What are 5 examples of isotopes?

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What are 5 examples of isotopes?


The 5 examples of Isotopes are:

1. Protium (1H) – Hydrogen Isotopes
2. Carbon-14 (14C) – Carbon Isotopes
3. Uranium-238 (238U) – Uranium Isotopes
4. Oxygen-18 (18O) – Oxygen Isotopes
5. Iodine-129 (129I) – Iodine Isotopes

Examples of Isotope Explanation

Hydrogen Isotopes

  • Examples: Protium (1H), Deuterium (2H), Tritium (3H)
  • Explanation: Hydrogen, the lightest element, has three isotopes with different numbers of neutrons. Protium is the most common, while deuterium and tritium have one and two extra neutrons, respectively.

Carbon Isotopes

  • Examples: Carbon-12 (12C), Carbon-13 (13C), Carbon-14 (14C).
  • Explanation: Carbon, a fundamental element of life, exists in three isotopic forms. Carbon-12 is the most prevalent, while carbon-13 and carbon-14, used in radiocarbon dating, have extra neutrons.

Uranium Isotopes

  • Examples: Uranium-235 (235U), Uranium-238 (238U).
  • Explanation: Uranium, vital in nuclear reactions, has isotopes with different neutron counts. Uranium-235 is crucial for nuclear power, while uranium-238 is used in radiometric dating.

Oxygen Isotopes

  • Examples: Oxygen-16 (16O), Oxygen-17 (17O), Oxygen-18 (18O).
  • Explanation: Oxygen, essential for life, has three isotopes. Oxygen-16 is the most abundant, and variations in oxygen isotopic composition help study climate changes in paleoclimatology.

Iodine Isotopes

  • Examples: Iodine-127 (127I), Iodine-129 (129I).
  • Explanation: Iodine, important for thyroid function, has isotopes with different neutron numbers. Iodine-127 is stable and common, while iodine-129 is used in tracing environmental and geological processes.
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