List of Upcoming Cyclone in India 2022

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The Upcoming Cyclone in India: In today’s article, I have given some information about Cyclone in very simple language which is very important for various competitive exams.

After reading this article you will know the following information ___

  1. Who names the tropical cyclones?
  2. How are cyclones named?
  3. Why is naming cyclones important?
  4. Upcoming Cyclone in India 2022
  5. The function of the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre

The following types of questions are asked on this topic in competitive exams.
1. Recent cyclones in news.
2. Areas affected by the cyclone
3. Which country named the cyclone?

Now, Read the following article to know all about cyclones in India.

Who names the tropical cyclones?

• The tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) & Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs).

• At present Worldwide, there are six RSMCs including the India Meteorological Department RSMC and six TCWCs mandated for issuing advisories and naming of tropical cyclones.

• The Indian Meteorological Department located in New Delhi is responsible to mandate the name of a tropical cyclone and storm developing over the North Indian Ocean region including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

• In the twenty-seventh Session of The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) held in 2000 in Muscat, the Sultanate of Oman agreed to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

• The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) jointly established the Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC)in 1972 as an intergovernmental body.

• Naming of The Tropical Cyclones over the North Indian Ocean Region started in the year 2004.

• The name of each tropical cyclone proposed by the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP Panel alphabetically.

Here is the alphabetical list of all the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP panel.
[1] Bangladesh, [2] India, [3] Iran, [4] Maldives, [5] Myanmar, [6] Oman, [7] Pakistan, [8] Qatar, [9] Saudi Arabia, [10] Sri Lanka, [11] Thailand, [12]United Arab Emirates and [13] Yemen.

Six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs)

Ocean RegionRSMCs Name
South-West Pacific OceanRSMC Nadi-Tropical Cyclone Centre, Fiji Meteorological Service
South-West Indian OceanRSMC La Reunion-Tropical Cyclone Centre/Meteo-France
The Bay of Bengal and the Arabian SeaTropical Cyclones New Delhi/India Meteorological Department
Western North Pacific Ocean and the South China SeaTokyo-Typhoon Center/Japan Meteorological Agency
Central North Pacific Ocean Honolulu Hurricane Center
The Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic, and eastern North Pacific Oceans Miami-Hurricane Center/National Hurricane Center

Source – RSMC.IMO

List of 6 Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs)

RegionTCWCs Name
IndonesiaJakarta/Meteorological and Geophysical Agency/BMG, Indonesia
Tasman SeaWellington/Meteorological Service of New Zealand, New Zealand
The Solomon Sea and Gulf of PapuaPort Moresby/National Weather Service, Papua New Guinea
Coral SeaBrisbane/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia
The Arafura Sea and the Gulf of CarpenteriaDarwin/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia
South-East Indian OceanPerth/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia

Source –  TCW.WMO 

How are cyclones named?

• While sending the naming suggestions of each cyclone, those countries have to follow some rules such as:

• The proposed name should be neutral to Politics and political figures, Religious beliefs, Cultures, and Gender.

•  The Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of the population over the world.

• It should not be very rude and cruel in nature.
• It should be short, easy to pronounce, and should not offensive to any member.
• The maximum length of the name will be eight letters.

• The proposed name should be provided along with its pronunciation and voice-over.
• The Panel reserves the right to reject any name, if any, of the criteria above is not satisfied.

• The finalised names may also be reviewed during the course of time of implementation with the approval of PTC in its annual session, in case any reasonable objection is raised by any member.

• The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated. Once used, it will cease to be used again. Thus, the name should be new. It should not be there in the already existing list of any of the RSMCs worldwide including RSMC, New Delhi.

Why is naming cyclones important?

• Tropical cyclones are named to identify each individual cyclone.

• Names are easier to remember than numbers and technical terms.

• Also, the names make it easier for the media to report on tropical cyclones.

• It also helps create awareness of its development and remove confusion in case of simultaneous occurrence of cyclones over a region.

• Naming cyclones also help remember a cyclone easily, rapidly, and effectively disseminate warnings to a much wider audience.

Upcoming cyclone in India 2022

Sl.No Cyclone Name Name given by the Country
1 Asani Sri Lanka
2 Sitrang Thailand
3 Mandous United Arab Emirates
4 Mocha Yemen
5 Biparjoy Bangladesh
6 Tej India
7 Hamoon Iran
8 Midhili Maldives
9 Michaung Myanmar
10 Remal Oman
11 Asna Pakistan
12 Dana Qatar
13 Fengal Saudi Arabia

Recent Cyclone in India

• Most recent Cyclone – Cyclone Asani

• The epicenter of the cyclone – North Indian Ocean

• Areas affected – India (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Odisha, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands)

• ‘Asani’ Name Given by – Sri Lanka

New list of tropical cyclone names adopted by the WMO/ESCAP Panel

• Here are the 169 (13 countries * 13 columns) new names of tropical cyclones suggested by the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP  Panel.

• These names applied to the cyclones over the North Indian Ocean, including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

 Name Given By Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4
Country Cyclone Name
Bangladesh Nisarga Biparjoy Arnab Upakul
IndiaGatiTejMurasuAag
IranNivarHamoonAkvanSepand
MaldivesBureviMidhiliKaaniOdi
MyanmarTauktaeMichaungNgamannKyarthit
OmanYaasRemalSailNaseem
PakistanGulabAsnaSahabAfshan
QatarShaheenDanaLuluMouj
Saudi ArabiaJawadFengalGhazeerAsif
Sri LankaAsaniShakhtiGigumGagana
ThailandSitrangMonthaThianyotBulan
United Arab EmiratesMandousSenyarAfoorNahhaam
YemenMochaDitwahDiksamSira
 Name Given By Column 5 Column 6 Column 7 Column 8
Country Cyclone Name
Bangladesh Barshon Rajani Nishith Urmi
IndiaVyomJharProbahoNeer
IranBooranAnahitaAzarPooyan
MaldivesKenauEndheriRiyauGuruva
MyanmarSapakyeeWetwunMwaihoutKywe
OmanMuznSadeemDimaManjour
PakistanManahilShujanaParwazZannata
QatarSuhailSadafReemRayhan
Saudi ArabiaSidrahHareedFaidKaseer
Sri LankaVerambhaGarjanaNeebaNinnada
ThailandPhutalaAiyaraSamingKraison
United Arab EmiratesQuffalDaamanDeemGargoor
YemenBakhurGhwyziHawfBalhaf
 Name Given By Column 9 Column 10 Column 11 Column 12 Column 13
Country Cyclone Name
BangladeshMeghalaSamironPratikulSaroborMahanisha
IndiaPrabhanjanGhurniAmbudJaladhiVega
IranArshamHengameSavasTahamtanToofan
MaldivesKurangiKuredhiHoranguThundiFaana
MyanmarPinkuYinkaungLinyoneKyeekanBautphat
OmanRukamWatadAl-jarzRababRaad
PakistanSarsarBadbanSarrabGulnarWaseq
QatarAnbarOudBaharSeefFanar
Saudi ArabiaNakheelHaboobBareqAlreemWabil
Sri LankaViduliOghaSalithaRiviRudu
ThailandMatchaMahingsaPhraewaAsuriThara
United Arab EmiratesKhubbDeglAthmadBoomSaffar
YemenBromShuqraFartakDarsahSamhah

Criteria for the implementation of the list of 169 names given in the above table

• The name of a Tropical Cyclone from the South China Sea, which crosses Thailand and emerges into the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone will not be changed.

• Panel Members’ names will be listed alphabetically country-wise.

• The names will be used sequentially, column-wise. (Column 1, Column 2  . . . . . Column 13)

• The first name will start from the first row of column 1 and will continue sequentially to the last row in column 13.

• Panel Member’s names are listed alphabetically country-wise.

• Table will be used only once

The main activities or functions of the RSMC, New Delhi

• Round the clock watches over the entire North Indian Ocean.

• Analysis and processing of global meteorological data for diagnostic and prediction purposes.
• Detection, tracking, and prediction of cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
• Running of numerical models for tropical cyclone track and intensity prediction.

• Issue of Tropical Weather Outlook once daily (at 0600 UTC) and an additional outlook at 1700 UTC in the event of a depression that is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm.

• Issue cyclone advisories to the Panel countries 8 times a day.
• Issue of storm surge advisories.
• Implementation of the Regional Cyclone Operational Plan of WMO/ESCAP Panel.

• Collection, processing, and archival of all data pertaining to cyclonic storms viz. wind, storm surge, pressure, rainfall, satellite information, etc.

• Exchange of composite data and bulletins pertaining to cyclonic storms with Panel countries.
• Preparation of comprehensive reports on each cyclonic storm
• Continued research on storm surge, track, and intensity prediction techniques.

Source – rsmcnewdelhi official website

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. Which cyclone recently hit India’s Andaman and the Nicobar Islands and Andhra Pradesh?

Answer: Cyclone Asani

Q2. What is the next cyclone name in India 2022?

Answer: Sitrang

Q3. Who named cyclones India?

Answer: The India Meteorological Department (IMD)

Q4. Which country named the cyclone ‘Asani’?

Answer: Sri Lanka

Q5. Which country named the cyclone ‘Sitrang’ ?

Answer: Thailand


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