List of 80 Ramsar Sites in India 2024 with Additional Facts for Exam

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At present, India is home to a total of 80 Ramsar sites. In this article, we explore the definition and significance of Ramsar Sites, shedding light on their names and locations across different states in India.

The Minister for Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, Shri Bhupender Yadav, revealed five new Ramsar sites, recognized as Wetlands of International Importance, in January 2024.

These additions include the Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve in Karnataka, Aghanashini Estuary in Karnataka, Magadi Kere Conservation Reserve in Karnataka, Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, and Longwood Shola Reserve Forest in Tamil Nadu.

The term “Ramsar Sites” originated when the International Treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971.

Understanding the ‘Ramsar Sites of India holds significance, especially for the upcoming competitive Exam.

Therefore, aspirants preparing for the competitive exam should familiarize themselves with information about Ramsar Sites and the Ramsar Convention. Continue reading to gather pertinent details about Ramsar Sites and access the comprehensive list of these designated areas.

Number of Wetlands in India as of 2024

The Ramsar Convention, established in 1971, pursues the goal of “conserving and wisely utilizing wetlands through local, national, and international collaboration for the holistic sustainable development of the world.”

To monitor significant ecological alterations that could impact wetland sites either positively or negatively, Ramsar sites are meticulously documented in the Montreux Record.

In India, the Ramsar Convention became effective on February 1, 1982. Presently, the country boasts the highest number of designated Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites) in South Asia, totaling 80 sites.

List of 80 Ramsar Sites in India as of 2024

For those gearing up for upcoming competitive exams in 2024, it is advisable to delve into topics akin to the ‘Ramsar Wetlands in India List,’ as outlined in the provided table.

Sl.NoRamsar SiteState
1Saman Bird SanctuaryMainpuri, Uttar Pradesh
2Sur SarovarAgra, Uttar Pradesh
3Sarsai Nawar JheelEtawah, Uttar Pradesh
4Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryNawabganj, Uttar Pradesh
5Samaspur Bird SanctuaryRaebareli‎, Uttar Pradesh
6Sandi Bird SanctuaryHardoi, Uttar Pradesh
7Parvati Aranga Bird SanctuaryGonda, Uttar Pradesh
8Upper Ganga River
Brijghat to Narora Stretch,
Uttar Pradesh
9Haiderpur WetlandMuzaffarnagar-Bijnor border,
Uttar Pradesh
10Bakhira Bird SanctuarySant Kabir Nagar, Uttar Pradesh
11Sasthamkotta LakeKerala
12Ashtamudi LakeKerala
13Vembanad-Kol WetlandKerala
14Bhoj WetlandBhopal, Madhya Pradesh
15Sakhya Sagar LakeShivpuri, Madhya Pradesh
16Sirpur wetlandIndore, Madhya Pradesh
17Yashwant SagarMadhya Pradesh
18Nandur MadhameshwarNashik, Maharashtra
19Thane CreekMaharashtra
20Lonar LakeMaharashtra
21Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan
22Sambhar LakeRajasthan
23Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
24Karikili Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
25Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu
26Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu
27Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu
28Vembannur Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu
29Chitrangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
30Suchindram Theroor Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu
31Vaduvur Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
32Kanjirankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
33Vellode Bird SanctuaryVadamugam Vellode, Tamil Nadu
34Udhayamarthandapuram Bird SanctuaryTiruvarur, Tamil Nadu
35Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary Koonthakulam, Tamil Nadu
36Vedanthangal Bird SanctuaryVedathangal, Madurantakam
, Tamil Nadu
37Pala wetlandMizoram
38Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh
40Tso KarLadakh
41Hokera WetlandJammu & Kashmir
42Wular LakeJammu & Kashmir
43Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu & Kashmir
44Hygam Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu & Kashmir
45Shallbugh Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu & Kashmir
46Chilka LakeOdisha
47Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha
48Satkosia GorgeOdisha
49Tampara LakeOdisha
50Hirakud ReservoirOdisha
51Ansupa LakeOdisha
52East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal
53Sundarban WetlandWest Bengal
54Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab
55Beas Conservation ReservePunjab
56Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab
57Harike WetlandPunjab
58Kanjli WetlandPunjab
59Ropar WetlandPunjab
60Deepar BeelKamrup, Assam
61Rudrasagar LakeMelaghar, Tripura
62Pong Dam LakeKangra, Himachal Pradesh
63Chandra LakeLahul and Spiti, Himachal Pradesh
64Renuka LakeSirmaur , Himachal Pradesh
65Asan BarrageDehradun, Uttarakhand
66Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal LakeBegusarai, Bihar
67Sultanpur National ParkGurugram, Haryana
68Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryJhajjar, Haryana
69Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryAhmedabad, Gujarat
70Thol LakeMehsana, Gujarat
71Wadhvana WetlandVadodara, Gujarat
72Khijadia Bird SanctuaryJamnagar, Gujarat
73Ranganathituu Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
74Nanda LakeGoa
75Loktak LakeMoirang, Manipur
76Ankasamudra Bird Conservation ReserveKarnataka
77Aghanashini EstuaryKarnataka
78Magadi Kere Conservation ReserveKarnataka
79Karaivetti Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
80Longwood Shola Reserve ForestTamil Nadu

80 Ramsar Sites in India Map

80 Ramsar Sites in India Map
80 Ramsar Sites in India Map

Latest Updates about Indian Ramsar Sites

In January 2024, the list of Ramsar Sites in India expanded with the addition of five new locations:

  1. Ankasamudra Bird Conservation Reserve – Karnataka
  2. Aghanashini Estuary – Karnataka
  3. Magadi Kere Conservation Reserve – Karnataka
  4. Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
  5. Longwood Shola Reserve Forest – Tamil Nadu

Read more about the 5 newly Added Wetland

July 2022 witnessed the inclusion of five more Indian sites on the Ramsar List:

  1. Karikili Bird Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
  2. Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest – Tamil Nadu
  3. Pichavaram Mangrove – Tamil Nadu
  4. Sakhya Sagar – Madhya Pradesh
  5. Pala Wetlands – Mizoram
  • On World Wetland Day, 2nd February 2022, Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were designated as Ramsar sites at the event held at Sultanpur National Park in Haryana.
  • December 2021 marked the addition of Haiderpur Wetland in Uttar Pradesh as the 47th Ramsar Site, formed in 1984 within the boundaries of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary.

August 2021 saw the inclusion of four new sites:

  1. Sultanpur National Park – Gurugram, Haryana
  2. Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary – Jhajjar, Haryana
  3. Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary – Near Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  4. Wadhvana Wetland – Vadodara, Gujarat

In 2020, several sites were added:

  • December 2020: Tso Kar Wetland Complex in Ladakh
  • November 2020: Lonar Lake in Maharashtra, Sur Sarovar (Keetham Lake) in Agra, Uttarakhand – Asan Barrage
  • July 2020: Kanwar Lake or Kabal Taal in Bihar, Sunderban Reserve Forest (Sunderban Wetlands) in Kolkata
  • On the 50th anniversary of the Ramsar Convention on 2nd February 2021, India established the Centre for Wetland Conservation & Management in Chennai under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • Sambhar Lake, a Ramsar Site in India, gained attention due to its deterioration caused by salt mining.

Key Facts about Ramsar Wetlands Sites of India

Here’s a set of Ramsar Sites in India & Indian Wetlands related facts in a question-and-answer format for competitive exams:

Q1. What are Ramsar Sites?

Ramsar Sites are wetland areas listed under the Ramsar Convention, aiming to conserve and promote the sustainable use of natural resources.

Q2. What is the Ramsar Convention?

The Ramsar Convention, also known as the Convention of Wetlands, was established by UNESCO in 1971 and came into force in 1975.

Q3. Is India a part of the Ramsar Convention?

Yes, India is a party to the Ramsar Convention, having signed it on 1st February 1982.

Q4. How many Ramsar Sites are in India?

India currently has 80 Ramsar Sites, according to the latest information.

Q5. Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India?

The Sundarbans hold the title of the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Q6. Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?

Chilika Lake (Odisha) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were the first recognized Ramsar Sites in India.

Q7. Which Indian state has the most number of Ramsar Sites?

Tamil Nadu boasts the highest number of Ramsar Sites in India, with a total of 16 Indian Wetlands.

Q8. Which is the smallest wetland in India?

Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh, covering an area of 20 hectares, is the smallest wetland in India.

Other Interesting Facts about the Ramsar sites

Here are some additional interesting facts about Ramsar Sites that can be valuable for aspirants preparing for competitive exams:

  • Ramsar sites are globally recognized as crucial protected areas.
  • Currently, there are over 2500 Ramsar sites worldwide, covering an expansive 257,106,360 hectares.
  • The first Ramsar site, identified in 1974, was the Cobourg Peninsula in Australia.
  • The United Kingdom leads globally with 175 Ramsar Sites.
  •  The largest Sites under the Ramsar convention is Rio Negro in Brazil (120,000 square km).
  • International Wetlands Day, celebrated on February 2, marks the signing of the Ramsar Convention in 1971.
  • The Ramsar Convention collaborates with organizations like IUCN, Birdlife International, IWMI, Wetlands International, WWT, and WWF International.
  • Information on Ramsar sites can be accessed through the Ramsar Sites Information Service (RSIS).
  • As of October 2024, the Ramsar Convention has 175 contracting parties.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: How is a Ramsar Site declared, and who declares it?

Ramsar Sites in India receive their designation under the Ramsar Convention, established by UNESCO in 1971. A site is declared as a Ramsar Wetland Site in India if it fulfills any one of the nine criteria outlined in the Convention of Wetland.

Q2: How many Ramsar Sites are there?

Globally, there are over 2500 Ramsar Sites, and India proudly hosts 80 Ramsar sites within its borders.

Q3: Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India?

The Sundarbans hold the distinction of being the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Q4: Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India?

The Renuka Wetland, spanning 0.2 sq. km in Himachal Pradesh, claims the title of the smallest Ramsar Site in India, followed closely by the Chandertal Wetland at 0.49 sq. km, also in Himachal Pradesh.

Source: The Convention on Wetlands

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As a professional blogger and passionate educator, I am driven by a deep-seated desire to share knowledge and empower others. With years of experience in the field, I am committed to providing valuable insights and guidance to aspiring learners. My passion lies in helping individuals discover their potential and achieve their goals. I am also a firm believer in the power of motivation and strive to inspire others to pursue their dreams with unwavering determination.

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