Ramsar sites in India total of 2022 (Now 75)

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Here is the updated list of Ramsar sites in India. Recently, India added 11 new wetlands to the list of Ramsar sites, taking the total number of Ramsar sites in India to a total of 75 Ramsar sites.

The topic, ‘Ramsar Sites in India‘ are important for upcoming competitive exams like SSC, RRB NTPC, UPSC and all other state-level competitive exams. Here is a detailed explanation of all Ramsar sites in India along with some previous year questions.

About Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

▸ The Convention on Wetlands provides the framework for international cooperation and national action for the conservation and wise use of wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.
More than 255,897,678 ha hectares of wetland have been protected through this convention.

February 2 is celebrated as the International Wetlands Day

❖ What is the theme of World Wetland Day 2022?

Wetlands Action for People and Nature is the theme in 2022 highlighting the importance of actions to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands for humans and planetary health.

Why it’s called “Ramsar”

▸ As because the Convention on Wetlands was named after the Iranian city “Ramsar” which was adopted in the year 1971.

What are the three pillars of the Convention

▸ Under the three pillars of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to_
❖ work towards the wise use of all their wetlands through national plans, policies and legislation, management actions, and public education.

Designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management.

Cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, shared species, and development projects that may affect wetlands.

What actually means by “Wise use of wetlands”?

▸ The Convention defines the wise use of wetlands as “the maintenance of their ecological character, achieved through the implementation of ecosystem approaches, within the context of sustainable development”. Wise use can thus be seen as the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands and all the services they provide, for the benefit of people and nature.

What are Wetlands?

▸ A wetland is a place where the land is covered by water, either salt, fresh, or somewhere in between.

▸ List of places which is considered wetland under the Ramsar Convention.
• All lakes
• Rivers
• Underground aquifers
• Swamps and Marshes
• Wet grasslands
• Peatlands
• Oases
• Estuaries
• Deltas and tidal flats
• Mangroves and other coastal areas
• Coral reefs
• All human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs, and salt pans

Major Significance of Wetlands

▸ Wetlands provide a range of ecosystem services that benefit humanity, including_
• Water filtration
• Storm protection
• Flood control

▸ People use wetlands in many other ways, including_
• Fishing
• Transportation of Goods and Passengers
• Irrigation purpose
• For Industrial use
• Cultivation of Paddy, Lotus,
• To decompose jute (for extracting jute fiber)

▸ Wetland helps to grow various agricultural products, such as_
Paddy (which is a major food for half the world’s population.)
• Flower of commercial importance like Lotus, and water lilies.
• Aquatic vegetables like a water chestnut.

▸ Most of the wetlands act as the most productive habitats on the planet. Which often support high concentrations of animals, including mammals, birds, fish, and invertebrates, and serve as nurseries for many of these species.

Ramsar sites in India, Current Status

Number of Ramsar Wetland Sites in India

At present India has 75  Wetlands, recognized under the Ramsar convention, with a surface area of 1326678 hectares.

• As of 9 December 2021, there were 47 Ramsar wetlands in India

• On 2 February 2022, India adds two more Ramsar sites upscaling the number from 47 to 49.

• On 26 July 2022, India added 5 more Ramsar sites to its existing list.

• On 3 August 2022, India added 10 more Ramsar sites to its existing list.

• On August 13, marking the 75th year of independence, India added 11 more Ramsar wetland sites to its existing list.

Now the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 75.

 Recently added (last 11) Wetland under The Ramsar Convention

1️⃣ Tampara Lake (Odisha)
2️⃣ Hirakud Reservoir (Odisha)
3️⃣ Ansupa Lake in (Odisha)
4️⃣ Yashwant Sagar (Madhya Pradesh)
5️⃣ Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
6️⃣ Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex (Tamil Nadu)
7️⃣ Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
8️⃣ Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
9️⃣ Thane Creek (Maharashtra)
🔟 Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)
1️⃣1️⃣ Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)

Important info about the newly added wetlands

• Tampara Lake is a freshwater lake in Odisha (Ganjam district).
• Hirakud Reservoir, the largest earthen dam in Odisha started operating in 1957.

• Ansupa Lake (located in Cuttack) is the largest freshwater lake in Odisha.
• Vaduvur bird sanctuary is a large human-made irrigation tank.
• Hygam Wetland falls within the River Jhelum basin.

• Nanda Lake is the first wetland of Goa.
• Also, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is the first Ramsar wetland site in Karnataka.

• Sakhya Sagar Lake is an integral part of the Madhav National Park in Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh.

• The Pala wetland is the largest natural wetland in Mizoram.
• Pala wetland is Mizoram’s first wetland under the Ramsar convention.

Asan Barrage is the first wetland from Uttarakhand.

Sur Sarovar is also known as Khetam Lake
Sur Sarovar is a Huaman-made reservoir.
Lonar Lake was formed by a meteorite impact onto the basalt bedrock.
• The name Tso Kar refers to the white salt.
Tso Kar is one of the most important breeding areas in India for the black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis).

• The Haiderpur wetland is located near the Bijnor Ganga Barrage within the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh, India.

• The Bakhira Bird Sanctuary (48th Ramsar site) is the largest natural flood plain wetland of India in the Sant Kabir Nagar district of Eastern Uttar Pradesh.

• About 300 species of migratory birds have been recorded in the Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary. (49th Ramsar sites)

Ramsar sites around the world, Important Info

♦ The world’s first Site under the Ramsar convention was the Cobourg Peninsula in Australia, designated in 1974.

♦ The largest Sites under the Ramsar convention are_
Rio Negro in Brazil (120,000 square km)

Ngiri-Tumba-Maindombe in the Democratic Republic of Congo (60,000 square km)
Queen Maud Gulf in Canada (60,000 square km)

♦ The countries with the most Sites are the…
• the United Kingdom with 175 sites and
Mexico with 142 sites.

Largest area under the Convention…
Bolivia (total  148,000 square km)

♦ At present there are over 2,455 Ramsar Sites across the world, covering more than  255,792,244 hectares of surface area.

State-wise list of Ramsar sites in India (Total 75)

Sl.NoRamsar SiteState
1Saman Bird SanctuaryMainpuri, Uttar Pradesh
2Sur SarovarAgra, Uttar Pradesh
3Sarsai Nawar JheelEtawah, Uttar Pradesh
4Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryNawabganj, Uttar Pradesh
5Samaspur Bird SanctuaryRaebareli‎, Uttar Pradesh
6Sandi Bird SanctuaryHardoi, Uttar Pradesh
7Parvati Aranga Bird SanctuaryGonda, Uttar Pradesh
8Upper Ganga River
Brijghat to Narora Stretch,
Uttar Pradesh
9Haiderpur WetlandMuzaffarnagar-Bijnor border,
Uttar Pradesh
10Bakhira Bird SanctuarySant Kabir Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
11Sasthamkotta LakeKerala
12Ashtamudi LakeKerala
13Vembanad-Kol WetlandKerala
14Bhoj WetlandBhopal, Madhya Pradesh
15Sakhya Sagar LakeShivpuri, Madhya Pradesh
16Sirpur wetlandIndore, Madhya Pradesh
17Yashwant SagarMadhya Pradesh
18Nandur MadhameshwarNashik, Maharashtra
19Thane CreekMaharashtra
20Lonar LakeMaharashtra
21Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan
22Sambhar LakeRajasthan
23Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
24Karikili Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
25Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu
26Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu
27Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu
28Vembannur Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu
29Chitrangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
30Suchindram Theroor Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu
31Vaduvur Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
32Kanjirankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
33Vellode Bird SanctuaryVadamugam Vellode, Tamil Nadu
34Udhayamarthandapuram Bird SanctuaryTiruvarur, Tamil Nadu
35Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary Koonthakulam, Tamil Nadu
36Vedanthangal Bird SanctuaryVedathangal, Madurantakam
, Tamil Nadu
37Pala wetlandMizoram
38Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh
39TsomoririLadakh
40Tso KarLadakh
41Hokera WetlandJammu & Kashmir
42Wular LakeJammu & Kashmir
43Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu & Kashmir
44Hygam Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu & Kashmir
45Shallbugh Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu & Kashmir
46Chilka LakeOdisha
47Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha
48Satkosia GorgeOdisha
49Tampara LakeOdisha
50Hirakud ReservoirOdisha
51Ansupa LakeOdisha
52East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal
53Sundarban WetlandWest Bengal
54Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab
55Beas Conservation ReservePunjab
56Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab
57Harike WetlandPunjab
58Kanjli WetlandPunjab
59Ropar WetlandPunjab
60Deepar BeelKamrup, Assam
61Rudrasagar LakeMelaghar, Tripura
62Pong Dam LakeKangra, Himachal Pradesh
63Chandra LakeLahul and Spiti, Himachal Pradesh
64Renuka LakeSirmaur , Himachal Pradesh
65Asan BarrageDehradun, Uttarakhand
66Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal LakeBegusarai, Bihar
67Sultanpur National ParkGurugram, Haryana
68Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryJhajjar, Haryana
69Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryAhmedabad, Gujarat
70Thol LakeMehsana, Gujarat
71Wadhvana WetlandVadodara, Gujarat
72Khijadia Bird SanctuaryJamnagar, Gujarat
73Ranganathituu Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
74Nanda LakeGoa
75Loktak LakeMoirang, Manipur

75 Ramsar sites in India map

Ramsar sites in India
75 Ramsar sites in India map

Important Question answer about the Wetlands under Ramsar Convention

❖ Which is the largest wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
☞ Sundarbans, West Bengal (423,000 hectares)

❖ Which is the smallest wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
☞ Renuka Wetland, Himachal Pradesh (20 hectares)

❖ Which is the first wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
☞ Chilka Lake (1981) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan)

❖ First wetland under Ramsar convention of Uttarakhand?
☞ Assan Barrage

❖ At present there are how many Ramsar sites in India?
☞ 75

❖ 8th wetland of Uttar Pradesh under Ramsar convention?
☞ Sur Sarovar

❖ Which Indian state has the most number of Ramsar sites?
☞ Tami Nadu (14)

❖ 42nd Ramsar site of India?
☞ Tso Kar (Ladakh)

❖ In which plateau is Tso Kar wetland located?
☞ Rupshu Plateau

❖ In which plateau Tso Moriri wetland located?
☞ Changthang Plateau

❖ What is the name of the 46th Ramsar Wetland Site in India
☞ Wadhvana Wetland, Gujarat

❖ What is the name of the 47th Ramsar Wetland Site in India
Haiderpur Wetland, Uttar Pradesh

What is the name of the 49th Ramsar wetlands in India?
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary (Gujarat)

❖ What is the name of the 75th Ramsar wetland of India?
☞ Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)

Frequently Asked Questions on Ramsar Sites in India

Q1. At present how many Ramsar sites are in India?

Answer: 75 (As of August 2022)

Q2. How many Ramsar sites in India in 2022?

Answer: 75
• On 13 August 2022, India added 11 more Ramsar sites to its existing list.

Q3. Which state has the highest Ramsar sites in India?

Answer: Tamil Nadu (14 Ramsar wetlands)

Q4. Which is the smallest Ramsar site in India

Answer: Renuka Wetland.
• Renuka Wetland (0.2 sq. km) of Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Site in India.

Q5. What is the largest Ramsar site in India?

Answer: Sundarban Wetland (West Bengal)

Q6. Which state has no Ramsar sites in India

Answer: Jharkhand, Nagaland, Telangana, Chattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya. Sikkim.

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Important Source of this Article
Worldwildlife
Ramsar.org


Other Related Topics on Protected areas of India
List of National Parks (Updated List)
List of Tiger Reserves in India (Updated List)


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