The article “Famous temples in India GK” discusses about the famous and ancient temples in India. Temples of India play an important role in the General Awareness section of various competitive exams, like SSC, RRB, Bank, UPSC, etc.
Aspirants must go through the article on “Famous temples in India GK” in detail as general knowledge is a part of almost all of the examinations.
List of Famous temples in India GK
|Venkateswara Temple||Andhra Pradesh||Venkateswara (Vishnu)|
|Tirupati Balaji Temple||Andhra Pradesh||Vishnu|
|Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple||Telangana||Ramalingeswara Swam|
|Mahabodhi Temple||Bihar||Lord Buddha|
|Somnath Temple||Gujarat||Lord Shiva|
|Dwarkadhish Temple||Gujarat||Dwarkadheesh Krishna|
|Vaishno Devi Temple||Jammu & Kashmir||Vaishno Devi|
|Amarnath Temple||Jammu & Kashmir||Lord Shiva|
|Virupaksha Temple||Karnataka||Pampa pathi or Virupaksha (Shiva)|
|Vijaya Vitthala Temple||Karnataka||Lord Vitthala|
|Padmanabhaswamy Temple||Kerala||Maha Vishnu|
|Sabrimala Temple||Kerala||Lord Ayyappa|
|Kamakhya Temple||Assam||Kamakhya (Also identified as Goddess Kali)|
|Khajuraho Temple||Madhya Pradesh||Shiva , Vishnu, Brahma, Ganesha|
|Konark Sun Temple||Odisha||Surya (Sun)|
|Lingaraja Temple||Odisha||Lord Shiva|
|Golden Temple||Punjab||Holy book of Sikh Guru Granth Sahib|
|Ramanathaswamy Temple||Tamil Nadu||Ramanadhaswamy (Shiva)|
|Meenakshi Temple||Tamil Nadu||Meenakshi (Parvati)|
|Ranganathaswamy Temple||Tamil Nadu||Ranganathar (Perumal /Vishnu)|
Ranganayaki Thayar (Lakshmi)
|Brihadeeswarar Temple||Tamil Nadu||Lord Shiva|
|Rajagopalaswamy Temple||Tamil Nadu||Lord Krishna|
|Nataraja Temple||Tamil Nadu||Lord Shiva|
|Airavatesvara Temple||Tamil Nadu||Lord Shiva|
|Kashi Vishwanath Temple||Uttar Pradesh||Lord Shiva|
|Badrinath Temple||Uttarakhand||Badrinath (Vishnu)|
|Yamunotri Temple||Uttarakhand||Goddess Yamuna|
|Gangotri Temple||Uttarakhand||Goddess Ganga|
|Kedarnath||Uttarakhand||Lord of Kedarkhand (Shiva)|
|Rajasthan||Dilwara Temple||Rishabhanatha, Neminatha, Parshvanatha & Mahavira|
|Dakshineshwar||West Bengal||Goddess Kali|
Brief description about the “Famous temples in India GK”
❖ Venkateswara Temple
• The temple located the Hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
• The Temple is dedicated to Venkateswara, a form of Vishnu.
• The other name of the temple is Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple.
• Lord Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.
• The temple based on Dravidian architecture.
❖ Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple
• Ramappa Temple, also known as the Rudreshwara temple, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Telangana, India.
• The temple is dedicated to Lord Ramalingeswara.
• The construction of the Ramappa temple was started in the year 1213 CE.
• The temple was built by Recharla Rudra, a General of Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.
• The temple is named after its designer and architect of the temple Ramappa.
• Marco Polo, during his visit to the Kakatiya empire, allegedly called the temple “the brightest star in the galaxy of temples”.
• The temple is in Kakatiya style, Bhumija/Vesara style.
❖ Mahabodhi Temple
• The Mahabodhi Temple located in Gaya district ( Bodh Gaya) Patna, Bihar, India.
• This temple dedicated to Lord Buddha. It is said that the Buddha attained enlightenment in this place of Bodh Gaya.
• The word Mahabodhi literally means “Great Awakening “.
• The Mahabodhi Buddhist temple designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
• The site contains a descendant of the Bodhi Tree under which Buddha gained enlightenment.
• The Mahabodhi Temple is made of brick and is one of the oldest surviving brick structures in eastern India. It is considered as an excellent example of Indian brick work.
❖ Somnath Temple
• The Somnath Temple is located at Prabhas Patan, Veraval in Gujarat, India.
• This Temple dedicated to the Lord Shiva.
• It is said that this is the first of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Shiva.
• The Adi Somnath temple has been destroyed many times by various Muslim rulers, the most brutal of which is Sultan Mamud.
• The present temples are rebuilt in the Maru-Gurjara style of Hindu temple architecture.
• Presently the PM of India Narendra Modi is the chairman of Shree Somnath Mandir trust.
❖ Dwarkadhish Temple
• The Dwarkadhish temple is located at Dwarka city of Gujarat, India.
• It is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Krishna, who is worshipped here as Dwarkadhish or ‘ King of Dwarkar’.
• The Dwarkadhish temple, also known as the Jagat Mandir.
• It is one of the destinations of Char Dham, a Hindu pilgrimage circuit.
• As it is a Pustimarga temple, it follows the guidelines and rituals made by Vallabhacharya and Bithaleshnath.
• The original temple was believed to have been built by Krishna’s grandson Vajranava.
• The original structure was destroyed in 1472 by Mahmud Begada also known as Mahmud Shah I.
❖ Vaishno Devi Temple
• The Vaishno Devi Temple is located at Katra in the Trikuta Mountains in the Indian Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
• It is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Vaishno Devi.
• Vaishno Devi also known as Mata Rani, Trikuta, Ambe and Vaishnavi.
• It is believed that the Vaishnavi was formed from the combined energies of Parvati, Lakshmi, and Saraswati.
❖ Amarnath Temple
• Amarnath Temple is a Hindu shrine located in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The cave is situated at an altitude of 3,888 m (12,756 ft), about 141 km (88 mi) from Srinagar.
• The deity worshipped here is Lord Shiva.
• The Amarnath Cave Temple is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, temples throughout South Asia that commemorate the location of a fallen body part of the Hindu deity Sati.
• According to legend, Sage Bhrigu was the first to have discovered Amarnath.
❖ Virupaksha Temple
• Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi in the Ballari district of Karnataka, India.
• The temple is dedicated to Lord Virupaksha, a form of Shiva.
• It is a part of the Group of Monuments at Hampi, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
• The temple was built by Lakkan Dandesha, a nayaka (chieftain) under the ruler Deva Raya II, also known as Prauda Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara Empire.
❖ Gomateshwara Temple
• The Gommateshwara Temple is located in the town of Shravanbelagola in the Indian state of Karnataka.
• The Gommateshwara statue is dedicated to the Jain figure Bahubali.
• This temple is built by carving a single block of granite.
• It is the tallest monolithic and largest freestanding statues in the World.
• It was built around 983 CE during the Western Ganga dynasty.
❖ Padmanabhaswamy Temple
• The Padmanabhaswamy temple is located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
• Lord Vishnu is worshipped in the Padmanabhaswamy temple.
• It is considered as the richest place of worship in the world.
• In Malayalam, the city of Thiruvananthapuram means “the city of Lord Ananta”, (the city of Lord Vishnu)
• The temple is built in an intricate fusion of the Chera style and the Dravidian style of architecture.
❖ Kamakhya Temple
• Kamakhya Temple is Situated on the Nilachal Hill in the western part of Guwahati city in Assam, India.
• The Kamakhya Temple is a Sakta temple dedicated to the mother goddess Kamakhya.
• It is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas.
• The main temple in a complex of individual temples dedicated to the ten Mahavidyas of Saktism, namely, Kali, Tara, Tripura Sundari, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamalatmika.
• This temple is built in Nilachal architectural style.
❖ Siddhivinayak Temple
• The temple is located in Prabhadevi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
• It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shri Ganesh.
• It was originally built by Laxman Vithu and Deubai Patil on 19 November 1801.
❖ Konark Sun Temple
• Konark Sun Temple is located in Puri district in the Indian state of Odisha.
• The temple is dedicated to the Hindu Sun God Surya.
• The Sun temple was built 1250 CE by the king Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga dynasty.
• The Sun Temple is based on the Kalinga architectural style.
❖ Golden Temple
• The Golden temple is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.
• The Golden temple is dedicated to the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikh.
• The Golden Temple is also known as the Harmandir Sahib or “abode of God”.
• It is the main spiritual site of Sikhism.
• The construction of the Gurdwara was completed by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das, in 1577.
• Guru Ram Das founded the city of Amritsar.
❖ Meenakshi Temple
• The Meenakshi Temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
• The temple is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi and Sundareshwar. Here ‘Meenakshi’ is a form of Parvati, similarly ‘Sundareshwar’ is a form of Shiva.
• According to Tamil Sangam literature, the temple is located in the centre of the ancient temple town of Madurai.
• This temple is one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam.
• The Paadal Petra Sthalam are 275 temples of Lord Shiva that are revered in the verses of the Tamil Saiva Nayanars.
• The temple based on the Vijayanagara, Dravidian architecture.
❖ Ranganathaswamy Temple
• The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
• It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a form of Vishnu.
• The temple was constructed in the Dravidian architectural style.
• It is one of the most important of 108 (Divya Desam )Vishnu Temples
• It is the first temple to be awarded by the UN Body for protecting and conserving cultural heritage.
❖ Kashi Vishwanath Temple
• It is located in Vishwanath Gali of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in India.
• The temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
• The Temple situated on the western bank of the holy river Ganga.
• It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, or Jyotirlingams, the holiest of Shiva Temples.
• The Temple stands on the western bank of the holy river Ganga, and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, or Jyotirlingams, the holiest of Shiva Temples.
• Varanasi city was called Kashi in ancient times, and hence the temple is popularly called Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
❖ Badrinath Temple
• Badrinath or Badrinarayana Temple is situated in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India.
• It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu.
• The temple is also one of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu.
• People following the Jain religion worship the temple and idol belonging to Rishbhdev (Rishabhanatha) or Adinath, the first Tirthankar of Jainism.
• The temple is mentioned in ancient religious texts like Vishnu Purana and Skanda Purana.
❖ Yamunotri Temple
• Yamunotri Temple is situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,291 metres (10,797 ft) in Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand.
• The temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna.
❖ Gangotri Temple
• The Gangotri temple situated on the left bank of Bhagirathi river in the Uttarkashi districts of the states of Uttarakhand.
• The Gangotri temple is dedicated to Goddess Ganga.
• The Gangotri temple was built by the Gorkha General Amar Singh Thapa.
• It lies close to the holy rock or the Bhagirath Shila where King Bhagirath had worshipped Lord Shiva.
❖ Kedarnath Temple
• The temple is located on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river, in the state of Uttarakhand, India.
• Dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva.
• According to Hindu legends, the temple was initially built by Pandavas, and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the holiest Hindu shrines of Shiva.
• The temple based on North-Indian Himalayan Architecture.
❖ Dilwara Temple
• The Dilwara Temple is located in the Sirohi District of Rajasthan.
• The temple dedicated to Jain Tīrthaṅkara Rishabhanatha (first Tīrthaṅkara of Jainism), Neminath (also known as Nemi and Arishtanemi, is the twenty-second tirthankara), Parshvanatha and
♦ Rishabhanatha – First Tīrthaṅkara of Jainism
♦ Neminath- also known as Nemi and Arishtanemi, is the twenty-second tirthankara
♦ Parshvanatha – 23rd Tirthankaras of Jainism.
♦ Mahavira – Mahavira also known as Vardhamana, was the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism.
• The Dilwara Temples are a group of svetambara Jain temples.
• The Dilwara Temple is based on ‘Maru-Gurjara’ architecture,
• The Dilwara Jain Tempe complex consists of five different temples.
♦ Vimal Vasahi, dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankara, Shri Adinatha
♦ Luna Vasahi, dedicated to the 22nd Jain Tirthankara, Shri Neminatha.
♦ Pittalhar, dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar, Shri Adinatha.
♦ Parshvanath, dedicated to the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, Shri Parshvanatha.
♦ Mahavir Swami, dedicated to the last Jain Tirthankara, Shri Mahaviraswami.
• Among the five marble temples of Dilwara, the most famous are the Vimal Vasahi and the Luna Vasahi temples.
❖ Dakshineswar Kali Temple
• Dakshineswar Kali Temple is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River in Dakshineswar, in the Indian state of West Bengal.
• The main deity of the temple is Bhavatarini, a form of Parashakti Adya Kali, otherwise known as Adishakti Kalika.
• The temple was built in 1855 by Rani Rashmoni, a social worker and devotee of Kali.
• The temple is well known for its association with Ramakrishna and Ma Sarada Devi, mystics of 19th Century Bengal.
One-liner, based on Previous Year questions on Famous Temples of India
1. Where is Brihadeeswara Temple situated?
(SSC CGL l Prelim 2002)
2. Which rulers built the Ellora temples?
(SSC CGL Prelim 2003)
3. The famous rock-cut temple of Kailasa is at _
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2003)
4. Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to _
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2006)
5. Where do you find the temple of Angkor Wat?
(SSC Section Officer (Audit) 2006)
6. The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are
(SSC CGL Prelim 2008)
Answer: Hindu, Buddhist and Jain
9. The famous Kailasanath Temple at Kanchi was built by—
(SSC CML (PRE) 1999)
Answer: Narasimhavarman II
10. Where is the Lingaraja Temple located?
(SSC CML (PRE) 2000)
11. Which Rashtrakuta ruler built the famous Kailasha temple of Siva at
Ellora? (SSC CML (PRE) 2000)
12. The Virupaksha Temple was built by the:
(SSC CML (PRE) 2000)
13. Who built Brihadeeswara Temple at Tanjore?
(SSC CML (PRE) 2002 Eastern Zone, Guwahati)
Answer: Raja Raja Chola
15. The famous Kailasa temple cut out of the solid rock at Ellora was built under the patronage of the_
(SSC C ML (PRE) 2002
16. Rath temples at Mahabalipuram were built in the reign of which
(SSC CML (PRE) 2008)
Answer: Narasimhavarman I
17. Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to _
(SSC Data Entry Operator 2008)
18. The seashore temple at Mahabalipuram was built by_
(SSC 10+2) Level Data Entry Operator & LDC 2012)
Answer: Narasimha Varman II
19. Who built the Kailasanatha Temple at Ellora?
(SSC CGL Tier-I Exam 19.10.2014 TF No. 022 MH 3)
Answer: Krishna I
20. Who built the famous Vaikunta Perumal temple at Kanchipuram ?
(SSC CHSL 10+2) DEO & LDC 2014)
Answer: Nandi Varman II
21. Chalukya temples (Jain temples) at Dilwara are situated in_
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 2016)
22. Where is the Brihadeeswara temple, built during the Chola period, located?
(SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE) 2016)
23. The Dilwara temple at Mount Abu in Rajasthan was built by the
Followers of _
(SSC Section Officer (Audit) 2001)
24. Who built the Khajuraho temples?
(SSC CGL Prelim 2002)
Answer: Chandela Rajputs
25. The temple built in 1 100 A. D. and dominating all other temples in Bhubaneshwar is_
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 2001)
Answer: Tribhuvaneswara Lingaraja
26. Which is the tallest of all Medieval Indian temples?
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE) 2006)
Answer: Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjore
27. Krishnadevaraya built the Krishnaswami temple in Hampi, which is situated in the present state of:
(SSC 10+2 Data Entry Operator & LDC 2012)
29. Who among the following attacked the Somnath temple?
(SSC Delhi Police Sub-Inspector 2012)
Answer: Mahmud of Ghazni
30. The ‘Sun Temple’ of Konark is in the State of _
(SI Exam 2012 and SSC CHSL Data
Entry Operator & LDC Exam 2011