Commands of Indian Armed Forces and their locations

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Hello Friends,  Here is the List of “Commands of Indian Armed Forces” with their headquarters.

Commands of Indian Armed Forces with Location

• Indian armed forces consist of three professional uniformed services: the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.

• Additionally, the Indian Armed Forces are supported by the Central Armed Police Forces,  Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guard and Special Frontier Force and various inter-service commands and institutions such as the Strategic Forces Command, the Andaman and Nicobar Command and the Integrated Defence Staff.

What is a ‘command’ in military terms?

• A command is an organisational unit in the military, which is supervised by one military commander who is appointed to the role to provide a legal framework for the authority bestowed.

Commands of Indian army and their locations

• The Indian army operates six operational commands and one training command.

Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant-General.

• Each command directly reports to Army HQ in New Delhi.

• Besides these, army officers may head tri-service commands such as the Strategic Forces Command and Andaman and Nicobar Command, as well as institutions such as the Integrated Defence Staff.

7 Commands of Indian Army with Headquarters

Sl No. Command Headquarters
1. Central Command Lucknow
2. Eastern Command Kolkata
3. Northern Command Udhampur
4. Southern Command Pune
5. Southwestern Command Jaipur
6. Western Command Chandigarh
7. Training Command Shimla

3 Commands of the Indian Navy with Headquarters

Sl. No. Command Headquarters
1. Western Naval Command Mumbai
2. Eastern aCommand Vishakhapatnam
3. Southern Naval Command Kochi

7 Commands of Indian Air Force with Headquarters

Sl.No. Command Headquarters
1. Central Air Command Allahabad
2. Eastern Air Command Shillong
3. Southern Air Command Thiruvananthapuram
4. South Western Air Command Gandhinagar
5. Western Air Command New Delhi
6. Maintenance Command Nagpur
7. Training Command Bengaluru

Note: The Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) is the first and only tri-service command of the Indian Armed Forces, based at Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India.

5 Indian Coast Guard headquarters

Sl.No. Coast Guard Headquarters
1. Western Region (W) Mumbai
2. Eastern Region (E) Chennai
3. North East Region (NE) Kolkata
4. Andaman & Nicobar Region (A&N) Port Blair
5. North West Region (NW) Gandhinagar

Important foundation Days of Indian Armed Forces

☛ This section is important for Days and Themesasked in various competitive exams.

Armed Forces Flag Day

Armed Forces Flag Day or Flag Day of India is celebrated to honour the soldiers and veterans of the Indian Armed Forces.

• It is celebrated in India on 7th December every year since 1949.

Indian Coast Guard Day

• The Indian Coast Guard was formally established on 1 February 1977 by the Parliament of India’s Coast Guard Act, 1978.

• It operates under the Ministry of Defence. The Indian Coast Guard is celebrating its 46th Raising Day on 01 February 2022.

Indian Army Day

Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India.

Field Marshal Kodandera M. Cariappa (then a Lieutenant General) took over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army on 15 January 1949 from General Francis Roy Bucher, the last British Commander-in-Chief in India.

• India’s Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in recognition of that day.

Indian Navy Day

Navy Day is celebrated in India every year on December 4 to commemorate the naval casualties of the 1971 India-Pakistan war.

• 4 December is chosen as Navy Day because, on 4 December 1971, during Operation Trident, the Indian Navy sank four Pakistani ships, including the PNS Khyber, killing hundreds of Pakistani naval personnel.

Indian Air Force Day

• The country celebrates Indian Air Force Day on 8 October.

• The Air Force was formally raised in 1932 as an auxiliary force of the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom.

• Every year, Indian Air Force Day is celebrated at Hindon Air Force Station located in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Hindon Air Force Station is Asia’s largest air base located in India.

• In 2022, the Indian Air Force celebrated the 90th Indian Air Force Day at Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh.

Foundation Day of Indian Armed Forces in brief

Sl.No. Armed Forces Foundation Day
1. Armed Forces Flag Day 7 December
2. Indian CoastGuard Day 1 February
3. Indian Army Day 15 January
4. Indian Navy Day 4 December
5. Indian Air Force Day 8 October

Chief of Defence Staff

Chief of Defence Staff is a newly created post under the Indian armed forces.

• It aims to enhance the quality of military advice to the political leadership.

• It was established on 24 December 2019.

General Bipin Rawat was the first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), who took office on 1 January 2020.

• On 15 December 2021, General Bipin Rawat died in a helicopter crash near Coonoor in the Nilgiris.

CDS General Bipin Rawat has been posthumously awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honour.

Upper age limit for the CDS has been fixed at 65 years.
• Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) is a Four-star General

Functions of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)

• The CDS has two main functions, (1) coordination of tri-service and the (2) bureaucratic functions.

♦ Coordination or Integration of tri-service
• The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) was created with the aim of improving coordination tri-service effectiveness and overall integration of the combat capabilities of the Indian armed forces.

• Indian armed forces consist of three professional uniformed services: the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.

• A new department, which is known as the Department of Military Affairs created within the Indian Ministry of Defence and it is headed by the Chief of Defence Staff,

• The DMA provides integration between the armed forces of the Union and the Ministry of Defence.

♦ Bureaucratic functions
• The CDS worked as the chief military adviser to the Minister of Defence.
• All the short-term planning of military matters like issues related to soldiers
, buying and acquiring of arms and ammunition will fall within the purview of the Department of Military Affairs which is headed by the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1: Who is the supreme commander of the Indian armed forces?

Answer: The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.

Q2: The only tri-series theatre command of Indian armed forces located in?

Answer: Andaman and Nicobar Command
The Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) is the first and only tri-service theatre command of the Indian Armed Forces, based at Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India.

Q3: 1st commander-in-chief of the Indian armed forces?

Answer: Kodandera Madappa Cariappa OBE
Field Marshal Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa was the first Indian Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Indian Army. He led Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.

Q4: Headquarters of the central command of Indian armed forces located in?

Answer: Headquarters of the central command of Indian armed forces located in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

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