Parakram Diwas, also known as Courage Day, is an annual observance in India on January 23rd. It is held to honor the birth anniversary of freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and to recognize his efforts and contributions to India’s freedom struggle. The day is marked by various events and activities across the country to pay tribute to his life and legacy.
Parakram Diwas Date
▪ Parakrama Divas or Courage Day is celebrated annually on January 23rd. This year, the observance falls on a Monday.
▪ The day marks the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
Parakram Diwas History
▪ The first-ever Parakram Diwas was observed on 23 January 2021.
▪ In 2021, the government of India has decided to celebrate the 23rd January of every day as Parakaram Diwas.
▪ In 2022, the Ministry of Culture announced that the year-long celebrations to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose will begin officially on January 23rd.
About Parakram Divas
▪ The Indian government decided to commemorate the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose as Parakram Divas.
▪ To honor and remember his unwavering spirit and selfless service to the country, January 23rd is celebrated annually as Parakram Divas.
▪ On January 23, 2023, India celebrated the 126th Birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
Netaji Jayanti Other Name (Demanded)
Deshprem Divas (Day of Patriotism)
▪ The Forward Block and the family members of Subhas Chandra Bose have called on the Government of India to declare Jayanti of Netaji (Birthday of Netaji) as Deshprem Divas (Day of Patriotism).
▪ Mamata Banerjee demanded to declare it as Deshanayak Divas (Day of National Hero).
Why are Parakram Divas celebrated?
▪ To honor and remember Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s unwavering spirit and selfless service to the nation, the Government of India has declared his birthday as ‘Parakram Diwas’. The day is celebrated as a tribute to his legacy of raising nationalist fervor among countless followers.
▪ The purpose of the day is to inspire the people of India, particularly the youth, to exhibit courage and determination when faced with difficulties. It also aims to instill a sense of patriotism in the younger generation.
About Subhash Chandra Bose
▪ Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in a Bengali family in Cuttack, Odisha, he had 7 brothers and 6 sisters. He was the ninth child of his parents.
▪ Netaji was deeply interested in studies from an early age. His father, Jankinath Bose, was a renowned and successful lawyer in Cuttack, who was bestowed the title of Rai Bahadur.
▪ Netaji had completed his schooling from Cuttack itself. After this, he went to Calcutta for further studies, where he did BA in Philosophy from Presidency College, Calcutta.
▪ Netaji had aspirations to pursue a career in civil service, but due to British rule, it was challenging for Indians to enter this field. In order to better prepare him, his father sent him to England to study for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Netaji ultimately came in fourth in the examination, earning the highest marks in English.
▪ Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, affectionately known as Netaji, was a prominent leader of the Indian freedom struggle. He founded the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British rule in India.
▪ He was also actively involved in the youth wing of the Indian National Congress (INC) and served as the President of the INC from 1938 to 1939.
Famous Quotes of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Here are some inspiring quotes and messages by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose:
▪ “Never lose your faith in the destiny of India. There is no power on Earth that can keep India in bondage. India will be free, that too, soon.”
▪ “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”.
▪ “It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I will give you freedom”
▪ “Dilli Chalo (“On to Delhi)!”
▪ “Reality is, after all, too big for our frail understanding to fully comprehend. Nevertheless, we have to build our life on the theory which contains the maximum truth”
▪ Jai Hind, or, “Glory to India!”
▪ “It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood.”
▪ “Ittehad, Etemad, Qurbani” (Urdu for “Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”).
▪ “One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.”
▪ “Freedom is not given, It. Is taken”
▪ *” Life loses half its interest if there is no struggle — if there are no risks to be taken.”
First Parakram Diwas Celebration 2021
▪ In 2021 a Commemorative coin and stamps on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose were released on the occasion.
▪ International Seminars were also organized on the 23rd of January 2021 at Kolkata and the 5th of March 2021 at Jabalpur under the above commemoration.
▪ Gazette notification issued on 19th Jan 2021 on the declaration of 23rd January as Parakram Diwas every year.
▪ Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Museum has been set up at Red Fort New Delhi.
▪ An extensive exhibition on Subhas is currently on at Victoria Memorial Hall in Kolkata.
▪ Following Institutions have been after Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose:
1. Netaji Subhas University, Pokhari, Jamshedpur
2. Netaji Subhas Open University, Kolkata
3. Netaji Subhas University of Technology, New Delhi
4. Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports, Patiala.
Parakram Diwas Celebration 2023
▪ Through the MyGov website, the government of India will be hosting special contests for students at the school and university levels to mark the 3rd Parakram Diwas, 23 January 2023.
▪ The program will feature competitions in poetry, poster design, essay writing, and selfie contests. Visit MyGov.in to participate in these contests.
As you know, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, 23rd January is observed as Parakram Diwas. This year it has been decided to organize special competitions for school and university students on the occasion through MyGov, pic.twitter.com/EAR3qGVuSp— ABV-IIITM Gwalior (@AbvIiitm) January 17, 2023
𝐊𝐢𝐧𝐝 𝐀𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 #ParakramDiwas Celebrating Birth Anniversary of #NetajiSubhashChandraBose Competition for Schools & University Students— Aligarh Muslim University (@AMUofficialPRO) January 19, 2023
Last date for participation is 20th Jan@PIBHRD @dpradhanbjp @ProfTariqManso1 @PMOIndia @EduMinOfIndia @ugc_india @AMUJournal pic.twitter.com/THLP05Lss9
▪ Manipur will launch grand celebrations across the state to commemorate the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
Kickstarting the 126th birth anniversary commemoration of #Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose with grand celebrations across #Manipur. (1/2)— Amrit Mahotsav (@AmritMahotsav) January 16, 2023
#AmritMahotsav #KadamKadamBadhayeJaa #ParakramDiwas #MainBharatHoon @MyGovManipur pic.twitter.com/3y4w9x745h
▪ The Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs will jointly host a Military Tattoo and Tribal Dance Festival to mark Parakram Diwas and the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on January 23rd and 24th at the Jawaharlal Nehru stadium in New Delhi.
Celebration of @AmritMahotsav & 126th birth anniversary of #Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.— Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt. of India (@TribalAffairsIn) January 15, 2023
Entry free, tickets available on https://t.co/lloWFFeoui #ParakramDiwas #MilitaryTattoo #TribalDance #JLN #Stadium #NewDelhi @PMOIndia @DefenceMinIndia @PIB_India @DDNewslive @mygovindia pic.twitter.com/xS6zmBCaJn
▪ The death of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose remains a mystery. According to government records, he died from third-degree burns sustained in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945. This is the widely accepted belief, but some people believe that he survived the crash and went into hiding to evade the British authorities.
Parakram Diwas in a Nutshell
|Official name||Parakram Diwas (Hindi)|
|Other Name||Courage Day|
|English Name||Day of Valour|
|Parakram Diwas Date||23 January|
|Frequency of Celebration||Every Year|
|Significance||126th Birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose|
|1st celebrated on||23 January, 2021|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Answer: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Answer: 23 January, every year
Answer: The purpose of the day is to inspire the people of India, particularly the youth, to exhibit courage and determination when faced with difficulties.
Answer: 23 January 2021