List of Artificial Sweeteners

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List of Artificial Sweeteners
List of Artificial Sweeteners

Here is the “List of Artificial Sweeteners” their uses and side effects. It is a sub-topic of “chemistry in everyday life” .

What are artificial sweeteners?

➧ The Artificial sweetener is a type of chemical compound. These are many times sweeter than ordinary sugar.  Artificial sweeteners used as an alternative to table sugar. It has zero calories or almost no calories.

 Artificial Sweetening Agents

➧ All the compounds that are used as a substitute for sugar to sweeten food is called artificial sweetening agents..
➧ “Saccharin is the first popular artificial sweetening agent.
➧ Another most commonly used artificial sweetening agent is Aspartame, Alitame and Sucralose etc.

 Some commonly used artificial sweeteners with Sweetness value/Index

➧ Aspartame ➥ 100
➧ Acesulfame potassium ➥ 200
➧ Dulcin ➥ 250
➧ Glucin ➥ 300
➧ Saccharin ➥ 550
➧ Sucralose ➥ 600
➧ Alitame ➥2000
➧ Neotame ➥ 10,000

 

List of Artificial Sweeteners with trade name

Artificial sweeteners name Trade name
Sucralose • Kaltame

• Splenda

• 1, 4,6′-Trichlorogalactosucrose

• Trichlorosucrose

• Equal Sucralose

• NatraTaste Gold

Saccharin • Sweet’N Low

• Sodium Saccharin

• Equal Saccharin

• Acid saccharin

• Necta Sweet

• Sweet Twin

Neotame • NutraSweet
Aspartame-acesulfame salt • TwinSweet
Cyclamate • Calcium cyclamate

• Cologran

• Sucaryl

Erythritol • Sugar alcohol

• Zerose

• ZSweet

Xylitol • Sugar alcohol

• Smart Sweet

• Xylipure

• Xylosweet

Mannitol • Sugar alcohol
Tagatose • Natrulose
Sorbitol • Sugar alcohol

• D-glucitol

• D-glucitol syrup

Polydextrose • Sugar alcohol
(Derived from glucose and sorbitol)
Lactitol • Sugar alcohol
Maltitol • Sugar alcohol

• Maltitol Powder

• Lesys

• Maltitol Syrup

• SweetPearl

• Hydrogenated High Maltose Content Glucose Syrup

• Hydrogenated Maltose

• MaltiSweet (hard to find online to buy)

Glycerol •Glycerin

• Glycerine

Isomalt • Decomalt

• Sugar alcohol

• Hydrogenated Isomaltulose

• Isomaltitol

• ClearCut Isomalt

• DiabetiSweet (also contains Acesulfame-K)

Glycyrrhizin • Licorice
Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysate (HSH) • Sugar Alcohol
Aspartame • NutraSweet

•  Canderel

• Equal Classic

• APM

• AminoSweet

• NatraTaste Blue

Acesulfame potassium • Nutrinova

• ACK  (Acesulfame Potassium)

• Sweet One

• Ace K

• Equal  Spoonful

• Sunett

Important points

• Aspartame is 200 times sweeter than sucrose.
• Aspartame is composed of aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and methanol.
• Alitame is about 2000 times sweeter than sucrose of table sugar.
• Sucralose is 600 times sweeter than ordinary sugarortablesugar
• Sucralose is trichloro derivative of sucrose. (produced by chlorination of sucrose)
• The chemical name of Saccharin is Ortho-sulphobenzimide.
• Saccharin is about 550 times as sweet as cane sugar.

 

Health benefits of artificial sweeteners

➧ Diabetes
☛ Artificial sweeteners are not carbohydrates like sugar, so artificial sweeteners do not raise blood sugar levels like carbohydrates.

➧  Zero calories
☛ Ordinary sugar has a lot of calories. One teaspoon of sugar contains about 16 calories. That’s why most of the people like artificial sweeteners, they have almost no calories.

➧  Tooth decay
☛ Ordinary sugar sticks easily to the gums. This sugar stuck in the teeth easily breeds bacteria. These bacteria convert the sugar that accumulates on the teeth into acid, which causes tooth decay. Artificial sugar cannot cause tooth decay because artificial sugar cannot be converted to acid by bacteria.

Artificial sweeteners side effects

Despite the many uses of synthetic or artificial sweeteners, it has some health issues of its own. Artificial sweeteners are actually bad for our health and the environment.

The side effects of artificial sweeteners include:
• headaches
• depression
• dizziness
• increased risk of cancer
• rashes
• bloating
• weight gain due to increased appetite
• impact on gut health
• increased diabetes risk
• nausea
• diarrhea
• digestive problems

 

Also see Acid present in food items

Primary Source of this article – NCERT


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