Top-10 Largest Solar Power Plants in the World 2023: Key Facts

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In this exploration, we discussed the Top-10 Largest Solar Power Plants in the World in 2023. Currently, the Bhadla Solar Park in India secures the top position in the curated list of the largest solar power plants in the world.

In the global pursuit of sustainable energy solutions, solar power has emerged as a leading force, providing clean and renewable electricity on a massive scale. Solar power stations, featuring expansive arrays of photovoltaic panels, stand at the forefront of this eco-friendly revolution.

This compilation highlights the remarkable progress in harnessing the sun’s energy to fuel our planet’s energy needs. Discover the monumental strides made in solar power generation, emphasizing the significance of these eco-conscious endeavors.

World’s Largest Solar Power Plant 2023

  • The Bhadla Solar Park, as of 2023, proudly holds the title of the world’s largest solar power plant.
  • Covering an expansive 21.8 square miles, it flaunts an impressive capacity of 2,245 MW – ample to supply power to numerous major cities.
  • Executed in four phases through collaborations with energy giants such as Larsen & Toubro and BK Dosi, the park reached completion in 2017, incurring a cost exceeding $1.3 billion USD.
  • The park’s monumental scale resonates with India’s substantial dedication to solar energy, reinforced by government subsidies and initiatives that drive the development of such immense solar power stations.

Largest Solar Power Plant in the World 2023

The Bhadla Solar Park, located in India, proudly holds the esteemed title of the world’s largest solar power plant, boasting an impressive power generation capacity of 2,245 MW.

Following closely in the rankings are the Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park, Pavagada Solar Park, and Benban Solar Park, each playing a significant role in advancing global efforts towards sustainable and renewable energy sources.

List of Top-10 Largest Solar Power Plants in the World 2023

Here is the list of top-10 largest solar power plants in the world in 2023:

Sl. No.Solar Power PlantCountryCapacity
1.Bhadla Solar ParkIndia2,245 MW
2.Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar ParkChina2,200 MW
3.Pavagada Solar ParkIndia2,050 MW
4.Benban Solar ParkEgypt1,650 MW
5.Tengger Desert Solar ParkChina1,547 MW
6.Noor Abu DhabiUAE1,177 MW
7.Mohammed bin Rashid AI Maktoum Solar ParkUAE1,013 MW
8.Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar ParkIndia1,000 MW
9.Datong Solar Power Top Runner BaseChina1,000 MW
10.NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar ParkIndia978.5 MW

World’s Largest Solar Power Plant – Bhadla Solar Park

  • Location: Rajasthan, India
  • Status: World’s largest solar power plant in 2023
  • Area: 21.8 square miles
  • Capacity: 2,245 MW (enough to power several major cities)
  • Development: Four phases involving collaborations with energy giants Larsen & Toubro and BK Dosi
  • Completion: 2017
  • Cost: Exceeding USD 1.3 billion
  • Significance: Embodies India’s commitment to clean energy and fuels the development of colossal solar power stations across the nation

Second Largest Solar Power Plant– Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park

Location: Qinghai Province, China
Status: Five phases currently generating 2,200 MW
Ambitious Future: Planned expansion to 16,000 MW with wind energy integration Investment: $2.2 billion USD

Key Features

  • Ultra-high voltage power line: Enables efficient transmission of renewable energy to densely populated Eastern regions
  • Wind energy integration: Enhances sustainability and diversifies energy sources.
  • Significant contribution to China’s renewable energy goals: Plays a crucial role in transitioning towards a cleaner future

Key Facts

  • Current capacity: 2,200 MW
  • Planned capacity: 16,000 MW
  • Cost: $2.2 billion USD
  • Phases: Five (currently)
  • Province: Qinghai
  • Country: China

Significance

  • Advancing China’s renewable energy landscape: Contributes significantly to the nation’s ambitious clean energy goals.
  • Providing clean energy to densely populated regions: Helps reduce dependence on fossil fuels and improve air quality in Eastern China.
  • Demonstrating the potential of large-scale solar and wind energy projects: Serves as a model for future renewable energy development worldwide.
Read Also: Top 10 GDP Countries 2023 – Countries with the Highest GDP

Third Largest Solar Power Plant in the World – Pavagada Solar Park

  • Location: Karnataka, India.
  • Status: World’s third-largest and India’s second-largest solar power plant.
  • Capacity: 2,050 MW
  • Area: 20.3 square miles
  • Significance: Held the global top spot upon completion but faced criticism for environmental concerns regarding solar panel waste disposal.

Key Data:

  • Rank: 3rd in the world, 2nd in India
  • Capacity: 2,050 MW
  • Area: 20.3 sq. mi.
  • Completion Time: 18 months
  • Cost: $2.1 billion USD

Environmental Concerns:

  • Waste disposal of solar panels raises environmental concerns.

Benban Solar Park: the World’s Fourth-largest Solar Power Plant

  • Location: Western Desert region, Egypt
  • Status: Egypt’s largest and the world’s fourth-largest solar power plant
  • Area: 14 square miles
  • Number of Plants: 41
  • Capacity: 1,650 MW
  • Cost: $4 billion USD

Significance

  • Largest solar power plant in Egypt: Plays a crucial role in the nation’s renewable energy goals.
  • Strategic location: Identified in collaboration with NASA for optimal energy production.
  • Facilitation of private companies: Supported by state and lender initiatives, enabling private investment in renewable energy projects.
  • Contribution to national target: Helps Egypt achieve its target of generating 20% of its electricity from renewable sources.

Key Data:

  • Rank: 4th largest in the world
  • Capacity: 1,650 MW
  • Area: 14 sq. mi.
  • Number of Plants: 41
  • Cost: $4 billion USD

Overall, the Benban Solar Park serves as a remarkable example of Egypt’s dedication to transitioning towards a cleaner energy future.

Tengger Desert Solar Park – World’s 5th Largest Solar Power Station

Location: Tengger Desert, China (fourth largest desert in China)
Status: World’s fifth-largest solar power station
Capacity: 1,547 MW (peak)
Area: 15.6 square miles
Operational Since: 2015

Significance

  • A major contributor to China’s solar energy leadership: Plays a key role in China’s dominance in global solar energy production.
  • Powers a significant number of residential buildings: Provides clean energy to approximately 600,000 residential buildings.

Challenges

  • Transmission bottlenecks: Due to its location in the northwestern region of China, which has a lower energy demand compared to other regions, the park suffers from transmission bottlenecks, leading to energy losses of up to 30%.

Key Data

  • Rank: 5th largest in the world
  • Capacity: 1,547 MW (peak)
  • Area: 15.6 sq. mi.
  • Operational Since: 2015

Overall, the Tengger Desert Solar Park demonstrates the immense potential of solar energy but also highlights the need for better infrastructure and transmission networks to optimize energy generation and reduce losses.

FAQs About the Largest Solar Power Plants in the World


Q1. Which is the largest solar power plant globally?

The Bhadla Solar Park in India holds the esteemed title of the largest solar power plant in the world, boasting a power generation capacity of 2,245 MW.

Q2. And the second largest?

The Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park in China’s Qinghai Province secures its position as the second-largest solar power plant, currently generating 2,200 MW across its five phases.

Q3. Can you name the top-5 largest solar power plants globally?

The top-5 largest solar power plants in the world are:
1. Bhadla Solar Park

2. Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park
3. Pavagada Solar Park
4. Benban Solar Park
5. Tengger Desert Solar Park

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