List of national parks in India

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Here is the latest updated list of National Parks in India. At Present India has 106 National parks. All the important information about national park is given here keeping in mind various competitive examinations like SSC CGL, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, WBCS, Banking, RAIL, UPSC, CDS and other state PSC’s exam.

 

✪ What is National Park?

▶ An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park.

▶ The purpose of a National Park is to protect the ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association of a particular region.

▶ National Parks in India are declared under the wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
▶ National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas.


Flora – All the plant life present in a particular region or time known as Flora. Or in other words we can say flora is the the naturally occurring (indigenous) native plants.

Fauna – Just like flora, Fauna is all of the animal life present in a particular region or time. Or in other words fauna is the animals of a certain region, habitat or geological period.

IUCN Category II : National Park
✓ Large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area.

✓ The Primary objective is to protect natural biodiversity along with its underlying ecological structure and supporting environmental processes.

…………..Source – IUCN Category II : National Park

About IUCN
✓ Full form – International Union for Conservation of Nature.
✓ Function – It working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
✓ Foundation year – 5 October 1948
Headquarters – Gland, Switzerland
✓ Members – 1,400
✓ Director General – Dr Bruno Oberle
✓ President – Zhang Xinsheng


Features of National Park

▶ The proposal authority for notifying lands included in national parks is vested in the state government.

▶ After the declaration of National Park, from the day the State Government can’t alteration the boundary of the National Park without the recommendation of National Board.

▶ Grazing of livestock are strictly prohibited in a National Park.

▶ Only those animals are allowed to enter the national park which is used as a vehicle by a person who is allowed to enter it.

▶ The poaching , exploitation or removal of wildlife, including forestry products, from a national park is strictly prohibited.

▶ People living around the National Parks cannot use the Park for commercial purpose or any kind of private activities.

▶ Any kind of developmental activities, industrial activities, hunting and cultivation are not permitted.

…….. Source – Section 35 in The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972


 

✪ List of National Parks in India

S. No Name of State National Park Name Year
1
Andhra Pradesh
Papikonda 2008
2 Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) 2005
3 Sri Venkateswara 1989
4
Arunachal Pradesh
Mouling 1986
5 Namdapha 1974
6
Assam
Dibru-Saikhowa 1999
7 Kaziranga 1974
8 Manas 1990
9 Nameri 1978
10 Rajiv Gandhi (Orang) 1999
11 Bihar Valmiki 1976
12
Chhattisgarh
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) 1981
13 Indravati (Kutru) 1981
14 Kanger Ghati 1982
15 Goa Mollem 1978
16
Gujarat
Blackbuck (Velavadar) 1976
17 Gir 1975
18 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) 1982
19 Vansda 1979
20
Haryana
Kalesar 2003
21 Sultanpur 1989
22
Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan 1984
23 Inderkilla 2010
24 Khirganga 2010
25 Pin Valley 1987
26 Col. Sherjung Simbalbara 2010
27 Jharkhand Betla 1986
28
Karnataka
Anshi 1987
29 Bandipur 1974
30 Bannerghatta 1974
31 Kudremukh 1987
32 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) 1988
33
Kerala
Anamudi Shola 2003
34 Eravikulam 1978
35 Mathikettan Shola 2003
36 Pambadum Shola 2003
37 Periyar 1982
38 Silent Valley 1984
39
Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh 1968
40 Dinosaur Fossils 2011
41 Fossil 1983
42 Pench 1975
43 Kanha 1955
44 Kuno 2018
45 Madhav 1959
46 Panna 1981
47 Sanjay 1981
48 Satpura 1981
49 Van Vihar 1979
50
Maharashtra
Chandoli 2004
51 Gugamal 1975
52 Nawegaon 1975
53 Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) 1975
54 Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) 1983
55 Tadoba 1955
56 Manipur Keibul-Lamjao 1977
57 Shiroi 1982
58 Meghalaya Balphakram 1986
59 Nokrek Ridge 1997
60 Mizoram Murlen 1991
61 Phawngpui (Blue Mountain) 1992
62 Nagaland Intanki 1993
63
Odisha
Bhitarkanika 1988
64 Simlipal 1980
65
Rajasthan
Desert 1992
66 Keoladeo Ghana 1981
67 Mukundra Hills 2006
68 Ranthambhore 1980
69 Sariska 1992
70 Sikkim Khangchendzonga 1977
71
Tamil Nadu
Guindy 1976
72 Gulf of Mannar Marine 1980
73 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) 1989
74 Mudumalai 1990
75 Mukurthi 1990
76
Telangana
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 1994
77 Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali 1994
78 Mrugavani 1994
79 Tripura Clouded Leopard 2007
80 Bison (Rajbari) 2007
81 Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa 1977
82
Uttarakhand
Corbett 1936
83 Gangotri 1989
84 Govind 1990
85 Nanda Devi 1982
86 Rajaji 1983
87 Valley of Flowers 1982
88
West Bengal
Buxa 1992
89 Gorumara 1992
90 Jaldapara 2014
91 Neora Valley 1986
92 Singalila 1986
93 Sunderban 1984
94
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay 1992
95 Galathea Bay 1992
96 Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) 1983
97 Mount Harriett 1987
98 Rani Jhansi Marine 1996
99 Saddle Peak 1987
100
Jammu & Kashmir
Salim Ali 1992
101 Dachigam 1981
102 Kazinag 2000
103 Kishtwar High Altitute 1981
104 Ladakh Hemis 1981
105 Assam Raimona National Park 2021
106 Assam Dehing Patkai 2021

✪  National parks in india map

Here is a simple map of National Park in India, This map contain all the 106 National Parks of India.

 

✪ Number of National Park , Current Status

◘ At present as per the official data we have 106 national parks.
◘ Previously there are 104 National Parks.
◘ On May , 2021, two new National Park added in this list.
◘ Both the new National Parks located in the states of Assam.

◘ They are ..
• Raimona National Park
• Dihang Patkai National Park

◘ 104th National Park ➥ Kuno National Park, Madhya Pradesh
◘ 105th National Park ➥ Raimona National Park, Assam
◘ 106th National Park ➥ Dihang Patkai National Park , Assam

✪ Fact about the newly added National Parks

◘ Raimona National Park
• Raimona National Park located at Kokrajhar district, Assam.
• It formed boundary with the Sonkosh River along the inter-state boundary of West Bengal and Saralbhanga River in Assam.

• On World Environmental Day, Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma declared Raimona as a National Park.

• The Raimona National Park, located at the Kachugaon forest division.
• Raimona National Park is the 6th National Park of Assam.
• The Park is famous for Golden Langur, an endemic species.

Aso Read Assam GK

Dihang Patkai National Park
• Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Assam’s easternmost districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia.

• Previously it was a Wildlife Sanctuary that is Dihang Patkai Wildelife Sanctuary.

• Recently Government of Assam decided to upgrading the status of Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to National Park.

• Dehing River, which originates from the mountains of Arunachal Pradesh, flows through the sanctuary.

• Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary also known as the “Amazon of the East” or ” Jeypore Rainforest.”
• It is the 7th National Park of Assam.
• Some of the rare species of the Dihang Patkai National Park is Flying Fox, Clouded Leopard, Chinese Pangolin and Assam macaque.
• White Winged Wood Duck is a rare endangered species of this park .

✪ Famous species of some National Parks

◘ Dibru-Saikhowa (Assam) ✓ Feral horse
◘ Govind Pashu Vihar (Uttarakhand) ✓ Snow Leopard
◘ Gorumara (West Bengal) ✓ Rhinoceros.
◘ Mukurthi (Tamil Nadu) ✓ Nilgiri Tahr
• State animal of Tamil Nadu
◘ Desert (Rajasthan) ✓ Great Indian Bustard
◘ Mrugavani (Telangana) ✓ Spotted Deer (Chital)
◘ Kanha (Madhya Pradesh) ✓ Barasingha or Swamp deer
◘ Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali (Telangana) ✓ Blackbuck
* State animal of –
• Punjab
• Haryana
• Andhra Pradesh
◘ Bhitarkanika (Odisha) ✓ Saltwater Crocodile
◘ Gulf of Mannar
(Tamil Nadu)
✓ Dugong (sea cow)
◘ Dachigam (J&k) ✓ Hangul
• State animal of J&K
◘ Clouded Leopard (Tripura) ✓ Clouded Leopard
• State animal of Meghalaya
◘ Kaziranga (Assam) ✓ One Horned Rhino
◘ Sultanpur (Haryana) ✓ Bird Sanctuaries
◘ Gir (Gujarat) ✓ Asiatic Lions
◘ Great Himalayan (Himachal Pradesh) ✓ Snow Leopard

 

✪ Some National Parks are named after famous personalities

◘ Jim Corbett National Park ✓ British Tiger Hunter ‘Jim Corbett’
◘ Kasu Brahmananda Reddy park (Telangana) ✓ CM of Undivided Andhra Pradesh Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
◘ Rajaji National Park (Uttarakhand) ✓ C Rajagopalachari
• Last Governor-General of India
• First Indian Governor General.of Independent India
◘ Guru Ghasidas National Park or Sanjay National Park ✓Saint Guru Ghasidas
• Founder of Satnami (truth) community in Chhattisgarh
◘ Rameshvaram National Park ✓Rajiv Gandhi
• Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram)
◘ Orang National Park (Assam) ✓ Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park
◘ Nagarhole National Park (Karnataka) ✓Rajiv Gandhi National Park
◘ Borivali National Park ✓Sanjay Gandhi National Park
◘ Pench National Park (Maharashtra)
• Not to be confused with Pench National Park (Madhya Pradesh)
✓ Jawaharlal Nehru National Park
◘ Anamalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) ✓ Indira Gandhi National Park
◘ Marine National Park (Andaman & Nicobar Island) ✓Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
◘ Rani Jhansi Marine National Park (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) ✓ Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi

 

✪ Confusing Name of National Park

National Park Name Description
◘ Sanjay National Park (Madhya Pradesh)
◘ Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh)
✓Sanjay National Park spread over both the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
✓ Parts in Chhattisgarh named after the saint Guru Ghasidas.
✓ Both the National Park are administered separately.
◘ Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Not to be confused with Sanjay National Park) ✓ Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Maharashtra)
• Former name – Borivali National Park
✓ Sanjay National Park (Madhya Pradesh)
◘ Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park ✓Orang National Park (Assam)
◘ Rajiv Gandhi Rameswaram National Park ✓Rameswaram National Park (Andhra Pradesh)
◘ Rajiv Gandhi National Park ✓Nagarhole National Park (Karnataka)
◘ Mouling National Park (Not to be confused with Mollem national park) ✓Mouling National Park (Arunachal Pradesh)
✓ Mollem National Park (Goa)
◘ Khirganga National Park (Not to be confused with kaziranga national park) ✓Khirganga National Park (Himachal Pradesh)
✓ Kaziranga national park (Assam)
◘ Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) (Not to be confused with marine Gulf of Mannar national park) ✓Marine Gulf of Kachchh National Park (Gujarat)
✓ Marine Gulf of Mannar National Park (Tamil Nadu)
◘ Silent Valley (Not to be confused with Pin Valley National park) ✓Silent Valley National Park (Kerala)
✓Pin Valley National Park (Himachal Pradesh)
◘ Salim Ali National Park (Not to be confused with Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary) ✓Salim Ali National Park (Jammu & Kashmir)
✓ Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary (Goa)

 

 

✪ Fact About National Parks in India

◘ Largest National Park in Terms of area ➟ Hemis National Park (Ladakh, 3350 sq. Km)
◘ Smallest National Park in Terms of area ➟ South Button Island National Park. (Andaman & Nicobar Island)
◘ South Button Island National Park is a part of ➟ Rani Jhansi Marine national park of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
◘ Only Floating National Park of India ➟ Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur
◘ Keibul Lamjao floating National Park located in ➟ Loktak Lake
◘ First Marine National Park ➟ Gulf of Kutchh National Park
◘ Only area where Kashmir stag is found ➟ Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir.
◘ First national park in India ➟Jim Corbett National Park
◘ Jim Corbett National Park previously known as ➟ Hailey National Park
◘ Kalesar National Park located on the Bank of ➟ Yamuna river
◘ Kanger Valley / Ghati national park ( Chhattisgarh) was named after the ➟ Kanger river
◘ Sundarban National Park (West Bengal) famous for ➟ Sundori Tree , Mangroves Forests
◘ Keoladeo Ghana national park previously known as ➟ Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
◘ Mollem national park (Goa) also known as ➟ Bhagwan Mahaveer National Park.
◘ Valmiki National Park (Bihar) located on the bank of ➟ River Gandak
◘ Largest national park of chhattisgarh ? ➟ Guru Ghasidas National Park
◘ Second oldest National Park of India ➟ Mudumalai National Park (Tamil Nadu)
◘ Rudyard Kipling’s ‘Jungle Book’ was set in the ➟ Pench National Park
◘ How many national park in india 2021 ➟ Currently India has 106 National Park

 

▲ List of Nation Parks in India under UNESCO World Heritage Site

• 1. Great Himalayan National Park (Himachal Pradesh)
• 2. Kaziranga National Park (Assam)
• 3. Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan)
• 4. Khangchendzonga National Park (Sikkim)
• 5. Manas National Park (Assam)
• 6. Nanda Devi National Park (Uttarakhand)
• 7. Sundarbans National Park (West Bengal)
• 8. Valley of Flowers National Park (Uttarakhand)

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