Reservoirs in India

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Dams and reservoirs in India are another important issue for any competitive exams. In this article, we have listed the major reservoirs of India with some important information.

Major Reservoirs in India

Govind Ballabh Pant SagarRihand RiverUttar Pradesh
Gobind Sagar ReservoirSutlej RiverHimachal Pradesh
Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir or Pong ReservoirBeas RiverHimachal Pradesh
Dindi ReservoirDindi RiverTelangana
Lower Manair ReservoirManair RiverTelangana
Tatipudi Reservoir ProjectGosthani RiverAndhra Pradesh
P.C.R.Reservoir or Gandipalem ReservoirPillaperu RiverAndhra Pradesh
Himayat Sagar ReservoirEsi RiverTelangana
Shriram Sagar Reservoir / Pochampadu ProjectGodavari RiverTelangana
Ghataprabha ReservoirGhataprabha RiverKarnataka
Hemavathi ReservoirHemavati RiverKarnataka
Tawa ReservoirTawa RiverMadhya Pradesh
Balimela ReservoirSileru RiverOdisha
Aliyar ReservoirAliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Chittar ReservoirChittar RiverTamil Nadu
Krishnagiri ReservoirThenpennai RiverTamil Nadu
Manimuthar ReservoirTamirabarani RiverTamil Nadu
Pechiparai ReservoirKodayar RiverTamil Nadu
Shoolagiri Chinnar ReservoirChinnar RiverTamil Nadu
Thunakadavu ReservoirThunacadavu RiverTamil Nadu
Varattu Pallam ReservoirKaveri RiverTamil Nadu
Vidur ReservoirSankaraparani RiverTamil Nadu
Amaravathi ReservoirAmaravathi RiverTamil Nadu
Gundar ReservoirGundar RiverTamil Nadu
Kullursandai ReservoirKowsiga RiverTamil Nadu
Pambar ReservoirPambar RiverTamil Nadu
Periyar ReservoirPeriyar RiverTamil Nadu
Stanley ReservoirKaveri RiverTamil Nadu
Uppar ReservoirUppar RiverTamil Nadu
Vattamalaikarai Odai ReservoirOdai RiverTamil Nadu
Willingdon ReservoirPeriya Odai RiverTamil Nadu
Bhavanisagar ReservoirBhavani RiverTamil Nadu
Kodaganar ReservoirKodagananar RiverTamil Nadu
Manimukthanadhi ReservoirKrishna RiverTamil Nadu
Parambikulam ReservoirParambikulam RiverTamil Nadu
Sholayar ReservoirChalakkud RiverTamil Nadu
Thirumurthi ReservoirParmabikulam and Aliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Varadamanadhi ReservoirAliyar RiverTamil Nadu
Vembakottai ReservoirVaippar RiverTamil Nadu
Manjalar ReservoirManjalar RiverTamil Nadu
Salal ProjectChenab RiverJammu and Kashmir
Chutak Hydroelectric ProjectSuru RiverJammu and Kashmir
Indirasagar ProjectNarmada RiverMadhya Pradesh
Narmada Dam ProjectNarmada RiverMadhya Pradesh

Important Facts about Reservoirs in India

  • Largest Manmade reservoir in India – Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar

◘ About Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar

• Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar reservoir formed by Rihand Dam.

• It is the India’s largest artificial lake.

• Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India.

• The reservoir area is on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

• The reservoir is located on the Rihand River, a tributary of the Son River.

• The catchment area of this dam extends over Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located downstream of the river.

Note:- Keep in mind that Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar and  Gobind Sagar both are different Reservoir.

About Gobind Sagar

• Gobind Sagar Lake is a reservoir situated in Una and Bilaspur districts of Himachal Pradesh.

• Gobind Sagar Lake formed by the Bhakra Dam which is located on Sutlej River.

• The reservoir is named after the Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru.

• It is one of the world’s highest gravity dams, construction of the dam was started in 1955 and completed in1962.

Frequenty Asked Questions

1. Which dam withhold the largest water reservoir in india in terms of water storage capacity?

Answer: Indira Sagar Dam

• The Indira Sagar Dam  is the largest dam in India, in terms of volume of water stored in the reservoir.
• It is located on the Narmada River at the town of Narmada Nagar, Punasa in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India.
• On 23 October 1984, the former Prime Minister of India, late Smt Indira Gandhi was laid the  foundation stone of the project.
• The dam is operated by Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC).
• NHDC is a Joint Venture of NHPC and Government of Madhya Pradesh.
Question 2. Which dam withhold the largest water reservoir in india in terms of total area?
Answer: Hirakud Dam (Odisha)

• Hirakud Dam is built on the Mahanadi River.

• It is ocated at Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.

Hirakud dam is the longest earthen dam in the world.

• Total area of the dam is 83,400 km^2.

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