Official Language of Indian Constitution

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Official Languages
♦ Part XVII of the Constitution deals with the official language.
♦ Articles 343 to 351.
♦ 8th Schedule of the Constitution.

♦ Its provisions are divided into four heads–Language ….
• Language of the Union
• Regional languages
• Language of the judiciary and texts of laws
• and Special directives

♦ Total 22 languages (originally 14)

♦ These are ……

1. Assamese
2. Bengali
3. Bodo
4. Dogri (Dongri)
5. Gujarati
6. Hindi
7. Kannada
8. Kashmiri
9. Konkani
10. Mathili (Maithili)
11. Malayalam
12. Manipuri
13. Marathi
14. Nepali
15. Odia
16. Punjabi
17. Sanskrit
18. Santhali
19. Sindhi
20. Tamil
21. Telugu
22. Urdu
♦Sindhi was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967
♦ Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992
♦ Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003
Articles Related to Official Language at a Glance
Language of the Union
Article 343 Official language of the Union
Article 344 Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language Regional Languages
Article 345 Official language or languages of a state
Article 346 Official language for communication between one state and another or between a state and the Union
Article 347 Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a state
Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, etc.
Article 348 Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc.
Article 349 Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language
Special Directives
Article 350 Language to be used in representation for redress of grievances
Article 350A Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage
Article 350B Special Officer for linguistic minorities
Article. 351 Directive for development of the Hindi language

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