9 Key Differences between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

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Nutrients are like tiny helpers that our bodies need to work well. They’re like special chemicals that help our cells, tissues, and organs do their jobs. These nutrients are super important for our bodies to grow, heal, and stay safe from germs that can make us sick.

But here’s the catch – our bodies can’t make these nutrients by themselves. We have to get them from food.

Now, there are two types of these helpers:

  • Macro-nutrients: These are the big helpers that our bodies need a lot of. They help with things like giving us energy and making sure our bodies function properly.
  • Micro-nutrients: These are the little helpers that our bodies need in smaller amounts. They still play a crucial role in keeping us healthy, but we don’t need as much of them.

So, in simple terms, macro-nutrients are like the big heroes, and micro-nutrients are the smaller sidekicks. Both are essential for our bodies to stay strong and do their jobs well.

9 Key Differences between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

RequirementsRequired in very small quantities.Required in larger quantities.
FunctionsPrevents diseases.Provides energy.
Consequences of DeficiencyDeficiency results in Anemia, Goiter, Scurvy, etc.Deficiency results in Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, Malnutrition, etc.
Consequences of OverconsumptionOverconsumption of Vitamins leads to liver and nerve damage.Overconsumption of macronutrients results in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, etc.
ConcentrationAvailable in minute concentrations in the body, less than 1 mg/gm.Available in high concentrations in the body, equal to 1 mg or 1000 micrograms.
CompositionAlso called trace elements.Also known as major elements.
TypesVitamins, minerals, and trace elements.Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
ExamplesAntioxidants, minerals, and vitamins are examples of micronutrients.Proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of macronutrients.
SourcesFound in fruits, vegetables, eggs, fermented foods, green leafy vegetables, etc.Found abundantly in cereals, fish, legumes, meat, nuts, oilseeds, potatoes, yam, etc.
AdvantagesMicronutrients contribute to body growth and disease prevention.Macronutrients provide energy required for the metabolic system.
Also Read: Types and Function of Nutrients

Macro and Micro-nutrients


Think of macro-nutrients as the big players that our bodies need a lot of. These nutrients are crucial for providing energy, supporting our metabolism, and helping our bodies grow and develop. They include fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.


On the other hand, micro-nutrients are like superheroes in small doses. These plant-based nutrients are needed in tiny amounts, and their main job is to repair damaged cells and tissues. They also help our bodies fight off infections caused by pesky germs like bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Micro-nutrients consist of calcium, iron, various vitamins, minerals, and vitamin C.


Getting too much or too little of both macro and micro-nutrients can mess with our health. That’s why it’s super important to eat a balanced diet. This means getting the right amount of macro-nutrients and micro-nutrients to keep our bodies in top-notch condition. So, let’s aim for a diet that has a good mix of both!

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