Acids present in fruits and vegetables (updated list)

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Acid present in food items
Acid present in food items

Acids present in fruits and vegetables: Acids present in various food items are the only acid that can be eaten. These acids are responsible for the sharpness of the taste of any food. These acids are present in some amounts in all fruits and vegetables. Many of the acids found in vegetables are also found in fruits. Here we have provided the list of Acids present in fruits and vegetables.

List of Acid present in food items

SL. NoAcidFood Source
1.Citric AcidCitrus fruits- lemon, Orange, grapefruit
2.Tartaric AcidTamarind, Grapes, Pineapples, Potatoes, Carrots
3.Acetic AcidVinegar
4. Oxalic Acid Pepper, Spinach, Tomato
5.Tannic AcidTea
6.Caffeotannic AcidCoffee
7.Benzoic acidCranberries, prunes and plums
8.Malic AcidApple, Ripe Bananas, Bananas, pomegranates, grapes, berries, tomatoes, and broccoli
9.Lactic acidMilk, Curd, Cheese
10.Butyric acid  and Caproic acidButter
11.Glutamic acid Onion
12.Palmitic acid and oleic acidGhee
13.Carbonic acid andSoda Water (Carbonated Beverages)
14.Phosphoric acid Soft drinks (Fruit)
15.Caprylic acid  and Palmitic acidCoconut  oil and   Palm oil
16.Arachidic acid Ground nut oil
17.Oleic acidOlive oil
18.Erucic acidMustard oil
19.Lauric acid Coconut milk
20.Linoleic acid (55%)Soybean oil
21.Myristic acidCoconut oil
22.Pantothenic acidChicken , Eggs, Mushrooms, Avocado
23.Folic Acid Asparagus,  Brussels sprouts,  Spinach, Lettuce.
24.Ascorbic AcidAmla, Gooseberry, Guava

Natural acids present in fruits

Sl. No Type Predominant Acid(s)
1. Bananas Malic
2. Kiwifruit Citric
3. Limes Citric, malic, tartaric and oxalic acids
4. Lemons Citric, malic, tartaric and oxalic acids
5. Apples Malic, Succinic acids
6. Apricots Malic and Citric acids
7. Avocados Tartaric Acid
8. Grapefruit Citric, tartaric, malic and oxalic acids
9. Grapes Malic and tartaric, citric and oxalic acids.
10. Kumquat Citric
11. Loganberry Malic, citric acids
12. Nectarine Malic
13. Orange Peel Malic, citric and oxalic acids
14. Orange Citric, malic and oxalic acids
15. Passionfruit malic
16. Peaches Malic and citric acids
17. Pears Malic, citric, tartaric and oxalic acids
18. Pineapples Citric and malic acids
19. Plums Malic, tartaric and oxalic acids
20. Raspberry Citric
21. Rosehip Malic
22. Quinces Malic acid
23. Salad Citric and malic
24. Strawberries Citric, malic, shikimic, succinic acids
25. Tangerine Citric
26. Youngberries Citric, malic and Isocitric acids
27. Bilberry Citric acid
28. Blackberries Malic and Quinic acids
29. Blueberries Citric, Malic, Citramalic, quinic, glutamic and aspartic acids
30. Boysenberries Citric, malic, and Isocitric acids.
31. Cherries Malic, Citric, Tartaric, Succinic
32. Crabapple Malic
33. Cranberries Citric, malic and benzoic acids.
34. Currants Citric, tartaric, malic and succinic acids
35. Elderberries Citric, malic, shikimic and quinic acids
36. Figs Citric, malic and acetic acids
37. Gooseberries Citric, malic, shikimic and quinic acids

Natural acids present in Vegetables

Sl. No Type Predominant Acid(s)
1. Beans Citric, Malic acids
2. Broccoli Malic, Citric, Oxalic and Succinic acids
3. Carrots Malic, Citric, Fumaric acids
4. Mushrooms Lactarimic, Cetostearic, Fumaric acids
5. Peas Malic acid
6. Potatoes Malic, Citric, Oxalic acids
7.Rhubarb Malic, Citric and Oxalic acids
8. Tomatoes Citric, malic and Oxalic acids

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