OTT Full Form in Media, Types of OTT

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In this article, you will learn about the full form of OTT in media, the different types of OTT, and how it differs from traditional cable TV services. Additionally, we will discuss the pros and cons of OTT.

OTT stands for Over-The-Top and refers to delivering media content such as videos and audio over the internet, bypassing traditional cable, satellite, and broadcast TV platforms. There are three types of OTT services – Subscription Video-On-Demand (SVOD), Ad-Supported Video-On-Demand (AVOD), and Transactional Video-On-Demand (TVOD).

Read this article to learn about OTT and why it is called OTT.

OTT full form in media and cinema

OTT stands for: “Over the Top” in any form of visual media or cinema.

What is the definition of OTT in media and cinema?

  • OTT, or “Over The Top”, refers to any streaming service that provides video and audio content via the Internet, bypassing traditional media such as cable TV, where service providers control content.
  • The term “OTT platform” has gained much popularity despite the widespread use of cable TV. To access a program on cable TV, a viewer typically has to obtain a cable connection from a local service provider.
  • In the current era, individuals can subscribe to various OTT services such as Netflix or Spotify. These platforms deliver shows and programs through the internet. Cable TV providers now only offer internet connectivity and do not have any control over the content consumed.
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Bigg Boss OTT full-form

  • Bigg Boss OTT or BB OTT, also known as Bigg Boss: Over-The-Top.
  • The first season of the popular television show (Bigg Boss OTT 1) was released on OTT platforms Voot and Voot Select only on 8 August 2021.
  • Voot is an Indian OTT streaming service serving India, the UK (Virgin Media only), and the US (Sling TV only).

OTT platform means

  • OTT, or Over the Top, refers to a subscription-based streaming service for media. The company that provides this service is known as an OTT platform. An OTT platform is a website or application that allows for streaming on various internet-enabled devices that support OTT applications.

Why is it called “Over the Top”?

  • Over-the-top (OTT) refers to the distribution of audio, video, and other forms of media via the Internet, bypassing traditional cable or satellite television providers. The term “over-the-top” refers to the fact that the content is delivered “over” the traditional methods of distribution, such as cable or satellite TV.
  • All OTT content can be consumed through various apps and websites using devices such as computers, smartphones, tablets, and streaming media players.
  • It is a popular way for individuals and companies to distribute video content directly to consumers, bypassing traditional distribution channels and making reaching a potentially global audience possible.
Why it is called "Over the Top"?
Why is it called “Over the Top”?

Why OTT is important?

  • Over-the-top (OTT) is a relatively new development, with significant potential for growth. As more companies enter the OTT space, this leads to more options for consumers and an increase in the amount of advertising inventory available for marketing.
  • In today’s world, the availability of inexpensive internet has made it easy to access OTT services. Marketers can use these platforms to expand their business.

What are the benefits of OTT?

  • Traditional media, such as television and print publications, are not able to display personalized or targeted advertisements to individual users. This makes it difficult to reach a specific audience through these forms of media.
  • On the other hand, OTT platforms (over-the-top platforms) allow for the serving of personalized ads, which can help target a specific audience. Brands and marketers can choose how and when to air their marketing campaigns to reach specific demographics. OTT services also allow users to watch their favorite shows and programs anytime, making it a convenient option for media consumption.

How is the OTT platform service different from cable and TV services?

The main difference is that you can choose what you want to watch on an OTT compared to cable. You can pause and play the content you are watching on an OTT platform as you need.

Also, the key advantages of OTT are its low price range and on-demand services for consumers. In cable TV we watch 10 minutes of commercials within a 30-minute program, whereas in OTT we can watch ad-free content.

Service TypeOTT ServiceCable/TV Service
Internet Connection RequiredYesNo (requires either a cable, dish or set-top box)
On-Demand ViewingYes (you can choose what to watch and when to watch it)No (has fixed programs running at predefined times on selected channels)
Pause and PlayYesNo
CostHigher ROI, thus costing lessLower ROI, thus costing more
Binge-WatchingYes (you can watch an entire web/TV series in one go)No (TV episodes are available as per the scheduled time)
Device CompatibilityNo device type restrictions. Most modern devices support OTTThe service works only with TV

Types of OTT service providers

▪ Based on streaming media there are different types of OTT platforms, Let’s take a look at all the OTT types.

OTT Television

▪ It is the most common video streaming OTT service.
▪ This is the most popular OTT advertising media for marketers.

▪ Some examples of OTT television services include:

  • Netflix
  • Amazon Prime Video
  • BBC
  • Crunchyroll
  • Pluto TV
  • Apple TV
  • Disney+
  • Hotstar
  • HBO (Max, Go, Now)
  • Hulu

OTT Messaging

▪ It includes any online chat rooms or instant messaging services third parties provide. These services are usually an alternative to traditional text messaging and are supplied by a mobile network operator. OTT advertisements can appear as banners on these applications or websites.

▪ Some examples of OTT messaging services include:

  • Facebook Messenger
  • WhatsApp
  • Snapchat
  • WeChat
  • Skype
  • Kik Messenger
  • iMessage

OTT Voice Calling

▪ Nowadays, voice OTT services are increasingly common instead of phone calls.

▪ Some of these voice-calling services include:

  • WeChat
  • Skype
  • Viber
  • WhatsApp

What is OTT marketing?

  • OTT marketing is the delivery of ads over the internet through video streaming. It runs video ad interruptions, banner ads, sponsored content, and more.
  • Traditional ad-serving modes like TV are usually controlled by the network and the corporations advertising on it. But, over-the-top marketing allows companies to bypass traditional TV providers, which typically manage media and content distribution across regions.
  • OTT ads provide a powerful tool for marketers to reach out to audiences directly by providing user-targeted ads and getting them to buy their goods.

What are the examples of Common OTT platforms?

▪ Some examples of popular OTT platforms in India are listed below:

  • Netflix
  • Disney+ Hotstar
  • Amazon Prime
  • Voot
  • Sony LIV
  • Zee5
  • Alt Balaji
  • Ullu App
  • EROS Now

OTT Platforms in India

  • India is a thriving market for content consumption. We love watching TV serials, cricket matches, and more. With the rise of OTT platforms, there has been an explosion of content, particularly in regional languages. Today, we are surrounded by a plethora of platforms offering OTT services, and it’s difficult to imagine a time without them.

The beginning of OTT platforms in India

  • The year 2008 marked the beginning of Over-The-Top (OTT) platforms in India, with the introduction of BIGFlix by Reliance Entertainment.
  • In 2010, the first mobile app for streaming, nexGTv, was launched. Reliance played a key role in initiating live-streaming TV and on-demand services in India.
  • Since then, OTT platforms in India have grown from strength to strength, with no signs of slowing down.

List of OTT Platforms in India

  • Below is a list of popular OTT platforms currently available in India. This list is regularly updated and includes India’s most well-known OTT platforms.
  • The list also includes the languages in which the content is available. Please let us know in the comments section below if any OTT platforms are missing from this list.
OTT PlatformContent languages
Airtel XstreamHindi, English, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Bengali, Marathi
ALTBalajiHindi, Telugu, Tamil
Amazon Prime VideoMarathi, English, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali
Apple TvEnglish
Asianet Mobile TV+Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi
BIGFlixHindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali
BS ValueTamil
Cinemas of IndiaHindi, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi
Disney+ HotstarHindi, English, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Kannada, Marathi
Eros NowHindi, Telugu, Tamil, Punjabi
HoichoiBengali, Hindi
HungamaHindi, English, Telugu, Tamil
JioCinemaEnglish, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Odia, Punjabi, Gujarati
Joy TvEnglish, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Odia, Punjabi, Gujarati
Lionsgate PlayEnglish, Hindi
Manorama MaxMalayalam
MubiEnglish, Hindi
MX PlayerMarathi, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi, Odia, Gujarati, English
Namma FlixKannada
NetFlixEnglish, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada
Niri 9Assamese
Planet MarathiMarathi
Prime ReelsMalayalam
ShemarooMeHindi, Telugu, Gujarati
SonyLIVHindi, English, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi
SpuulHindi, Telugu, Tamil, English
Sun NXTTamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Bengali, (Marathi coming soon)
Tubi TvEnglish, Hindi
TVFPlayHindi, Telugu, Tamil
Ullu AppHindi, Telugu
ViuHindi, Telugu, Tamil
VootEnglish, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali,
VuclipHindi, Telugu, Tamil
YouTube MoviesEnglish, Hindi,
YuppTVHindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada
Zee5Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi, Odia, Gujarati, English

Is MX Player an OTT?

  • MX Player is one of the best free OTT platforms in India, and it comprises an exciting collection of TV shows, web series, movies, music, and songs.
  • It was developed by MX Media & Entertainment and currently has more than 280 million users worldwide.
  • The MX Player platform currently operates on an ad-supported model. But you can subscribe for ad-free content.
  • MX Player, lets you enjoy watching your favorite content on your laptop, TV, mobile phone, and other smart devices.

How to watch movies on OTT?

  • To watch movies on an OTT platform, you need to install your favorite OTT platform app on your phone, TV, or tablet.
  • After installing your favorite OTT platform app, you must take monthly or yearly subscriptions for certain OTT apps.
  • You can check the monthly or yearly subscription fees from the official website of each OTT platform.
  • After that, you will be able to watch your favorite TV show, movie, or web series.

Pros and Cons of OTT Services

It’s a great tool of the modern days but only if enjoyed responsibly. Following are some Pros and Cons of the OTT Platforms.

☛ Offers a wide variety of content to choose from.

☛ Allows for flexible viewing with the ability to pause and play at any time.

☛ High-quality content is available, including international and regional language options.

☛ Most devices support OTT streaming, providing accessibility from anywhere.

☛ Offers personalized recommendations based on user viewing history.

☛ Original content available that cannot be found on cable/TV services.

☛ Users can avoid commercials and advertising interruptions.

☛ Can be cost-effective compared to cable/TV services.
☛ Binge-watching can be harmful to your health. It’s important to enjoy it responsibly and not get addicted.

☛ Limited censorship on some OTT platforms may require parental control for children.

☛ Increased internet consumption may be a concern for some users.

☛ Provides on-demand content, but too many choices can lead to indecisiveness and time-wasting.

☛ Some popular titles may be exclusive to specific platforms.

☛ Subscription fees for multiple OTT services can add up quickly.

☛ Technical issues, such as buffering or connection problems, may disrupt the viewing experience.

☛ Data usage may be capped or restricted by some internet service providers.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. What is the full form of OTT?

Answer: Over the Top

Q2. Which is India’s first OTT platform?

Answer: Bigflix
• It was started by Reliance Entertainment in the year 2008.

Q3. Which OTT platform is free in India?

Answer: Voot OTT platform (powered by Viacom18)
• It offers mostly free-of-cost content from the national television channel Colors.

Q4. Which is India’s first OTT app?

Answer: nexGTv (launched in 2010 by Digivive)

Q5. Which is the most subscribed OTT platform in India?

Answer: Hotstar (now Disney+ Hotstar)
• Hotstar has the exclusive streaming rights of IPL in India.

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