Cell The Unit of Life MCQ with Answers Part-1 [50 MCQs]

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Cell The Unit of Life MCQ Set-4

31. What occurs in the cytoplasm to keep the cell in its ‘living state’?
A. Cellular respiration
B. Photosynthesis
C. Digestion
D. Various chemical reactions

Answer –D. Various chemical reactions
Explanation-


32. Which type of cells do not have a cytoplasm?
A. Prokaryotic cells
B. Eukaryotic cells
C. Animal cells
D. Plant cells

Answer –A. Prokaryotic cells
Explanation-


33. Which part of the cell is responsible for maintaining the ‘living state’ of the cell?
A. Nucleus
B. Cytoplasm
C. Mitochondria
D. Chloroplasts

Answer –B. Cytoplasm
Explanation-


34. What are the chemical reactions that occur in the cytoplasm called?
A. Cellular respiration
B. Photosynthesis
C. Metabolism
D. Digestion

Answer – C. Metabolism
Explanation-


35. What are the membrane-bound structures found in eukaryotic cells, besides the nucleus?
A. Ribosomes
B. Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, mitochondria, microbodies, and vacuoles
C. Cell membrane and cell wall
D. Nucleolus and nucleoplasm

Answer – B. Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, mitochondria, microbodies, and vacuoles
Explanation-


36. Which of the following organelles are present in prokaryotic cells?
A. Endoplasmic reticulum
B. Golgi complex
C. Lysosomes
D. None of the above

Answer – D. None of the above
Explanation-


37. Which organelle is responsible for producing energy in eukaryotic cells?
A. Endoplasmic reticulum
B. Golgi complex
C. Lysosomes
D. Mitochondria

Answer – D. Mitochondria
Explanation-


38. Which organelle is responsible for sorting and packaging proteins in eukaryotic cells?
A. Endoplasmic reticulum
B. Golgi complex
C. Lysosomes
D. Mitochondria

Answer – B. Golgi complex
Explanation-


39. Which organelle is responsible for breaking down and recycling the cellular waste in eukaryotic cells?
A. Endoplasmic reticulum
B. Golgi complex
C. Lysosomes
D. Mitochondria

Answer – C.Lysosomes
Explanation-


40. What is the main difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells in terms of organelles?
A. Eukaryotic cells have more organelles than prokaryotic cells
B. Prokaryotic cells have more organelles than eukaryotic cells
C. Eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles, while prokaryotic cells lack them
D. Prokaryotic cells have larger organelles than eukaryotic cells

Answer – C. Eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles, while prokaryotic cells lack them
Explanation-



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