List of Motifs on Indian Bank notes

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Motifs on Indian Banknotes
Motifs on Indian Bank notes

Introduction

➣ Except the 1 rupee note, all the banknotes in India issued by the Reserve Bank  of India.
➣ The 1 rupee note and the coins of all denominations are minted and issued by the Government of India (GOI).
Though the 1 rupee note and coins issued by GOI, but they are circulated by the reserve Bank of India.

Currency notes under circulations

➣ At present, the Reserve Bank issues notes in the denominations of ₹2, ₹5, ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹200, ₹500 and ₹2,000.

On 8 November 2016, the Government of India demonetized banknotes of the denominations of ₹500 and ₹1,000.

➣ A newly redesigned series of ₹500 and ₹2,000 banknotes are circulated by RBI, since 10 November 2016.

➣ On 25 August 2017, a new denomination of ₹200 banknote was added to the Indian currency structure

➣ In July 2018, the Reserve Bank of India released the redesigned series of ₹100 banknote.

➣ As per the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 Currency notes can be issued up to the denominations of ₹ 10,000.

➣ The 1 rupee note is the only currency note which bears the signatures of the Finance Secretary of the government of India.

 

Also see – The Role and Functions of Reserve Bank of India

Coins under circulations

➣ Coins circulated under RBI comprises 50 paise and ₹1, ₹2, ₹5, ₹10 and ₹20 denominations.
➣ As of 2019, coins of the denomination of 1 rupee is the lowest value in use.
The paise was first introduced on 1 April 1957 after decimalisation of the Indian rupee.

➣ The Government of India adopted the “metric system for coinage” in 1955.
➣ From 1957 to 1964, the paisa was called naya paisa.
➣ On 1 June 1964, the term “naya” was dropped.

➣ As per the Indian Coinage Act, 1906, coin can be issued up to denomination of ₹ 1000.

➣ The denominations of 1 paisa, 2 paise, 3 paise, 5 paise, 10 paise and 20 paise have been demonetized by government of India.

Fact about the Symbol of Indian rupee

➣ Symbol or Sign of Indian rupee ➥
➣ The rupee sign was adopted in ➥ 2010.
➣ It was designed by ➥ Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam

➣ The symbol of the rupee is a combination of the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin capital letter “R” without its vertical bar similar to the R rotunda.

➣ The letters are derived from the word ‘Rupiah’ in ‘Hindi’ and Rupees in the English language

➣ The symbol has two horizontal lines with a little space.
➣ This horizontal line depicts the background of the tricolor of our national flag.
➣ The horizontal lines, also known as Shrio Rekha, and it is an unique feature of the Devnagri Script.

 

Security Printing Press and Mints of India

➣ The Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India (SPMCIL) is responsible for the production of the Currency and Banknotes, Commemorative Coins etc.

➣ The SPMCIL is a statutory body, works under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Finance , Government of India.

➣ The SPMCIL was established on 13 January 2006.
➣ The headquarters of SPMCIL located at New Delhi.

➣ The Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India (SPMCIL) contains nine units
◘ 4 mints
◘ 4 presses
◘ and 1 paper mill

➣ The four mints under SPMCIL are located in 4 cities of India they are Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Noida.
➣ Among 4 security presses  2 are located in Nashik, and remaining located in Hyderabad  and Dewas respectively. 
➣ And The only  security paper mill located at Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh.

Symbols on Indian Coins

Mint / Location Year Mint Marks
Kolkata Mint (West Bengal) 1757 • No mark
Mumbai Mint (Maharashtra) 1829 • Diamond Shape – Normal issues
• B – B stands for Bombay (till 1995)
• M – Here M stands for Mumbai (after 1995)
• U –  Here U stands for Uncirculated special coins
Hyderabad Mint (Telangana) 1803 • Split Diamond – between 1953 & 1960
• Diamond  with dot – between 1960 & 1968
• Five pointed star – since 1968.
Noida Mint (Uttar Pradesh) 1988 • Rounded dot

 

Colour and Motif of the Mahatma Gandhi new series Notes

Denominations Dimensions Colour Motif
₹ 10
131px India new 10 INR%2C MG series%2C 2018%2C obverse
123 mm × 63 mm Chocolate Brown. Konark Sun Temple
123px India new 10 INR%2C MG series%2C 2018%2C reverse
₹ 20
India new 20 INR%2C MG series%2C 2019%2C obverse
129 mm × 63 mm Greenish yellow Ellora Caves
126px India new 20 INR%2C MG series%2C 2019%2C reverse
₹ 50
135px India new 50 INR%2C MG series%2C 2018%2C obverse
135 mm × 66 mm Fluorescent blue. Hampi with Chariot
135px India new 50 INR%2C MG series%2C 2018%2C reverse
₹ 100
144px India new 100 INR%2C Mahatma Gandhi New Series%2C 2018%2C obverse
142 mm × 66 mm Lavender Rani Ki Vav
143px India new 100 INR%2C Mahatma Gandhi New Series%2C 2018%2C reverse
₹ 200
147px India%2C 200 INR%2C 2018%2C obverse
146 mm × 66 mm Bright Yellow Sanchi Temple
147px India%2C 200 INR%2C 2018%2C reverse
₹ 500
149px India new 500 INR%2C MG series%2C 2016%2C obverse
150 mm × 66 mm Stone Grey Red Fort
149px India new 500 INR%2C MG series%2C 2016%2C reverse
₹ 2000
165px India new 2000 INR%2C MG series%2C 2016%2C obverse
166 mm × 66 mm Magenta Mangalyaan
165px India new 2000 INR%2C MG series%2C 2016%2C reverse

Image Courtesy – Reserve Bank of India, GODL-India, via Wikimedia Commons

Language Panel of Bank notes

➣  The  language panel of each banknote contains  a total of 17 languages.

➣ On the Obverse side of each note, the value of the note is written in these two languages, that is  English and Hindi.

➣ Each bank notes have 15 of the 22 official  languages of India on the language panel, which is  appearing on the reverse of the note.

➣ The value or denomination of the note is written in alphabetical order.

➣ The 17 Languages of the language pane  included – Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.


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