Major Schemes of Government of India
Here are the major flagship schemes of the Government of India, which the government of India launches to address the social and economic welfare of the citizens of this nation.
These schemes play a crucial role in solving many socio-economic problems that beset Indian society; thus, their awareness is a must for any concerned citizen.
Food Security Scheme of Central Government
|Scheme||Year||Coverage target group||Latest Volume||Issue Price (Rs./Kg)|
|Public distribution system (PDS)||1992||universal||—-||Wheat: 2.34|
|Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS)||1992||Backward blocks||20 kg of food grains||Wheat: 2.80|
|Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)||1997||Poor and non-poor APL, BPL||35 kg of food grains||BPL – Wheat-4.15 Rice-5.65|
APL – Wheat-6.10 Rice-8.30
|Antyodaya Anna Yojana||2000||poorest of the poor (BPL)||35 kg of food grains||Wheat- 2.00 , Rice- 3.00|
|Annapurna Scheme||2000||Indigent senior citizens||10 kg of food grains||free|
|National Food Security Act||2013||Priority households||5 kg per person per month||Wheat: 2.00|
Wage employment Schemes of the government of India
|Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana||1997||•To provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed poor, through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment|
|Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)||2005||• To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment|
|National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)||2011||•Sustainable Wage employment program through Self Help Groups.|
• In November 2015, the program was renamed Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM).
|National Food For Work Programme||2004||• Supplementary wage employment programme for all the Indian poor who are ready to do manual unskilled labour|
|Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana||25th Sept. 2001||• Aims to provide employment and food to people in rural areas who lived below the poverty line.|
|PM’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)||2008||Aimed at providing employment and self-employment to unemployed.|
|National Career Service (NCS)||2015||Aimed at replacing the existing nationwide system of Employment Exchanges with IT-enabled Career Centers|
|Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan||2020||The target is to provide 125 days of employment to 670,000 migrant workers, nearly two-thirds of the total migrant labor force returning to rural areas during COVID-19 pandemic.|
Poverty alleviation programs of the Government of India
|Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)||1979||• Helping micro-enterprises by extending loans to beneficiaries for the purchase of assets and by subsidizing asset costs.|
|National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS)||15 August, 1995||• Rs.200/- per month pension for old age (age 60-79) people.|
• Rs.500/- per month for the people aged 80 year onward
|National Maternity Benefit Scheme||2005||• This scheme provides a sum of ₹6000 to a pregnant mother in three installments.|
Rural Development Programme of Government of India
|Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)||2001||Ministry of Rural Development||To provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.|
|Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)||11 October, 2014||Ministry of Rural Development||Development of model villages through implementation of existing schemes and some new initiatives designed for local context, which may vary from village to village.|
|Swamitva (Survey of Villages Abadi and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Area) Yojana||April 24, 2020||Ministry of Panchayati Raj||Aims in helping to reduce disputes over property by mapping of properties in villages with the help of drones.|
|Jal Jeevan Mission||2019||Ministry of Jal Shakti||To provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.|
|Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)||2018||Ministry of Panchayati Raj||Strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions and helping them achieve Sustainable Development Goals.|
Social security programs of the Government of India
|Atal Pension Yojana (APY)||1st June 2015||• Monthly pension of ₹1,000 to ₹5,000 for the people of age 18 to 40|
|Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY||2015||• Accident insurance coverege|
• Insurance coverage up to Rs. 2 Lakh.
• Eligibility – Available to people in age group 18 to 70 years with bank account.
• Premium- Rs.12 per annum
|Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana||May, 2015||• Available to people in the age group of 18 to 50 and having a bank account.|
• Premium- Rs.330 per annum.
• Risk Coverage – Rs.2 Lakh in case of death for any reason.
|One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme||2014||• Uniform pension be paid to the Armed Forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service, regardless of their date of retirement.|
|Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)||2017||• Pension Scheme for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above|
Social Welfare Programme of India
|Integrated Child Development scheme||1975||• To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years|
|Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana (PMGAY)||1996||• It provide financhial assistance for construction of house for the rural poor in India.|
• Financial assistance worth Rs.120,000 for plain areas.
• and Rs.130,000 for high land area
|Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)||1 May 2016||• To distribute 50 million LPG connections to women of Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.|
|Bharat Nirman||2005||• for building infrastructure and basic amenities in rural areas like rural housing, irrigation potential, drinking water, rural roads, electrification and rural telephony|
|Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)||25 December 2000||• To provide connectivity to all unconnected habitations in the rural areas having population of more than 500 persons|
Government Schemes on Health and Education
|Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS)||1995||• Providing meals to school children and improving their nutritional status.|
|Ayushman Bharat Yojana||2018||• Providing a cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year for medical treatment|
|National TB Elimination Program (India)||1997||• Vision of achieving a “TB free India”.|
• Aims to provide Universal Access to TB control services.
• Povides, free of cost, quality tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment services.
|National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat)||2021||• for ensuring that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy (FLN) by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.|
|Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan||2001||• Launched by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
• Universalisation of primary education.
• Aims to educate all children between the ages 6 to 14
|National Literacy Mission Programme||5 May 1988||• Make 80 million adults in the age group of 15–35 years literate.|
|Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK)||1 July 2015||• to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses|
|National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)||2005||• To provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality health services to rural areas.|
|Udaan scheme for girl students||2014||• to promote educational opportunities among girl students and address the challenge of lower girl enrolment rates in engineering colleges.|
Financial Inclusion Programme of Government of India
|Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)||28 August,2014||• aims to expand affordable access to financial services such as bank accounts, remittances, credit, insurance and pensions|
|Stand-Up India||5 April 2016||• To support entrepreneurship among women and SC & ST communities.|
• It offers bank loans of between Rs.10 lakh and ₹1 crore for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and women.
|Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank ( MUDRA Bank)||8 April 2015||• It provides loans at low rates to micro-finance institutions and non-banking financial institutions.|
• The bank will classify its clients into three categories and the maximum allowed loan sums will be based on the category
• Shishu -: Allowed loans up to Rs.50,000
• Kishor – Allowed loans up to Rs. 5 lakh
• Tarun – Allowed loans up to Rs.10 lakh
Female welfare Programme of Government of IndiaFemale welfare Programme of Government of India
|Swadhar Greh Scheme||31 May 2019||Ministry of Women and Child Development||The scheme provides shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security to women victims of difficult situations who require institutional support for rehabilitation.|
Defense Schemes of the Government of India
|Agnipath Scheme||2022||Ministry of Defence||For recruitment of soldiers below the rank of commissioned officers into the three services of the armed forces for a period of four years|