Major Flagship Schemes of the Government of India: Important List

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Hey there, toppers-in-the-making! Acing that upcoming UPSC, SSC, Railway, or State PSC exam requires acing not just the core subjects, but also staying sharp on current affairs and government initiatives.

The Government of India’s Flagship Schemes are a goldmine of information for aspirants. They encompass crucial aspects of the Indian economy and reflect the government’s vision for the nation’s progress.

But with so many schemes out there, where do you even begin? Don’t worry, fellow future civil servants, this blog post is your one-stop guide! We’ll break down the need-to-know details of some of the most important Flagship Schemes, making you an expert in no time. So, buckle up and get ready to impress the examiners with your in-depth knowledge!

Food Security Scheme of Central Government

SchemeYearCoverage target groupLatest VolumeIssue Price (Rs./Kg)
Public distribution system (PDS)1992universal—-Wheat: 2.34
Rice: 2.89
Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS)1992Backward blocks20 kg of food grainsWheat: 2.80
Rice: 3.77
Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)1997Poor and non-poor APL, BPL35 kg of food grainsBPL – Wheat-4.15 Rice-5.65
APL – Wheat-6.10 Rice-8.30
Antyodaya Anna Yojana2000poorest of the poor (BPL)35 kg of food grainsWheat- 2.00 , Rice- 3.00
Annapurna Scheme2000Indigent senior citizens10 kg of food grainsfree
National Food Security Act2013Priority households5 kg per person per monthWheat: 2.00
Rice: 3.00
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Wage Employment Schemes of the Government of India

Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana1997•To provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed poor, through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)2005• To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment
National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)2011•Sustainable Wage employment program through Self Help Groups.
• In November 2015, the program was renamed Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM).
National Food For Work Programme2004• Supplementary wage employment programme for all the Indian poor who are ready to do manual unskilled labour
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana25th Sept. 2001• Aims to provide employment and food to people in rural areas who lived below the poverty line.
PM’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)2008Aimed at providing employment and self-employment to unemployed.
National Career Service (NCS)2015 Aimed at replacing the existing nationwide system of Employment Exchanges with IT-enabled Career Centers
Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan2020The target is to provide 125 days of employment to 670,000 migrant workers, nearly two-thirds of the total migrant labor force returning to rural areas during COVID-19 pandemic.

Poverty alleviation programs of the Government of India

Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)1979• Helping micro-enterprises by extending loans to beneficiaries for the purchase of assets and by subsidizing asset costs.
National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS)15 August, 1995• Rs.200/- per month pension for old age (age 60-79) people.
• Rs.500/- per month for the people aged 80 year onward
National Maternity Benefit Scheme2005• This scheme provides a sum of ₹6000 to a pregnant mother in three installments.

Rural Development Programme of Government of India

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)2001Ministry of Rural DevelopmentTo provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)11 October, 2014Ministry of Rural DevelopmentDevelopment of model villages through implementation of existing schemes and some new initiatives designed for local context, which may vary from village to village.
Swamitva (Survey of Villages Abadi and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Area) YojanaApril 24, 2020Ministry of Panchayati RajAims in helping to reduce disputes over property by mapping of properties in villages with the help of drones.
Jal Jeevan Mission2019Ministry of Jal ShaktiTo provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)2018Ministry of Panchayati RajStrengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions and helping them achieve Sustainable Development Goals.
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Social security programs of the Government of India

Atal Pension Yojana (APY)1st June 2015• Monthly pension of ₹1,000 to ₹5,000 for the people of age 18 to 40
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY2015• Accident insurance coverege
• Insurance coverage up to Rs. 2 Lakh.
• Eligibility – Available to people in age group 18 to 70 years with bank account.
• Premium- Rs.12 per annum
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana May, 2015• Available to people in the age group of 18 to 50 and having a bank account.
• Premium- Rs.330 per annum.
• Risk Coverage – Rs.2 Lakh in case of death for any reason.
One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme2014• Uniform pension be paid to the Armed Forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service, regardless of their date of retirement.
Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)2017• Pension Scheme for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above

Social Welfare Programme of India

Integrated Child Development scheme1975• To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana (PMGAY)1996• It provide financhial assistance for construction of house for the rural poor in India.
• Financial assistance worth Rs.120,000 for plain areas.
• and Rs.130,000 for high land area
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)1 May 2016• To distribute 50 million LPG connections to women of Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
Bharat Nirman2005• for building infrastructure and basic amenities in rural areas like rural housing, irrigation potential, drinking water, rural roads, electrification and rural telephony
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)25 December 2000• To provide connectivity to all unconnected habitations in the rural areas having population of more than 500 persons

Government Schemes on Health and Education

Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS)1995• Providing meals to school children and improving their nutritional status.
Ayushman Bharat Yojana2018• Providing a cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year for medical treatment
National TB Elimination Program (India)1997• Vision of achieving a “TB free India”.
• Aims to provide Universal Access to TB control services.
• Povides, free of cost, quality tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment services.
National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN Bharat)2021• for ensuring that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy (FLN) by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan2001• Launched by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
• Universalisation of primary education.
• Aims to educate all children between the ages 6 to 14
National Literacy Mission Programme5 May 1988• Make 80 million adults in the age group of 15–35 years literate.
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK)1 July 2015• to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)2005• To provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality health services to rural areas.
Udaan scheme for girl students2014• to promote educational opportunities among girl students and address the challenge of lower girl enrolment rates in engineering colleges.

Financial Inclusion Programme of the Government of India

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)28 August,2014• aims to expand affordable access to financial services such as bank accounts, remittances, credit, insurance and pensions
Stand-Up India5 April 2016• To support entrepreneurship among women and SC & ST communities.


•  It offers bank loans of between Rs.10 lakh and ₹1 crore for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and women.

Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank ( MUDRA Bank)8 April 2015•  It provides loans at low rates to micro-finance institutions and non-banking financial institutions.


•  The bank will classify its clients into three categories and the maximum allowed loan sums will be based on the category

•  Shishu -: Allowed loans up to Rs.50,000

•  Kishor –  Allowed loans up to Rs. 5 lakh

•  Tarun –  Allowed loans up to Rs.10 lakh

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Female Welfare Programme of Government of India

Female welfare Programme of Government of India
Swadhar Greh Scheme31 May 2019Ministry of Women and Child DevelopmentThe scheme provides shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security to women victims of difficult situations who require institutional support for rehabilitation.

Defence Schemes of the Government of India

Agnipath Scheme2022Ministry of DefenceFor recruitment of soldiers below the rank of commissioned officers into the three services of the armed forces for a period of four years

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