Here is the list of Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of West Bengal. Currently West Bengal has 6 notified National Parks and 16 notified Wildlife sanctuaries. This topic is very important for WBCS and various exams of WBPSC.
• The state of West Bengal is the 4th most populous state and the 14th largest state by area in India.
• It is situated in the Eastern region of India.
• West Bengal is rich in large variety of forests and wildlife wing.
West Bengal is famous for
☞ Royal Bengal Tiger in the Gangetic delta of Sundarbans.
☞ The Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros grazing in the Terai/ Dooars grassland.
☞ The leopards lurking in the foothills of the Himalayas.
☞ The Red Panda is resting in bamboo groves of Himalayas.
Number of National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries in West Bengal
• The large varieties of flora and fauna of West Bengal possess the combined characteristics of the Himalayan, sub-Himalayan and Gangetic plain.
• West Bengal has 4692 sq.km of forests under Protected Area (PA) network, which is 39.50% of the State’s recorded forest area.
• At present West Bengal has 6 National Parks and 16 Wildlife Sanctuaries.
• The latest notified Wildlife Sanctuaries of West Bengal is the Pakhi Bitan Wildlife Sanctuaries, located in Jalpaiguri District having an area of 14.09 sq.km.
List of National Park (NP) in West Bengal
|National Park Name||District||Year||Area (Sq km)||Famous Species|
|1. Gorumara National Park||Jalpaiguri||1994||79.45||Indian Rhinoceros|
|2. Jaldapara National Park||Alipurduar||2014||216.51||One horned rhinoceros
|3. Singalila National Park||Darjeeling||1992||78.60||Red Panda
|4. Neora Valley National Park||Kalimpong||1986||159.89||Red Panda
Himalayan flying squirrel
|5. Sundarban National Park||North 24 Parganas
And South 24 Parganas
|1984||1330.10||Royal Bengal Tiger
Sat water Crocodile
|6. Buxa National Park||Alipurduar||1992||117.10||Tigers
List of Wildlife Sanctuaries (WLS) in West Bengal
Currently, West Bengsal has 6 national parks and 15 wildlife sanctuaries.
|Wildlife Sanctuaries||District Name|
|1. Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary||Birbhum|
|2. Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary||North 24 Parganas|
|3. Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary||Nadia|
|4. Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary||Jalpaiguri|
|5. Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary||South 24 Parganas|
|6. Haliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary||South 24 Parganas|
|7. Jore Pokhri Wildlife Sanctuary||Darjeeling|
|8. Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary||South 24 Parganas|
|9. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary||Darjeeling|
|10. Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary||Alipurduar|
|11. Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary||Uttar Dinajpur|
|12. Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary||South 24-Parganas|
|13. Senchal Wildlif Sanctuary||Darjeeling|
|14. Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary||Purba Bardhaman|
|15. West Sundarban Wildlife Sanctuary||South 24 Parganas|
|16. Pakhibitan Wildlife Sanctuary||Jalpaiguri|
Details about the National Park in West Bengal
Singalila National Park
☞ Singalila National Park, located on the Singalila Ridge in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal.
☞ It is bordered on the north by the state of Sikkim and on the west by the country of Nepal .
Date of declaration as a National Park
☞ The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986.
☞ and was made an Indian National Park in 1992.
☞ Thick bamboo, oak, magnolia, rhododendron forest and Himalayan Cobra Lilies (Arisaema).
☞ Small mammals, including Red Panda, Leopard Cat, Barking Deer, Yellow-throated Marten, Wild Boar, Pangolin and the Pika.
☞ Larger mammals include the Himalayan Black Bear, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Serow and the Takin.
☞ Rare and exotic bird species, including the Scarlet Minivet, Kalij Pheasant, Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan.
Neora Valley National Park
☞ Neora Valley National Park is a national park in Kalimpong district, West Bengal.
☞ The forests consist of mixed species like rhododendron , bamboo, oak, ferns, sal etc.
☞ The Valley also has numerous species of orchids.
☞ The fauna consist of such endangered species as the clouded leopard, red panda, and musk deer.
☞ Other species are five species of civet, black bear, sloth bear, golden cat, goral, serow, barking deer, Himalayan flying squirrel and Thar.
☞ Rechela Danda is the highest point of the Neora Valley National park.
☞ Neora Valley National Park covers an area of 88 sq km.
☞ It is linked to the Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary of East Sikkim district as well as forests of Samtse District, Bhutan via a thick cover of forests.
Gorumara National Park
☞ Gorumara National Park, located in the Malbazar subdivision in Jalpaiguri district, in the state of West Bengal.
☞ Gorumara is located in the Eastern Himalayas’ submontane Terai belt.
☞ The park is located on the flood plains of the Murti River and Raidak River.
☞ The major river of the park is the Jaldhaka river, of the Brahmaputra river system.
☞ The park is very close to the Jaldapara Wildlife Reserve and Chapramari Wildlife Reserve
☞ Typical flora include Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree and Silk Cotton (Shimul or Bombax malabaricum) trees Bamboo groves.
☞ Reptiles and amphibians, including the Indian Python, and the King Cobra.
☞ Birds including the Scarlet Minivet, Sunbird, Asian Paradise Flycatcher , Spangled Drongo and Great Indian Hornbill.
☞ Important animal species like Indian Rhinoceros, Gaur, Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital, and Sambar Deer.
Date of declaration as a National Park
☞ Gorumara had been a reserve forest since 1895.
☞ The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949
☞ It was declared an Indian National Park on January 31 , 1994.
Buxa National Park
☞ Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) / Wildlife Sanctuary or National Park located in Alipurduar district of West Bengal.
Boundary of BTR
☞ The northern boundary of the BuxaTiger Reserve runs along the international border with Bhutan.
☞ The Sinchula hill range lies all along the northern side of Buxa tiger reserves and the Eastern boundary touches that of the Assam State.
☞ It is the easternmost extension of extreme bio-diverse North-East India & represents highly endemic Indo-Malayan region.
☞ The Phipsu Wildlife Sanctuary of Bhutan is contiguous to North of Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary.
☞ Manas National Park lies on the east of the Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary.
☞ Thus, Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary serves an international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan.
☞ The main species of Buxa BTR constitutes trees like Sal, Champ, Gamar, Simul, Chikrasi etc.
☞ The main species include Asian Elephant, Tiger, Gaur, Wild boar, Sambar,Wild dog (Dhole).
☞ Some of the endangered species found in BTR are Indian Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard cat, Bengal florican, Regal python, Chinese Pangolin, Hispid hare, Hog deer etc.
Sundarbans National Park
☞ The area of Sundarbans National Park spread over the two districts of West Bengal namely North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas.
☞ Major parts of Sundarbans National Park lies in South 24 Parganas.
Flora and Fauna
☞ The Sundarbans delta is densely covered by mangrove forests.
☞ The name Sundarbans is derived from the Sundari ( Heritiera fomes) tree found here.
☞ Sundarbans National Park famous for Royal Bengal tiger.
☞ It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile.
☞ The Sundarban National Park was declared as the core area of the Sundarban Tiger Reserve in 1973.
☞ Declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1977.
☞ On 4 May 1984 it was declared a national park.
☞ It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1987
☞ It has been designated as a Ramsar site since 2019.
☞ It is considered as a World Network of Biosphere Reserve (Man and Biosphere Reserve) from 1989.
Jaldapara National Park
☞ The Jaldapara National Park, situated in the Alipurduar District of northern West Bengal.
☞ Jaldapara National Park located on the banks of the Torsa River.
☞ The Jaldapara National Park, famous for the population of the Indian one horned rhinoceros.
☞ The other animals consists of Royal Bengal Tigers, barking deer, spotted deer and hog deer, wild pig, bisons.
☞ It is one of the very few places in India, where the Bengal Florican is sighted.
☞ The forest is mainly covered with tall elephant grasses.
☞ The nearby Chilapata Forests is an elephant corridor between Jaldapara and the Buxa Tiger Reserve Nearby is the Gorumara National Park.
Details about the Wildlife Sanctuaries
Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary was set up in 1915 in the Darjeeling District of West Bengal, India•
☞ Total area of the sanctuary is 38.60 sq.km.
☞ It is situated between 1,500m. to over 2,600m elevation.
☞ This sanctuary forms the main water supply source for Darjeeling town.
Important Plant species
☞ Important plant species are Kapasi, Katus, Kawla, Champ, Mating bamboo and ferns etc.
Important Bird species
☞ Important bird species are Large yellow naped woodpecker, Tickel’s Golden back Woodpecker, Emerald Cuckoos, Black-backed KhaJij Pheasant, Red Jungle Fowl, Hornbills, Imperial Pigeons, Green, Pigeons, Thrushes, Babblers, Sunbirds etc.
Important Bird species
☞ Important animal species are Himalayan Jackal, Wild Dog, Barking deer, wild pigs and jungle cat etc.
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is located on the foothills of the Himalayas, between the Teesta and Mahananda rivers.
☞ The Sanctuary situated in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India.
Important mammalian species
☞ The important mammalian species include Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian elephants, Indian bison, spotted deer, barking deer, Himalayan black bear, leopard including clouded leopard etc.
☞ Sukna, the gateway to the sanctuary, is only 13 km from Siliguri and 28 km from Bagdogra airport.
☞ In 1959, it got the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal Bengal tiger, which were facing the threat of extinction.
Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ The Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Jalpaiguri districts of West Bengal.
☞ It is located on the banks of Murti River.
Origin of name
☞ The name Chapramari originated from “Chopra” which means a type of fish and “Mari” which means abundant.
☞ Chapramari is famous for its elephant population.
☞ Gaur (commonly known as Indian Bison) is quite common around this region.
☞ Important bird species of this sanctuary is Green Magpie, Indian Treepie, Thrush, Scarlet Minivet, Hill Mayna, Whitr Breasted Kingfisher, Hornbill, Large Grey Headed Fishing Eagle, Adjutant Stork etc.
☞ The most common water birds are the large and little Cormorant, Darter & Egret. Migratory birds include the Brahminy and Teals.
☞ A number of Orchids belonging to the genus Acampe, Bulbophyllum, Chiloschista, Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Eria, Gastrochilus, Luisia, Oberonia etc., is very common here.
Other Important Points
☞ The Chapramari forest is located near the NH31 connecting northeast with the rest of India.
☞ Murti river flows along the western boundary of the
Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary.
☞ Chapramari is close to the Gorumara national park near Chapramari.
Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary located at the confluence of Matla and Gumdi rivers, South 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India.
☞ The most noteworthy bird species are spotted billed pelican, cotton teal, herring gull, Caspian tern, grey heron, large egret, night heron, open-billed stork, white ibis, common kingfisher, brahminy kite and paradise flycatcher.
☞ Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary is a part of the Sunderbans ecosystem.
☞ It was set up as a sanctuary in 1976.
Haliday Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Haliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary located in the famous Sunderbans in South 24 Parganas District in West Bengal.
☞ It was notified as Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1976.
☞ It is a part of the ‘Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve’, with the Sundarbans region as a whole becoming a ‘Biosphere Reserve’ officially in 1989.
Flora and Fauna
☞ Usually mangrove species flourish with some sweet water species like Casuarina, Karanja, etc.
☞ Principal animals are chital, wild pigs, Rhesus monkey & barking deer. Matla river surrounding the Sanctuary has plenty of fishes.
Lothian Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in South 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India.
☞ It is situated inside Sundarbans at the confluence of The Bay of Bengal and River Saptamukhi.
Flora and Fauna
☞ Principal tree species are Keora, Baen, Goran etc.
☞ It is home to Estuarine Crocodiles, Olive Ridley Sea Turtles, Spotted Deer, Jungle Cats and Rhesus Macaque.
☞ Variety of birds here like the Black-Capped Kingfisher, Curlew, White-Bellied Sea-Eagle, Tern and Whimbrel found here.
☞ The marshes of the island harbour estuarine Crocodile.
Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ It is situated near Raiganj in Uttar Dinajpur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
☞ Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary is popularly known as Kulik Bird Sanctuary.
Other Important Points
☞ The Kulik river flows around part of the sanctuary and acts as the boundary in its eastern and southern parts.
☞ The shape of the sanctuary is that of the English alphabet “U”.
☞ The bird sanctuary is home to 164 species of birds, and some 70,000 to 80,000 migratory birds visit the sanctuary every year.
Flora and Fauna
☞ The migratory species includes open-bill storks, egrets, night herons and cormorants are very common here.
☞ The resident birds are kites, flycatchers, owls, kingfishers, woodpeckers, drongoes, etc.
☞ One of the important species of this WLS is Asian openbill, whose main diet is apple snail.
☞ Global population of the Asian openbill is estimated to be 130,000 by Wetland International, and around half of them live in Asia.
☞ The species is known to breed in a colony, called heronry.
Chintamoni Kar Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Located in Narendrapur, South 24Pgs, West Bengal, India, near Narendrapur Ramkrishna Mission.
☞ This is also known as Kayal-r Bagan.
☞ It’s Old name was Narendrapur Wildlife Sanctuary.
☞ The Sanctuary was named after the noted sculpture Sri Chintamoni Kar.
Date of declaration as a WLS
Originally notified as a sanctuary in 1982.
Main Tree Species
☞ Main trees are mango, Jackfruit, Coconut, Tamarind, Guava, Dumur, Safeda, Chatun etc.
Important Bird Species
☞ Large-billed Reed Warbler-a bird rediscovered in India after more than a century.
Important Animal Species
☞ Important Animal Species of Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary are jungle cat, Civet cat, Water monitor Lizard, Jackal and the mongoose.
Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary located in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
☞ The forest is located about 100 km from Kolkata and 25 km from Bongaon.
☞ It is situated on the banks of the Ichamati River.
☞ Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary formerly known as Parmadan Forest.
Important Species Name
☞ It has more than 200 deer, birds, rabbit and many langurs.
Jorepokhri Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Jore Pokhri Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Darjeeling District, West Bengal.
☞ About 20 kilometers away from Darjeeling town.
☞ Nearest border Northeast Nepal boarder.
☞ It is the habitat of some high-altitude animals like Himalayan Salamander (Tylototriton verrucosus)
☞ Himalayan Salamander locally known as ‘Gora’.
☞ Other species are swans and monkeys.
☞ The main feature of Jore Pokhri is the twin lakes after which the place is named.
☞ Jore means two in Nepali and Pokhri means Lake.
Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary located near Bolpur Santiniketan in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum District in the Indian state of West Bengal.
☞ This area lies between two mighty rivers the Damodar and the Ajay.
☞ Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary well known for Deer Park.
☞ Ballavpur Wildlife Sanctuary popular for its poplation of deer including the Blackbuck and Spotted deer.
☞ Other animals include jackals, foxes and a variety of water birds.
Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ The Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Bethuadahari town of Nadia District, West Bengal, India.
☞ The sanctuary is located beside National Highway 12 (old no NH 34).
Important animal Species
☞ Some of the common species are Spotted deer, Jackal, Bengal fox, Porcupine, Common Langur.
☞ Other species includes Indian Cuckoo, pythons, Parakeets, Barbets and other smaller birds .
☞ Another attraction of the forest is the rock python.
Important Plant Species
☞ Common tree found here are shal, teak, arjun, Indian rosewood, and bamboo.
Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary located in Bardhaman, West Bengal, India.
Animals found here
☞ The animals found include spotted deer and common langur.
☞ Common tree species include teak and sal, kadbels , dumur, jam etc.
West Sundarban Wildlife Sanctuary
☞ The West Sundarban Wildlife Sanctuary situated in South 24-Parganas.
☞ The West Sundarban WLS which is the 15th Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal.
☞ A vast track of rich mangrove forests lies in this Sanctuary.
☞ Tiger, Spotted Deer, Wild Boar, Estuarine Crocodile, Water Monitor Lizard, King Cobra etc.