Here we briefly discussed all three “Crop seasons in India” with examples. Often examples of the crop seasons in India were asked in various competitive exams. For example “Muskmelon belongs to which of the following crop seasons?”, Here the answer is Zaid. For a quick overview view the summary at the end of the topic.
Three Crop seasons in India
• Kharif, Rabi, and Zaid – these three crop seasons are seen in India.
• Both the terms Kharif and Rabi are derived from the ‘Arabic’ language.
• In Arabic Language Rabi means – Spring Season
• In Arabic Language Kharif means – Autumn Season
Contribution of agriculture to the GDP of India- 19.9%.(2021 report)
Status & visibility
Kharif Crops / Monsoon Crops / Autumn Crops
• Kharif crop is also known as Monsoon Crops or Autumn Crops.
• It is sown at the beginning of the southwest monsoon and harvested at the end of the southwest monsoon.
• Sowing Seasons-May to July.
• Harvesting season-September to October.
• Important crops – Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Tur (arhar), Moong, Urad, Cotton, Jute, Groundnut and Soybean, etc.
• Some of the most important rice-growing regions are Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharashtra, particularly the (Konkan coast) along with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
• In states like Assam, West Bengal, and Odisha, three crops of paddy are grown in a year. These are Aus, Aman and Boro.
Rabi Crops / Winter Crops
• Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
• These crops are grown in a large part of India such as North and Northwestern parts such as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh.
• Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of wheat.
• Availability of precipitation during the winter months due to the western temperate cyclones helps in the success of these crops.
• Successful implementation of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor in the growth of the Rabi crops.
• Some of the important Rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram, and mustard.
Zaid Crops / Summer Crops
• These crops are mainly grown in the summer season during a period called the “Zaid crop season.“
• They require warm, dry weather as a major growth period and longer day length for flowering.
Summary of Crop Season in India
|Monsoon crop||Winter crop||Summer crop|
|July-October||October – February||March – June|
|Rice, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Soyabean, Cotton, Groundnut, Jute, Urad Dal, Moong Dal, Tur Dal||Wheat, Barley, Gram, Peas, Mustard||Watermelon, Muskmelon, Cucumber, Vegetable and Fodder crops.|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Crop Seasons in India
Question 1: Which crop is grown during the rainy season in India?
Answer: The Kharif crop season started with the onset of the Southwest Monsoon under which the cultivation of tropical crops such as rice, cotton, jute, Jowar, Bajra, and Tur is cultivated.
Question 2: In which season Rabi crop is grown in India?
Answer: Rabi crops are grown in India in the Winter season from October to December and harvested from April to June.
Question 3: What are the three cropping seasons in India?
Answer: In India, there are three distinct crop seasons, namely Kharif, Rabi, and Zaid.
Question 4: What is cropping season?
Answer: The cropping seasons in which a particular crop is grown are considered as a cropping season. In India, there are mainly three cropping seasons, namely Kharif, Rabi, and Zaid.
Also, see the following Topics of Indian Agriculture