All Vitamins and their scientific names

Vitamins and their scientific name: Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources is a vital topic in general science sections of almost all competitive exams. In the below chart, we have provided the Scientific Name of Vitamins along with Sources and solubility of vitamins.

What are Vitamins?

• A Vitamin is an organic compound that is needed in small amounts for the proper functioning of all the biological activities of a living organism.

• Adequate amounts of essential nutrients (Like vitamins) cannot be synthesized in the organism, and therefore must be obtained through food.

• Due to the small amount needed, vitamins are often considered micronutrients. They play an important role in our body functions like metabolism, immunity and digestion.

•  The term “vitamin” was derived from “vitamine,  Here ‘vita’ means ‘life’.

• The word  ‘Vitamine’ was coined in 1912 by the Polish biochemist Casimir Funk.

• An English biochemist “Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins” in the year 1929 was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of vitamins.

Classification Of Vitamins

• Based on physical and biological activity, Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

Fat-soluble vitamins:

In humans 4 fat-soluble vitamins are _

1.  Vitamin A
2. Vitamin D
3. Vitamin E
4. Vitamin K

Water-soluble vitamins

In humans 9 Water-soluble vitamins are_

1. Biotin.
2. Niacin.
3. Pyridine.
4. Thiamine.
5. Vitamin C.
6. Folic acid.
7. Riboflavin.
8. Vitamin B12.
9. Pantothenic acid.

Chemical or Scientific Name of Vitamins and their Sources

The table below gives complete information about the different types of vitamins, the source of the vitamins and the scientific names of the vitamins.

Common NameSolubilityChemical NameFood Sources
Vitamin AFat-solubleRetinolCarrot, Broccoli,Milk, Spinach,
tomatoes, Egg yolk, Fish, Butter
Vitamin CWater-solubleAscorbic acidGreen Chilli, Lettuce, Beans,
Fresh citrus fruits
such as orange
and Amla
Vitamin DFat-solubleCalciferolCod liver oil, Fish, beef, egg yolk, liver, chicken breast and cereals.
Vitamin EFat-solubleTocopherolVegetable oils like
Cotton seed oil,
Sunflower oil, Lettuce, Egg, Milk
Vitamin KFat-solublePhylloquinonePork liver oil, Leafy vegetables,
Cabbage, Broccoli, Beef and lamb.
Vitamin B1Water-solubleThiamineCashew Nuts, Corn, Wheat flour,
Cabbage, Milk, Meat
Vitamin B2Water-solubleRiboflavinSprouted gram and
wheat , Beef liver,
Milk, Mushrooms, Bananas.
Vitamin B3Water-solubleNiacinMolasses, Green Peas, Sweet Potatoes,
Liver, Egg yolk, Mushrooms, Milk Products
Vitamin B5Water-solublePantothenic AcidYoghurt, egg yolk, Meat, Broccoli,
Kidney, Peanuts, Chicken, Milk,
legumes, mushrooms, avocado
Vitamin B6Water-solublePyridoxineFood crops, Sprouted Seed, Meat,
mushrooms, Leafy vegetables
Vitamin B7Water-solubleBiotinCereals, Yeast, Cauliflower, Peas, egg yolk, Milk, Tomatoes
Vitamin B9Water-solubleFolic AcidCitrus fruits, green leafy vegetables,
whole grains, legumes, beets
Vitamin B12Water-solubleCyacobalaminFish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk

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