Nobel Prize Winner 2021

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Nobel Prize 2021 Winner list
Nobel Prize 2021 winners list

“Awards and Honours” is an important subtopic under current affairs. This subtopic is important for any competitive exam like SSC, RRB NTPC, Banking, and other state PSC exams. This article provides a complete list of  Nobel Prize Winner 2021 with additional information.

Introduction

• The Nobel Prize is named after the Swedish chemist  Sir Alfred Nobel.
• The Nobel Prizes are awarded in five fields, physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace.
• In 1978 the Swedish central bank Sveriges Riksbank established the Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Sir Alfred Nobel.
The Nobel Prize was first awarded in 1901. 
• The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, beginning in 1969.

About Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and industrialist.
He is famous as the discoverer of dynamite.
• He died in 1896.
• In his will, he bequeathed all his “remaining recoverable assets” which were used to establish the five prizes which became known as the “Nobel Prizes”.

About Prize Money

• The Nobel Prize ceremony is held every year
• Each Nobel Prize Winner receives a gold medal, a diploma and a monetary award.
• The Nobel Prize amount for 2021 is set at Swedish kronor (SEK) 10 million or $ 1143878 per full Nobel Prize.
• An award cannot be shared between more than three individuals.
• Although more than three organizations can be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

List of 2021 Nobel laureates

Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

❒ This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded one half jointly to _
Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann
• “for the physical modeling of the Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming”

Giorgio Parisi
• “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”.

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in Physics
Nobel Prize 2021, Physics – (From Left) Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021

❒ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 is awarded to _
Benjamin List and David MacMillan
• “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis”.

The 2021 Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry
Nobel Prize 2021, Chemistry – (From Left) Benjamin List, David MacMillani

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2021 

❒ The 2021 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to _
David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian
• “for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch”.

The 2021 Physiology or Medicine laureates
Nobel Prize 2021, Physiology or Medicine – (From Left) David Julius, Ardem Patapoutian

Nobel Prize in Literature 2021

❒ The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2021 is awarded to the novelist _
Abdulrazak Gurnah
• “for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.”

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021
Nobel Prize 2021, Literature – Abdulrazak Gurnah

Nobel Peace Prize 2021

❒ The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize to_
Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov
• “for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.”

2021 Peace laureates
(from left) Nobel Prize 2021, Peace – Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov

Nobel Prize in Economic sciences 2021

❒ The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2021 to-

◘  David Card 
• “for his empirical contributions to labour economics”

◘  Joshua Angrist and Guido Imbens
• “for their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships”

Economic sciences laureates 2021}  David Card |  Joshua Angrist |  Guido Imbens
Economic sciences laureates 2021} David Card | Joshua Angrist | Guido Imbens

Nobel prize 2021 winners list
Nobel prize 2021 winners list

Nobel Prize  Facts

Multiple Nobel Prize laureates

• The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has won the Nobel Peace Prize three times.
• Linus Pauling is the only person to have received two unopposed Nobel Prizes – the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize.

J. BardeenM. CurieL. Pauling
J. BardeenM. CurieL. Pauling
Physics 1956
Physics 1972
Physics 1903
Chemistry 1911
Chemistry 1954
Peace 1962
F. SangerICRC logoUNHCR logo
F. SangerICRCUNHCR
Chemistry 1958
Chemistry 1980
Peace 1917
Peace 1944
Peace 1963
Peace 1954
Peace 1981

Nobel Prize-awarded couples

Marie Curie
Pierre Curie
Irène Joliot-Curie
Frédéric Joliot
Gerty Cori
Carl Cori
May-Britt Moser
Edvard I. Moser
Alva Myrdal
Gunnar Myrdal
Esther Duflo
Abhijit Banerjee

Youngest and Oldest Nobel laureate

Youngest chemistry laureate – Frederic Joliot (35)
Youngest physics laureate – Lawrence Bragg (25)
Youngest medicine laureate – Frederick G. Banting (232)
Youngest literature laureate – Rudyard Kipling (41)
Youngest peace laureate – Malala Yousafzai (17)
Youngest economic sciences laureate – Esther Duflo (46)

Oldest chemistry laureate – John B. Goodenough (97)
Oldest physics laureate- Arthur Ashkin (96)
Oldest medicine laureate – Peyton Rous (87)
Oldest literature laureate – Doris Lessing (88)
Oldest peace laureate – Joseph Rotblat (87)
Oldest economic sciences laureate – Leonid Hurwicz (90)

List of Important Nobel laureate [Name – Year – Discoveries]

• Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen – 1901 – Rontgen Ray or X-ray.
• Antoine Henri Becquerel – 1903 – Spontaneous radioactivity
• Marie and Pierre Curie – 1903 – Polonium and Radium
• Joseph John Thomson – 1906 -Electron
• James Chadwick – 1935 – Neutron
• Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman – 1930 – Raman Effect
• Louis de Broglie – 1929 – wave nature of electrons
• Albert Einstein – 1921 – Photoelectric effect

• Sir William Ramsay – 1904 – discovery of noble gases
• Fritz Haber – 1918 – Synthesis of ammonia
• Harold Clayton Urey – 1934 – Heavy hydrogen
• Victor Grignard – 1912 – Grignard reagent
• Eduard Buchner -1907 -cell-free fermentation

• Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice – 2020 – Hepatitis C virus
• Selman Abraham Waksman – 1952 – Streptomycin
• Sir Alexander Fleming – 1945 – Penicillin.
• Henrik Carl Peter Dam – 1943 – Vitamin K
• Karl Landsteiner – 1930 – Human blood groups
• Frederick Grant Banting and John James Rickard Macleod – 1923 – Insulin

Source – Nobel Prize Official Website   

List of Indian Nobel Prize Winner

Citizens of British India

LaureatesYearFieldRationale
Rabindranath Tagore1913Literature“Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West”
C.V Raman1930Physics“For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”

Citizens of the Republic of India

LaureatesYearFieldRationale
Mother Teresa1979Peace“In recognition of [her] work in bringing help to suffering humanity”
Amartya Sen1998Economics“For his contributions to welfare economics”
Kailash Satyarthi2014Peace“For their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”

Overseas citizens of Indian origin

LaureatesYearFieldRationale
Har Gobind Khorana1968Physiology or Medicine“For their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar1983Physics“For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”
Venki Ramakrishnan2009Chemistry“For Structure and function of the ribosome, macromolecular crystallography”
Abhijit Banerjee2019Economics“For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”

Indian Nobel Laureates of foreign origin

LaureatesYearFieldRationale
Ronald Ross1902Physiology or Medicine“For his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it”
Rudyard Kipling1907Literature“In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author”
14th Dalai Lama1989Peace“For his consistent resistance to the use of violence in his people’s struggle to regain their liberty”

Source:- Wikipedia


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