List of Railway Production Units in India

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In India, the railway equipment industry was established as a ‘Peninsular Locomotive Company’ in the Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named ‘Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)’.

This is one of the major topics under the general knowledge section, often the location was asked in various competitive exams. For example, the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located in which place? The answer is Perumbur, Chennai.

Indian Railway has different manufacturing units of all the railway parts all over India. Here, we are giving the list of the Railway Production Units in India with the location.

List of Indian Railway Production Units and location

Locomotives Production Units of Indian Railways

Production UnitsLocation
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW)Chittaranjan, Asansol, West Bengal
Banaras Locomotive Works (BLW)
• Formerly known as Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW)
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Diesel Locomotive Factory (DLF)Marhowrah, Bihar
Electric Locomotive Factory (ELF)
• Joint Venture of Indian Railways and Alstom manufactures electric locomotives.
Madhepura, Bihar
Diesel Loco Modernisation Works (DMW)
• Formerly known as Diesel Component Works (DMW)
Patiala, Punjab

Wheel and Axle Plant Unit of Indian Railways

Production UnitsLocation
Rail Wheel Factory (RWF) / Wheel Axel PlantBangalore, Karnataka
Rail Wheel Plant (RWP)Bela in Chhapra, Bihar

Rolling Stock Production Unit of Indian Railways

Production UnitsLocation
Rail Coach Factory (RCF)Kapoorthala, Punjab
Integral Coach Factory (ICF)Perambur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Modern Coach FactoryRaebareli, Uttar Pradesh
Coach Manufacturing UnitHaldia, West Bengal

Oldest railway workshop in Asia

• It was established on 8 February 1862.
• It was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India.
• It was started by the East Indian Railway Company (EIR).

• The high-capacity synchronized lifting jacks known as Jamalpur Jacks were also produced by this workshop.
• The first railway foundry in India was set up at Jamalpur Workshop In 1893.
• Jamalpur was adjacent to Munger, which was at that time considered to be Birmingham of the East.

Upcoming Locomotives manufacturing unit of Indian Railways

• Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of the Dahod workshop for the manufacturing unit for the production of 9000 HP locomotives in Gujarat.

• It will be Gujarat’s first locomotive production unit of Indian Railways.

• The 9000 HP locomotives are equipped with Digital Tracking System (Kavach), which is an Automatic Train Protection System.

• These locos are to be manufactured using green energy and to have a green manufacturing tag.

• The 9000 HP locomotive is able to drag a load of the 4500-tonne cargo load. The first locomotive is projected to turn out from the factory in the first quarter of 2024

Frequently Asked Questions on Railway Production Units

Q1: Which production unit is used for the manufacture of coaches in Indian Railways?

Indian Railways have three passenger coach manufacturing units namely,
Integral Coach Factory Perambur (ICF)
Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala (RCF)
Modern Coach Factory Raebareli (MCF).
ICF and RCF are manufacturing both conventional and LHB coaches.

Q2: How many production units are in Indian Railways?

Indian railways have 11 manufacturing units.
1. Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) (West Bengal)
2. Banaras Locomotive Works (BLW) (Uttar Pradesh)
3. Diesel Locomotive Factory (DLF) (Bihar)
4. Diesel Loco Modernisation Works (DMW) (Punjab)
5. Wheel Axel Plant (WAP) (Karnataka)
6. Rail Wheel Plant (RWP) (Bihar)
7. Rail Coach Factory (RCF)(Punjab)
8. Integral Coach Factory (ICF) (Tamil Nadu)
9. Modern Coach Factory (MCF) (Uttar Pradesh)
10. Coach Manufacturing Unit (CMU) (West Bengal)
11. Electric Locomotive Factory (ELF) (Bihar)

Q3: Which is India’s largest railway production unit?

Integral Coach Factory (ICF) Chennai, is the largest railway production unit in India. The coach manufacturing factory has recently beaten its last year’s outturn of 3,262 coaches in just a period of 9 months and 13 days.

Q4: Where is the railway wheel factory in India?

Rail Wheel Factory (Formerly known as Wheel and Axle Plant) is situated in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Q5. How many locomotive production units are in Indian Railways?

Answer: Indian railways have 4 locomotives manufacturing units namely,
1. Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) (West Bengal)
2. Banaras Locomotive Works (BLW) (Uttar Pradesh)
3. Diesel Locomotive Factory (DLF) (Bihar)
4. Electric Locomotive Factory (ELF) (Bihar)

Q6. Which was the biggest railway workshop in India?

Largest and the oldest locomotive repair workshop is Jamalpur Workshop, Bihar.

Q7. Which is the first railway workshop in India?

Jamalpur Workshop, Bihar was the first railway workshop in India.

Q8. Which is the oldest railway workshop in India?

Jamalpur, Munger, Bihar

Q9. At which place, India’s first rail coach factory was built with the PPP model?

Palakkad, Kerala

Q10. In which state is India’s first railway line built under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model?

The railway line between Gandhidham and Tuna-Tekra Port in Gujarat is India’s first railway line built with private sector participation.

Q11. Where the Diesel locomotive works is situated?

The Diesel locomotive works (Now Banaras Locomotive Works) are located in Varanasi.

Q12. Railway coaches are manufactured at?

Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Perambur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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