Marburg virus outbreak in Equatorial Guinea: All you need to know

By Gkbooks 14 February, 2023

The World Health Organization says that Equatorial Guinea has confirmed its first-ever outbreak of Marburg disease. 

The Marburg virus causes Marburg virus disease (MVD) in humans, which is often fatal without treatment.

In 1967, Marburg virus was discovered and characterized following outbreaks that occurred simultaneously in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany, and Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia.

Marburg and Ebola viruses belong to the same viral family called Filoviridae (filovirus). Even though they are caused by different viruses, both diseases share many similarities.

Similar to Ebola, Marburg virus originates in bats, and is extremely contagious, transmitting between individuals through direct contact with infected individuals' bodily ........

fluids, or contaminated objects such as clothing or bedsheets. Close interaction between healthcare workers and patients can also lead to infection.

MVD symptoms consist of fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, and haemorrhage. The illness commences with a severe headache and high fever, ...

followed by abdominal cramps, vomiting, and diarrhoea.  WHO reports that several patients experience severe bleeding issues within 5 to 7 days.

The Marburg outbreak in Equatorial Guinea has resulted in the deaths of nine people, and 16 others are suspected to be infected.