Important Water Reservoirs in India with Key Facts: Complete Guide

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Explore the world of India’s major reservoirs with this comprehensive notes. Unearth crucial facts and figures about these significant water bodies that play a pivotal role in India’s ecosystem.

The intricate network of dams and reservoirs across the country is a topic of immense importance, especially for competitive examinations. In this article, we shed light on the major reservoirs of India, offering you a wealth of vital information.

This guide is not only informative but also optimized for search engines, making it a valuable resource for anyone seeking to understand the importance and impact of India’s reservoirs. Stay tuned as we navigate through the waters of knowledge together.

What is the meaning of reservoirs?

A reservoir is a place for storing liquid, especially a natural or artificial lake that provides water for a city or another area. It can also refer to a large supply of something that could be used if needed. For example:

  • Artificial lakes created to store water for irrigation, power generation, or municipal use are considered reservoirs.
  • In the context of infectious diseases, a reservoir can be a host organism (such as an animal) or a nonliving thing (like soil or water) where an infectious agent lives and multiplies, potentially serving as a source of infection.

Remember, reservoirs play a crucial role in water management, energy production, and disease transmission!

List of Major Reservoirs in India

Govind Ballabh Pant SagarRihand RiverUttar Pradesh
Gobind Sagar ReservoirSutlej RiverHimachal Pradesh
Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir or Pong ReservoirBeas RiverHimachal Pradesh
Dindi ReservoirDindi RiverTelangana
Lower Manair ReservoirManair RiverTelangana
Tatipudi Reservoir ProjectGosthani RiverAndhra Pradesh
P.C.R.Reservoir or Gandipalem ReservoirPillaperu RiverAndhra Pradesh
Himayat Sagar ReservoirEsi RiverTelangana
Shriram Sagar Reservoir / Pochampadu ProjectGodavari RiverTelangana
Ghataprabha ReservoirGhataprabha RiverKarnataka
Hemavathi ReservoirHemavati RiverKarnataka
Tawa ReservoirTawa RiverMadhya Pradesh
Balimela ReservoirSileru RiverOdisha
Aliyar ReservoirAliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Chittar ReservoirChittar RiverTamil Nadu
Krishnagiri ReservoirThenpennai RiverTamil Nadu
Manimuthar ReservoirTamirabarani RiverTamil Nadu
Pechiparai ReservoirKodayar RiverTamil Nadu
Shoolagiri Chinnar ReservoirChinnar RiverTamil Nadu
Thunakadavu ReservoirThunacadavu RiverTamil Nadu
Varattu Pallam ReservoirKaveri RiverTamil Nadu
Vidur ReservoirSankaraparani RiverTamil Nadu
Amaravathi ReservoirAmaravathi RiverTamil Nadu
Gundar ReservoirGundar RiverTamil Nadu
Kullursandai ReservoirKowsiga RiverTamil Nadu
Pambar ReservoirPambar RiverTamil Nadu
Periyar ReservoirPeriyar RiverTamil Nadu
Stanley ReservoirKaveri RiverTamil Nadu
Uppar ReservoirUppar RiverTamil Nadu
Vattamalaikarai Odai ReservoirOdai RiverTamil Nadu
Willingdon ReservoirPeriya Odai RiverTamil Nadu
Bhavanisagar ReservoirBhavani RiverTamil Nadu
Kodaganar ReservoirKodagananar RiverTamil Nadu
Manimukthanadhi ReservoirKrishna RiverTamil Nadu
Parambikulam ReservoirParambikulam RiverTamil Nadu
Sholayar ReservoirChalakkud RiverTamil Nadu
Thirumurthi ReservoirParmabikulam and Aliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Varadamanadhi ReservoirAliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Vembakottai ReservoirVaippar RiverTamil Nadu
Manjalar ReservoirManjalar RiverTamil Nadu
Salal ProjectChenab RiverJammu and Kashmir
Chutak Hydroelectric ProjectSuru RiverJammu and Kashmir
Indira Sagar ProjectNarmada RiverMadhya Pradesh
Narmada Dam ProjectNarmada RiverMadhya Pradesh

Major Reservoir in India Map

Important Reservoirs in India with Key Facts
Important Reservoirs in India with Key Facts

Top 10 Reservoirs in India by Area Size

Sl. No.Reservoir NameState / UTRiverReservoir Area (km2)
1Indira SagarMadhya PradeshNarmada950
2Shivasagar (Koyna Dam)MaharashtraKoyna River891.78
3Idukki DamKeralaPeriyar649.3
4Neelam Sanjeevareddy Sagar (Srisailam Dam)Andhra Pradesh and TelanganaKrishna616.42
5Vallabh Sagar (Ukai Dam)GujaratTapti River612
6Sriram SagarTelanganaGodavari450.82
7Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)Uttar PradeshRihand River450
8Sardar Sarovar DamGujaratNarmada River375.33
9Yashwant Sagar (Ujjani Dam)MaharashtraBhima river337
10Nagarjuna SagarAndhra Pradesh and TelanganaKrishna284.9

Top 10 Reservoirs in India by Storage Capacity

Sl. No.Reservoir NameState / UTRiverStorage capacity (km3)
1Indira SagarMadhya PradeshNarmada12.2
2Nagarjuna SagarAndhra Pradesh and TelanganaKrishna11.561
3Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)Uttar PradeshRihand River10.6
4Gobind Sagar (Bhakra Dam)Himachal PradeshSutlej9.62
5Sardar Sarovar DamGujaratNarmada River9.5
6Neelam Sanjeevareddy Sagar (Srisailam Dam)Andhra Pradesh and TelanganaKrishna8.722
7Vallabh Sagar (Ukai Dam)GujaratTapti River7.41
8Hirakud DamOdishaMahanadi River5.896
9Tehri DamUttarakhandBhagirathi River4
10Sriram SagarTelanganaGodavari3.172

Important Facts about Reservoirs in India

The most enormous Manmade Reservoir in India

🔶 Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar is the Largest Manmade reservoir in India. 

  • Rihand Dam formed the Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar reservoir.
  • It is the India’s largest artificial lake.
  • Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • The reservoir area is on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
  • The reservoir is located on the Rihand River, a tributary of the Son River.
  • The catchment area of this dam extends over Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh, whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located downstream of the river.
Don't Miss:  Top 10 Longest Rivers in India with Important Facts


Remember that Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar and Gobind Sagar are both different Reservoirs.

About Gobind Sagar

Gobind Sagar Lake is a reservoir situated in the Una and Bilaspur districts of Himachal Pradesh.

• the Bhakra Dam on the Sutlej River formed Gobind Sagar Lake.

• The reservoir is named after the Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru.

• It is one of the world’s highest gravity dams. Construction of the dam started in 1955 and was completed in 1962.

Largest water reservoir in India 

🔶 Indira Sagar Dam is the largest water reservoir in India in terms of water storage capacity.

  • The Indira Sagar Dam is the largest in India in terms of the volume of water stored in the reservoir.
  • It is located on the Narmada River in Narmada Nagar, Punasa, in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • On 23 October 1984, the former Prime Minister of India, the late Indira Gandhi, laid the project’s foundation stone.
  • The dam is operated by the Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC).
  • NHDC is a joint venture between NHPC and the government of Madhya Pradesh.

FAQs on Reservoirs in India

Q1. How many reservoirs are in India?

19,370 reservoirs

Q2. Which state has the most reservoirs in India?

West Bengal (according to a 2023 water body census)

Q3. Which is the third largest reservoir in India?

Gobind Sagar is also Known as Bhakra Dam reservoir.

Q4. The Pong Reservoir or Pong Dam Lake also known as?

Maharana Pratap Sagar

Q5. Which reservoir is named after the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh?

Gobind Sagar

Explore More Indian Geography Notes:

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