55th Tiger Reserve in India: Key Points

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Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve is a newly established tiger reserve located in the Dholpur and Karauli districts of Rajasthan, India.

It was notified as the 55th tiger reserve in the country on August 29, 2023, by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

Read More: List of 55 Tiger Reserves in India 2024

55th Tiger Reserve in India, Key facts

Approval for New Tiger Reserve

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) approved the establishment of the 55th tiger reserve in Rajasthan’s Karauli and Dholpur districts.
  • It is the fifth tiger reserve in the state and is poised to join Mukundra Hills, Ranthambore, Sariska, and Ramgarh Vishdhari.

Union Environment Minister’s Enthusiasm

  • Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav expressed enthusiasm on social media, calling the inception of the Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve a monumental advancement for wildlife conservation in Rajasthan.

Additional Tiger Reserve

  • Kumbhalgarh in Rajasthan also received in-principle approval to be declared another Tiger Reserve.

India’s Tiger Population Growth:

  • Government data shows a notable increase in India’s tiger population, growing from 2,967 in 2018 to 3,682 in 2022, representing a yearly growth of 6 percent.

Tiger Population Growth in Rajasthan:

  • Rajasthan has witnessed a remarkable growth in its tiger population, rising from 32 in 2006 to 88 in 2022.

Top States for Tiger Population:

  • Madhya Pradesh leads with the highest number of tigers (785), followed by Karnataka (563), Uttarakhand (560), and Maharashtra (444), showcasing a 50 percent surge in the population of tigers over the past four years.

Significance

  • The Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve is an important addition to India’s tiger conservation efforts.
  • It connects existing tiger reserves in Rajasthan, namely Ranthambore, Sariska, Mukundra Hills, and Ramgarh Vishdhari, creating a larger contiguous habitat for tigers.
  • The reserve also plays a vital role in protecting the biodiversity of the region, including several threatened and endangered species.

Challenges

  • The Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve faces several challenges, including poaching, habitat loss, and human-wildlife conflict.
  • The reserve is also home to a significant human population, which can pose challenges for conservation efforts.

Read More: 54th Tiger Reserve in India: Key Facts All You Need to Know

Conservation efforts

  • The government of Rajasthan is working on several measures to conserve the tigers and other wildlife in the Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve.
  • These measures include anti-poaching patrols, habitat restoration, and community engagement programs.

Tourism potential

  • The Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve has the potential to become a major tourist destination.
  • The reserve offers opportunities for wildlife viewing, safaris, and other outdoor activities.

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