All tiger reserve in india 2022

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Number of Tiger reserves ofIndia

 

Check out the updated list of Tiger reserves in India. Here we provide the full list of tiger reserves and state-wise list of tiger reserves with additional important information. Scientific name of tiger is Panthera Tigris, and it belongs to the genus Panthera. The tiger is the national animal of India, Bangladesh (Royal Bengal Tiger), Malaysia (Malayan tiger) and South Korea (Siberian tiger). Tiger is an apex predator at the top of the food chain and thus, it is very crucial to the conservation of tiger population to the survival of an ecosystem.

Tiger Reserves of India, Current Status

◘ Currently there are 53 tiger reserves in India.
◘ All the tiger reserve governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

◘ Previously India has 50 Tiger reserves.
◘ Recently three more tiger reserve added in this list.
◘ The 51st tiger reserve is – Srivilliputhur – Megamalai
Srivilliputhur – Megamalai tiger reserve located in the states of Tamil Nadu.
◘ The 52nd tiger reserve added in the list is –Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary
Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary tiger reserve located in the states of Rajasthan.

◘ The latest or 53rd  tiger reserve is Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary.

◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has designated the combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve.

◘ Both Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary located in the states of Chhattisgarh.

About Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary tiger reserve
• Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India.
• Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan got the green signal from the NTCA or National Tiger Conservation Authority.
• The Ramgarh sanctuary is like a buffer for the Ranthambore National Park.
• Ramgarh sanctuary covers an area of around 252 square kilometres.
• With the addition of this tiger reserve, Rajasthan gets its fourth one after Ranthambore, Sariska and Mukundra gill tiger reserves.

♦ Article Source NDTV

◘ About Ghasidas National & Tamor Pingla Tiger Reserves
• The new tiger Reserve is located in the northern part of Chattisgarh , bordering Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.
• It is the fourth Tiger Reserve of Chhattisgarh.
• The other three are_
1. Udanti-Sitanadi
2. Achanakmar and
3. Indravati Reserves.

• The new tiger reserve covers an area of 2048.5sq km.
• The new tiger reserve will provide a corridor for tigers to move between Bandhavgarh tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh and Palamou tiger reserve in Jharkhand.

• The Guru Ghasidas NationaPark is The last known habitat for the Asiatic Cheetah in India.
• The Guru Ghasidas National Park was a part of Sanjay Dhubri National Park. 

 

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has been constituted under the  Wildlife  (Protection) Act, 1972.
◘ It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

The objectives of NTCA are
• Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives becomes legal.

• Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.

• Providing for an oversight by Parliament.

• Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

♦ Source NTCA official site

 

Proposed Tiger Reserves

◘ In addition to existing tiger reserves, the in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for the creation of two new tiger reserves, namely
Ratapani Tiger Reserve
• The Ratapani Tiger Reserve, located in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh.
• It has been a wildlife sanctuary since 1976.
• It will be the 7th tiger reserve of Madhya Pradesh.

Sunabeda Tiger Reserve
• Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Nuapada district of Odisha.
• The sanctuary forms the catchment area of the Jonk River.

◘ According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), the state governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring 4 new tiger reserves, Namely
• Suhelwa — Uttar Pradesh
• Mhadei — Goa
• Dibang — Arunachal Pradesh
• Cauveri MM Hills — Karnataka

List of Tiger Reserve in India

 

Sl.No Tiger Reserve State
1 Bandipur Karnataka
2 Corbett Uttarakhand
3 Kanha Madhya Pradesh
4 Manas Assam
5 Melghat Maharashtra
6 Palamau Jharkhand
7 Ranthambore Rajasthan
8 Similipal Odisha
9 Sunderbans West Bengal
10 Periyar Kerala
11 Sariska Rajasthan
12 Buxa West Bengal
13 Indravati Chhattisgarh
14 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh
15 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh
16 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu
17 Valmiki Bihar
18 Pench Maharashtra
19 Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra
20 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh
21 Panna Madhya Pradesh
22 Dampa Mizoram
23 Bhadra Karnataka
24 Pench Madhya Pradesh
25 Pakke or Pakhui Arunachal Pradesh
26 Nameri Assam
27 Satpura Madhya Pradesh
28 Anamalai Tamil Nadu
29 Udanti-Sitanadi Chhattisgarh
30 Satkosia Odisha
31 Kaziranga Assam
32 Achanakmar Chhattisgarh
33 Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka
34 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh
35 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu
36 Nagarahole Karnataka
37 Parambikulam Kerala
38 Sahyadri Maharashtra
39 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka
40 Kawal Telangana
41 Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu
42 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan
43 Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra
44 Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Andhra Pradesh
45 Amrabad Telangana
46 Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh
47 Bor Maharashtra
48 Rajaji Uttarakhand
49 Orang Assam
50 Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh
51 Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tamil Nadu
52 Ramgarh Vishdhari Rajasthan
53 Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla Chhattisgarh
List of Tiger Reserves of India
List of Tiger Reserves of India

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State-wise Tiger Reserves List

Sl.No State (No. of Reserve) Tiger Reserves
1. Madhya Pradesh (6) Pench
2. Bandhavgarh
3. Satpura
4. Panna
5. Kanha
6. Sanjay-Dubri
7. Maharashtra (6) Bor
8. Melghat
9. Tadoba-Andhari
10. Sahyadri
11. Nawegaon-Nagzira
12. Pench
13. Tamil Nadu (5) Anamalai
14. Sathyamangalam
15. Mudumalai
16. Srivilliputhur – Megamalai
17. Kalakad-Mundanthurai
18. Tamil Nadu (3) Biligiri Ranganatha Temple
19. Bandipur
20. Nagarahole
21. Rajasthan (3) Sariska
22. Ranthambore
23. Mukandra Hills
24. Ramgarh Vishdhari
25. Arunachal Pradesh Pakke or Pakhui
26. Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh
27. Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh
28. Assam (4) Nameri
29. Manas
30. Kaziranga
31. Orang
32. Chhattisgarh (4) Udanti-Sitanadi
33. Achanakmar
34. Indravati
35. Guru Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla
36. West Bengal (2) Sunderbans
37. Buxa
38. Uttarakhand (2) Corbett
39. Rajaji
40. Uttar Pradesh (2) Dudhwa
41. Pilibhit
42. Kerala (2) Periyar
43. Parambikulam
44. Karnataka (2) Bhadra
45. Dandeli-Anshi
46. Odisha (2) Similipal
47. Satkosia
48. Telangana (2) Amrabad
49. Kawal
50. Mizoram (1) Dampa
51. Jharkhand (1) Palamau
52. Bihar (1) Valmiki
53. Andhra Pradesh (1) Nagarjunsagar Srisailam

Latest Tiger Census Report of India – 2018

◘ As per the latest report, total number of tigers in India is 2967.
◘ Which is a 33 percent jump from 2,226 in 2014.
Global Tiger Day, celebrated annually on July 29th
◘ The report ‘Status of Tigers in India – 2018’, compiled by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Central India and Eastern Ghats have the highest number of Tigers at 1,033.
Most of the tiger found in Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh has 526 tigers.

◘ Madhya Pradesh followed by – Karnataka (524), Uttarakhand (442)

◘ Madhya Pradesh has six tiger reserves_
1. Kanha
2. Pench
3. Bandhavgarh
4. Panna
5. Satpura
6. Sanjay-Dubri.

◘ In the western ghats, Karnataka has 524 tigers.
◘ While Tamil Nadu has 264 tigers.
◘ The North-East hills and Brahmaputra counted 219 tigers.
◘ In the Himalayan region Uttarakhand has the highest number of 442 tigers.

Top 3 states in terms of percentage -wise increment of tiger population
1. Madhya Pradesh (71%)
2. Maharashtra (64%)
3. Karnataka (29%)

◘ Mizoram and Chhattisgarh saw a significant decline in tiger population.
◘ As per the Tiger Census 2018 report, Chhattisgarh has only 19 tigers whereas in the year 2014 Chhattisgarh has 46 tigers.

♦ Tiger Reserve in India
◘ At present India has 53 tiger reserve under Project Tiger 1973.
◘ As per the report Pench Sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh) and the Periyar sanctuary (Kerala) emerged as the best-managed tiger reserves in the country.
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) registered the “maximum improvement” since 2014.

◘ In terms of Tiger count the bottom two tiger reserves are Dampa (Mizoram) and Rajaji reserves (Uttarakhand).
◘ No tiger has been found in the Buxa (West Bengal), Palamau (Jharkhand) and Dampa (Mizoram) reserves.

Project Tiger

◘ Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program, launched in India on April 1, 1973.
◘ It was launched by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
First Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger is Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve.
Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve located in Uttarakhand.
Kailash Sankhala was the first director of Project Tiger.
◘ Project tiger aims to protect the dwindling population of the big cats and work to increase their numbers.

◘ Project Tiger is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
◘ Initially, Project Tiger started with 9 tiger reserves.
◘ At present we have 53 tiger reserves under this project tiger.
◘ This 53 tiger reserves amounts to around 2.24% of the geographical area of our country.
M-STrIPES is an Andrioud based application which are  helps to count the tigers.

♦ Check out the Important Animal Conservation projects of government of India…… Please Click Here

Important Facts about the Tiger Reserves of India

◘ Which country has most tigers? India
◘ How many tigers reserve in India? 53
◘ Which is the largest tiger reserve in India? Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (Total area 3296.31 sq. Km) located in Andhra Pradesh
◘ Which is the smallest tiger reserve in India? Bor  tiger reserve (Total area 138.12 sq Km)Located in
Maharashtra
◘ First Tiger reserve of India Jimm Corbett Tiger Reserve
(Uttarakhand)
◘ Dudhwa Tiger Reserve located at the Indo-Nepal Border
Lakhimpur Kheri District
◘ Mr. Kailash Sankhla was appointed as the first Director of Project Tiger
◘ Project Tiger launched in the year 1973
◘ Which is the 51st Tiger Reserve of India? Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tiger reserve
5th Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu
◘ Which is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India? Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger reserve
4th Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan
◘  53rd Tiger Reserve in India? Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla Tiger reserve
4th Tiger Reserve of Chhattishgarh
◘ Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve is formed of combining two wildlife sanctuaries namely Grizzled squirrel wild life sanctuary
and Megamalai wildlife sanctuary.
◘ The 50th Tiger reserve of India Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
Arunachal Pradesh
◘ Rajaji National Park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji)
last Governor-General of independent India.
◘ Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is the Gateway to Eastern Ghats
◘ Oldest National Park of India Jim Corbett National Park
◘ Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park
◘ Simlipal National Park (Odisha) derives its name from the abundance of red silk cotton trees growing in the area.
◘ A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’

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