Check out the updated list of Tiger reserves in India. Here we provide the full list of tiger reserves and state-wise list of tiger reserves with additional important information. Scientific name of tiger is Panthera Tigris, and it belongs to the genus Panthera. The tiger is the national animal of India, Bangladesh (Royal Bengal Tiger), Malaysia (Malayan tiger) and South Korea (Siberian tiger). Tiger is an apex predator at the top of the food chain and thus, it is very crucial to the conservation of tiger population to the survival of an ecosystem.
Tiger Reserves of India, Current Status
◘ Currently there are 53 tiger reserves in India.
◘ All the tiger reserve governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
◘ Previously India has 50 Tiger reserves.
◘ Recently three more tiger reserve added in this list.
◘ The 51st tiger reserve is – Srivilliputhur – Megamalai
◘ Srivilliputhur – Megamalai tiger reserve located in the states of Tamil Nadu.
◘ The 52nd tiger reserve added in the list is –Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary
◘ Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary tiger reserve located in the states of Rajasthan.
◘ The latest or 53rd tiger reserve is Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary.
◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has designated the combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve.
◘ Both Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary located in the states of Chhattisgarh.
◘ About Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary tiger reserve
• Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India.
• Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan got the green signal from the NTCA or National Tiger Conservation Authority.
• The Ramgarh sanctuary is like a buffer for the Ranthambore National Park.
• Ramgarh sanctuary covers an area of around 252 square kilometres.
• With the addition of this tiger reserve, Rajasthan gets its fourth one after Ranthambore, Sariska and Mukundra gill tiger reserves.
♦ Article Source NDTV
◘ About Ghasidas National & Tamor Pingla Tiger Reserves
• The new tiger Reserve is located in the northern part of Chattisgarh , bordering Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.
• It is the fourth Tiger Reserve of Chhattisgarh.
• The other three are_
2. Achanakmar and
3. Indravati Reserves.
• The new tiger reserve covers an area of 2048.5sq km.
• The new tiger reserve will provide a corridor for tigers to move between Bandhavgarh tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh and Palamou tiger reserve in Jharkhand.
• The Guru Ghasidas NationaPark is The last known habitat for the Asiatic Cheetah in India.
• The Guru Ghasidas National Park was a part of Sanjay Dhubri National Park.
Guru Ghasidas National Park of #Chhattisgarh will be 53rd Tiger Reserve of India. Approved by National Tiger Conservation Authority.
51st – Megamalai in Tamil Nadu.
52nd – Ramgarh Vishdhari in Rajasthan.
— Dr Gaurav Garg (@DrGauravGarg4) September 3, 2021
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)
◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has been constituted under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
◘ It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
◘ The objectives of NTCA are
• Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives becomes legal.
• Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
• Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
• Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
♦ Source NTCA official site
Proposed Tiger Reserves
◘ In addition to existing tiger reserves, the in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for the creation of two new tiger reserves, namely
◘ Ratapani Tiger Reserve
• The Ratapani Tiger Reserve, located in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh.
• It has been a wildlife sanctuary since 1976.
• It will be the 7th tiger reserve of Madhya Pradesh.
◘ Sunabeda Tiger Reserve
• Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Nuapada district of Odisha.
• The sanctuary forms the catchment area of the Jonk River.
◘ According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), the state governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring 4 new tiger reserves, Namely
• Suhelwa — Uttar Pradesh
• Mhadei — Goa
• Dibang — Arunachal Pradesh
• Cauveri MM Hills — Karnataka
List of Tiger Reserve in India
|25||Pakke or Pakhui||Arunachal Pradesh|
|39||Biligiri Ranganatha Temple||Karnataka|
|44||Nagarjunsagar Srisailam||Andhra Pradesh|
|51||Srivilliputhur – Megamalai||Tamil Nadu|
|53||Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla||Chhattisgarh|
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State-wise Tiger Reserves List
|Sl.No||State (No. of Reserve)||Tiger Reserves|
|1.||Madhya Pradesh (6)||Pench|
|13.||Tamil Nadu (5)||Anamalai|
|16.||Srivilliputhur – Megamalai|
|18.||Tamil Nadu (3)||Biligiri Ranganatha Temple|
|25.||Arunachal Pradesh||Pakke or Pakhui|
|26.||Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh|
|27.||Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh|
|35.||Guru Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla|
|36.||West Bengal (2)||Sunderbans|
|40.||Uttar Pradesh (2)||Dudhwa|
|53.||Andhra Pradesh (1)||Nagarjunsagar Srisailam|
Latest Tiger Census Report of India – 2018
◘ As per the latest report, total number of tigers in India is 2967.
◘ Central India and Eastern Ghats have the highest number of Tigers at 1,033.
◘ Madhya Pradesh followed by – Karnataka (524), Uttarakhand (442)
◘ Madhya Pradesh has six tiger reserves_
◘ In the western ghats, Karnataka has 524 tigers.
◘ Top 3 states in terms of percentage -wise increment of tiger population
◘ Mizoram and Chhattisgarh saw a significant decline in tiger population.
♦ Tiger Reserve in India
◘ In terms of Tiger count the bottom two tiger reserves are Dampa (Mizoram) and Rajaji reserves (Uttarakhand).
◘ Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program, launched in India on April 1, 1973.
◘ Project Tiger is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
Important Facts about the Tiger Reserves of India
|◘ Which country has most tigers?||India|
|◘ How many tigers reserve in India?||53|
|◘ Which is the largest tiger reserve in India?||Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (Total area 3296.31 sq. Km) located in Andhra Pradesh|
|◘ Which is the smallest tiger reserve in India?||Bor tiger reserve (Total area 138.12 sq Km)Located in
|◘ First Tiger reserve of India||Jimm Corbett Tiger Reserve
|◘ Dudhwa Tiger Reserve located at the||Indo-Nepal Border
Lakhimpur Kheri District
|◘ Mr. Kailash Sankhla was appointed as the first Director of||Project Tiger|
|◘ Project Tiger launched in the year||1973|
|◘ Which is the 51st Tiger Reserve of India?||Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tiger reserve
5th Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu
|◘ Which is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India?||Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger reserve
4th Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan
|◘ 53rd Tiger Reserve in India?||Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla Tiger reserve
4th Tiger Reserve of Chhattishgarh
|◘ Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve is formed of combining two wildlife sanctuaries namely||Grizzled squirrel wild life sanctuary
and Megamalai wildlife sanctuary.
|◘ The 50th Tiger reserve of India||Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
|◘ Rajaji National Park has been named after||C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji)
last Governor-General of independent India.
|◘ Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is the Gateway to||Eastern Ghats|
|◘ Oldest National Park of India||Jim Corbett National Park|
|◘ Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as||Hailey National Park|
|◘ Simlipal National Park (Odisha) derives its name from the abundance of||red silk cotton trees growing in the area.|
|◘ A group of tigers is known as an||‘ambush’ or ‘streak’|