Neighboring Countries of India

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In this article, we have included a list of neighboring countries of India and the length of the international borders of these neighboring countries with some important facts.

Neighbouring Countries of India

India is the seventh-largest and the second-most populated country in the world.

• India is located in the South Asian region near the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

• India’s neighboring countries are China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

• India shares its maritime borders with Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Maldives.

• India’s land border is 15,106.7 km and India’s coastline is 7,516.6 km.

• Ladakh is the only Union Territory with three international borders – Afghanistan, China, and Pakistan.

Neighbouring countries of India and their capitals

Sl. NoNeighboring CountryCapitalLength of Border
1AfghanistanKabul106 km
2BhutanThimphu578 km
3BangladeshDhaka4096 km
4ChinaBeijing3488 km
5MyanmarYangon1643 km
6NepalKathmandu1752 km
7PakistanIslamabad3310 km
8Sri LankaSri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital)
Columbo (Executive Capital)
Separated by the Gulf Mannar

Neighbouring countries of India map

Neighboring Countries of India
Neighbouring countries of India map

India’s Neighbouring Countries, Highest Peaks, Border States

Sl. NoNeighboring CountryHighest PeakBorder States
1AfghanistanMount NoshaqLadakh
2BhutanGangkhar PuensumWest Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam
3BangladeshKeokradongWest Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam
4ChinaMount GonggaLadakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
5MyanmarMount HkakaboArunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur
6NepalMount EverestBihar, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal
7PakistanK2Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
8Sri LankaPidurutalagalaSeparated by the Gulf Mannar
9MaldivesMount Villingili Marie time Border, Nearest UT Lakshadweep Island

Flags of neighbouring countries of India

Sl. NoNeighboring CountryFlags
1AfghanistanNeighboring Countries of India
2BhutanNeighboring Countries of India
3BangladeshNeighboring Countries of India
4ChinaNeighboring Countries of India
5MyanmarNeighboring Countries of India
6NepalNeighboring Countries of India
7PakistanNeighboring Countries of India
8Sri LankaNeighboring Countries of India
9MaldivesNeighboring Countries of India

Neighboring Countries of India: Summary

Afghanistan

• Border length – 106 km
• Border UTs – Ladakh

• Capital – Kabul
• Currency – Afghan Afghani
• Official language – Dari and Pashto

• Landlocked country in Central and South Asia.
• Referred to as the Heart of Asia.
• Largest city – Kabul

National symbols of Afghanistan
• National animal – Snow leopard
• National bird – Golden eagle
• National flower – Tulip
• National dog – Afghan Hound
• National tree – Afghan pine
• National fruit – Pomegranate
• National sport – Buzkash
• National dish – Kabuli palaw

Bhutan

• Border length – 578 km
• Border States – Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal.

• Capital – Thimphu
• Official language – Dzongkha
• Official currency – Bhutanese ngultrum

National symbols of Bhutan
• National animal – Takin
• National bird – Raven
• National tree – Himalayan cypress
• National flower – Himalayan blue poppy
• National Sport – Archery

Bangladesh

• Border length – 4096 km
• Capital – Dhaka
• Border States – Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and West Benga.
• Official language – Bengali

National symbols of Bangladesh
• National flower – Water lily
• National fruit – Jackfruit
• National animal – Royal Bengal Tiger
• National fish – Illish
• National bird – Magpie robin

China

• Border length – 3488 km
• Border States / UTs – Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh.

• Capital – Beijing
• Official language – Mandarin
• Currency – Renminbi

• World’s most populous country. (1.4 billion people)
• China spans five geographical time zones.
• Share its land borders with fourteen countries.

• Both Russia and China share their land borders with 14 countries. (most of any country in the world)

National symbols of China
• National animal – Chinese dragon
• National bird – Red-crowned crane
• National fruit – Fuzzy kiwifruit & Jujube
• National tree – Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
• National flower – Plum blossom
• National Instrument – Guqin
• National Sport – Table tennis
• National Dish – Peking duck
• National Drink – Baijiu

Myanmar

• Border length – 1643 km
• Border State – Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur

• Capital – Naypyidaw
• Official language – Burmese
• Currency – Myanmar Kyat 

• Formerly known as Burma
• Largest country in Mainland Southeast Asia.
• largest city – Yangon (Rangoon)

National symbols of Nepal
• National Animal – Tiger
• National Game – Chinlone (Caneball)
• National Bird – Grey Peacock-Pheasant
• National Fruit – Padauk
• National Tree – Green Peafowl

Nepal

• Border length – 1752 km
• Border State – Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur

• Capital – Kathmandu
• Currency – Nepalese rupee
• Official language – Burmese

• Upper house – National Assembly
• Lower house – House of Representatives

• Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia.

National symbols of Nepal
• National animal – Cow
• National tree – Peepal
• National flower – Rhododendron arboreum
• National weapon – Khukuri
• National dance – Newa dance
• National instrument – Madal
• National dish – Dal bhat (NEPAL)
• National sport – Volleyball (NEPAL)

Pakistan

• Border length – 3310 km
• Border State/UTs – Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan.

• Official language – Urdu
• Largest city – Karachi
• Capital – Islamabad
• Currency – Pakistani rupee

• Upper house – Senate
• Lower house – National Assembly

• World’s 5th most populous country.
• World’s 2nd largest Muslim population country.

National symbols of Pakistan
• National flower – Common jasmine
• National tree – Himalayan cedar (Deodar)
• National fruit – Mango
• National vegetable – Lady Finger
• National animal – Markhor
• National aquatic marine mammal – Indus river dolphin
• National predator – Snow leopard
• National bird – Chukar partridge
• National fish – Mahseer (Himalayan golden mahseer)
• National reptile – Indus Crocodile

Sri Lanka

• Border length – separated by the Gulf of Mannar
• Border State – Separated by the Gulf of Mannar (Nearest State: Tamil Nadu)

• Official language – Sinhala and Tamil
• Currency – Sri Lankan rupee
• Capital – Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (legislative) & Colombo (executive and judicial)

• Formerly known as Ceylon.
• Largest city – Colombo

National symbols of Sri Lanka
• National flower – Water lily flower (Nymphaeaceae)
• National tree – Ceylon ironwood (Mesua ferrea)
• National bird – Sri Lankan junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii)
• National butterfly – Sri Lankan birdwing (Troides darsius)
• National gemstone – Blue sapphire
• National sport – Volleyball

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. How many neighbouring countries of India?

Answer: 9

Q2. What are the neighbouring countries of India?

Answer: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

Q3. What are the landlocked neighboring countries of India?

Answer: India’s landlocked neighbours are Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan.

Q4. Which are the two neighbouring island countries of India?

Answer: Sri Lanka, Maldives

Q5. Which neighboring countries of India have the smallest area?

Answer: Bhutan

Related Topics from India Geography

States and UTs of India

Important Islands of India

Highest mountain peaks of India


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