Indian National Congress sessions list with additional info

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Introduction

• The Indian National Congress (INC) was formed on – 28 December 1885.
• Father of Indian National Congress – retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume.
• The Viceroy of India at the time of formation of the Indian National Congress – Lord Dufferin.
Lord Dufferin told that Indian National Congress represents only microscopic minorities.
• The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28 to 31 December 1885.
• Originally the first session of the INC was proposed at Poona, but because of an outbreak of plague in Poona, the venue was shifted to Bombay.

Indian National Congress Sessions list

SessionPlaceDatePresident
1stBombay1885Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
2ndCalcutta1886Dadabhai Naoroji
3rdMadras1887Badruddin Tyabji
4thAllahabad1888George Yule
5thBombay1889Sir William Wedderburn
6thCalcutta1890Pherozeshah Mehta
7thNagpur1891P. Ananda Charlu
8thAllahabad1892Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
9thLahore1893Dadabhai Naoroji
10thMadras1894Alfred Webb
11thPune1895Surendranath Banerjee
12thCalcutta1896Rahimatullah M. Sayani
13thAmraoti1897C. Sankaran Nair
14thMadras1898Ananda Mohan Bose
15thLucknow1899Romesh Chunder Dutt
16thLahore1900N.G. Chandavarkar
17thCalcutta1901Dinshaw Eduljee Wacha
18thAhmedabad1902Surendranath Banerjee
19thMadras1903Lal Mohan Ghosh
20thBombay1903Sir Henry Cotton
21stBanaras1905Gopal Krishna Gokhale
22ndCalcutta1906Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
23rd (Suspended)Surat1907Rash Behari Ghosh
23rdMadras1908Rash Behari Ghosh
24thLahore1909Madan Mohan Malaviya
25thAllahabad1910Sir William Wedderburn
26thCalcutta1911Bishan Narayan Dar
27thBankipore1912Shri Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar
28thKarachi1913Nawab Syed Mohammed Bahadur
29thMadras1914Bhupendra Nath Bose
30thBombay1915Satyendra Prasanna Sinha
31stLucknow1916Ambica Charan Mazumdar
32ndCalcutta1917Annie Besant
33rdDelhi1918Madan Mohan Malaviya
(Special Session)Bombay1918Romesh Chunder Dutt
34thAmritsar1919Motilal Nehru
35thNagpur1920C. Vijayaraghavachariar
36thAhmedabad1921Hakim Ajmal Khan
(Acting President for C.R. Das)
37thGaya1922Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
SpecialDelhi1923Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
39thBelgaum1924M.K. Gandhi
40thCawnpore1925Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
41stGawahati1926S. Srinivasa Iyengar
42ndMadras1927M.A. Ansari
43rdCalcutta1929Motilal Nehru
44thLahore1929Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
45thKarachi1931Vallabbhai J. Patel
47thCalcutta1933Mrs. Nellie Sengupta
48thBombay1934Dr. Rajendra Prasad
49thLucknow1936Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
50thFaizpur1937Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
51stHaripura1938Subhash Chandra Bose
52ndTripura1939Subhash Chandra Bose
53rdRamgarh1940Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
…..…..1941- 45No session because of arrest
54thMeerut1946J.B. Kripalani
55thJaipur1948Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Indian National Congress Sessions with important points

SessionYearPlacePresidentImportant Points
1st 25 December, 1885 BombayWC Banerjee • General Secretary – A. O. Hume
•  Dadabbhai Naoroji gave the name INC
•  Exact Venue – Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay
•  Number of delegates – 72
2nd1886 KolkataDadabhai Naoroji • Merger of National Congress and Indian National Association
• Number of delegates – 436
3rd 1887MadrasBadruddin Tyabji•  First Muslim President of Indian National Congress
•  Number of delegates – 1248
• the First appeal to Muslims to join
4th1888AllahabadGeorge Yule •  First English president of the Indian National Congress
5th 1889Bombay William Wedderburn • Second English president of Indian National Congress after George Yule
7th1891Nagpur P. Anand Charlu•  The word “National” was added to Congress.
12th 1896 CalcuttaRahimtulla M Sayani• National Song Vande Mataram was sung for the first time.
15th 1899 LucknowRomesh Chunder Dutt• Demand for permanent fixation of land revenue
22nd1906 Kolkata Dadabhai Naoroji The word ‘Swaraj’ was used the first time.
23rd (Suspended)1907SuratRasbihari Ghosh •  Surat Split – Indian National Congress split into two parts  – Moderates and Extremists.
23rd 1908 Madras Rasbihari Ghosh• Formation of the Constitution of the Indian National Congress
24th1909LahoreMadan Mohan Malaviya• Disapproval over separate electorates.
26th1911 (27 Dec.)KolkataBishan Narayan Das• Jana Gana Mana sung for the first time
31st1916LucknowAmbica Charan Mazumdar • Lucknow Pact signed
• Joint session with the Muslim League
• Reunite of Extremist and Moderate.
32nd1917CalcuttaAnnie Besant • First woman President of Indian National Congress.
Special Session 1918 Bombay Syed Hasan Imam• The session was convened to deliberate the contentious Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms Scheme
34th 1919 AmritsarMotilal Nehru • Jallianwala Bagh massacre strongly condemned.

• The procession was jointly led by the Congress President, Motilal Nehru, and the Muslim League President, Hakim Ajmal Khan.
35th 1920 Nagpur C Vijaya Raghavachariar • Finally passed the Non-cooperation resolution.
• Formation of Congress Working Committee (CWC) – 15 members
37th1922GayaChittaranjan Das• The Swarajya Party formed
special session 1923 DelhiMaulana Abul Kalam Azad •  Indian National Congress decided to establish the All India Khadi Board.

•  Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the youngest president of the Indian National Congress
39th1924 BelgaumMahatma Gandhi•  Only session presided by Mahatma Gandhi.
40th 1925KanpurSarojini Naidu • First Indian woman president of Indian National Congress.
41st 1926Gauhati S Srinivasa Iyengar•  Wearing Khadi was made compulsory for its workers.
42nd1927Madras M A Ansari •  Adopted a significant resolution against the use of Indian troops in China, Mesopotamia, and Persia.

•  Proposals to Boycott Simon Commission.

•  Independence resolution was passed for the 1st time.
43rd1928Calcutta Motilal Nehru• First All India Youth Congress was established.
44th 1929LahoreJawaharlal Nehru •  Resolution for Poorna Swaraj.

•  Civil disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched

•  26 Jan 1930 to be observed as ‘Independence Day.
45th 1931KarachiSardar Vallabhbhai Patel • Resolutions on Fundamental Rights.
• National Economic Policy was passed.
• To endorse the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
• Protection of language, culture & script of minorities.
• Universal adult franchise
• Free and compulsory education
• Gandhi-Irwin Pact endorsed
• Gandhiji nominated to represent INC in 2nd Round Table Conference
30th1932DelhiR Amritlal • Congress boycotted the third Round Table Conference.
• Poona Pact (24 Sept. 1932)
48th1934BombayRajendra Prasad• Formation of Congress Socialist Party
50th 1937 Faizpur Jawaharlal Nehru • First session to be held in a village
• INC and All India Kisan Sabha joint session
• Agrarian policy added to Congress manifesto
51st1938Haripura (Gujarat) Subhas Chandra Bose • National Planning Committee set up under Nehru
52nd1939 Tripuri Subhas Chandra Bose (Re-elected) •  Tripuri is a small village in Madhya Pradesh.
•  Subhas Chandra Bose becomes President by defeating Pattabhi Sitaramaiyya. • Formation of Forwarding bloc within the congress.
53rd1940 RamgarhAbul Kalam Azad • Decision was taken to start Individual Satyagraha.
• Youngest President.
54th 1946 Meerut J. B. Kripalani • First session before independence
55th 1948 JaipurPattabhi Sitaramayya• First session after independence
Important Event of Indian National Congress sessions
Important Event of Indian National Congress sessions

Important Fact about the President of the Indian National Congress

➧ First President of Indian National Congress.
☛ Womesh Chunder Banerjee

➧ First Parsi president of Indian National Congress.
☛ Dadabhai Naoroji

➧ First Muslim President of Indian National Congress.
☛ Syed Badruddin Tyabji

➧ First English President of Indian National Congress.
☛ George Yule

➧ Second English president of the Indian National Congress after George Yule.
☛ William Wedderburn

➧ First Woman President of Indian National Congress.
☛ Annie Besant

➧ First Indian Woman President of Indian National Congress.
☛ Sarojini Naidu

➧ Youngest President of the Indian National Congress.
☛ Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
• He was elected as a president at the age of 35.

➧ President of 1948, Jaipur session  (First session after independence)
☛ Pattabhi Sitaramayya

➧ President of 1946, Meerut session (First session before independence)
☛ J. B. Kripalani

Indian National Congress sessions
Major Facts about the president of the Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress sessions with major facts

➧ Dadabhai Naoroji became the president of the Indian National Congress.
☛ 3 times
◘ Session List
• 1886 – Calcutta
• 1893 – Lahore
• 1906 – Calcutta

➧ Pt Jawaharlal Nehru became the president of the Indian National Congress.
☛ 7 times
◘ Session List
• 1928 – Kolkata
• 1929 – Lahore
• 1936 – Lucknow
• 1937 – Faizpur
• 1951 – Delhi
• 1953 – Hyderabad
• 1954 – Kalyani

➧ Maximum sessions of the Indian National Congress were held in
☛ Calcutta (9 Times)

➧ The First Session of the Indian National Congress was held in a Village.
☛ Faizpur, 1937, 50th Session (In Maharashtra)

➧ Second Session of the Indian National Congress, which was held in a Village.
☛ Haripura (Gujarat), 1938, 51st Session

➧ Only session presided by Mahatma Gandhi.
☛ The Belgaum session, 1924

➧ Subhas Chandra Bose becomes the president of the Indian National Congress in
☛ Haripura Sessions (Gujarat), 1938

Important Event of the  Sessions of the Indian National Congress

National Song – Vande Mataram

☛ The song Vande Mataram was composed in the Sanskrit language.

☛ And It was composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

☛ It has an equal status with the national anthem Jana-Gana-Mana.

☛ It was sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.

The word ‘Swaraj’ used first time

☛ The word ‘Swaraj’ was first used by Dadabhai Naouraji in the Congress session held in Calcutta in 1906.
☛ Swaraj means self-governance or ‘Self-rule’

☛ It was used synonymously with “home-rule” by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati and later on by Mohandas Gandhi.

☛ Dadabhai Navroji claimed that he had learned the word Swaraj from the Satyarth Prakash of Dayananda Saraswati.

The Surat Split

☛ The Surat Split was the splitting of the Indian National Congress into two groups at the Surat session in 1907.

1. The Extremists and the
2. Moderates
☛ 1885-1905 was known as the period of the moderates.

☛ The Moderates used petitions, meetings, resolutions, pamphlets, memoranda and delegations to voice their demands to the British government.

☛ Their method has been called 3P – Prayers, Petition and Protest.

☛ On the other hand the Extremists believed in self-reliance as a weapon against domination.

The National anthem song “Jana-Gana-Mana”

☛ The song Jana-gana-mana, was composed originally in Bengali.
☛ The song was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.

☛ It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

☛ It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.

☛ The complete song consists of five stanzas.
☛ The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem

☛ The playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds

Non-cooperation resolution

☛ Gandhi announced the launching of the Non-Cooperation Movement in August 1920.

☛ In December 1920, Congress met in the Nagpur Session and adopted the Non-Cooperation Movement.

☛ Originally Gandhiji wished to pass the resolution of the Non-Cooperation Movement in the Calcutta session.

The merger of the Indian National Congress and the Indian National Association

☛ The Indian Association was founded by Surendranath Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose in 1876.

☛ Later Indian Association merged with the Indian National Congress in 1886.

Lucknow Pact

☛ The Lucknow Pact was an agreement between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League (AIML).
☛ The pact was signed at the joint session of both the parties held in Lucknow in December 1916.

☛ Through the pact, the two parties agreed to allow representatives of religious minorities in the provincial legislatures.

Resolution for Purna Swaraj

☛ The Indian National Congress, on 19 December 1929, passed the historic ‘Purna Swaraj’ – (total independence) resolution – at its Lahore session.

☛ A public declaration was made on 26 January 1930 – a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as ‘Independence Day.

Previous Year Questions about the Sessions of the Indian National Congress

1. Who is called the ‘Father of Indian National Congress’? (WBCS Prelims – 2020)
A. MK Gandhi
B. A.O Hume
C. B.G Tilak
D. SN Banerjee

2. Indian National Congress was founded by _ (WBCS Prelims – 2019)
A. Motilal Nehru
B. SN Banerjee
C. B.G Tilak
D.A.O Hume

3. At which session of the INC was “Vande Mataram” sung for the first time? (WBCS Prelims – 2019)
A. 1920 session
B. 1906 session
C. 1896 session
D. 1922 session

4. The first session of the INC was presided by – (WBCS Prelims – 2019)
A. WC Banerjee
B. S.N Banerjee
C. Aurobindo Ghosh
D. Bipin Chandra Pal

5. In which session of Congress the demand of “Poorna Swaraj” was accepted as the aim of the Congress? (SSC Section Officer (Audit) Exam. 1997 )
A. Calcutta
B. Madras
C. Nagpur
D. Lahore

6. In which session of the Indian National Congress the tricolor flag was unfurled for the first time?
(SSC Section Officer 2003)
A. Calcutta Session, 1920
B. Annual Session of Congress in Nagpur, 1920
C. Lahore Congress, 1929
D. Haripura Congress Conference, 1938

7. Who is called the ‘Father of the Indian National Congress?
(SSC Tax Assistant 2005)
A. Mahatma Gandhi
B. A.O. Hume
C. Lokmanya Tilak
D. Surendra Nath Banerjee

8. Who was the first woman President of Congress? (SSC Tax Assistant 2006)
A. Mrs. Annie Besant
B. Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
C. Mrs. Nellie Sengupta
D. Aruna Asaf Ali

9. ‘Poorna Swaraj’ (Complete Independence) was declared to be the goal of the Indian National Congress in its Session of _ (SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit Exam. 2006 )
A. Lucknow, 1916
B. Lahore, 1929
C. Tripuri, 1939
D. Lahore, 1940

10. After leaving the Congress, Subhash Chandra Bose formed __ in 1939
(SSC Tax Assistant 2007)
A. Socialist Bloc
B. Revolutionary Socialist Bloc
C. Forward Bloc
D. Socialist-Congress Bloc

11. The first General Secretary of the Indian National Congress was _ (SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2007)
A. Dadabhai Naoroji
B. A.O. Hume
C. Ferozeshah Mehta
D. Badruddin Tyabji

12. The Indian National Congress had passed the famous resolution on “Non-Cooperation” in 1920 at its session held at _ (SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2007)
A. Lucknow
B. Nagpur
C. Bombay
D. Calcutta

13. The Indian National Congress and the Muslim League came closer to each other in 1916 at
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2007)
A. Lahore
B. Amritsar
C. Lucknow
D. Haripura

14. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress when the Mountbatten Plan of independence was accepted?
(SSC CGL Prelim 2008)
A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Maulana Azad
D. Acharya J. B. Kripalani

15. Who was the first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress?
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector 2008)
A. Muhammed Ali Jinnah
B. Badruddin Tyabji
C. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
D. Abul Kalam Azad

16. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was
(SSC CGL)
A. Kamala Devi Chattopadhyaya
B. Sarojini Naidu
C. Annie Besant
D. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

Frequently Asked Questions on session of the Indian National Congress

Q1. Where was the 1931 session of the Indian national congress held?

Answer: Karachi
• In 1931, the 45th session of the Indian National Congress was held in Karachi presided by Vallabbhai J. Patel.

Q2. The first session of the Indian national congress was held at?

Answer: Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay
• In the year 1885, the first session of the Indian national congress was held at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay. (preceded by WC Banerjee)

Q3. Name the state where the session of the Indian national congress was held in 1920?

Answer: Nagpur
• Preceded by- C. Vijayaraghavachariar

Q4. Who was the president of the Haripura session of the Indian national congress?

Answer: Subhash Chandra Bose

Q5 Who never presided over a session of Indian national congress

Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Q6. Who presided over the Karachi session of Indian national congress in 1931?

Answer: Vallabbhai J. Patel

Q7. The last session (After Independence) of the Indian national congress was presided by?

Answer: Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Q8. The first session of the Indian national congress presided by?

Answer: President of the first session of the Indian national congress was Womesh Chandra Banerjee.

Q9. Vande Mataram was first sung in which session of the Indian national congress?

Answer: 1896, 12th session (Held in Calcutta and presided by Rahimtulla M Sayani)

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