1’

  Key Points
• The Fatah-1 weapon system can hit targets up to a range of 140 km.

• “The weapon system will give Pakistan Army the capability of precision target engagement deep in enemy territory,” the Army said in a statement.

•  No further details were shared about the rocket system.

Short Summery of Recently tested missiles – 2021

MissileCountryTypeRange(Km)
Shaheen-IIIPakistanMedium Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile2750
Fatah-1PakistanMulti Launch Rocket System (MLRS)140
Kh35ERussiaAnti-ship missile, can also be used as
air-to-surface, Surface-to-surface and as a Cruise missile.
130
Babur or Hatf-VIIPakistanShort-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile450
HELINAIndiaArmy version of anti-tank guided missilesMinimum range-500 m and Maximum range – 7 km
DhruvastraIndiaHelicopter-launched version of anti-tank guided missiles7-10Km
VL-SRSAMIndiavertical launch short range surface-to-air missile (VL-SRSAM)40km
Shaheen-1A’ (Hatf IV)PakistanSurface-to-Surface short-to-medium range ballistic missile.1000
Python-5Israel and IndiaShort Range Air-to-Air Missile (AAM)20
Akash MissileIndiasurface-to-air Missile systems25km
NirbhayIndiaSubsonic cruise missile1500
Agni-P (Prime)IndiaSurface to surface medium range ballistic missile1000 – 2000
Pinaka rocketIndiaMultiple launch rocket system (MLRS)Minimum 40, Maximum 90 (upgraded version)
S-500 Air Defence SystemRussiaLong-range Surface-to-Air Missile600
Zircon / TsirkonRussiaHypersonic cruise missile350
BrahMosRussia-IndiaSurface-to-surface supersonic cruise missile290km
ASRAAM missilesIndiaInfrared guided Air to Air missile25
Ghaznavi
(Hatf-III)
PakistanNuclear capable Surface to Surface ballistic Missile290

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