The topic ‘Recently Tested Missiles or Missiles in News‘ comes under the ‘Science and Technology subtopic. Science and technology is an important subject for various competitive exams, especially for UPSC, CDS, and other defense-related competitive exams. Here we provide notes about all missiles which were in news recently.
Missiles in News 2022
Missiles in News UPSC August 2022
|Missile Name||Type||Launch Center||Range||Developed by||Key Points|
|VL-SRSAM||Short Range Surface-to-Air||Chandipur, Odisha||40 – 50 km||DRDO||Maximum speed: 4.5 mach|
|laser-guided Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)||Ahmedanagar, Maharashtra||DRDO||Tested from Main battle Tank (MBT) Arjun Mark 1A|
Missiles in News UPSC July 2022
ABHYAS, High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT)
☞ ABHYAS HEAT missile was successfully flight-tested from the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur, Odisha by DRDO.
☞ The missile does not require a human pilot to operate, as it is operated entirely by an automatic system (autopilot).
☞ It is designed & developed by the Bengaluru-based Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) of DRDO.
☞ The surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems have Radar Cross-Section (RCS), and visual and IR (InfraRed) augmentation systems.
Lockheed Martin Corporation hypersonic missiles
☞ The United States (US) successfully tested two Lockheed
Martin Corporation hypersonic missiles.
☞ These two missiles are the Air-Launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW) and the Operational Fire Hypersonic Weapon System.
☞ The ARRW missile was successfully test-fired off the coast of California and the operational fire hypersonic weapon was test-fired from the White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
Missiles in News UPSC June 2022
Nuclear capable Agni 4(“Fire”) Missile
☞ India successfully carried out a night launch of the nuclear-capable Agni-4(“Fire”) Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) from the APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.
☞ It is a two-stage Surface to Surface missile.
☞ It has a range of around 3500-4,000 km.
☞ It can carry a 1,000-kg payload and can go as high as 900 km.
☞ It is a Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM).
☞ India successfully carried out the night launch of Prithvi II from an integrated test range, in Chandipur, Odisha.
☞ Prithvi II is developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
☞ The missile has been developed under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
☞ The missile is a single-stage liquid-fueled missile.
☞ It can carry a warhead of 500 kg, along with a 250 km extended range.
Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM)
☞ DRDO successfully flight-tested indigenously developed Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM).
☞ The test was conducted from a warship at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.
☞ It has 2 key features: Cruciform wings & thrust vectoring.
☞ VL-SRSAM is designed based on the Astra Mark-1 missile.
☞ Astra Mark-1 is a Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air-To-Air Missile (BVRAAM).
Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)
☞ It is an indigenously-developed Laser-Guided Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM).
☞ ATGM was successfully test-fired from Main Battle Tank (MBT) Arjun.
☞ The overall test was conducted by DRDO and the Indian Army at KK Ranges near Ahmednagar, Maharashtra.
Missiles in News UPSC May 2022
Human-rated solid rocket booster (HS200)
☞ ISRO has successfully completed the static test of a human-rated solid rocket booster (HS200).
☞ The test was conducted at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
☞ The HS200 booster is loaded with 203 tons of solid propellant.
☞ It was tested for a duration of 135 seconds.
☞ The design and development of the HS200 booster were completed at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
☞ The 20m long and 3.2m diameter booster is the world’s second-largest operational booster with solid propellant.
BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile
☞ The Indian Navy and the Andaman and Nicobar Command successfully test-fired an Anti-Ship version of the BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile.
☞ Also, the Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully test-fired the first-ever Extended Range Version of BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile (Air launched version) from the Sukhoi Su-30 MKI fighter jet.
☞ The range of the Extended Range version of the BrahMos missile is around 350 km.
☞ The BrahMos missile achieved a supersonic speed of 2.8 Mach or almost three times the speed of sound
Mysterious Missile / YJ-21
☞ The YJ-21 was launched from the warship Wuxi.
☞ The missile was launched by the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
☞ It was launched in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China
Naval Anti-ship missile
☞ The Indian Navy in association with the DRDO successfully test-fired the Naval Anti-ship missile.
☞ It was India’s first indigenously developed air-launched Naval Anti-ship missile.
☞ DRDO tested it from a Sea king 42B Helicopter at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Balasore, Odisha.
☞ HANSA-NG is India’s First Indigenous Trainer Aircraft (new generation two-seater flying trainer aircraft).
☞ It was designed and developed by the CSIR and NAL.
☞ It has successfully completed an in-flight engine relight test at the Aeronautical Test Range (ATR) the facility of DRDO at Challakere, Chitradurga district of Karnataka.
☞ The new generation aircraft had completed the sea level trials in Puducherry.
☞ CSIR stands for The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
☞ NAL stands for National Aerospace Laboratories.
☞ A solid fuel-based engine, Kalam-100 was successfully tested by Hyderabad-based space startup Skyroot Aerospace.
☞ The Kalam-100 Engine would be used in the third stage of the launch vehicle called Vikram 1.
☞ The company is developing a series of three small satellite launch vehicles called Vikram 1, Vikram 2, and Vikram 3.
☞ The Vikram 1 rocket will use four fuel-based stages which include 3 solid fuel and one 1 liquid fuel stage for the launch.
Zircon Hypersonic Cruise Missile
☞ Russia had successfully test-fired its Zircon Hypersonic Cruise Missile, from the Admiral Gorshkov frigate of the Northern Fleet in the Barents Sea of the Arctic Ocean.
☞ The missile hits the sea target in the White Sea, traveling 1,000 km (540 nautical miles)
☞ It has the capacity to travel more than five times the speed of sound.
Missiles in News UPSC April 2022
Nuclear-capable Intercontinental Ballistic Missile RS-28 Sarmat
☞ Russia has test-fired a new nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) named ‘RS-28 Sarmat’ for the first time from Plesetsk in northwestern Russia.
☞ The ICBM hit a target on the Kamchatka Peninsula, about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) away.
☞ The missile is also called ‘Satan 2’.
☞ It will replace the R-36M ICBM (SS-18 ‘Satan’) in Russia’s arsenal.
Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) booster missile system
☞ DRDO successfully flight-tested Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) booster missile system.
☞ The test was conducted from the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Orissa.
☞ DRDO stands for Defence Research and Development Organisation
☞ The SFDR is an air-to-air missile.
☞ It is developed by The Defence Research and Development Organisation.
☞ The surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile Shaheen-III was successfully test-fired by Pakistan.
☞ Type of the Missile: a surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile.
☞ Range of the Missile: 2750 Km
Helina (Helicopter based NAG)
☞ Helina was successfully flight-tested from an indigenously-developed Dhruv Advanced Light
Helicopter (ALH) at high-altitude ranges in Pokhran, Rajasthan.
☞ Helina is an Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM).
☞ Helina is an advanced version of Helicopter based NAG.
☞ The missile is guided by an Infrared Imaging Seeker (IIR) operating in the Lock on Before Launch mode.
☞ NAG missiles are based on third-generation ‘fire and forget’ class missiles.
☞ NAG missile is developed by DRDO.
☞ The recent test of the NAG missile was jointly conducted by the DRDO, Indian Army & Indian Air Force.
Iron Beam Missile
☞ Israel has successfully tested and fired the Iron Beam missile.
☞ This is the first-of-its-kind laser missile defense system.
☞ The missile system is developed by Rafael Advanced Defence Systems.
☞ The tests took place in the Negev Desert, Israel
BrahMos supersonic cruise missile
☞ BrahMos supersonic cruise missile successfully test-fired from a Sukhoi-30 MkI (Su30-MkI) aircraft.
☞ Also, the Indian navy has successfully tested fired a BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from the guided-missile destroyer Indian Navy Ship (INS) Delhi.
Missiles in News UPSC March 2022
Brahmos supersonic cruise missile
☞ The Indian Navy successfully tested the accuracy of an extended range of Brahmas supersonic cruise missiles from the stealth destroyer INS Chennai.
◘ Key Points
• INS Chennai is a stealth-guided missile destroyer constructed by the Mazagon Dock Limited at Mumbai.
• In 2020, India successfully tests fired the antiradiation Rudram-1 missile.
• It was the first indigenously developed anti-radiation missile of India.
☞ India successfully tests fired a surface-to-surface ‘BrahMos’ supersonic cruise missile from Andaman and Nicobar Island.
◘ Key points
• It is an extended-range missile that has a range of 290 km.
•It has a top speed of Mach 2.8, nearly three times the speed of sound.
• It is jointly developed by Russia’s Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
☞ North Korea has test-fired its biggest Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), Hwasong- 17.
◘ Key points
• Maximum range of the missile: 1,090 km (681 miles)
• Maximum altitude: 6,248.5 km (3,905 miles)
• The missile hit a target in the Sea of Japan after travelling 67.5 minutes in the air.
• Its predecessor, the Hwasong-15, tested in November 2017 reached an altitude of about 4,475 km and covered 950 km over 53 minutes.
Missiles in News February 2022
C-Dome or Protective Dome
☞ Israel successfully tests fired its “C-Dome or Protective Dome” missile defence system.
◘ Key Point
• The project is based on the Iron Dome missile defence system which was tested against rockets, cruise missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV).
• The C-Dome was successfully tested for the first time from Saar-6 Corvette INS Magen, Israel’s Naval Warship.
• It is loaded with multilayer missile defence systems along with Arrow and David’s Sling systems.
• Both system enables the missile defence systems to intercept everything from long-range missiles to short-range rockets.
☞ North Korea successfully test-fired an Intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM), “Hwasong-12″.
◘ Key Points
• “Hwasong-12″ missile tested from North Korea’s Jagang Province toward the East Sea.
• Range of the missile is 800 km (497 miles)
• Maximum operational altitude 2,000 km (1,243 miles).
• This is North Korea’s seventh test fire in 2022.
• Purpose – To verify the overall accuracy of the missile
Rafale-Maritime (Rafale-M) fighter jets
☞ Indian Navy successfully flight tested the marine version of French-made Rafale-Maritime (Rafale-M) fighter jets.
◘ Key points
• Rafale-M successfully flight tested at Shore Based Test Facility at the Indian Navy Ship (INS) Hansa in Goa.
• The Rafale-M is pitted against the US-made F/A 18 Super Hornet.
‘Khaibar Shekan’ (Khaibar buster)
☞ Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) of Iran revealed a new domestically-made missile named as ‘Khaibar Shekan’(Khaibar buster).
◘ Key Points
• Type of the missile: long-range ballistic Surface to Surface missile.
• Range of the missile: 1,450 km (900 Miles)
• The missile runs on solid fuel.
• It can defeat missile shield systems
• It has high accuracy and was manufactured completely domestically.
BrahMos supersonic cruise missile (sea-to-sea variant)
☞ Indian Navy’s stealth-guided missile destroyer INS Visakhapatnam carried out the test-firing of the advanced sea-to-sea variant of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile off the western seaboard.
◘ Key Points
• The BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach. ( almost three times the speed of sound.)
• BrahMos missiles which have a combination of the names of Brahmaputra (India) and Moskva (Russia) rivers, are
designed, developed and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, which is an India-Russian joint venture.
• BrahMos missile can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land platforms.
Missiles in News January 2022
Man-Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM)
☞ India successfully tested the Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) at a range in Southern India.
◘ Key Points
• It has a maximum range of 5 Km.
• It is an indigenously developed fire and forgets antitank missile.
• It is launched from a man-portable launcher.
Tsirkon (Zircon) hypersonic cruise missiles
☞ Russia successfully test-fired around 10 new Tsirkon (Zircon) hypersonic cruise missiles from a frigate and other two missiles from a submarine.
◘ Key Points
• The Zircon missile would be capable of flying at nine times the speed of sound.
☞ The Zircon missile has a range of 1,000 kilometers (620 miles).
Arrow-3 ballistic missile
☞ Israel & the United States (US) successfully conducted the flight test of the Arrow-3 ballistic missile interceptor
outside the Earth’s atmosphere.
◘ Key Points
☞ The Arrow 3 or Hetz 3 is an exoatmospheric hypersonic anti-ballistic missile, jointly funded, developed, and produced by Israel and the United States.
☞ The missile may have a reported flight range of up to 2,400 km (1,500 mi).
BrahMos Supersonic Cruise missile
☞ The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) India successfully test-fired an advanced sea-to-sea variant of the BrahMos Supersonic Cruise missile from INS (Indian Navy Ship) Visakhapatnam warship off the west coast.
◘ Key Points
☞ The BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach. ( almost three times the speed of sound.)
☞ BrahMos missiles, which have a combination of the names of the Brahmaputra (India) and Moskva (Russia) rivers, are designed, developed, and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, which is an India-Russian joint venture.
☞ BrahMos missiles can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land platforms.
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Short Summary of Recently tested missiles – 2021
|Shaheen-III||Pakistan||Medium Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile||2750|
|Fatah-1||Pakistan||Multi Launch Rocket System (MLRS)||140|
|Kh35E||Russia||The anti-ship missile, can also be used as|
air-to-surface, Surface-to-surface and as a Cruise missile.
|Babur or Hatf-VII||Pakistan||Short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile||450|
|HELINA||India||Army version of anti-tank guided missiles||Minimum range-500 m and Maximum range – 7 km|
|Dhruvastra||India||Helicopter-launched version of anti-tank guided missiles||7-10Km|
|VL-SRSAM||India||vertical launch short-range surface-to-air missile (VL-SRSAM)||40km|
|Shaheen-1A’ (Hatf IV)||Pakistan||Surface-to-Surface short-to-medium range ballistic missile.||1000|
|Python-5||Israel and India||Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (AAM)||20|
|Akash Missile||India||surface-to-air missile systems||25km|
|Nirbhay||India||Subsonic cruise missile||1500|
|Agni-P (Prime)||India||Surface to surface medium-range ballistic missile||1000 – 2000|
|Pinaka rocket||India||Multiple launch rocket system (MLRS)||Minimum 40, Maximum 90 (upgraded version)|
|S-500 Air Defence System||Russia||Long-range Surface-to-Air Missile||600|
|Zircon / Tsirkon||Russia||Hypersonic cruise missile||350|
|BrahMos||Russia-India||Surface-to-surface supersonic cruise missile||290km|
|ASRAAM missiles||India||Infrared-guided Air to Air missile||25|
|Pakistan||Nuclear capable Surface to Surface Ballistic Missile||290|