States and Union Territories of India

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States and Capitals of India: India is the second-most populous country in the world after China, also India is the seventh-largest country in the world. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in our country India. In this article, we have provided the latest list of States and Union Territories of India 2022 with their capital and formation dates.

States and Union Territories of India 2022

Here is the updated list of “States and Capital” & “Union Territories of India and their capitals” with their formation date.

◘ India is a country located in South Asia.
◘ It is the second-most populous country after China.
◘ And the seventh-largest country by land area.
◘ And the most populous democracy in the world.
◘ Currently, It consists of 28 states and 8 union territories.

◘ Previously India had 29 states and 7 Union Territories.
◘ Newly formed state- Telangana.
◘ Telangana formed on 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh.

Union Territories of India

What is Union Territory?

• A union territory is a central administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike the states of India, which have their own governments, union territories are federal territories governed, in part or in whole, by the Union Government of India.

Number of Union Territories of India

• As of 2019, India has a total of eight Union Territories. In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed an act by which Ladakh and Jammu Kashmir became union territories on 31 October 2019.

Union Territories of India, recent updates

◘ Newly formed Union Territories are – Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir.
◘ Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
◘ In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed an act by which Ladakh became a union territory on 31 October 2019.

States and Capitals of India
New map of Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. (Image Source: Indian Express)

◘ Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are union territories in western India.
◘ It was formed by the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
◘ The territory comprises four separate geographical entities Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, and the island of Diu.

States and Union Territories of India 2022
States and Union Territories of India 2022 (Infographics)

List of States and Capitals of India 2022

♦ Here is the list of States and Capitals of India, including Union territories of India with formation year.

Sl.NoStateCapitalFormation
1.Andhra PradeshVisakhapatnam (Administrative)
Amaravati (Legislative)
Kurnool (Judicial)
1 November 1956
2.Arunachal PradeshItanagar20 February 1987
3.AssamDispur26 January 1950
4.BiharPatna26 January 1950
5.ChhattisgarhNava Raipur1 November 2000
6.GoaPanaji30 May 1987
7.GujaratGandhinagarMay 1960
8.HaryanaChandigarh1 November 1966
9.Himachal PradeshShimla (Summer)
Dharamshala (Winter)
25 January 1971
10.JharkhandRanchiNovember 2000
11.KarnatakaBengaluru1 November 1956
12.KeralaThiruvananthapuram1 November 1956
13.Madhya PradeshBhopal26 January 1950
14.MaharashtraMumbai (Summer)
Nagpur (Winter)
1 May 1960
15.ManipurImphal21 January 1972
16.MeghalayaShillong21 January 1972
17.MizoramAizawl20 February 1987
18.NagalandKohima1 December 1963
19.OdishaBhubaneswar26 January 1950
20.PunjabChandigarh1 November 1966
21.RajasthanJaipur26 January 1950
22.SikkimGangtok16 May 1975
23.Tamil NaduChennai1 November 1956
24.TelanganaHyderabad2 June 2014
25.TripuraAgartala21 January 1972
26.Uttar PradeshLucknow26 January 1950
27.UttarakhandGairsain (Summer)
Dehradun (Winter)
9 November 2000
28.West BengalKolkata26 January 1950

List of Union Territories and Capitals of India 2022

♦ Here is the list of Union Territories and Capitals of India with the date and formation year.

Sl.NoUnion territoriesCapitalFormation
1.Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair1 November 1956
2.ChandigarhChandigarh1 November 1966
3.Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDaman26 January 2020
4.DelhiNew Delhi1 November 1956
5.Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
31 October 2019
6.LadakhLeh (Summer)
Kargil (Winter)
31 October 2019
7.LakshadweepKavaratti1 November 1956
8.PuducherryPuducherry16 August

States and Union Territories of India 2022 Map

Union Territories of India and their capitals, key points

• Hyderabad is de jure joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana until 2024.

• Shillong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1972.

• Naya Raipur is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh.

• Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.

• Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.

• Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. The Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.

• Chennai (Madras) has been the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.

Evolution of Number of States and Union Territories in India

1947 – 1950: 28 States, 1 Union Territory

• In 1950, the Indian Union had a fourfold classification of states and territories such as –Part A, Part B and Part C states and Part D territories.

• Part A : 9 States
• Part B : 9 States
• Part C: 10 States
• Part D : 1 UT (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)

1951-1956: 14 states 6 Union Territories

• The fourfold classification was abolished on November 1, 1956, by the States Reorganization Act (1956) and 14 states and 6 union territories were created.

2019: 29 States and 7 Union Territories

• From 1956 to 2019, the number of states increased to 29 and union territories to 7.

31 October 2019: 28 States and 9 Union Territories

• The state of Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two new Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019.

26 January 2020: 28 States and 8 Union Territories

• The Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli have been merged into a single Union Territory known as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Are there 8 or 9 union territories of India?

India has a total of 8 Union Territories and 28 states.

Q2. What are the 28 states and 8 territories of India?

Answer: The 28 States in India are as follows:
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chhattisgarh
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha (Orissa)
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
West Bengal
Tripura
Uttrakhand
Uttar Pradesh
Telangana
8 Union territories of India.
Jammu And Kashmir
Ladakh
National Capital Territory Of Delhi
Dadra & Nagar And Daman & Diu
Chandigarh
Andaman And Nicobar
Pondicherry
Lakshadweep

Q3. Which are the 9 union territories of India 2021?

Jammu And Kashmir
Ladakh
National Capital Territory Of Delhi
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Chandigarh
Andaman And Nicobar
Pondicherry
Lakshadweep

Q4. Which is the biggest union territory in India in 2021?

Answer: Andaman and Nicobar islands are the largest union territory in terms of area, The area of Andaman and Nicobar is 8249 sq km.

Q5. What is the capital of Ladakh?

Answer: Leh is the capital of Ladakh.

Q6. Are there 9 union territories in India?

No, there are currently 8 Union Territories in India. Previously, it had 9 Union Territories but recently Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu have merged into a single Union Territory.

Q7. Which is the 8 union territories of India?

Answer:
Jammu And Kashmir
Ladakh
National Capital Territory Of Delhi
Dadra & Nagar And Daman & Diu
Chandigarh
Andaman And Nicobar
Pondicherry
Lakshadweep

Q8. Is Jammu and Kashmir a state of India?

No, after the repeal of Article 370, Jammu and Kashmir is no longer a state of India, now it is considered as a Union Territory of India.

Q9. What is the capital of Jammu and Kashmir?

Srinagar is the Summer Capital and Jammu is the winter capital of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

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