Scientific Name of Vitamins

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Chemical or Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources
Chemical or Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources

Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources is a vital topic under general science sections of almost all competitive exams. In the below chart, we have provided the Scientific Name of Vitamins along with Sources and solubility of vitamins.

What are Vitamins?

• A Vitamin is an organic compound that is needed in small amounts for the proper functioning of all the biological activities of a living organism.

• Adequate amounts of essential nutrients (Like vitamins) cannot be synthesized in the organism, and therefore must be obtained through food.

• Due to the small amount needed, vitamins are often considered as micronutrients. They play an important role in our body functions like metabolism, immunity and digestion.

•  The term “vitamin” was derived from “vitamine,  Here ‘vita’ means ‘life’.

• The word  ‘Vitamine’ coined in 1912 by the Polish biochemist Casimir Funk.

• An English biochemist “Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins” in the year 1929 was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of vitamins.

Classification Of Vitamins

• Based on physical and biological activity, Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

Fat-soluble vitamins:

In humans 4 fat-soluble vitamins are _

1.  Vitamin A
2. Vitamin D
3. Vitamin E
4. Vitamin K

Water-soluble vitamins

In humans 9 Water-soluble vitamins are_

1. Biotin.
2. Niacin.
3. Pyridine.
4. Thiamine.
5. Vitamin C.
6. Folic acid.
7. Riboflavin.
8. Vitamin B12.
9. Pantothenic acid.

Chemical or Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources

The table below gives complete information about the different types of vitamins, the source of the vitamins and the scientific names of the vitamins.

Common Name Solubility Chemical Name Food Sources
Vitamin A Fat-soluble Retinol Carrot, Broccoli,Milk, Spinach,
tomatoes, Egg yolk, Fish, Butter
Vitamin C Water-soluble Ascorbic acid Green Chilli, Lettuce, Beans,
Fresh citrus fruits
such as orange
and Amla
Vitamin D Fat-soluble Calciferol Cod liver oil, Fish, beef, egg yolk, liver, chicken breast and cereals.
Vitamin E Fat-soluble Tocopherol Vegetable oils like
Cotton seed oil,
Sunflower oil, Lettuce, Egg, Milk
Vitamin K Fat-soluble Phylloquinone Pork liver oil, Leafy vegetables,
Cabbage, Broccoli, Beef and lamb.
Vitamin B1 Water-soluble Thiamine Cashew Nuts, Corn, Wheat flour,
Cabbage, Milk, Meat
Vitamin B2 Water-soluble Riboflavin Sprouted gram and
wheat , Beef liver,
Milk, Mushrooms, Bananas.
Vitamin B3 Water-soluble Niacin Molasses, Green Peas, Sweet Potatoes,
Liver, Egg yolk, Mushrooms, Milk Products
Vitamin B5 Water-soluble Pantothenic Acid Yoghurt, egg yolk, Meat, Broccoli,
Kidney, Peanuts, Chicken, Milk,
legumes, mushrooms, avocado
Vitamin B6 Water-soluble Pyridoxine Food crops, Sprouted Seed, Meat,
mushrooms, Leafy vegetables
Vitamin B7 Water-soluble Biotin Cereals, Yeast, Cauliflower, Peas, egg yolk, Milk, Tomatoes
Vitamin B9 Water-soluble Folic Acid Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables,
whole grains, legumes, beets
Vitamin B12 Water-soluble Cyacobalamin Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk

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