Reservoirs in India with frequntly asked questions

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Reservoirs in India
Reservoirs in India

Dams and reservoirs in India are another important issue for any competitive exams. In this article we have listed the major reservoirs of India with some important information.

Major Reservoirs in India

Reservoir River State
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Rihand River Uttar Pradesh
Gobind Sagar Reservoir Sutlej River Himachal Pradesh
Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir or Pong Reservoir Beas River Himachal Pradesh
Dindi Reservoir Dindi River Telangana
Lower Manair Reservoir Manair River Telangana
Tatipudi Reservoir Project Gosthani River Andhra Pradesh
P.C.R.Reservoir or Gandipalem Reservoir Pillaperu River Andhra Pradesh
Himayat Sagar Reservoir Esi River Telangana
Shriram Sagar Reservoir / Pochampadu Project Godavari River Telangana
Ghataprabha Reservoir Ghataprabha River Karnataka
Hemavathi Reservoir Hemavati River Karnataka
Tawa Reservoir Tawa River Madhya Pradesh
Balimela Reservoir Sileru River Odisha
Aliyar Reservoir Aliyar River Tamil Nadu
Chittar Reservoir Chittar River Tamil Nadu
Krishnagiri Reservoir Thenpennai River Tamil Nadu
Manimuthar Reservoir Tamirabarani River Tamil Nadu
Pechiparai Reservoir Kodayar River Tamil Nadu
Shoolagiri Chinnar Reservoir Chinnar River Tamil Nadu
Thunakadavu Reservoir Thunacadavu River Tamil Nadu
Varattu Pallam Reservoir Kaveri River Tamil Nadu
Vidur Reservoir Sankaraparani River Tamil Nadu
Amaravathi Reservoir Amaravathi River Tamil Nadu
Gundar Reservoir Gundar River Tamil Nadu
Kullursandai Reservoir Kowsiga River Tamil Nadu
Pambar Reservoir Pambar River Tamil Nadu
Periyar Reservoir Periyar River Tamil Nadu
Stanley Reservoir Kaveri River Tamil Nadu
Uppar Reservoir Uppar River Tamil Nadu
Vattamalaikarai Odai Reservoir Odai River Tamil Nadu
Willingdon Reservoir Periya Odai River Tamil Nadu
Bhavanisagar Reservoir Bhavani River Tamil Nadu
Kodaganar Reservoir Kodagananar River Tamil Nadu
Manimukthanadhi Reservoir Krishna River Tamil Nadu
Parambikulam Reservoir Parambikulam River Tamil Nadu
Sholayar Reservoir Chalakkud River Tamil Nadu
Thirumurthi Reservoir Parmabikulam and Aliyar River Tamil Nadu
Varadamanadhi Reservoir Aliyar River Tamil Nadu
Vembakottai Reservoir Vaippar River Tamil Nadu
Manjalar Reservoir Manjalar River Tamil Nadu
Salal Project Chenab River Jammu and Kashmir
Chutak Hydroelectric Project Suru River Jammu and Kashmir
Indirasagar Project Narmada River Madhya Pradesh
Narmada Dam Project Narmada River Madhya Pradesh

Important Facts about Reservoirs in India

  • Largest Manmade reservoir in India – Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar

◘ About Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar

• Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar reservoir formed by Rihand Dam.

• It is the India’s largest artificial lake.

• Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India.

• The reservoir area is on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

• The reservoir is located on the Rihand River, a tributary of the Son River.

• The catchment area of this dam extends over Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located downstream of the river.

Note:- Keep in mind that Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar and  Gobind Sagar both are different Reservoir.

About Gobind Sagar

• Gobind Sagar Lake is a reservoir situated in Una and Bilaspur districts of Himachal Pradesh.

• Gobind Sagar Lake formed by the Bhakra Dam which is located on Sutlej River.

• The reservoir is named after the Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru.

• It is one of the world’s highest gravity dams, construction of the dam was started in 1955 and completed in1962.

 

Frequenty Asked Questions

1. Which dam withhold the largest water reservoir in india in terms of water storage capacity?

Answer: Indira Sagar Dam

Expanation:
• The Indira Sagar Dam  is the largest dam in India, in terms of volume of water stored in the reservoir.
• It is located on the Narmada River at the town of Narmada Nagar, Punasa in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India.
• On 23 October 1984, the former Prime Minister of India, late Smt Indira Gandhi was laid the  foundation stone of the project.
• The dam is operated by Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC).
• NHDC is a Joint Venture of NHPC and Government of Madhya Pradesh.
Question 2. Which dam withhold the largest water reservoir in india in terms of total area?
Answer: Hirakud Dam (Odisha)
Explanation: 

• Hirakud Dam is built on the Mahanadi River.

• It is ocated at Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.

Hirakud dam is the longest earthen dam in the world.

• Total area of the dam is 83,400 km^2.

 

Related Topics Multipurpose projects of India 


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