What are 8, 9, 10 Degree Channels? All You Need to Know

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The Eight Degree Channel marks the separation between Minicoy and the Maldives islands. Moving towards the Nine Degree Channel, it becomes the divide between Minicoy and the primary Lakshadweep archipelago. Further, the Ten Degree Channel acts as the boundary between the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands within the Bay of Bengal.

What are Channels?

In simpler terms, a channel is like a wide water path that flows through two closely situated land masses. This is distinct from a strait, which is a narrower body of water connecting two larger bodies of water.

Read Also: 8 Union Territories of India with Capital

According to National Geographic, the deepest part of a waterway or narrow water body that links two larger bodies of water is considered a channel.

Channels can come into existence through natural processes, such as glaciers carving deep canyons between landmasses. On the other hand, people can also create channels by digging through the bottoms of shallow waterways to create passages for large ships. It’s interesting to note how these water pathways are shaped either by nature or human intervention, playing crucial roles in connecting various island destinations.

Ten Degree Channel

  • The Ten Degree Channel of Water serves as the boundary, dividing the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands within the Bay of Bengal. Collectively, these island groups constitute the Indian Union Territory (UT) of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Stretching 150 kilometers from north to south and extending 10 kilometers from east to west, this water body maintains a minimum depth of 7.3 meters.
  • Named after its location on the 10-degree line of Latitude, north of the equator, this geographical feature is commonly referred to as the Ten-Degree Channel.
Andaman And Nicobar Islands Line Diagram, 10 degree Channel
Andaman And Nicobar Islands Line Diagram, 10-Degree Channel

Nine Degree Channel

  • The Nine Degree Channel plays a crucial role by separating the island of Minicoy from the primary Lakshadweep archipelago.
  • The Union Territory of Lakshadweep is formed by the amalgamation of Kalpeni and Suheli Par, as well as Maliku Atoll and Amindivi Subgroup.
  • Covering a width of 200 kilometers and reaching a depth of 2597 meters, this channel is notable for the presence of the submerged Investigator Bank in its southern region.
  • Strategically significant, this water passage is a key route for nearly all merchant shipping activities connecting Europe, the Middle East, and Western Asia with Southeast Asia and the Far East.
  • The channel lies on the 9-degree line of Latitude, north of the equator, showcasing its geographical significance in global maritime trade.
All Channels of India 8, 9 and 10 Degree
All Channels of India 8, 9, and 10 Degree

Eight Degree Channel

  • The maritime boundary between India and the Maldives is delineated by the Eight Degree Channel.
  • Functioning as a natural divide, it separates the islands of Minicoy and the Maldives.
  • Traditionally known as Maliku Kandu and Māmalē Kandu Divehi, this channel derives its name from its location on the 8-degree line of Latitude, situated north of the equator.
  • This geographical feature holds significance not only for its role as a boundary but also for its cultural and navigational importance in the region.
Also Read: Lakshadweep Geography, Economy and Key Points: Complete Notes

8, 9, and 10 Degree Channel in a Nutshell

Sl. No.ChannelLocation
1Eight Degree ChannelBetween Minicoy and Maldives islands
2Nine Degree ChannelSeparating Minicoy from Lakshadweep archipelago
3Ten Degree ChannelBetween Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands


In summary, the Eight Degree Channel serves as the divider between the islands of Minicoy and the Maldives, while the Nine Degree Channel separates Minicoy from the primary Lakshadweep archipelago. Additionally, the Ten Degree Channel acts as the boundary between the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. These channels are aptly named after their positions on the eight, nine, and ten-degree lines of latitude, north of the equator, emphasizing their geographical significance in the Indian Ocean region.

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