India state of forest report 2021

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India state of forest report 2021
India state of forest report 2021

India State of Forest Report 2021

Hello friends, this post highlights the important points of the recently published “India State of Forest Report 2021″. This is a biennial report which is published by the Forest Survey of India. This is a very important topic for various competitive exams for the next two years.


Forest Cover refers to the extent of land area that is covered by forest resources in the country.

Forest Survey of India (FSI) undertaking assessment of Forest Cover of the country for the first time in the year 1987.

• Till 2019,  16 cycles have been completed and the current assessment (2021) is 17th in the series of continuous Forest Cover mapping in the country.

• The National Forest Policy envisages 33% of nation’s area to be under forest and tree cover.

Which type of land covers under “Forest Cover Assessment?”

All lands more than 1 hectare in area with a tree canopy density of more than 10 percent, including tree orchards, bamboo, palms etc.

• Recorded forest and other government lands.
• Private community or institutional lands.

Forest Cover report published by

Bhupendar Yadav, Union Environment, Forest and Climate change minister released the ,’India State of Forest Report 2021′.

• The biennial report is prepared by the Forest Survey of India (FSI), which has been liable to assess the forest and tree resources of the country.

About Forest Survey of India (FSI)

• FSI founded in – June 1981
• Headquartere – Dehradun in Uttarakhand
• Director General – Shri Pankaj Agarwal
• Parent organisation – Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India

• Forest Survey of India conducts forest surveys, studies and researches to periodically monitor the changing situations of land and forest resources and present the data for national planning, conservation and sustainable management of environmental protection as well for the implementation of social forestry projects.

The report Provide Information on

• Forest Cover
• Tree Cover
• Mangrove Cover
• Bamboo Cover
• Carbon stock in India’s forests
• Forest fire monitoring
• Forest cover in Tiger reserve areas
• Estimation of Biomass
• About climate change hotspots in Indian Forests.

Forest Cover Classified in terms of Canopy density Classes

Class Description
Very Dense Forest All lands with tree canopy  density of 70 percent and above
Moderately Dense  Forest All lands with tree canopy density of 40% and more but less than 70%
Open Forest All lands with tree canopy density of 10% and more but less than 40%
Scrub Forest lands with canopy density less than 10%
Non-forest Lands not included in any of the above classes (includes water)

Tree and  Forest Cover of India

• The Total Forest Cover of the country, as per the current assessment is 713789 sq km which is 21.71% of the total geographic area of the country.

• The tree and forest cover in the country includes an increase of 1540 sq km of forest cover and 721 sq km of tree cover compare to the 2019 report

• The forest and tree cover in India has risen by 2,261 square kilometres (0.28%) in the last two years which showed Andhra Pradesh growing the maximum forest cover of 647 square km.

• According to the report, India’s total forest and tree cover is now spread across 80.9 million hectares, which is 24.62% of the geographical area of the country.

Class Area(sq km) Percentage  of Geographical Area
Very  Dense Forest 99779 3.04
Moderately  Dense Forest 306890 9.33
Open Forest 307120 9.34
Total Forest Cover 713789 21.71
Total Tree Cover 95748 2.91
Non-Forest area 2527141 76.87
Total Geographical Area  –  3287469

Total Tree and Forest  Cover – 24.62%

Forest Cover in States and Union territories

Forest Cover in terms of area (Top 5 States)

Rank State Area (sq km)
1 Madhya Pradesh 77493
2 Arunachal Pradesh 66431
3 Chhattisgarh 55717
4 Odisha 52156
5 Maharashtra 50798

Forest Cover in terms of percentage of geographical area (Top 5 States)

Rank State Percentage
1 Mizoram 84.50%
2 Arunachal Pradesh 79.33%
3 Meghalaya 76%
4 Manipur 74.34%
5 Nagaland 73.90%

Forest Cover in terms of percentage of geographical area (Top 3 Union territories )

Rank UT Percentage
1 Lakshadweep 90.30%
2 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 81.80%
3 Jammu & Kashmir 39.15%

Forest Cover in terms of percentage of geographical area (Bottom 3 States)

Rank State Percentage
1 Haryana 3.6%
2 Punjab 3.7%
3 Rajasthan 4.9%

Forest Cover in terms of percentage of geographical area (Bottom 3 Union territories )

Rank State Percentage
1 Ladakh 1.35%
2 Puducherry 10.9%
3 Delhi 13.2%

Top 5states in terms of increase in forest cover area

Rank State Increase in Area (sq km)
1 Andhra Pradesh 647
2 Telangana 632
3 Odisha 537
4 Karnataka 155
5 Jharkhand 110

Mangrove Cover

Status of Mangrove Cover Worldwide

• As per Global Forest Resource Assessment, 2020 (FRA 2020), world over, 113 countries have Mangrove forests covering an estimated 14.79 million hectares.

Largest Mangrove area reported in Asia (5.55 million hectares), followed by Africa (3.24 million hectares) North and Central America (2.57 million hectares) and South America (2.13 million hectares).

Oceania has reported the smallest area of Mangroves (1.30 million hectares)

• More than 40% of the total area of Mangrove was reported to be in just four countries: Indonesia (19) Brazil (9) Nigeria (7) Mexico (6)

Mangrove Cover 2021 in India

Mangrove cover in the country is 4,992 sq km, which is 0.15% of the country’s total geographical area.

• Very Dense Mangrove comprises 1475 sq km (29.55%)
• Moderately Dense Mangrove is 1481 sq km (29.67%)
• Open Mangroves constitute an area 2036 sq km (40.78%)

Net increase of 17 sq km in the Mangrove cover of the country as compared to 2019.

Significant gain in mangrove Odisha (8 sq km) and Maharashtra (4 sq km).

Top 3 States in terms of Mangrove area

Rank State Area (Sq km)
1 West Bengal 2114
2 Gujarat 1175
3 Andhra Pradesh 405

Top 3 Union Territories in terms of Mangrove area

Rank UT Area (Sq km)
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 616
2 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu 3
3 Puducherry 2

Bottom States in terms of Mangrove area

Rank State Area (Sq km)
1 Kerala 9
2 Karnataka 13
3 Goa 27

Bamboo Cover of India

◘ The total bamboo bearing area of the country has been estimated to be 15.0 million hectare.
◘ As compared to the estimates of ISFR 2019, the total bamboo bearing area in the country has decreased by 1.06 million ha.

Mizoram has shown highest increase of 1085 sq km followed by Arunachal Pradesh (758 sq km)

Madhya Pradesh has shown highest decrease of 2473 sq km in the bamboo bearing area followed by Maharashtra (1882 sq km)

 Top 3 states in terms of Area

Rank State Area (million Hectare)
1 Madhya Pradesh 1.84
2 Arunachal Pradesh 1.57
3 Maharashtra 1.35

Source: Forest  Survey of India 

Also See Protected Areas of India

Updated list of Tiger Reserves of India

Updated List of National Parks 

Major Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Updated List of Ramsar Sites in India


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