[PDF] 53 Tiger Reserves in India with Map 2022 Notes

Tiger reserves in India 2022: Check out the updated list of Tiger reserves in India. Here we provide the full list of tiger reserves and a state-wise list of tiger reserves with additional important information. The scientific name of the tiger is Panthera Tigris, and it belongs to the genus Panthera.

Tiger Reserves in India, Current Status

◘ Currently, there are 53 tiger reserves in India.
◘ All the tiger reserves are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

◘ Previously India had 50 Tiger reserves.
◘ Three more tiger reserves have recently been added to this list.
◘ The 51st tiger reserve is Srivilliputhur – Megamalai
Srivilliputhur – Megamalai tiger reserve located in the state of Tamil Nadu.
◘ The 52nd tiger reserve added to the list is Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary
Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuaries tiger reserve is located in the state of Rajasthan.

◘ The latest or 53rd  tiger reserve is Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary.

◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has designated the combined areas of the Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary as a Tiger Reserve.

◘ Both Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary are located in the state of Chhattisgarh.

About Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary Tiger Reserve

• Ramgarh Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India.
• Vishdhari Sanctuary in Rajasthan got the green signal from the NTCA or National Tiger Conservation Authority.
• The Ramgarh Sanctuary is like a buffer for the Ranthambore National Park.
• Ramgarh sanctuary covers an area of around 252 square kilometers.
• With the addition of this tiger reserve, Rajasthan gets its fourth one after Ranthambore, Sariska, and Mukundra gill tiger reserves.

♦ Article Source NDTV

About Ghasidas National & Tamor Pingla Tiger Reserves

◘ Initially, Project Tiger started with 9 tiger reserves.
◘ At present we have 53 tiger reserves under this project tiger.
◘ These 53 tiger reserves cover around 2.24% of the geographical area of our country.
◘ M-STrIPES are an Android-based application used to count the number of tigers.

• The new tiger reserve covers an area of 2048.5sq km.
• The new tiger reserve will provide a corridor for tigers to move between Bandhavgarh tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh and Palamou tiger reserve in Jharkhand.

• The Guru Ghasidas NationaPark is The last known habitat of the Asiatic Cheetah in India.
• The Guru Ghasidas National Park was a part of Sanjay Dhubri National Park. 

Also, see all Protected Areas of India

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

◘ The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has been constituted under the  Wildlife  (Protection) Act, 1972.
◘ It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change.

The objectives of NTCA are
• Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger to comply with its directives becomes legal.

• Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.

• Providing for oversight by Parliament.

• Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

♦ Source NTCA official site

Proposed Tiger Reserves in India

◘ In addition to existing tiger reserves, the in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for the creation of two new tiger reserves, namely
Ratapani Tiger Reserve
• The Ratapani Tiger Reserve, is located in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh.
• It has been a wildlife sanctuary since 1976.
• It will be the 7th tiger reserve of Madhya Pradesh.

Sunabeda Tiger Reserve
• Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Nuapada district of Odisha.
• The sanctuary forms the catchment area of the Jonk River.

◘ According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), the state governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring 4 new tiger reserves, Namely
• Suhelwa — Uttar Pradesh
• Mhadei — Goa
• Dibang — Arunachal Pradesh
• Cauveri MM Hills — Karnataka

List of Tiger Reserves in India [All 53 Tiger Reserves in India]

Sl. No Tiger Reserve State Year Core area (In Sq. Kms.) Buffer area (In Sq. Kms.) Total Area (In Sq. Kms.)
1 Bandipur Karnataka 1973-74 872.24 584.06 1456.3
2 Corbett Uttarakhand 1973-74 821.99 466.32 1288.31
3 Kanha Madhya Pradesh 1973-74 917.43 1134.361 2051.791
4 Manas Assam 1973-74 526.22 2310.88 2837.1
5 Melghat Maharashtra 1973-74 1500.49 1268.03 2768.52
6 Palamau Jharkhand 1973-74 414.08 715.85 1129.93
7 Ranthambore Rajasthan 1973-74 1113.364 297.9265 1411.291
8 Similipal Odisha 1973-74 1194.75 1555.25 2750
9 Sunderbans West Bengal 1973-74 1699.62 885.27 2584.89
10 Periyar Kerala 1978-79 881 44 925
11 Sariska Rajasthan 1978-79 881.1124 332.23 1213.342
12 Buxa West Bengal 1982-83 390.5813 367.3225 757.9038
13 Indravati Chhattisgarh 1982-83 1258.37 1540.7 2799.07
14 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh 1982-83 1807.82 245 2052.82
15 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh 1987-88 1093.79 1107.985 2201.775
16 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu 1988-89 895 706.542 1601.542
17 Valmiki Bihar 1989-90 598.45 300.93 899.38
18 Pench Maharashtra 1992-93 411.33 768.3023 1179.632
19 Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra 1993-94 625.82 1101.771 1727.591
20 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh 1993-94 716.903 820.04 1598.1
21 Panna Madhya Pradesh 1994-95 576.13 1021.97 1598.1
22 Dampa Mizoram 1994-95 500 488 988
23 Bhadra Karnataka 1998-99 492.46 571.83 1064.29
24 Pench Madhya Pradesh 1998-99 411.33 768.3023 1179.632
25 Pakke or Pakhui Arunachal Pradesh 1999-2000 683.45 515 1198.45
26 Nameri Assam 1999-2000 320 144 464
27 Satpura Madhya Pradesh 1999-2000 1339.264 794.044 2133.308
28 Anamalai Tamil Nadu 2008-09 958.59 521.28 1479.87
29 Udanti-Sitanadi Chhattisgarh 2008-09 851.09 991.45 1842.54
30 Satkosia Odisha 2008-09 523.61 440.26 963.87
31 Kaziranga Assam 2008-09 625.58 548 1173.58
32 Achanakmar Chhattisgarh 2008-09 626.195 287.822 914.017
33 Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka 2008-09 814.884 282.63 1097.514
34 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh 2008-09 812.571 861.931 1674.502
35 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu 2007 321 367.59 688.59
36 Nagarahole Karnataka 2008–09 643.35 562.41 1205.76
37 Parambikulam Kerala 2008–09 390.89 252.772 643.662
38 Sahyadri Maharashtra 2009–10 600.12 565.45 1165.57
39 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka 2010–11 359.1 215.72 574.82
40 Kawal Telangana 2012-13 892.23 1123.212 2015.44
41 Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu 2013-14 793.49 614.91 1408.4
42 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan 2013-14 417.17 342.82 759.99
43 Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra 2013-14 653.674 1241.27 1894.944
44 Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Andhra Pradesh 1982-83 2595.72 700.59 3296.31
45 Amrabad Telangana 2014 2166.37 445.02 2611.39
46 Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh 2014 602.798 127.4518 730.2498
47 Bor Maharashtra 2014 138.12 678.15 816.27
48 Rajaji Uttarakhand 2015 819.54 255.63 1075.17
49 Orang Assam 2016 79.28 413.18 492.46
50 Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh 2016 671 112 783
51 Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tamil Nadu 2021 641 374 1016
52 Ramgarh Vishdhari Rajasthan 2021 309 740 1052
53 Ghasidas & Tamor Pingla Chhattisgarh 2021 2048

State-wise list of Tiger Reserves in India

Tiger reserves in Madhya Pradesh

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Pench Seoni and Chhindwara
2 Bandhavgarh Umaria
3 Satpura Hoshangabad (Narmadapuram )
4 Panna Chhatarpur
5 Kanha Mandla and Balaghat
6 Sanjay-Dubri Koriya (Chhattisgarh) and Sidhi, Singrauli (Madhya Pradesh)

Tiger reserves in Maharashtra

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Bor Wardha
2 Melghat Amravati
3 Tadoba-Andhari Chandrapur
4 Sahyadri Satara, Sangli, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri
5 Nawegaon-Nagzira Gondia
6 Pench Seoni and Chhindwara

Tiger reserves in Tamil Nadu

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Anamalai Coimbatore
2 Sathyamangalam Erode
3 Mudumalai Nilgiri
4 Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Erode
5 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari

Tiger reserves in Karnataka

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Chamarajanagar
2 Bandipur Chamarajnagar
3 Nagarahole Kodagu and Mysore
4 Bhadra Chikkamagaluru
5 Dandeli-Anshi Uttara Kannada

Tiger reserves in Rajasthan

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Sariska Alwar
2 Ranthambore Sawai Madhopur
3 Mukandra Hills Kota
4 Ramgarh Vishdhari Bundi

Tiger reserves in Arunachal Pradesh

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Pakke or Pakhui Pakke Kessang
2 Namdapha Changlang
3 Kamlang Lohit

Tiger Reserves in Assam

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Nameri Sonitpur
2 Manas Chirang and Baksa
3 Kaziranga Golaghat and Nagaon
4 Orang Darrang and Sonitpur

Tiger reserves in Andhra Pradesh

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Nagarjunsagar Srisailam Kurnool, Prakasam, Gunturt, Nalgonda and Mahabub Nagar

Tiger reserves in Bihar

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Valmiki West Champaran

Tiger reserves in Jharkhand

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Palamau Latehar

Tiger reserves in Mizoram

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Dampa Aizawl

Tiger reserves in Telangana

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Amrabad Nagarkurnool
2 Kawal Mancherial

Tiger reserves in Odisha

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Similipal Mayurbhanj
2 Satkosia Angul

Tiger reserves in Kerala

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Periyar Idukki and Pathanamthitta
2 Parambikulam Palakkad and Thrissur

Tiger reserves in Uttar Pradesh

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District / Nearest City
1 Dudhwa Lakhimpur Kheri
2 Pilibhit Pilibhit

Tiger reserves in Uttarakhand

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Corbett Nainital, Pauri Garhwal
2 Rajaji Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal.

Tiger reserves in West Bengal

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Sunderbans South 24 Parganas
2 Buxa Alipurduar

Tiger reserves in Chhattisgarh

Sl. No Tiger Reserves District
1 Udanti-Sitanadi Dhamtari
2 Achanakmar Mungeli
3 Indravati Bijapur
4 Guru Ghasidas and Tamor Pingla Surajpur

Tiger reserves in India map

Tiger reserves in India
List of Tiger Reserves of India

Latest Tiger Census Report of India – 2018

◘ As per the latest report, the total number of tigers in India is 2967.
◘ Which is a 33 percent jump from 2,226 in 2014.
◘ Global Tiger Day, celebrated annually on July 29th
◘ The report ‘Status of Tigers in India – 2018’, compiled by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

◘ Central India and the Eastern Ghats have the highest number of Tigers at 1,033.
◘ Most of the tigers are found in Madhya Pradesh.
◘ Madhya Pradesh has 526 tigers.

◘ Madhya Pradesh followed by – Karnataka (524), Uttarakhand (442)

◘ Madhya Pradesh has six tiger reserves_

  1. Kanha
  2. Pench
  3. Bandhavgarh
  4. Panna
  5. Satpura
  6. Sanjay-Dubri.

◘ In the western ghats, Karnataka has 524 tigers.
◘ While Tamil Nadu has 264 tigers.
◘ The North-East hills and the Brahmaputra counted 219 tigers.
◘ In the Himalayan region, Uttarakhand has the highest number of 442 tigers.

◘ Top 3 states in terms of percentage-wise increment of tiger population

  1. Madhya Pradesh (71%)
  2. Maharashtra (64%)
  3. Karnataka (29%)

◘ Mizoram and Chhattisgarh saw a significant decline in the tiger population.
◘ As per the Tiger Census 2018 report, Chhattisgarh has only 19 tigers whereas in the year 2014 Chhattisgarh has 46 tigers.

♦ Tiger Reserve in India
◘ At present India has 53 tiger reserves under Project Tiger 1973.
◘ As per the report, Pench Sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh) and the Periyar sanctuary (Kerala) emerged as the best-managed tiger reserves in the country.
◘ Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) registered the “maximum improvement” since 2014.

◘ In terms of Tiger count, the bottom two tiger reserves are Dampa (Mizoram) and Rajaji reserves (Uttarakhand).
◘ No tiger has been found in the Buxa (West Bengal), Palamau (Jharkhand) and Dampa (Mizoram) reserves.

top 5 states in terms of number of tiger reserves
top 5 states in terms of number of tiger reserves

What is Project Tiger?

◘ Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program, launched in India on April 1, 1973.
◘ It was launched by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.
◘ First Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve.
◘ Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in Uttarakhand.
◘ Kailash Sankhala was the first director of Project Tiger.

◘ Project tiger aims to protect the dwindling population of the big cats and work to increase their numbers.

◘ Project Tiger is an ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change

◘ Initially, Project Tiger started with 9 tiger reserves.
◘ At present we have 53 tiger reserves under this project tiger.
◘ These 53 tiger reserves cover around 2.24% of the geographical area of our country.
◘ M-STrIPES are an Android-based application used to count the number of tigers.

♦ Check out the Important Animal Conservation projects of the government of India…… Please Click Here

Important one-liner about Tiger Reserves in India

Q1. Which country has most tigers?
Answer: India

Q2. How many tiger reserves in India in 2022?
Answer: 53

Q3. Which is the largest tiger reserve in India?
Answer: The largest tiger reserve in India is Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (Total area of 3296.31 sq. Km) located in Andhra Pradesh.

Q4. Which is the smallest tiger reserve in India?
Answer: Bor tiger reserve is the smallest tiger reserve in India.
• Total area 138.12 sq Km)

Q5. The Bor tiger reserve is located in which state?
Answer: Maharashtra

Q6. Which is the first tiger reserve in India?
Answer: Jimm Corbett Tiger Reserve (Uttarakhand)

Q7. Dudhwa Tiger Reserve located at the
Answer: Indo-Nepal Border
Lakhimpur Kheri District

Q8. Mr. Kailash Sankhla was appointed as the first Director of
Project Tiger

Q9. Project tiger was launched in the year?
Answer: 1 April 1973

Q10. Which is the 51st Tiger Reserve of India?
Answer: Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tiger reserve
5th Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu

Q11. Which is the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India?
Answer: Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger reserve (4th Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan)

Q12. Which is the 53rd tiger reserve in India?
Answer: Ghasidas and Tamor Pingla Tiger reserve
(4th Tiger Reserve of Chhattishgarh)

Q13. Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve is formed by combining two wildlife sanctuaries namely
Answer: Grizzled squirrel wildlife sanctuary and Megamalai wildlife sanctuary.

Q14. Which is the 50th tiger reserve in India?
Answer: Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal Pradesh)

Q15. Rajaji National Park has been named after
Answer: C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) last Governor-General of independent India.

Q16. Where is Rajaji national park located?
Answer: Uttarakhand

Q17. Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is the Gateway to
Answer: Eastern Ghats

Q18. which is the oldest national park in India?
Answer: Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India.

Q19. Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as
Answer: Hailey National Park

Q20. Simlipal National Park (Odisha) derives its name from the abundance of
Answer: Red silk cotton trees growing in the area

Q21. A group of tigers is called?
Answer: ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’

Frequently Asked Questions on Tiger reserves in India

Q1. How many tiger reserves are in India?

Answer: As of 2022, India has 53 tiger reserves

Q2. Which is the 51st Tiger Reserve in India?

Answer: Srivilliputhur – Megamalai Tiger reserve is the 51st Tiger Reserve in India and it is the 5th Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu.

Q3. Which is the 52 tiger reserves in India?

Answer: The Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger reserve is the 52nd tiger reserve in India and the 4th Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan.

Q4. Which is the largest tiger reserve in India?

Answer: The largest tiger reserve in India is Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (Total area of 3296.31 sq. Km) located in Andhra Pradesh.

Q5. Which is the 53rd tiger reserve in India?

Answer: Ghasidas and Tamor Pingla Tiger reserve is the 53rd tiger reserve in India and the 4th Tiger Reserve in Chhattishgarh.

Q6. Which is the 49th tiger reserve in India?

Answer: The Orang tiger reserve in Assam is the 49th tiger reserve in India.

Q7. Which is the smallest tiger reserve in India?

Answer: The Bor tiger reserve is the smallest tiger reserve in India.
• Total area 138.12 sq Km)

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