9 Neighbouring Countries of India and their Capitals, List, Map, Flags, Facts, Languages, Currency

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In this article, we have compiled a list of 9 Neighbouring Countries of India and their Capitals and the length of their international borders with India, along with some relevant facts. India’s neighbouring countries include China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Afghanistan. This detail is valuable for those preparing for upcoming competitive exams such as SSC MTS, SSC CGL, RRB NTPC, and other state-level exams. In addition to the names of the countries, it would also be helpful to know their respective capital cities.

Neighbouring Countries of India short guide

▪ India, the most populous country in the world, is located near the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.

▪ The total length of India’s land border is 15,106.7 km, and its coastline stretches for 7,516.6 km.

▪ It shares borders with China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Afghanistan.

▪ Notably, Myanmar, Maldives, and Sri Lanka have coastal borders with India.

▪ The Union Territory of Ladakh, in particular, shares international borders with 3 countries: China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

▪ India’s international borders are among the largest in the world, following only China and Russia.

▪ However, they also present significant vulnerabilities, including extreme weather conditions and the potential for infiltration.

Neighbouring Countries of India: Quick Overview

Exams Covered All exams
Topic Category Static Gk
Total Neighbouring Countries Of India 9
Neighbouring Countries Of India Afghanisthan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Myanmar
Total Length of the Land Border Of India 15,106.7 k.m.
Total Length Of Indian Coastline 7516.6 km

List of Neighbouring countries of India & their capitals

▪ Here is the list of neighbouring countries bordering India with capitals.

Sl. No Neighboring Country Capital Length of Border
1 Afghanistan Kabul 106 km
2 Bhutan Thimphu 578 km
3 Bangladesh Dhaka 4096 km
4 China Beijing 3488 km
5 Myanmar Naypyidaw 1643 km
6 Nepal Kathmandu 1752 km
7 Pakistan Islamabad 3310 km
8 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital)
Columbo (Executive Capital)
Separated by the Gulf Mannar

Neighbouring countries of India map

Neighbouring countries of India map
Neighbouring countries of India map

India’s Neighbouring Countries with Highest Peaks & Border States

Sl. No Neighboring Country Highest Peak Border States
1 Afghanistan Mount Noshaq Ladakh
2 Bhutan Gangkhar Puensum West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam
3 Bangladesh Keokradong West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam
4 China Mount Gongga Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
5 Myanmar Mount Hkakabo Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur
6 Nepal Mount Everest Bihar, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal
7 Pakistan K2 Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
8 Sri Lanka Pidurutalagala Separated by the Gulf Mannar
9 Maldives Mount Villingili Marie time Border, Nearest UT Lakshadweep Island

Flags of neighbouring countries of India

Sl. No Neighboring Country Flags
1 Afghanistan Neighbouring Countries of India
2 Bhutan Neighbouring Countries of India
3 Bangladesh Neighbouring Countries of India
4 China Neighbouring Countries of India
5 Myanmar Neighbouring Countries of India
6 Nepal Neighbouring Countries of India
7 Pakistan Neighbouring Countries of India
8 Sri Lanka Neighbouring Countries of India
9 Maldives Neighbouring Countries of India

Currency of Neighbouring Countries of India

Sl. No Neighboring Country Currency Currency Code
1 Afghanistan Afghan Afghani (AFN) AFN
2 Bhutan Bhutanese Ngultrum BTN
3 Bangladesh Bangladeshi Taka BDT
4 China Chinese Yuan / People’s renminbi CNY/ RMB
5 Myanmar Myanmar Kyat MMK
6 Nepal Nepalese Rupee NPR
7 Pakistan Pakistani Rupee PKR
8 Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Rupee LKR
9 Maldives Rufiyaa MVR

Neighbouring Countries of India and their Languages

Sl. No Neighboring Country Official Language Other Language
1 Afghanistan Dari , Pashto Uzbek, Turkmen, Urdu, Pashayi, Nuristani, Arabic, and Balochi
2 Bhutan Dzongkha Tshangla (Sharchop), Nepali, Dzala, Kheng and, Bantawa
3 Bangladesh Bengali Chakma, Urdu, Garo, Meitei, Kokborok
4 China Mandarin Cantonese (Yue), Gan, Hakka, Min, Wu (Shanghainese),Xiang (Hunanese)
5 Myanmar Burmese Karen, Kachin, Chin, Shan
6 Nepal Nepali Maithali, Tharu, Newar
7 Pakistan Urdu, English Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Balochi
8 Sri Lanka Sinhala and Tamil Veddah, Sri Lankan Malay
9 Maldives Dhivehi Sinhalese, Gujarati, Malayalam

Neighboring Countries of India: Summary

Afghanistan

▸ Border length – 106 km
▸ Border UTs – Ladakh

▸ Capital – Kabul
▸ Currency – Afghan Afghani
▸ Official language – Dari and Pashto

▸ A landlocked country in Central and South Asia.
▸ Referred to as the Heart of Asia.
▸ Largest city – Kabul

National symbols of Afghanistan

  • National animal – Snow leopard
  • National bird – Golden eagle
  • National dog – Afghan Hound
  • National tree – Afghan pine
  • National fruit – Pomegranate
  • National sport – Buzkash
  • National dish – Kabuli palaw

Bhutan

▸ Border length – 578 km
▸ Border States – Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal.

▸ Capital – Thimphu
▸ Official language – Dzongkha
▸ Official currency – Bhutanese Ngultrum

National symbols of Bhutan

  • National animal – Takin
  • National bird – Raven
  • National tree – Himalayan cypress
  • National flower – Himalayan blue poppy
  • National Sport – Archery

Bangladesh

▸ Border length – 4096 km
▸ Capital – Dhaka
▸ Border States – Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and West Benga.
▸ Official language – Bengali

National symbols of Bangladesh

  • National flower – Water lily
  • National fruit – Jackfruit
  • National animal – Royal Bengal Tiger
  • National fish – Illish
  • National bird – Magpie robin

China

▸ Border length – 3488 km
▸ Border States / UTs – Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh.

▸ Capital – Beijing
▸ Official language – Mandarin
▸ Currency – Renminbi

▸ World’s Second most populous country. (1.4 billion people)
▸ China spans five geographical time zones.
▸ Share its land borders with fourteen countries.

• Both Russia and China share their land borders with 14 countries. (most of any country in the world)

▸National symbols of China

  • National animal – Chinese dragon
  • National bird – Red-crowned crane
  • National fruit – Fuzzy kiwifruit & Jujube
  • National tree – Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
  • National flower – Plum blossom
  • National Instrument – Guqin
  • National Sport – Table tennis
  • National Dish – Peking duck
  • National Drink – Baijiu

Myanmar

▸ Border length – 1643 km
▸ Border State – Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur

▸ Capital – Naypyidaw
▸ Official language – Burmese
▸ Currency – Myanmar Kyat 

▸ Formerly known as Burma
▸ Largest country in Mainland Southeast Asia.
▸ largest city – Yangon (Rangoon)

National symbols of Nepal

  • National Animal – Tiger
  • National Game – Chinlone (Caneball)
  • National Bird – Grey Peacock-Pheasant
  • National Fruit – Padauk
  • National Tree – Green Peafowl

Nepal

▸ Border length – 1752 km
▸ Border State – Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur

▸ Capital – Kathmandu
▸ Currency – Nepalese rupee
▸ Official language – Burmese

▸ Upper house – National Assembly
▸ Lower house – House of Representatives

▸ Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia.

National symbols of Nepal

  • National animal – Cow
  • National tree – Peepal
  • National flower – Rhododendron arboreum
  • National weapon – Khukuri
  • National dance – Newa dance
  • National instrument – Madal
  • National dish – Dal bhat (NEPAL)
  • National sport – Volleyball (NEPAL)

Pakistan

▸ Border length – 3310 km
▸ Border State/UTs – Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan.

▸ Official language – Urdu
▸ Largest city – Karachi
▸ Capital – Islamabad
▸ Currency – Pakistani rupee

▸ Upper house – Senate
▸ Lower house – National Assembly

▸ World’s 5th most populous country.
▸ World’s 2nd largest Muslim population country.

National symbols of Pakistan

  • National flower – Common jasmine
  • National tree – Himalayan cedar (Deodar)
  • National fruit – Mango
  • National vegetable – Lady Finger
  • National animal – Markhor
  • National aquatic marine mammal – Indus river dolphin
  • National predator – Snow leopard
  • National bird – Chukar partridge
  • National fish – Mahseer (Himalayan golden mahseer)
  • National reptile – Indus Crocodile

Sri Lanka

• Border length – separated by the Gulf of Mannar
• Border State – Separated by the Gulf of Mannar (Nearest State: Tamil Nadu)

• Official language – Sinhala and Tamil
• Currency – Sri Lankan rupee
• Capital – Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (legislative) & Colombo (executive and judicial)

• Formerly known as Ceylon.
• Largest city – Colombo

National symbols of Sri Lanka

  • National flower – Water lily flower (Nymphaeaceae)
  • National tree – Ceylon ironwood (Mesua ferrea)
  • National bird – Sri Lankan junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii)
  • National butterfly – Sri Lankan birdwing (Troides darsius)
  • National gemstone – Blue sapphire
  • National sport – Volleyball

Neighbouring Countries of India Video

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. How many Neighbouring countries does India have?

Answer: 9  
☛ Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, China, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are the countries bordering India.

Q2. Which is the longest Neighbouring country of India?

Answer: Bangladesh (4096 Km)

Q3. What are the landlocked neighboring countries of India?

Answer: India’s landlocked neighbours are Nepal, Bhutan, and Afghanistan.

Q4. Which are the two neighbouring island countries of India?

Answer: Sri Lanka, Maldives

Q5. Which neighboring countries of India have the smallest area?

Answer: Bhutan

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