The Upcoming Cyclone in India: In today’s article, I have given some information about Cyclone in very simple language which is very important for various competitive exams.
After reading this article you will know the following information ___
- Who names tropical cyclones?
- How are cyclones named?
- Why is naming cyclones important?
- Upcoming Cyclone in India 2022
- The function of the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre
The following types of questions are asked on this topic in competitive exams.
1. Recent cyclones in news.
2. Areas affected by the cyclone
3. Which country named the cyclone?
Now, Read the following article to know all about cyclones in India.
Who names tropical cyclones?
• The tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) & Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs).
• At present Worldwide, there are six RSMCs including the India Meteorological Department RSMC and six TCWCs mandated for issuing advisories and naming tropical cyclones.
• The Indian Meteorological Department located in New Delhi is responsible to mandate the name of a tropical cyclone and storm developing over the North Indian Ocean region including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
• In the twenty-seventh Session of The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) held in 2000 in Muscat, the Sultanate of Oman agreed to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
• The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) jointly established the Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC)in 1972 as an intergovernmental body.
• Naming of The Tropical Cyclones over the North Indian Ocean Region started in the year 2004.
• The name of each tropical cyclone proposed by the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP Panel alphabetically.
|Here is the alphabetical list of all the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP panel.|
| Bangladesh,  India,  Iran,  Maldives,  Myanmar,  Oman,  Pakistan,  Qatar,  Saudi Arabia,  Sri Lanka,  Thailand, United Arab Emirates and  Yemen.|
Six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs)
|Ocean Region||RSMCs Name|
|South-West Pacific Ocean||RSMC Nadi-Tropical Cyclone Centre, Fiji Meteorological Service|
|South-West Indian Ocean||RSMC La Reunion-Tropical Cyclone Centre/Meteo-France|
|The Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea||Tropical Cyclones New Delhi/India Meteorological Department|
|Western North Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea||Tokyo-Typhoon Center/Japan Meteorological Agency|
|Central North Pacific Ocean||Honolulu Hurricane Center|
|The Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic, and eastern North Pacific Oceans||Miami-Hurricane Center/National Hurricane Center|
Source – RSMC.IMO
List of 6 Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs)
|Indonesia||Jakarta/Meteorological and Geophysical Agency/BMG, Indonesia|
|Tasman Sea||Wellington/Meteorological Service of New Zealand, New Zealand|
|The Solomon Sea and Gulf of Papua||Port Moresby/National Weather Service, Papua New Guinea|
|Coral Sea||Brisbane/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
|The Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpenteria||Darwin/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
|South-East Indian Ocean||Perth/Bureau of Meteorology, Australia|
Source – TCW.WMO
How are cyclones named?
• While sending the naming suggestions of each cyclone, those countries have to follow some rules such as:
• The proposed name should be neutral to Politics and political figures, Religious beliefs, Cultures, and Gender.
• The Name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of the population over the world.
• It should not be very rude and cruel in nature.
• It should be short, easy to pronounce, and should not offensive to any member.
• The maximum length of the name will be eight letters.
• The proposed name should be provided along with its pronunciation and voice-over.
• The Panel reserves the right to reject any name, if any, of the criteria above is not satisfied.
• The finalized names may also be reviewed during the course of time of implementation with the approval of PTC in its annual session, in case any reasonable objection is raised by any member.
• The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated. Once used, it will cease to be used again. Thus, the name should be new. It should not be there in the already existing list of any of the RSMCs worldwide including RSMC, New Delhi.
Why is naming cyclones important?
• Tropical cyclones are named to identify each individual cyclone.
• Names are easier to remember than numbers and technical terms.
• Also, the names make it easier for the media to report on tropical cyclones.
• It also helps create awareness of its development and remove confusion in case of simultaneous occurrence of cyclones over a region.
• Naming cyclones also help remember a cyclone easily, rapidly, and effectively disseminate warnings to a much wider audience.
Upcoming cyclone in India 2022
|Sl.No||Cyclone Name||Name given by the Country|
|3||Mandous||United Arab Emirates|
Upcoming cyclone in India 2023
|Sl.No||Cyclone Name||Name given by the Country|
Recent Cyclone in India
• Most recent Cyclone – Cyclone Sitrang
• ‘Sitrang (pronounced as “Si-Trang”)’ Name Given by –Thailand
Heavy Rainfall Warning
• Heavy to very heavy rain (07-20 cm) over North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas districts of West Bengal.
• Heavy rain (07-11 cm) over Howrah, Hooghly, Kolkata, East Midnapore, and West Midnapore districts of West Bengal.
• According to the India Meteorological Department, the storm is likely to make landfall between Tin Kona Island and Sandwip near Barisal, Bangladesh, early on October 25.
Upcoming Cyclone in the Bay of Bengal
• Cyclone Mandous has been named by the United Arab Emirates. Mandous means raft in Arabic.
• The cyclone in the Bay of Bengal has already turned into a depression. That depression will become a cyclone by Thursday.
• It is likely to hit the Tamil Nadu and Puducherry coasts and some of the parts of Andhra Pradesh.
• This cyclone can hit the coast at a speed of 90 to 100 km on Thursday morning. It will not directly affect Bengal as it is far away from West Bengal.
New list of tropical cyclone names adopted by the WMO/ESCAP Panel
• Here are the 169 (13 countries * 13 columns) new names of tropical cyclones suggested by the 13 member countries of the WMO/ESCAP Panel.
• These names applied to the cyclones over the North Indian Ocean, including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
|Name Given By||Column 1||Column 2||Column 3||Column 4|
|United Arab Emirates||Mandous||Senyar||Afoor||Nahhaam|
|Name Given By||Column 5||Column 6||Column 7||Column 8|
|United Arab Emirates||Quffal||Daaman||Deem||Gargoor|
|Name Given By||Column 9||Column 10||Column 11||Column 12||Column 13|
|United Arab Emirates||Khubb||Degl||Athmad||Boom||Saffar|
Criteria for the implementation of the list of 169 names given in the above table
• The name of a Tropical Cyclone from the South China Sea, which crosses Thailand and emerges into the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone will not be changed.
• Panel Members’ names will be listed alphabetically country-wise.
• The names will be used sequentially, column-wise. (Column 1, Column 2 . . . . . Column 13)
• The first name will start from the first row of column 1 and will continue sequentially to the last row in column 13.
• Panel Member’s names are listed alphabetically country-wise.
• Table will be used only once
The main activities or functions of the RSMC, New Delhi
• Round the clock watches over the entire North Indian Ocean.
• Analysis and processing of global meteorological data for diagnostic and prediction purposes.
• Detection, tracking, and prediction of cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
• Running of numerical models for tropical cyclone track and intensity prediction.
• Issue of Tropical Weather Outlook once daily (at 0600 UTC) and an additional outlook at 1700 UTC in the event of a depression that is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm.
• Issue cyclone advisories to the Panel countries 8 times a day.
• Issue of storm surge advisories.
• Implementation of the Regional Cyclone Operational Plan of WMO/ESCAP Panel.
• Collection, processing, and archival of all data pertaining to cyclonic storms viz. wind, storm surge, pressure, rainfall, satellite information, etc.
• Exchange of composite data and bulletins pertaining to cyclonic storms with Panel countries.
• Preparation of comprehensive reports on each cyclonic storm
• Continued research on storm surge, track, and intensity prediction techniques.
Source – rsmcnewdelhi official website
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Answer: Cyclone Asani
Answer: The India Meteorological Department (IMD)
Answer: Sri Lanka
Answer: United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Answer: In Arabic, Mandous means “Raft”